FlipbookHannahD

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FlipbookHannahD

  1. 1. Protein Synthesis By: Hannah Duminske
  2. 2. Eukaryote Cell Cell Cytoplasm Nucleus
  3. 3. Cell Nucleus
  4. 4. Cell Nucleus
  5. 5. Promoter Region T T G T C A A T 3 A G C T C G T A C G A C G A C G C A T G T A RNA Polymerase 5
  6. 6. T A G C A T C G T A T G C A T A G G C C C G T A T 5 A T A C G mRNA 3 Termination Sequence Coding Region
  7. 7. A C G T T G C A T T G T G A C T A C A C T G A 3 C G A C G T A T mRNA 5
  8. 8. A C G T T G C A T G T C A T mRNA A G C T A C G T A 3 C G A C G T A T 5
  9. 9. A C G T T G C A T G T C A T mRNA A G C T A C G T A 3 C G A C G T A T 5
  10. 10. Nucleus Nuclear Pore mRNA
  11. 11. A G U C A C A C A C A C G U A } } } } } Start Codon Codon Codon Codon mRNA Stop Codon
  12. 12. Amino Acid C U G Ribosome A G U C A C A C A C A C G U A Large subunit } } } } } Start Codon Codon Small subunit Codon Codon Stop Codon
  13. 13. A G U C A C A C A C A C G C G U U A } } } } } Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  14. 14. U A G U C A C A C A C G A C G C G G U U A } } } } } Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  15. 15. U A G U C A C A C A C G A C G C G A U U A } } } } } Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  16. 16. U A G U C A C A C A C A G G C G U A } } } } } Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  17. 17. A G U C A C A C A C A C G U A } } } } } Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  18. 18. A G U C A C A C A C A C G U A } } } } } Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  19. 19. A G U C A C A C A C A C G U A } } } } } Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  20. 20. Recap First the RNA polymerase will bind onto the strand. It will then unzip the DNA into singe strands. An mRNA strand will come off of the polymerase as its unzipping the DNA and will later break off when finished. The mRNA strand will come out of the nuclear pore. The mRNA then comes in contact with ribosomes. The ribosomes will read the sequence of the mRNA and convert it into and amino acid sequence. The ribosome will begin to translate at the start codon and the tRNA molecules will transfer the amino acid to the ribosome. The tRNA temporarily binds onto the codon and then the ribosome reads the next codon and another tRNA comes into the scene. After the ribosome reaches the stop codon you are left with a chain of amino acids that fold on themselves.

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