Why Does Society CareAbout Regulating Marriage  and Sexual Behavior?       By Milena Nichols     WRTG 3020 Spring 2011
Introduction• I wrote this presentation to examine  why society cares so much about  regulating marriage and sexual  behav...
Outline         Why regulate sexual behavior and marriage?• How society regulates sexual behavior and marriage:       • Lo...
Academic Sources Used: • Jane Ussher’s Sexual Science and the Law:   Regulating Sex--Reifying the Power of the   Heterosex...
Before we can look at whysociety regulates marriage and sexual behavior, we must first understand how society regulates sex...
What is Sex?How do you define sex?
Definitions of Sex:• Penetration in vaginal intercourse.• Engaging in sexual relations or sexual  coupling.• Coitus (anothe...
What is legal, in terms of sex, within the United         States?
• The only form of sex that is legal  within all 50 states in the United  States is:• “The placement of the penis in the  ...
How is marriage defined?
Marriage• Within the US:   • The legal and/or religious     ceremony between a man and a     woman that formalizes their  ...
“The law frames heterosexualintercourse as normal and legal...     [therefore] marriage, the    bedrock of social order, i...
• Both sexual laws and marriage are  gendered around the idea of the  powerful male phallus and the passive  sexuality of ...
Why is this important?• If people are involved in a  relationship in a place where it is a  crime to live together and hav...
Here’s an example:
Using definitions of sex   and marriage asmechanisms of control:
Social Control•Classifying some sexualbehavior as criminal.•Shame and stigmatization.•Trying to regulate others.•Trying to...
“Normal” vs. “Other”
If only sex between men and women is legal  --anything else is abnormal if it does not fit          within approved standar...
Who gave the power to those    who are “normal”?
Who gave the power to those    who are “normal”?          We Did.
Through our...
Through our...   • Religious background:      • Biblical authority prohibits: autoeroticism,        sodomy, extramarital s...
• What happens to people who are  told that they are doing something  “abnormal”?    • Shame    • Stigmas    • Hierarchies
• What happens to people who are  told that they are doing something  “abnormal”?    • Shame    • Stigmas            Are C...
• What happens to people who are  told that they are doing something  “abnormal”?    • Shame    • Stigmas            Are C...
• What happens to people who are  told that they are doing something  “abnormal”?    • Shame    • Stigmas            Are C...
• What happens to people who are  told that they are doing something  “abnormal”?    • Shame    • Stigmas            Are C...
Power of Shame• Leads to isolation.• Concept of being “closeted” as a homosexual.• Stigmatization and separation within so...
It’s not just the US...
It’s not just the US...• Athenian philosopher Diogenes found  that the sexual shame around  masturbation was hypocritical ...
It’s not just the US...• Athenian philosopher Diogenes found  that the sexual shame around  masturbation was hypocritical ...
It’s not just the US...• Athenian philosopher Diogenes found  that the sexual shame around  masturbation was hypocritical ...
Shame takes the power     away from thedisadvantaged group andgives it to the “normal”...
Shame takes the power     away from thedisadvantaged group andgives it to the “normal”...Power to impose more standards on...
Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:
Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:
Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:POWER:
Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:POWER:
Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:          HeterosexualPOWER:
Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:          HeterosexualPOWER:          Homosexual
Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:          HeterosexualPOWER:          Homosexual            Bi-sexual
Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:          HeterosexualPOWER:          Homosexual            Bi-sexua...
Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:          HeterosexualPOWER:          Homosexual            Bi-sexua...
Hierarchy:
Good, Normal, Natural:
Good, Normal, Natural: Bad, Abnormal, Unnatural:
Good, Normal, Natural: Bad, Abnormal, Unnatural:     Heterosexual        Married     Monogamous      Procreative    Noncom...
Good, Normal, Natural: Bad, Abnormal, Unnatural:     Heterosexual             Homosexual        Married                Unm...
So we have thesehierarchies, but why  regulate others?
• Some want identity norms.• The idea of other sexual  interactions make some people  uncomfortable.• “[Same-sex marriage]...
Why Regulate?• Personal comfort.• Religious background.• Believe that marriage is “sacred” as is.• Place stigmas on “other...
vs.
andvs.
Will society ever stoptrying to regulate sexuality      and marriage?
What do you think?
What do you think? Who will decide?
us?
us?      them?
us?      them?
What does socialregulation tell us about what we know about  gender and sexual      behavior?
What we know about gender and sexual orientation... • Comes from religious background. • Is hierarchical based upon catego...
The question is...What do you think isnormal, acceptable,      moral?
Am I?
Am I?   Are you?
Am I?          Are you?        Are they?
Am I?          Are you?        Are they?
Am I?          Are you?        Are they?
Am I?          Are you?        Are they?
Thank You.All images are from public searches on Google.com
M Nichols Academic Research Presentation-Regulating Marriage and Sexual Behavior
M Nichols Academic Research Presentation-Regulating Marriage and Sexual Behavior
M Nichols Academic Research Presentation-Regulating Marriage and Sexual Behavior
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

M Nichols Academic Research Presentation-Regulating Marriage and Sexual Behavior

532 views

Published on

Examining how and why society tried to regulate marriage and sexual behavior.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
532
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
16
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • M Nichols Academic Research Presentation-Regulating Marriage and Sexual Behavior

    1. 1. Why Does Society CareAbout Regulating Marriage and Sexual Behavior? By Milena Nichols WRTG 3020 Spring 2011
    2. 2. Introduction• I wrote this presentation to examine why society cares so much about regulating marriage and sexual behavior.• The larger goal of this presentation is to expand upon what we know about gender and sexual orientation and how we know this.
    3. 3. Outline Why regulate sexual behavior and marriage?• How society regulates sexual behavior and marriage: • Look at boundaries of sex and marriage. • What are the social mechanisms of control.• Why society regulates: • Examine social and cultural constructs of “normalcy”. • Find the hierarchy & categorization of sexual behavior.• Will society ever stop caring about regulating sexual behavior?• How does this tie into what we know about gender and sexual orientation?
    4. 4. Academic Sources Used: • Jane Ussher’s Sexual Science and the Law: Regulating Sex--Reifying the Power of the Heterosexual Man from the 1997 book Fantasies of Femininity: Reframing the Boundaries of Sex. • Michael Warner’s 1999 book The Trouble with Normal: Sex Politics and the Ethics of Queer Life.
    5. 5. Before we can look at whysociety regulates marriage and sexual behavior, we must first understand how society regulates sexual behavior and marriage.
    6. 6. What is Sex?How do you define sex?
    7. 7. Definitions of Sex:• Penetration in vaginal intercourse.• Engaging in sexual relations or sexual coupling.• Coitus (another word for sex).• What about masturbation, rubbing together, oral stimulation, and anal stimulation?
    8. 8. What is legal, in terms of sex, within the United States?
    9. 9. • The only form of sex that is legal within all 50 states in the United States is:• “The placement of the penis in the vagina in wedlock.”
    10. 10. How is marriage defined?
    11. 11. Marriage• Within the US: • The legal and/or religious ceremony between a man and a woman that formalizes their relationship in the eyes of the law.• Common Law: • A marriage or legal ceremony for any “others” than man and woman.
    12. 12. “The law frames heterosexualintercourse as normal and legal... [therefore] marriage, the bedrock of social order, is a relationship that can take place only between a man and a woman.” -Ussher
    13. 13. • Both sexual laws and marriage are gendered around the idea of the powerful male phallus and the passive sexuality of the woman.• If marriage between a man and a woman is “normal” then anything else is “abnormal” or “other”.• Turns “other” behavior into social or sexual deviancy.
    14. 14. Why is this important?• If people are involved in a relationship in a place where it is a crime to live together and have a sexual relationship outside of marriage: child custody laws, tax laws, healthcare, benefits, jobs and property laws can exclude you for doing something illegal.
    15. 15. Here’s an example:
    16. 16. Using definitions of sex and marriage asmechanisms of control:
    17. 17. Social Control•Classifying some sexualbehavior as criminal.•Shame and stigmatization.•Trying to regulate others.•Trying to prove thathomosexuality is genetic.•Not giving all people thesame laws.•Denying sexual freedom.
    18. 18. “Normal” vs. “Other”
    19. 19. If only sex between men and women is legal --anything else is abnormal if it does not fit within approved standards. • Normal sex is also know as “Vanilla Sex”: between a male and a female, only vaginal penetration and in the missionary position.
    20. 20. Who gave the power to those who are “normal”?
    21. 21. Who gave the power to those who are “normal”? We Did.
    22. 22. Through our...
    23. 23. Through our... • Religious background: • Biblical authority prohibits: autoeroticism, sodomy, extramarital sex and birth control. • “Moralism”: • When sexual practices are mandated for everyone. Classifies people who disobey as sexual dissidents who are immoral, criminal or pathological. • Genetics: • When searching for gay gene, means only genetic sexuality is legitimate.
    24. 24. • What happens to people who are told that they are doing something “abnormal”? • Shame • Stigmas • Hierarchies
    25. 25. • What happens to people who are told that they are doing something “abnormal”? • Shame • Stigmas Are Created • Hierarchies
    26. 26. • What happens to people who are told that they are doing something “abnormal”? • Shame • Stigmas Are Created • Hierarchies
    27. 27. • What happens to people who are told that they are doing something “abnormal”? • Shame • Stigmas Are Created • Hierarchies
    28. 28. • What happens to people who are told that they are doing something “abnormal”? • Shame • Stigmas Are Created • Hierarchies
    29. 29. Power of Shame• Leads to isolation.• Concept of being “closeted” as a homosexual.• Stigmatization and separation within society.• Fear.
    30. 30. It’s not just the US...
    31. 31. It’s not just the US...• Athenian philosopher Diogenes found that the sexual shame around masturbation was hypocritical and a denial of human nature...
    32. 32. It’s not just the US...• Athenian philosopher Diogenes found that the sexual shame around masturbation was hypocritical and a denial of human nature...• Therefore “to dramatize the problem: he masturbated in the marketplace.” -Warner
    33. 33. It’s not just the US...• Athenian philosopher Diogenes found that the sexual shame around masturbation was hypocritical and a denial of human nature...• Therefore “to dramatize the problem: he masturbated in the marketplace.” -Warner• While this is funny, it illustrates an ongoing problem surrounding shame in our world.
    34. 34. Shame takes the power away from thedisadvantaged group andgives it to the “normal”...
    35. 35. Shame takes the power away from thedisadvantaged group andgives it to the “normal”...Power to impose more standards on others: Hetero-Domination
    36. 36. Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:
    37. 37. Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:
    38. 38. Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:POWER:
    39. 39. Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies:POWER:
    40. 40. Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies: HeterosexualPOWER:
    41. 41. Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies: HeterosexualPOWER: Homosexual
    42. 42. Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies: HeterosexualPOWER: Homosexual Bi-sexual
    43. 43. Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies: HeterosexualPOWER: Homosexual Bi-sexual Trans-sexual
    44. 44. Hetero-Domination and Power Create Social Hierarchies: HeterosexualPOWER: Homosexual Bi-sexual Trans-sexual Other...
    45. 45. Hierarchy:
    46. 46. Good, Normal, Natural:
    47. 47. Good, Normal, Natural: Bad, Abnormal, Unnatural:
    48. 48. Good, Normal, Natural: Bad, Abnormal, Unnatural: Heterosexual Married Monogamous Procreative Noncommerical In Pairs In a Relationship Same Generation In Private No Pornography Bodies Only Vanilla Sex
    49. 49. Good, Normal, Natural: Bad, Abnormal, Unnatural: Heterosexual Homosexual Married Unmarried Monogamous Promiscuous Procreative Nonprocreative Noncommerical Commerical In Pairs Alone/In Groups In a Relationship Casual Same Generation Cross-Generational In Private In Public No Pornography Pornography Bodies Only With Manufactured Objects Vanilla Sex Sadomasochistic
    50. 50. So we have thesehierarchies, but why regulate others?
    51. 51. • Some want identity norms.• The idea of other sexual interactions make some people uncomfortable.• “[Same-sex marriage] demeans the institution...” -Hyde, Republican Congressman
    52. 52. Why Regulate?• Personal comfort.• Religious background.• Believe that marriage is “sacred” as is.• Place stigmas on “others”.• Would like to repress sexual deviancy.
    53. 53. vs.
    54. 54. andvs.
    55. 55. Will society ever stoptrying to regulate sexuality and marriage?
    56. 56. What do you think?
    57. 57. What do you think? Who will decide?
    58. 58. us?
    59. 59. us? them?
    60. 60. us? them?
    61. 61. What does socialregulation tell us about what we know about gender and sexual behavior?
    62. 62. What we know about gender and sexual orientation... • Comes from religious background. • Is hierarchical based upon categorization of “normal” and “other”. • Is defended by out-dated laws. • Lives on through fear.
    63. 63. The question is...What do you think isnormal, acceptable, moral?
    64. 64. Am I?
    65. 65. Am I? Are you?
    66. 66. Am I? Are you? Are they?
    67. 67. Am I? Are you? Are they?
    68. 68. Am I? Are you? Are they?
    69. 69. Am I? Are you? Are they?
    70. 70. Thank You.All images are from public searches on Google.com

    ×