Jet airways

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Jet airways

  1. 1. Table of Contents S.No. Topic Page No. 1. Executive Summary 3 Jet Airways Summary 4 Subsidiaries 5 Destinations 6 Mission 7 Product & Services Offered By Jet Airways 8 2. Situation Analysis 10 Internal Environment 11 External Environment 12 Competitors 13 Aviation Market 14 SWOT Analysis 15 3. Marketing Strategies 16 Product & Services Offering 17 Marketing Strategies 19 Marketing Mix 20 4. Financial Projections 21 Income (Rs Lakhs) 22 Operating Revenue (Rs Lakh) 23 Profit After Tax (Rs Lakh) 24 Passenger Load Factor (%) 25 Cargo (Tonnes) 26 1
  2. 2. Financial Highlight 27 Operating Highlight 28 5. Summary 29 6. Questionnaire (Customer) 31 7. Questionnaire (Staff) 34 8. Customer Satisfaction Form 35 9. Executive ID Card 36 2
  3. 3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 3
  4. 4. Jet Airways Summary Jet Airways was incorporated as an air taxi operator on 1 April 1992. It started commercial operations on 5 May 1993 with a fleet of four leased Boeing 737-300 aircraft. In January 1994 a change in the law enabled Jet Airways to apply for scheduled airline status, which was granted on 4 January 1995. Naresh Goyal – who already owned Jetair (Private) Limited, which provided sales and marketing for foreign airlines in India – set up Jet Airways as a full-service scheduled airline to compete against state-owned Indian Airlines. Indian Airlines had enjoyed a monopoly in the domestic market between 1953, when all major Indian air transport providers were nationalised under the Air Corporations Act (1953), and January 1994, when the Air Corporations Act was repealed, following which Jet Airways received scheduled airline status. Jet began international operations from Chennai to Colombo in March 2004. The company is listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange, but 80% of its stock is controlled by Naresh Goyal (through his ownership of Jet’s parent company, Tailwinds). It has 13,177 employees (as at 31 March 2011). In January 2006 Jet Airways announced that it would buy Air Sahara for US$500 million in an all-cash deal, making it the biggest takeover in Indian aviation history. It would have resulted in the country's largest airline but the deal fell through in June 2006. On 12 April 2007 Jet Airways agreed to buy out Air Sahara for INR14.5 billion (US$340 million). Air Sahara was renamed JetLite, and was marketed between a low-cost carrier and a full service airline. In August 2008 Jet Airways announced its plans to completely integrate JetLite into Jet Airways. In October 2008, Jet Airways laid off 1,900 of its employees, resulting in the largest lay-off in the history of Indian aviation. However the employees were later asked to return to work; Civil Aviation Minister Praful Patel said that the management reviewed its decision after he analysed the decision with them. Jet Airways and their rival Kingfisher Airlines announced an alliance which primarily includes an agreement on code-sharing on both domestic and international flights, joint fuel management to reduce expenses, common ground handling, joint utilisation of crew and sharing of similar frequent flier programmes. On 8 May 2009 Jet Airways launched its low- cost brand, Jet Konnect. The decision to launch a new brand instead of expanding the JetLite network was taken after considering the regulatory delays involved in transferring aircraft from Jet Airways to JetLite, as the two have different operator codes. The brand was launched on sectors that had 50% or less load factor with the aim of increasing it to 70% and above. Jet officials said that the brand would cease to exist once the demand for the regular Jet Airways increases. According to a PTI report, for the third quarter of 2010, Jet Airways (Jet+JetLite) had a market share of 22.6% in terms of passengers carried, thus making it a market leader in India, followed by Kingfisher Airlines with 19.9%. In July 2012, Jet Airways officially sought government approval to join Star Alliance.[16] In June 2011, Jet Airways banned carrying fish, crab, meat, poultry products and liquid items as check-in baggage.[17] Jet is the first domestic airline to impose such a ban. Jet claimed that passengers complained of their baggage getting soiled by seepage from bags containing meat products. Early in 2013, Etihad Airways, one of the flag carriers of the United Arab Emirates based out of Abu Dhabi planned to buy a stake in Jet Airways. On 24 April 2013, Jet announced that they were ready to sell a 24% stake to Etihad at US$379 million. Earlier, in September 2012, the government of India announced that foreign airlines can take up a stake of up to 49% in Indian airlines, thereby making this 4
  5. 5. deal possible. Etihad, which had already purchased stakes in 4 other loss making airlines, said, they were "concentrating on future potential rather than past performance", and were ready to take up the stake in Jet. Initially, Jet announced that they were likely to sign the stake sale deal with Etihad between 22 January and 3 February,[20] which they later confirmed to as 25 January. However, the date passed by and the deal was further postponed. Meanwhile, Jet Airways concentrated well on revenues, costs and network side, which resulted in the airline making profits for the first time since the rupee depreciation. Nikos Kardassis, the Chief Executive Officer of Jet Airways said "The combined impact of higher yields and lower costs (ex-fuel) have resulted in significantly lowering the breakeven seat factor levels in the business." The airline announced a sale on its website, which offered 2 million seats for travel within India, till 31 December 2013. This sale was announced a little over one month after rival low-cost carrier SpiceJet announced a sale, which was expected to have triggered a fare-war. High airfares throughout 2012 due to grounding of Kingfisher Airlines caused passengers to opt out of air travel, leading to negative growth in traffic for the first time since 2009. Jet Airways planned to attract more passengers by subsequently lowering the fares, which was followed by SpiceJet again. With two airlines offering cheaper travel, India's flag carrier started losing passengers and it too offered cheaper tickets. This was followed by IndiGo and GoAir, resulting in a full-fledged fare war.[25] Subsidiaries • Jet Lite Jet Lite was a wholly owned subsidiary of Jet Airways. It was established as Sahara Airlines on 20 September 1991 and began operations on 3 December 1993 with two Boeing 737-200 aircraft. Initially services were primarily concentrated in the northern sectors of India, keeping Delhi as its base, and then operations were extended to cover all the country. Sahara Airlines was rebranded as Air Sahara on 2 October 2000. On 12 April 2007 Jet Airways took over Air Sahara and on 16 April 2007 Air Sahara was renamed as Jet Lite. Jet Lite operated a fleet of mixed owned–leased Boeing 737 Next Generation aircraft and Bombardier CRJ-200ER. Jet Lite ceased operations on 25 March 2012 after merger with Jet Konnect.[34] The Bombardier jets were phased out but the Boeings remained in service and operated for Jet Konnect. Jet Lite offered a buy on board service called Jet Café, offering food for purchase. • Jet Konnect Jet Konnect, formerly Jet Airways Konnect, is the low-cost brand of Jet Airways. It was launched on 8 May 2009. It operates a fleet of Boeing 737 Next Generation aircraft. The rationale for launching Jet Konnect was to close down loss-making routes and divert the planes to more profitable routes with higher passenger load factors. Jet already ran a low-cost airline named Jet Lite. According to Jet Airways, the decision to launch a low-cost brand instead of expanding the existing Jet Lite was taken to avoid the regulatory delays associated with moving excess aircraft and assets from Jet Airways to Jet Lite, which have separate operating codes. Jet Konnect offers a no frills flight where meals and other refreshments have to be purchased on board. 5
  6. 6. To identify if the flight is a full service or Konnect the flight numbers for Konnect are in the series 9W 2000-2999. Jet Airways merged the Jet Lite brand into Jet Konnect on 25 March 2012. Jet Airways offers eight business class seats in Konnect to cash in on Kingfisher Airlines' woes. In December 2012, Jet Airways placed an order for 5 ATR 72-600 aircraft to "enhance regional connectivity." The first aircraft was delivered the same month, leased from GECAS and was operated for Jet Konnect. Designations Jet Airways serves 52 domestic destinations and 21 international destinations, a total of 73[40] in 19 countries across Asia, Europe and North America. Short-haul destinations are served using Boeing 737 Next Generation. ATR 72-500s are used only on domestic regional routes, while long-haul routes are served using its Airbus A330-200 and Boeing 777-300ER aircraft. London, England was the airline's first long-haul destination and was launched in 2005. Since 2007 Jet Airways has had a scissors hub at Brussels Airport in Belgium for onward transatlantic connections to Canada and the United States. The recession forced Jet Airways to discontinue the following routes: Ahmedabad–London, Birmingham-Brussels Amritsar–London, Bangalore–Brussels, Mumbai–Shanghai–San Francisco and Brussels-New York. It also had to put an indefinite delay on its expansion plans. Jet Airways was forced to lease out seven of its ten Boeing 777-300ERs to survive the financial crunch. Due to the recession all flights to North America were operated on an Airbus A330-200 replacing the Boeing 777-300ERs. It also had to sell a brand-new, yet-to- be-delivered Boeing 777-300ER in 2009 and had to defer all new aircraft deliveries by at least two years. The airline planned to restore the Mumbai-Shanghai route by the end of 2011 but never went through with it.[42] As the economic crisis in the euro zone countries worsened, Jet a0lso closed the Delhi-Milan route.[43] Jet Airways is planning to relaunch service to New York's JFK International Airport via Abu Dhabi starting May 1, 2014. Jet Airways Airbus A340-300 at London Heathrow Airport in 2005 with the 1993-2007 livery Also, Jet Airways will introduce the Mumbai Paris route using the Airbus A330 aircraft from Mid May 2014 - a mid-day departure from Mumbai to reach evening in Paris CDG and Leaving CDG Paris in night arriving next morning in Mumbai similar to Air India's schedule on Delhi-Paris route. 6
  7. 7. Mission Jet Airways will be the most preferred domestic airline in India. It will be the automatic first choice carrier for the travelling public and set standards, which other competing airlines will seek to match. Jet Airways will achieve this pre-eminent position by offering a high quality of service and reliable, comfortable and efficient operations. Jet Airways will be an airline which is going to upgrade the concept of domestic airline travel - be a world class domestic airline. Jet Airways will achieve these objectives whilst simultaneously ensuring consistent profitability, achieving healthy, long-term returns for the investors and providing its employees with an environment for excellence and growth. 7
  8. 8. Products & Services Offered By Jet Airways First Class First class is available on all Boeing 777-300ER aircraft. All seats convert to a fully flat bed, similar to Singapore Airlines first class seat but much smaller. It was the second airline in the world to have private suites. All seats in First have a 23-inch widescreen LCD monitor with audio-video on-demand systems (AVOD), BOSE noise cancelling headphones, in seat power supply, and USB ports etc. Jet Airways is the first Indian airline to offer fully enclosed suites on its aircraft; each suite has a closable door, making for a private compartment. Première Première (Business Class) on the Airbus A330-200 and Boeing 777-300ER international fleet has a fully flat bed with AVOD entertainment. Seats are configured in a herringbone pattern (1-2-1 on the Boeing 777-300ER, and 1-1-1 on the Airbus A330-200), with each seat offering direct access to the aisle. Première seats on the A330-200s leased from ILFC are configured differently in a 2-2-2 non-herringbone pattern. Each Première Seat has a 15.4-inch flat screen LCD TV with AVOD. USB ports and in-seat laptop power are provided. All seats are standard recliner business-class seats with a few newer aircraft with electronic recline and massager. Economy Class Economy class on Jet's A330-200/777-300ER aircraft has 32-inch seat pitch. Seats on the A330-200/777-300ER have a "hammock-style" net footrest. The cabin is configured in 2-4-2 abreast on the Airbus A330-200, and was recently changed to 3-4-3 on the Boeing 777- 300ER from 3-3-3 to increase revenue. Each Economy seat on the A330-200/777-300ER has a personal 10.6-inch touch screen LCD TV with AVOD. All three classes feature Mood lighting on the Airbus A330-200 and Boeing 777-300ER, with light schemes corresponding to the time of day and flight position. International short haul & Domestic Boeing 737 Next Generation aircraft are configured in Première and Economy Classes. The ATR 72-500 have Economy class configuration only. The Première features 40-inch extra- wide seats with a personal Widescreen LCD attached to each seat. The Première cabin is configured in a 2-2 abreast pattern. Jet Airways Economy class on its Boeing 737 Next Generation features 30-inch seat pitch with personal Widescreen LCD behind each seat. Jet Airways was the World's first airline to introduce in-flight entertainment systems on the Boeing 737 aircraft. The Economy class cabin is configured in a 3-3 abreast pattern on the Boeing 737 Next Generation and 2-2 abreast pattern on the ATR 72-500. In-flight entertainment Jet Airways' Panasonic eFX IFE system on board the Boeing 737-700/800 and Panasonic eX2 IFE system on board the Airbus A330-200/Boeing 777-300ER, called "JetScreen", offers audio video on-demand programming (passengers can start, stop, rewind, and fast- forward as desired). It has over 100 movies, 80 TV programmes, 11 audio channels and a CD 8
  9. 9. library of 125 titles. The system operates via individual touchscreen monitors at each seat, and is available in all classes. In late 2012, Jet introduced a feature on their Airbus A330-300, called eXport. eXport allows passengers to plug-in their personal Apple devices such as iPods, iPads and iPhones through an eXport socket located immediately below the video screen. This would allow passengers to access their own media during the flight. Airport lounges Jet Airways Lounges are offered to First and Première Class passengers, along with JetPrivilege Platinum & Gold card members. The international lounge at Brussels has showers, business centre, entertainment facilities and children's play areas “Jet Airways' Lounges”. 9
  10. 10. SITUTATION ANALYSIS 10
  11. 11. Internal Environment Internal environment are those environment which affect both positively or negatively the organisation because of internal reasons. There are certain internal reasons which affect the organization are as follows: 1. Employee Behaviour 2. Management Problems 3. Misunderstanding 4. Financial Problems 5. Biasness 6. Corruption 11
  12. 12. External Environment External environment are those environment which affect both positively or negatively the organisation because of external reasons. There are certain external reasons which affect the organization are as follows: 1. Political 2. Economical 3. Technological 4. Social 12
  13. 13. Competitors Jet Airways is an international airlines so there are many rival airlines at both level i.e. international and domestic level. 1. Domestic Competitors • Indigo • Go Air • Spice Jet • Air India 2. International Competitors • British Airways • Delta Airlines • United Airline • Sothwest Airlines • American Airlines • China Sothern Airlines • US Airways • Ryanair • Lufthansa • China Eastern Airlines • Air China • And many more 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. Aviation Market Aviation market is very sensitive market if there is small change in economy there is very big change in aviation industry. We take the example of 2008 recession. There is a very high negative impact of recession on aviation industry. Another main thing which affects aviation industry is fuel prices i.e. ATF (Aviation Turbine Fuel) or Liquefied Hydrogen Gas. The ATF prices increases day by day which reduce the profitability of company and they have to increase the fare. 15
  16. 16. SWOT Analysis Each and every company have certain strength, weakness, opportunity and threats. 1. Strength • Strong presence & good name in the Indian Aviation market. • Taking the plane on lease rather than purchasing. • Readymade distribution network. • Innovation in services. • Experience exceeding 20 years. • Large fleet size. • Among top 3 in India 2. Weakness • Salaries was not high as compared to other airlines so difficulty to retain employees. • Financial not sound as compared to others airlines. • Loosing domestic market share. • Weak brand promotion. • Need improvement in in-flight services. • Old fleet average age 4.78 years. 3. Opportunity • Untapped air cargo market. • Scope in global services and tourism. • Increasing salaries of employees. 4. Threats • Ongoing economic weakness. • Rapid increase in fuel prices. • Strong competitors. • Overseas market competition. • Regulations 16
  17. 17. MARKETING STRATEGIES 17
  18. 18. Product & Services Offering Jet Airways offers various types of products and services to its customer and it will also depend upon the types of customers. Products and services offered by Jet Airways are as follows:- • Jet Privilege Jet Privilege, members enjoy a truly rewarding experience with unique privileges across five membership tiers: Blue, Blue Plus, Silver, Gold and the exclusive Platinum. Jet Privilege members can expect to earn more miles, enjoy more benefits, quicker tier upgrades and easier tier renewal, easier redemption and more. Jet Privilege has won Freddie Awards considered the 'Oscars' of frequent flyer programmes across the world, winning 'Program of the Year' at the Freddie Awards 2006, 2007 and 2012 among other awards. • Check-in Option Travellers may now check in for their flight from 48 hours to 2 hours prior to the scheduled departure time. Jet Airways offers you numerous check-in options to choose from. Save time by checking in online or on your mobile phone or simply visit the airport and check-in using our new age Kiosk machines and avoid long queues at the check-in counter. Other check-in options are also easily available. Read more to avail of a check-in option most convenient to you. • Airport Lounge Jet Airways offers Lounge facilities to its Jet Privilege Platinum and Gold Members. In these lounge feel relax and have eatables. • Special Assistance Jet Airways understands that some of our guests have special needs. It is our constant effort to meet these needs to the best of our ability. This section will give you a glimpse into some of the special requirements that we cater to so that all of our guests can travel in comfort. Infant and Child Care. Expectant Mothers, Unaccompanied Minors, Guests with Disabilities, Medical Case, Extra Seat and Traveling with Pets • Jet Mobile Jet Mobile is a real-time and fully automated service designed to provide our guests with instant information on their mobile phone. With the Jet Mobile service you can access information such as flight status, schedules, set alerts or automatically receive flight delay messages. Now, you can also request for your JetPrivilege account details or search for the lowest fares on our flights. 18
  19. 19. • Google Now Get everything you need to know before you go. Jet Airways has now integrated Google Now for all flights booked on jetairways.com. This smart app provides you with convenient and relevant travel updates just when you need them. Google Now is compatible on iPhone, iPad and Android devices with Jelly Bean version 4.1 or higher. Guests using iPhone or iPad will be required to download the Google Search App to access Google Now. • Jet Kids Jet Kids is our special programme for the younger patrons, children between the age of 2 to 12 years of Jet Airways. Jet Kids was launched in the year 1999 keeping in mind that "how long the kid would be amused by clouds". It became an instant success with kids. July 1, 2003 marked the launch of the new Jet Kids programme with more excitement and offers. Our endeavour has always been to add value through various promotions, interactions, tie- ups and sponsorships. 19
  20. 20. Marketing Strategies • Focus on improving service, reliability and on time performance. • Measures to negate effect of unprecedented increase in prices of fuel • Maintain its leadership position in the Indian aviation industry • Improve On-time performance. • Explore the potential for sustained growth in Indian passenger traffic because of low penetration in the medium to long term. • Keep operations and growth in line with expected Indian economy growth which is around 7% – 8% per annum • Manage risk & short term crisis on account of any global financial risks • Manage short term spike in crude oil prices. • Minimize passing the fuel price fluctuation to customers. • Network expansion will be around the key focus specially Gulf and Middle East. 20
  21. 21. Marketing Mix The marketing mix of Jet Airways is as follows: • Product  Aviation services  Airport Lounge  Jet Privilege  Jet Kids  And many more • Place  All locations  Some locations are covered by code share. • Price  Range start from Rs 2,700  Only minor changes in pricing policy due to increase in fuel price i.e. ATF (Aviation Turbine Fuel) or Liquefied Hydrogen Gas. • Promotion  Through movie i.e. Nayak & Gajini • People  “People are hired for what they know but fired for how they behave”  Motivation and personal skills • Physical Evidence  Cuisine & In-flight entertainment facilities  Kiosks – check-in counters  Jet boutique – in flight fashion apparelJet kids – in flight kids programme  Jet mall – in flight shopping • Process  Self service to table service  Complaints and feedback  Response time 21
  22. 22. FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS 22
  23. 23. Income (Rs Lakh) 23
  24. 24. Operating Revenue (Rs Lakh) 24
  25. 25. Profit After Tax (Rs Lakh) 25
  26. 26. Passenger Load Factor (%) 26
  27. 27. Cargo (Tonnes) 27
  28. 28. Financial Highlight 28
  29. 29. Operating Highlight 29
  30. 30. SUMMARY 30
  31. 31. By making the project on Jet Airways I have find out very interesting point which help in meeting out the day to day expenses but there some dissatisfaction among employees. Jet Airways have to keep proper check on employee satisfaction level because in Travel & Tourism industry each and every employee have to behave properly with customer if they do not behave properly then it will make negative image of that company. The main reasons for dissatisfaction among employees are as follows:- 1. Promotion 2. Increment 3. Shortage of work force 4. Biasness 5. Less salary then other airlines 31
  32. 32. Questionnaire (Customer) I am making project on Jet Airways kindly help me by filling the questionnaire. Q.1. How often do you travel by air in a year? Once Twice Thrice More Than Thrice Q.2. What is your main purpose for travel? Business Trip Vacations Short Break Visit With Friends & Relatives Q.3. Please states the importance of the following elements to you which leads to your satisfaction and loyalty for an airline. Least Important Less Important Neutral Important Most Important Reliability (Service) Assurance (Knowledge, Skills and courtesy) Empathy (Individual attention to a customer) Responsiveness (Provide promptly service to passenger) Quality of Service (In Flight) Quality of Food and Beverages (Meals on Board) Punctuality of Flight and Ground Services Ticket Flexibility 32
  33. 33. Air Fare Price (Reasonable) Flight Interior Onboard Entertainment Services Loyalty Programs Flight Safety Q.3. If you want return ticket in same airlines, then why you do so? In-Flight and Ground Services Airfare`s Price Flight Safety Onboard Entertainment Services Loyalty Programme Ticket Flexibility Q.4. If the sir fare is higher than others; would you choose the airlines still because of impressed services provided? Yes No Q.5. Your favourite airlines? Air India (Air India + Air India Express) Go Air Indigo Jet Airways (Jet Airways + Jet Lite + Jet Konnect) Spicejet Others Q.6. Gender Male Female Q.7. Age …………… Q.8. Name ……………………………………………………………………….. Thank you for filing the questionnaire and devoting your important time. 33
  34. 34. Questionnaire (Staff) Q.1. What type of product and services offered by Jet Airways? Q.2. Market situation. Q.3. Domestic and international competitors. Q.4. How will Jet Airways manage the day to day expense. Q.5. SWOT Analysis of Jet Airways. Q.6. Behaviour of staff and customer. Q.7. Reason behind loss. 34

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