1. To set tasks that form a representative
sample of the population of oral tasks we
expect from candidates.
2. The tasks should elicit behaviour which
represents candidate’s abilities.
3. The samples of behaviour will be scored
valid and reliably.
Specify all possible content.
A. Specified content of the Cambridge CCSE
Test of Oral Interaction.
- Expressing - Eliciting
- Directing - Narration
Describing - Reporting
② TYPES OF TEXT
- Fellow candidate
⑤ DIALECT, ACCENT AND STYLE
B. The Categorisation of the Operation
• Informational Skills
• Interactional Skills
• Skills in Managing
- Provide personal information.
- Provide non-personal
- Give instructions.
- Make comparisons.
- Give explanations.
- Justify opinions.
- Express purpose.
- Express agreement.
- Elicit opinions and
- Persuade others.
- Repair breakdowns in
- Establish common ground.
- Elicit clarification.
- Indicate understanding or
failure to understand.
- Initiate interactions.
-Change the topic of an
- Share the responsability of
the development of an
- Take turns.
- Give turns.
- Come to a decision.
- End an interaction.
② TYPES OF TEXT
- Presentation (monologue)
- Service encounter
③ OTHER SPEAKERS (ADDRESSEES)
-May be of equal or higher status
-May be known or unknown
- Topics which are familiar or interesting
to the candidate.
-Standard British English or Standard
-Formal and Informal.
⑧ VOCABULARY RANGE
-Non-technical except as the result of
preparation for a presentation.
⑨ RATE OF SPEECH
-Will vary according to the task
What of both options of assessment
(Cambridge or Bygate) is the most specific
one? Which one do you think is the best to
assess the speaking ability?
• Questions and request for information
• Pictures, role play, interpreting, prepared monologue
• Role play
• Described situations
• Simulated conversations
1) Make the oral test as long as is feasible.
2) Give the candidate as many ‘fresh starts’ as
3) Use a second tester for interviews.
4) Carry out the interview in a quiet room with
5) Collect enough relevant information.
6) Do not talk too much.
7) Select interviewers carefully and train them.
Create appropiate scales for scoring, which
must be holistic or analytic.
•To function and
•A wide range of
•Adapt to new
Train the interviewers
Great care must be taken taken to ignore personal
qualities of the candidates that are irrelevant to an
assessment of their oral ability.
Interviewers need to be well trained in order to
elicit a representative sample of the operations.
The accurate measurement of oral ability is
not easy. It takes considerable time and
effort, including training to obtain valid and
Oral rating scales and techiques will depend
upon the needs of individual institutions.
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