Testing literature


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Testing literature

  1. 1. TESTING LITERATURE By Mr. Kurt S. Candilas MAE-ENG
  2. 2. Why should we test literature? • to elicit a specific response • to develop literary competence • to bring a literary piece of art to students intellectual and emotional baggage • to develop decision-making and meaningmaking
  3. 3. Tips on Literature Testing 1. Aim for balanced test. The test can include knowledge and skills items; guided, controlled and free response items; and productive and receptive response type items. 2. Use actual, authentic texts. The items require contact with actual texts. This will eliminate dependence on prepared or memorized notes.
  4. 4. 3. Provide linguistic support when necessary. Vocabulary and/or structure (grammar) helps eliminate can help eliminate linguistics difficulties that hinder the application of literary skills. 4. Test items should require the application of skills and principles. 5. Test items should encourage the transfer of skills from familiar texts to unfamiliar ones. 6. Write the test items to meet student level, not tutor expectations.
  5. 5. 7. The test items should give abstract concepts a practical and concrete focus. 8. Devise questions that would encourage the test-takers to identify with and personalize the texts they meet. 9. Translate into test situations those activities found to be motivating in the classroom.
  6. 6. What are the common forms in testing literature? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Multiple choice True or False Gap-Filling Essay test Knowledge Question Oral test
  7. 7. Multiple Choice Example: Dappled things in line 1 refer to all things that God a. ignored b. created c. forgot  Difficult to design but easy to mark  Exclusively examines knowledge  Knowledge is limited to options provided  Encourages guessing (25% chance)  More than one option may be possible
  8. 8. True or False Example Noam Chomsky is known as the father of generative grammar. Does not demonstrate broader knowledge Difficult to construct in higher levels Encourages guessing due to 50/50 chance Difficult to test attitudes toward learning
  9. 9. Gap Filling Example William Shakespeare was an English ____________.  They must have a broader context  More than one option may be possible (unless tester provides limited options or first letter)  Tests can focus on content words  Production is tested unless options are provided  Focus should be on the aspect assessed
  10. 10. Essay Test Example Check out the language meaning of the song and explain its denotation and connotation in semantics.  frequently essay questions in literature course are based on subject matter discussed in class.  requires the students to organize their thoughts and substantiate their interpretations.  a highly valid test form
  11. 11. Knowledge Question: Reading Example Identify the following characters and briefly describe their roles.  encourages reading of the texts  they are authentic and communicative  a highly valid test form
  12. 12. Oral Test Positive Points  favor the students who express themselves fluently in the target language  permit a broader sampling of the subject matter  confront with more direct questions Negative Points  difficult too score with complete reliability  Teacher and student rapport may tend to influence the best grade
  13. 13. THE END #teachingandtestinglanguageliteratureandreading @callmekurtz