Reflective teaching means looking at what you
do in the classroom, thinking about why you do
it, and thinking about if it
works - a process of
Reflection can occur at any time. It may be
whilst you follow the materials in this course or
it may happen as you prepare or deliver your
A good time for reflection is after a lesson and it
is good practice to record your thoughts.
Reflective teaching- how to start
Asking ‘what and why’ questions
Means of gathering classroom data
• Maintaining a teaching diary
• Recording a lesson
• Receiving feedback from students
• Inviting a colleague to observe you/ Peer
Audio recordings (useful for considering aspects of teacher talk)
How much do you talk?
Are instructions and explanations clear?
How much time do you allocate to student talk?
How do you respond to student talk?
Video recordings (useful in showing you aspects of your own
Where do you stand?
Who do you speak to?
How do you come across to the students?
To both observe and be observed
The pre-observation session
The post-observation session
Change is the only constant.
(Heraclitus, Greek Philosopher)
• The concept of reflection
• Kolb’s learning cycle
• Reflective teaching
• Means of collecting classroom data
• Teaching diaries
• Recording lessons
• Peer observation
• Pak J. (1985), ‘Find Out How You Teach’, Adelaide
• Richards J.C. (1990), ‘The Language Teaching Matrix’, Cambridge University