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Course- BDFT/BFT
Semester- I
Subject Name-design exploration in
Fashion
UNIT- II (Principle of design )
TOPIC- Principle of design
The Principles
of design
Fashion strategies
The basic
principles of
design include:
• Proportion (Scale)
• Balance
• Emphasis
• Rhythm
• Harmony
Proportion
(Scale)
proportion
• Proportion is the spatial, or size, relationship of all
parts in a design to each other and to the whole. It is
sometimes called scale.
• Determined by how the total design is divided and the
inner lines arranged.
• Most pleasing when garment areas are divided
unevenly and coordinate with the structure and
proportion of the person wearing the outfit.
Examples of
proportion
Standards of proportion change with
fashion cycles along with the
evolution in silhouette and line. The
length and size of design features
like pockets, trimmings, or parts of
garments within the silhouettes
should compliment the whole.
1.
Balance
balance
• Balance gives equilibrium to a design, with all sides
appearing equal in weight or power of attraction.
• Formal (symmetrical) balance is the most common,
with identical details arranged the same distance from
the center.
• Informal balance is asymmetrical, with parts placed
unequally from the center.
Examples of
balance
The design composition is
same on both side of the
garment, which is known
as formal (symmetrical)
balance.
Informal (asymmetrical) balance, involves
placement of objects in a way that will allow
objects of varying visual weight to balance one
another.
2.
3.
emphasis
• A dominant focal point or center of interest in a
garment or an outfit created by the use of line,
shape, color, texture, and/or pattern.
• A point for the eye to rest on for a period of time.
• An outfit without a dominant point of interest
appears uninteresting, boring, and unfinished.
Emphasis
The Focal Point
of Fashion
Examples of
emphasis
Emphasis is up at the neckline,
created by the light-colored shirt
and bright necktie.
Emphasis is seen at the design detail added
to the front of the jacket, specifically the
clasp in the center of the design.
4.
5
Rhythm
rhythm
• Rhythm produces a feeling of continuity of
movement through the lines and spaces of a design.
• The main ways to create it are by repetition,
gradation, or radiation.
Examples of
rhythm
Rhythm is a sense of movement and is necessary to create interest in a design
and carry out the central theme. Rhythm can be achieved by the repetition of
lines, shapes and color to get direction.
6
harmony
harmony
• Harmony is pleasing visual unity of a design
created by a tasteful relationship among all parts
within the whole.
• Garments that have harmony are pleasing to the
eye and suit the wearer.
• When a total design is good, the overall effect is
harmonious.
Examples of
harmony
A successful design is achieved when all the elements and principles of
design work together, creating harmony, as seen here.
7.
Principles of
design
assignment
• Choose a picture from the magazines that
demonstrates each principle of design (proportion,
balance, emphasis, rhythm, and harmony).
• Attach it to the worksheet and write a paragraph
below describing each principle of design.
References
1. http://www.fashiondesignscope.com/?p=3302
2. http://www.fashiondesignscope.com/?p=3302
3. http://www.fashiondesignscope.com/?
attachment_id=3304
4. http://pixgood.com/emphasis-in-fashion.html
5. http://pixgood.com/emphasis-in-fashion.html
6. http://www.fashiondesignscope.com/?p=3302
7. http://www.fashiondesignscope.com/?p=3302
Thank you

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Principles of Design in Fashion

  • 1. Course- BDFT/BFT Semester- I Subject Name-design exploration in Fashion UNIT- II (Principle of design ) TOPIC- Principle of design
  • 3. The basic principles of design include: • Proportion (Scale) • Balance • Emphasis • Rhythm • Harmony
  • 5. proportion • Proportion is the spatial, or size, relationship of all parts in a design to each other and to the whole. It is sometimes called scale. • Determined by how the total design is divided and the inner lines arranged. • Most pleasing when garment areas are divided unevenly and coordinate with the structure and proportion of the person wearing the outfit.
  • 6. Examples of proportion Standards of proportion change with fashion cycles along with the evolution in silhouette and line. The length and size of design features like pockets, trimmings, or parts of garments within the silhouettes should compliment the whole. 1.
  • 8. balance • Balance gives equilibrium to a design, with all sides appearing equal in weight or power of attraction. • Formal (symmetrical) balance is the most common, with identical details arranged the same distance from the center. • Informal balance is asymmetrical, with parts placed unequally from the center.
  • 9. Examples of balance The design composition is same on both side of the garment, which is known as formal (symmetrical) balance. Informal (asymmetrical) balance, involves placement of objects in a way that will allow objects of varying visual weight to balance one another. 2. 3.
  • 10. emphasis • A dominant focal point or center of interest in a garment or an outfit created by the use of line, shape, color, texture, and/or pattern. • A point for the eye to rest on for a period of time. • An outfit without a dominant point of interest appears uninteresting, boring, and unfinished.
  • 12. Examples of emphasis Emphasis is up at the neckline, created by the light-colored shirt and bright necktie. Emphasis is seen at the design detail added to the front of the jacket, specifically the clasp in the center of the design. 4. 5
  • 14. rhythm • Rhythm produces a feeling of continuity of movement through the lines and spaces of a design. • The main ways to create it are by repetition, gradation, or radiation.
  • 15. Examples of rhythm Rhythm is a sense of movement and is necessary to create interest in a design and carry out the central theme. Rhythm can be achieved by the repetition of lines, shapes and color to get direction. 6
  • 17. harmony • Harmony is pleasing visual unity of a design created by a tasteful relationship among all parts within the whole. • Garments that have harmony are pleasing to the eye and suit the wearer. • When a total design is good, the overall effect is harmonious.
  • 18. Examples of harmony A successful design is achieved when all the elements and principles of design work together, creating harmony, as seen here. 7.
  • 19. Principles of design assignment • Choose a picture from the magazines that demonstrates each principle of design (proportion, balance, emphasis, rhythm, and harmony). • Attach it to the worksheet and write a paragraph below describing each principle of design.
  • 20. References 1. http://www.fashiondesignscope.com/?p=3302 2. http://www.fashiondesignscope.com/?p=3302 3. http://www.fashiondesignscope.com/? attachment_id=3304 4. http://pixgood.com/emphasis-in-fashion.html 5. http://pixgood.com/emphasis-in-fashion.html 6. http://www.fashiondesignscope.com/?p=3302 7. http://www.fashiondesignscope.com/?p=3302