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RISK ASSESSMENT
UNDER CONSTRUCTION METRO STATION
NOVEMBER 17, 2017
DMRC
RISK ASSESSMENT OF
A
METRO CONSTRUCTION
PROJECT
AT
(KNOWLEDGE PARK 1 GREATER NOIDA)
Submitted To:
Prof. Monika Mittal
PRATHAM SHARMA
17IN638
DMRC METRO STATION CONSTRUCTION
PROJECT
COMPANY PROFILE
The Delhi Metro has been instrumental in ushering in a new era in the sphere of mass urban transportation
in India. The swanky and modern Metro system introduced comfortable, air-conditioned and eco-friendly
services for the first time in India and completely revolutionized the mass transportation scenario not only
in the National Capital Region but the entire country.
Having constructed a massive network of 218.17 Km with 164 stations in record time, the DMRC today
stands out as a shining example of how a mammoth technically complex infrastructure project can be
completed before time and within budgeted cost by a Government agency.
The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC) was registered on 3rd May 1995 under the
Companies Act, 1956 with equal equity participation of the Government of the National Capital Territory
of Delhi (GNCTD) and the Central Government to implement the dream of construction and operation of
a world-class Mass Rapid Transport System (MRTS).
The DMRC opened its first corridor between Shahdara and Tis Hazari on 25th December 2002.
Subsequently, the first phase of construction worth 65 kilometres of Metro lines was finished two years
and nine months ahead of schedule in 2005. Since then the DMRC has also completed the construction of
another 125 kilometres of Metro corridors under the second phase in only four and a half years.
Presently, the Delhi Metro network consists of about 218.17 Km with 164 stations along with six more
stations of the Airport Express Link. The network has now crossed the boundaries of Delhi to reach
NOIDA and Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh, Gurgaon and Faridabad in Haryana.
The DMRC today has 235 train sets of four, six and eight coaches. More than a hundred trains of six
coach configuration and over 60 trains of eight-coach configuration are currently operational.
It has also set up rooftop solar power plants at many of its stations. All stations of the presently under
construction corridors are being constructed as green buildings. In the present phase of Delhi Metro’s
construction, the DMRC is in the process of building another 160 kilometres of Metro lines which will
weave a web of Metro corridors along the city’s Ring Road beside connecting with many other localities
in NOIDA, Ghaziabad and Bahadurgarh.
Apart from providing Delhiites with a comfortable public transport option, the Delhi Metro is also
contributing significantly towards controlling pollution as well as reducing vehicular congestion on the
roads. According to a study, Delhi Metro has helped in removing about 3.9 lakh vehicles from the streets
of Delhi.
Draft License Agreement for Semi-Naming Rights at Selected Metro Station
1. Licensee hereby assumes responsibility for Semi-Naming Rights at the
___Metro station. The licensee shall be responsible for design, procure,
manufacture, fabricate, install, commission, manage, operate, maintain, market and
sell the semi naming right i.e. outside branding spaces/inside colouring at selected
metro station stations as specified in this Agreement at its own cost. All the
advertising sites and formats proposed by the Licensee are subject to approval by
DMRC with regard to operational feasibility, aesthetics, safety and security
concerns.
2. Licensee irrevocably agrees to make all payments including License Fee, service
tax etc. as per this Agreement as and when due, without delay or demur and
without waiting for any formal advice from DMRC in this regard.
3. The Licensee confirms having examined the potential locations at the Selected
Metro Stations in detail and fully understands and comprehends the technical
requirements of the Branding insert/media. The Licensee also confirms full
satisfaction as to the business viability of semi-naming rights including licensing
the Branding spaces inside the Metro Stations and hereby voluntarily and
unequivocally agrees not to seek any claim, damages, compensation or any other
consideration, whatsoever on this account. Licensee also confirms having made an
independent assessment of present and future market potential and no future claim
what so ever regarding the change in market circumstances shall be used by it as an
alibi or excuse for non-payment of License Fee and other amounts due to DMRC
under this License Agreement.
4. That DMRC and LICENSEE represent and warrant that they are empowered,
authorized and able to enter into this agreement.
BRIDGE AND PLATFORM CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY
The main heavy machines used for different earthwork diggings are:
o Excavator
o Loader
o Dozer
o Grader
o Scraper
o Compactor
The various machinery for constructing bridges are :
➢ Bridge Crane
➢ Gantry Crane
➢ Floating Crane
➢ Launching Girder
➢ Jib Crane
Types of Heavy Machines
Depending on the functions performed, there are different types of heavy machinery used for the
construction of buildings and roads:
Caterpillar
Cranes
Dozers
Dumpers
Loaders
Articulated Haulers
Chip Spreader
Concrete Batching Plant
Crushing Plants
Drum Mixing Plant
Tower Crane
Pavers
Pipe Layers
Road Rollers
Trenchers
Scrapers
Excavators
Motor Graders
Soil Compactors
Tracked Carriers
Various Concrete Based Plants
PROCEDURE OF CONSTRUCTING A BUILDING
Design of building
component
Excavation, Layout
and Foundation
Column Casting
Slab, Beam,
Shuttering and Casting
Water Proofing
Design footing
Create engineering
dreawing.
Final check and
submission
LOCATION OVERVIEW
RISK IDENTIFICATION
Risk management standards such as ISO 31000 and COSO ERM, as well as traditional risk management
process, include risk management as an initial step in the process. Standard risk management process
provides tools that organizations can adapt to identify risks. Mostly, Loss histories as part of risk
identification.
➢ Environmental Risks
➢ Design Risks
➢ Engineering Services Risks
➢ Construction Risks
➢ Project Management Risks
➢ Organizational Risks
RISK AT CONSTRUCTION SITE
➢ Fire
➢ Working at Height Moving Objects
➢ Machinery breakdown
➢ Rupture of scaffolding
➢ Failure of bridge deck
➢ Rupture or cracks in beams and columns
➢ Slips, Trips, & Falls
➢ Noise
➢ Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome
➢ Material & Manual Handling
➢ Collapse
➢ Airborne Fibers & Materials – Respiratory Diseases
➢ Electricity
➢ Cylinder blast
GAS USED FOR
WELDING
WORKER WELDING
THE TOP STEEL
STRUCTURE WITH
SAFETY BELT
CYLINDER LEFT AT
OPEN WITHOUT ANY
SAFETY MEASURES
INSPECTING RISK WITH THE ONSITE SAFETY
ENGINEER
LADDER USED BY WORKERS FOR STEEL STRUCTURE WORK OF
PLATFORM
STATION DECK TO BRIDGE JOINING
OVER BRIDGE
WORKERS USING SCAFFOLDING FOR PLASTERING WORK
LOOSE WIRE CONNECTION
TEMPORARY WIRE CONNECTION FOR WELDING
WORKS
GENERATOR FOR EMERGENCY
PURPOSES
INSPECTING VARIOUS
RISK FACED BY
WORKERS
Risk Quadrant
The holistic approach to risk identification by use of risk quadrants is performed to identify and
categorize risk.
Quadrants of risk:
Hazard risks: Arises from property, liability, or personal loss exposures and are generally the
subjects of insurance
Operational risks: It falls outside the hazard risk category and arises from people or a failure in
the process, systems, or controls, including those involving information technology.
Financial risks: It arises from the effect of market forces on financial assets or liabilities and
includes market risk, credit risk, liquidity risk and price risk.
Strategic risks: It arises from trends in society and economy, including changes in the
economic, political and competitive environments.
•Alternative
Construction
Techniques
•loss of goodwill
• Rise In Price Of
Materials
• Exchange Rate
Flucations
•Operational Risk
•Electrical Shut Down
•Theft
• Fire
• Safety Risk
• Gas Cylinder Leakage
HAZARD RISK
OPERATIONAL
RISK
STRATEGIC
RISK
FINANCIAL
RISK
STEPS TAKEN BY SAFETY ENGINEER
Fire-
Installation of fire extinguishers has been kept at the various fire-prone area at the
site.
A water pump has been kept next to the storage room pump water from a nearby
well in case of fire. Hosepipe has enough length to reach out every corner of the
manufacturing unit.
Warning signboards were kept in different places.
Periodic replacement/refilling of fire extinguishers have been done.
Machinery Break down
heavy machines are used to pick up heavy steel and concrete block up to the top
floor failure of such machine may result in huge damage and hence the workers are
advised to stay away when such loading/ unloading work takes place also it is well
monitored by the safety engineer
Safety of workers
The workers are strictly being advised and taught to keep safety as the major
priority the worker's works and the top part of platform making with just a rope
attached to their waist anti-fire clothes for such risk-related work.
Theft and Anti-social elements
Security surveillance by an ex-army man has also been arranged.
The area is restricted to general public trespassing is highly illegal activity because
the construction site has various things to be taken care of it for others safety also.
RISK REGISTER:
Risk register provides a matrix to record the likelihood of a scenario and its associated risks
along with their probability, consequences, and impacts for the organization.
SCENARIO
RISK
DESCRIPTIO
N
RISK
OWNER
LIKEL
IHOOD
CONSEQUENC
ES
LEVEL
OF
RISK
IMPROVEMEN
T ACTION
Hazard Risk
Fire Metro
authority
40 Rs.0 to Rs. 10 cr 4 1)Use of
sprinklers.
2)Taking
Insurance.
Hazard Risk
Manpower Site in
charge
80 Rs.0 to Rs.5 lac 7 1)Medical
facilities in the
plant.
2)Taking
Insurance
Hazard Risk
Safety Safety
engineer
80 Rs.0 to Rs. 10 lac 9 1)Use of proper
gloves.
2) Safety shoes
while unloading
some material.
Hazard Risk
Theft Manager 60 Rs.0 to Rs.50L 9 1)Using of CCTV
In the factory.
Taking Insurance.
Operational
Risk
Logistics General
Manager
50 Rs.0 to Rs.50L 6 1)Inventory
management.
Operational
Risk
Management
related
Manager 40 Rs.0 to Rs.20L 4 1)Make a team
for supervising.
Operational
Risk
Technical risk Technical
head
30 Rs.0 to Rs.30L 7 1)Ready with
backup plan.
Strategic
Risk
Socio-political
risk
Project
owner
40 Rs.0 to Rs.10 Cr 9 1)Tied relations
with other
Strategic
Risk
Environmental
risk
General
Manager
30 Rs.0 to Rs.5L 6 1)Backup plan
2)Reduce
emissions.
Financial
Risk
Shortage of
money
Project
owner
20 Rs.0 to Rs.10 Cr 3 1)Have a backup
financial help.
2)Reserving
Financial
Risk
LEGAL
COMPLIANC
ES
General
Manager
40 Rs.0 to Rs.100L 6
RISK MAPPING:
Risk mapping is a technique that can be used to provide a visual perspective of an
organisations risks and to prioritize those risks.
IMPACT/CONSEQUENCES
5.EXTREM
E
Legal
consequences
Shortage of
money
Safety --
Money Laundering
and Finance
4.VERY
HIGH
Theft Manpower Injury to workers
3.MEDIUM
Loss of data
Wastage of
material
Supervising not
done properly -- --
2.LOW
Fire
Sociopolitical Logistics --
1.NEGLIGIBL
E
Natural disaster
Theft
Environmental Technical risk --
1.RARE 2.UNLIKELY 3.MODERATE 4.LIKELY 5.ALMOST
CERTAIN
LIKELIHOOD
SUGGESTIONS TO HANDLE THE RISK:
➢ Holes Should Be Protected with Clearly Marked And Fixed Covers To
Prevent Falls
➢ Fenced Off from Public
➢ Good Lighting
➢ Using Ladders or Scaffolding Without Proper Fixing Should Be Avoided
➢ The Crane Must Be Fitted With An Automatic Safe Load Indicator (One That
Works)
➢ Vehicles And Pedestrians Should Be Kept Apart Onsite – Separate Them As
Much As Possible Using Barriers
➢ There is no secondary electric device present to provide electricity in case
there is electricity cut other than a single generator, hence some other electric
supply appliances should be there.
➢ As the workers work in highly risky areas hence proper medical facilities
should be provided at the site only in case of an accident.
➢ Gas cylinder was kept in open near the generator hence there was a risk such
that the cylinder might leak and can cause damage Design, Manufacture,
Import Or Supply Plant, Substances Or Structures For Use At A Workplace
➢ Install, Construct Or Commission Plant Or Structures At A Workplace.
➢ Deciding What Is ‘Reasonably Practicable’ To Protect People From Harm
Requires Taking
➢ Keep Trailing Cables Off The Ground And Away From Water

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RISK ASSESSMENT OF METRO SITE

  • 1. RISK ASSESSMENT UNDER CONSTRUCTION METRO STATION NOVEMBER 17, 2017 DMRC
  • 2. RISK ASSESSMENT OF A METRO CONSTRUCTION PROJECT AT (KNOWLEDGE PARK 1 GREATER NOIDA) Submitted To: Prof. Monika Mittal PRATHAM SHARMA 17IN638
  • 3. DMRC METRO STATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECT COMPANY PROFILE The Delhi Metro has been instrumental in ushering in a new era in the sphere of mass urban transportation in India. The swanky and modern Metro system introduced comfortable, air-conditioned and eco-friendly services for the first time in India and completely revolutionized the mass transportation scenario not only in the National Capital Region but the entire country. Having constructed a massive network of 218.17 Km with 164 stations in record time, the DMRC today stands out as a shining example of how a mammoth technically complex infrastructure project can be completed before time and within budgeted cost by a Government agency. The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC) was registered on 3rd May 1995 under the Companies Act, 1956 with equal equity participation of the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) and the Central Government to implement the dream of construction and operation of a world-class Mass Rapid Transport System (MRTS). The DMRC opened its first corridor between Shahdara and Tis Hazari on 25th December 2002. Subsequently, the first phase of construction worth 65 kilometres of Metro lines was finished two years and nine months ahead of schedule in 2005. Since then the DMRC has also completed the construction of another 125 kilometres of Metro corridors under the second phase in only four and a half years. Presently, the Delhi Metro network consists of about 218.17 Km with 164 stations along with six more stations of the Airport Express Link. The network has now crossed the boundaries of Delhi to reach NOIDA and Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh, Gurgaon and Faridabad in Haryana. The DMRC today has 235 train sets of four, six and eight coaches. More than a hundred trains of six coach configuration and over 60 trains of eight-coach configuration are currently operational. It has also set up rooftop solar power plants at many of its stations. All stations of the presently under construction corridors are being constructed as green buildings. In the present phase of Delhi Metro’s construction, the DMRC is in the process of building another 160 kilometres of Metro lines which will weave a web of Metro corridors along the city’s Ring Road beside connecting with many other localities in NOIDA, Ghaziabad and Bahadurgarh. Apart from providing Delhiites with a comfortable public transport option, the Delhi Metro is also contributing significantly towards controlling pollution as well as reducing vehicular congestion on the roads. According to a study, Delhi Metro has helped in removing about 3.9 lakh vehicles from the streets of Delhi.
  • 4. Draft License Agreement for Semi-Naming Rights at Selected Metro Station 1. Licensee hereby assumes responsibility for Semi-Naming Rights at the ___Metro station. The licensee shall be responsible for design, procure, manufacture, fabricate, install, commission, manage, operate, maintain, market and sell the semi naming right i.e. outside branding spaces/inside colouring at selected metro station stations as specified in this Agreement at its own cost. All the advertising sites and formats proposed by the Licensee are subject to approval by DMRC with regard to operational feasibility, aesthetics, safety and security concerns. 2. Licensee irrevocably agrees to make all payments including License Fee, service tax etc. as per this Agreement as and when due, without delay or demur and without waiting for any formal advice from DMRC in this regard. 3. The Licensee confirms having examined the potential locations at the Selected Metro Stations in detail and fully understands and comprehends the technical requirements of the Branding insert/media. The Licensee also confirms full satisfaction as to the business viability of semi-naming rights including licensing
  • 5. the Branding spaces inside the Metro Stations and hereby voluntarily and unequivocally agrees not to seek any claim, damages, compensation or any other consideration, whatsoever on this account. Licensee also confirms having made an independent assessment of present and future market potential and no future claim what so ever regarding the change in market circumstances shall be used by it as an alibi or excuse for non-payment of License Fee and other amounts due to DMRC under this License Agreement. 4. That DMRC and LICENSEE represent and warrant that they are empowered, authorized and able to enter into this agreement. BRIDGE AND PLATFORM CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY The main heavy machines used for different earthwork diggings are: o Excavator o Loader o Dozer o Grader o Scraper o Compactor The various machinery for constructing bridges are : ➢ Bridge Crane ➢ Gantry Crane ➢ Floating Crane ➢ Launching Girder ➢ Jib Crane
  • 6. Types of Heavy Machines Depending on the functions performed, there are different types of heavy machinery used for the construction of buildings and roads: Caterpillar Cranes Dozers Dumpers Loaders Articulated Haulers Chip Spreader Concrete Batching Plant Crushing Plants Drum Mixing Plant Tower Crane Pavers Pipe Layers Road Rollers Trenchers Scrapers Excavators Motor Graders Soil Compactors Tracked Carriers Various Concrete Based Plants
  • 7. PROCEDURE OF CONSTRUCTING A BUILDING Design of building component Excavation, Layout and Foundation Column Casting Slab, Beam, Shuttering and Casting Water Proofing Design footing Create engineering dreawing. Final check and submission
  • 8. LOCATION OVERVIEW RISK IDENTIFICATION Risk management standards such as ISO 31000 and COSO ERM, as well as traditional risk management process, include risk management as an initial step in the process. Standard risk management process provides tools that organizations can adapt to identify risks. Mostly, Loss histories as part of risk identification. ➢ Environmental Risks ➢ Design Risks ➢ Engineering Services Risks ➢ Construction Risks ➢ Project Management Risks ➢ Organizational Risks
  • 9. RISK AT CONSTRUCTION SITE ➢ Fire ➢ Working at Height Moving Objects ➢ Machinery breakdown ➢ Rupture of scaffolding ➢ Failure of bridge deck ➢ Rupture or cracks in beams and columns ➢ Slips, Trips, & Falls ➢ Noise ➢ Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome ➢ Material & Manual Handling ➢ Collapse ➢ Airborne Fibers & Materials – Respiratory Diseases ➢ Electricity ➢ Cylinder blast
  • 10. GAS USED FOR WELDING WORKER WELDING THE TOP STEEL STRUCTURE WITH SAFETY BELT CYLINDER LEFT AT OPEN WITHOUT ANY SAFETY MEASURES
  • 11. INSPECTING RISK WITH THE ONSITE SAFETY ENGINEER
  • 12. LADDER USED BY WORKERS FOR STEEL STRUCTURE WORK OF PLATFORM
  • 13. STATION DECK TO BRIDGE JOINING OVER BRIDGE
  • 14. WORKERS USING SCAFFOLDING FOR PLASTERING WORK
  • 15. LOOSE WIRE CONNECTION TEMPORARY WIRE CONNECTION FOR WELDING WORKS
  • 16. GENERATOR FOR EMERGENCY PURPOSES INSPECTING VARIOUS RISK FACED BY WORKERS
  • 17. Risk Quadrant The holistic approach to risk identification by use of risk quadrants is performed to identify and categorize risk. Quadrants of risk: Hazard risks: Arises from property, liability, or personal loss exposures and are generally the subjects of insurance Operational risks: It falls outside the hazard risk category and arises from people or a failure in the process, systems, or controls, including those involving information technology. Financial risks: It arises from the effect of market forces on financial assets or liabilities and includes market risk, credit risk, liquidity risk and price risk. Strategic risks: It arises from trends in society and economy, including changes in the economic, political and competitive environments. •Alternative Construction Techniques •loss of goodwill • Rise In Price Of Materials • Exchange Rate Flucations •Operational Risk •Electrical Shut Down •Theft • Fire • Safety Risk • Gas Cylinder Leakage HAZARD RISK OPERATIONAL RISK STRATEGIC RISK FINANCIAL RISK
  • 18. STEPS TAKEN BY SAFETY ENGINEER Fire- Installation of fire extinguishers has been kept at the various fire-prone area at the site. A water pump has been kept next to the storage room pump water from a nearby well in case of fire. Hosepipe has enough length to reach out every corner of the manufacturing unit. Warning signboards were kept in different places. Periodic replacement/refilling of fire extinguishers have been done. Machinery Break down heavy machines are used to pick up heavy steel and concrete block up to the top floor failure of such machine may result in huge damage and hence the workers are advised to stay away when such loading/ unloading work takes place also it is well monitored by the safety engineer Safety of workers The workers are strictly being advised and taught to keep safety as the major priority the worker's works and the top part of platform making with just a rope attached to their waist anti-fire clothes for such risk-related work. Theft and Anti-social elements Security surveillance by an ex-army man has also been arranged. The area is restricted to general public trespassing is highly illegal activity because the construction site has various things to be taken care of it for others safety also.
  • 19. RISK REGISTER: Risk register provides a matrix to record the likelihood of a scenario and its associated risks along with their probability, consequences, and impacts for the organization. SCENARIO RISK DESCRIPTIO N RISK OWNER LIKEL IHOOD CONSEQUENC ES LEVEL OF RISK IMPROVEMEN T ACTION Hazard Risk Fire Metro authority 40 Rs.0 to Rs. 10 cr 4 1)Use of sprinklers. 2)Taking Insurance. Hazard Risk Manpower Site in charge 80 Rs.0 to Rs.5 lac 7 1)Medical facilities in the plant. 2)Taking Insurance Hazard Risk Safety Safety engineer 80 Rs.0 to Rs. 10 lac 9 1)Use of proper gloves. 2) Safety shoes while unloading some material. Hazard Risk Theft Manager 60 Rs.0 to Rs.50L 9 1)Using of CCTV In the factory. Taking Insurance. Operational Risk Logistics General Manager 50 Rs.0 to Rs.50L 6 1)Inventory management. Operational Risk Management related Manager 40 Rs.0 to Rs.20L 4 1)Make a team for supervising. Operational Risk Technical risk Technical head 30 Rs.0 to Rs.30L 7 1)Ready with backup plan. Strategic Risk Socio-political risk Project owner 40 Rs.0 to Rs.10 Cr 9 1)Tied relations with other Strategic Risk Environmental risk General Manager 30 Rs.0 to Rs.5L 6 1)Backup plan 2)Reduce emissions. Financial Risk Shortage of money Project owner 20 Rs.0 to Rs.10 Cr 3 1)Have a backup financial help. 2)Reserving
  • 20. Financial Risk LEGAL COMPLIANC ES General Manager 40 Rs.0 to Rs.100L 6 RISK MAPPING: Risk mapping is a technique that can be used to provide a visual perspective of an organisations risks and to prioritize those risks. IMPACT/CONSEQUENCES 5.EXTREM E Legal consequences Shortage of money Safety -- Money Laundering and Finance 4.VERY HIGH Theft Manpower Injury to workers 3.MEDIUM Loss of data Wastage of material Supervising not done properly -- -- 2.LOW Fire Sociopolitical Logistics -- 1.NEGLIGIBL E Natural disaster Theft Environmental Technical risk -- 1.RARE 2.UNLIKELY 3.MODERATE 4.LIKELY 5.ALMOST CERTAIN LIKELIHOOD
  • 21. SUGGESTIONS TO HANDLE THE RISK: ➢ Holes Should Be Protected with Clearly Marked And Fixed Covers To Prevent Falls ➢ Fenced Off from Public ➢ Good Lighting ➢ Using Ladders or Scaffolding Without Proper Fixing Should Be Avoided ➢ The Crane Must Be Fitted With An Automatic Safe Load Indicator (One That Works) ➢ Vehicles And Pedestrians Should Be Kept Apart Onsite – Separate Them As Much As Possible Using Barriers ➢ There is no secondary electric device present to provide electricity in case there is electricity cut other than a single generator, hence some other electric supply appliances should be there. ➢ As the workers work in highly risky areas hence proper medical facilities should be provided at the site only in case of an accident. ➢ Gas cylinder was kept in open near the generator hence there was a risk such that the cylinder might leak and can cause damage Design, Manufacture, Import Or Supply Plant, Substances Or Structures For Use At A Workplace ➢ Install, Construct Or Commission Plant Or Structures At A Workplace. ➢ Deciding What Is ‘Reasonably Practicable’ To Protect People From Harm Requires Taking ➢ Keep Trailing Cables Off The Ground And Away From Water