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World War I and the Red Scare

World War I and the Red Scare

Why did the USA enter the Great War on the side of Great Britain and the Allies? What were the domestic consequences of the war? Was it worth it?

Why did the USA enter the Great War on the side of Great Britain and the Allies? What were the domestic consequences of the war? Was it worth it?

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World War I and the Red Scare

  1. 1. World War I & the Red Scare
  2. 2. TRIPLE ALLIANCE TRIPLE ENTENTE
  3. 3. CENTRAL POWERS ALLIED POWERS
  4. 4. 1914 - 1918
  5. 5. APRIL 6th, 1917
  6. 6. Knightsbridge, 1919
  7. 7. Why did the United States enter World War I… on the side of Great Britain?
  8. 8. Why did the United States ente…on the side of Great Britain and the Allies?
  9. 9. Standard View The Lusitania
  10. 10. deaths = 1198
  11. 11. deaths = 1128
  12. 12. 4,200,000
  13. 13. OTHER REASONS?
  14. 14. 1) Cultural Ties
  15. 15. 80%
  16. 16. 2) Enhanced U.S. World Role
  17. 17. 3) Economic
  18. 18. 4x
  19. 19. 1914: $753 million
  20. 20. 1916: $3 billion
  21. 21. $27 million
  22. 22. $2.3 billion $27 million
  23. 23. 4) Practicalities of Naval Warfare
  24. 24. British Blockade U-Boat Blockade
  25. 25. “rules of war”
  26. 26. Undeclared submarine warfare
  27. 27. OPPOSITION
  28. 28. Traditional Suspicion
  29. 29. Traditional Suspicion Washington’s Farewell Address “Why, by interweaving our destiny with that of any part of Europe, entangle our peace and prosperity in the toils of European ambition, rivalship, interest, humor or caprice? It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world…” (1796)
  30. 30. Congress 373-50
  31. 31. “Dough-boys” 300,000 / 300,000
  32. 32. Farmers
  33. 33. “Where The Fate Of The War Rests” “Upon the farmers of this country, therefore, in large measure rests the fate of the war and the fate of the nations. May the nation not count upon them to omit no step that will increase the production of their land or that will bring about the most effectual cooperation in the sale and distribution of their products?”
  34. 34. Socialists 1920: >900,000
  35. 35. Immigrants
  36. 36. Immigrants
  37. 37. APATHY?
  38. 38. “Symbolic Politics”
  39. 39. Good vs Evil
  40. 40. “Hate the Hun Campaign”
  41. 41. SAUERKRAUT
  42. 42. “LIBERTY CABBAGE”
  43. 43. HAMBURGER
  44. 44. “LIBERTY STEAK”
  45. 45. “LIBERTY MEASLES”
  46. 46. ANTI-RADICAL
  47. 47. Espionage and Sedition Acts 1917-1918
  48. 48. 6000/ 1500
  49. 49. “RED” EMMA GOLDMAN
  50. 50. 2 years >>>
  51. 51. WALTER MATHEY
  52. 52. Rev. CLARENCE WALDRON “A Christian can take no part in the war.”
  53. 53. Rev. CLARENCE WALDRON > 15 years
  54. 54. JOHN WHITE
  55. 55. JOHN WHITE “[The] murder of innocent women and children by German soldiers was no worse than what the United States’ soldiers did in the Philippines.”
  56. 56. JOHN WHITE > 21 months
  57. 57. “BIG BILL” HAYWOOD >>> IWW
  58. 58. “BIG BILL” HAYWOOD >>> 30 YEARS
  59. 59. “RED SUMMER” 1919
  60. 60. Strikes, Prohibition, Suffrage, Race Riots, Bombings, Influenza
  61. 61. A. Mitchell “Palmer Raids” >>> 1919-20
  62. 62. A. Mitchell “Palmer Raids” “[The] blaze of revolution [was] eating its way into the homes of the American workmen, its sharp tongues of revolutionary heat… licking the altars of the churches, leaping into the belfry of the school bell, crawling into the sacred corners of American homes, burning up the foundations of society.”
  63. 63. May 1, 1920?
  64. 64. May 1, 1920?

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