Bringing Asexy Back

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Bringing Asexy Back

  1. 1. Bringing Asexy Back
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>What is asexuality? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are asexuals? </li></ul><ul><li> Why Now? </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity - Issues - Experts </li></ul><ul><li>Literature Review - Critique </li></ul><ul><li>Question & Answer </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is asexual …? <ul><li>A) Autonomous reproduction </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>B) A person who is </li></ul><ul><li>generally not interested in </li></ul><ul><li>sex. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>C) A person who does not </li></ul><ul><li>experience sexual </li></ul><ul><li>attraction. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>D) Godzilla </li></ul><ul><li>Fire in the </li></ul><ul><li>hole!!! </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>A) Autonomous reproduction. </li></ul><ul><li>B) Someone who is </li></ul><ul><li>generally not interested </li></ul><ul><li>in sex. </li></ul><ul><li>C) Someone who does </li></ul><ul><li>not experience sexual </li></ul><ul><li>attraction. </li></ul><ul><li>D) Godzilla. </li></ul><ul><li>A: All of the above. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Definition of Asexuality <ul><li>Asexuality : a sexual orientation </li></ul><ul><li>characteristic of people who do not </li></ul><ul><li>experience sexual attraction. </li></ul><ul><li>Here are some visual representations… </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Storms </li></ul><ul><li>Model </li></ul><ul><li>(1980) </li></ul>
  10. 11. What Asexuality is not <ul><li>Abstinence : to reframe from engaging in a </li></ul><ul><li>particular behavior e.g. sex. </li></ul><ul><li>Celibacy : someone who does not have sex, </li></ul><ul><li>does not get married, especially because of </li></ul><ul><li>religious vows. </li></ul><ul><li>Chastity : waiting to have sex until marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical/Psychological Disorder (?) </li></ul>
  11. 12. Urbanization <ul><li>Allows for the creation of sub-cultures, minority </li></ul><ul><li>communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Social norms weaker/promotes exchange of </li></ul><ul><li>ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Critical to maintaining GLBT community and for </li></ul><ul><li>later social movement. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Assumption Everyone is Sexual <ul><li>Evolutionary theory/ </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Selection. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Research <ul><li>Alfred Kinsey: sexuality spectrum, </li></ul><ul><li>contradiction between behavior and identity, </li></ul><ul><li>category “X.” </li></ul><ul><li>Masters & Johnson: </li></ul><ul><li>sexual response </li></ul><ul><li>cycle. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Sexual Revolution <ul><li>Contraceptives more available, effective, </li></ul><ul><li>acceptable  sex becomes divorced from </li></ul><ul><li>reproduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypersexuality is </li></ul><ul><li>norm. </li></ul>
  15. 16. The Internet <ul><li>Anonymity. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimally regulated. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to find information. </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking sites: blogs/forums. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>AVEN </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual Visibility and Education Network </li></ul><ul><li>(AVEN). </li></ul><ul><li>The main hub of the asexual community. </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 2001 by David Jay. </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: 1) generate visibility & awareness. </li></ul><ul><li>2) create an asexual scene. </li></ul>
  17. 23. Romantic Attraction <ul><li>Hetero-romantic </li></ul><ul><li>Homo-romantic </li></ul><ul><li>Bi-romantic </li></ul><ul><li>Pan-romatic </li></ul>
  18. 24. Asexuality Asexual Grey-A Demisexual
  19. 25. Issues <ul><li>Getting out basic information that is accurate. </li></ul><ul><li>General acceptance. </li></ul><ul><li>Asexuality and asexuals being labeled as pathological. </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiating sexual intimacy. </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination, prejudice, harassment & violence. </li></ul>
  20. 26. Asexuality Top 10 <ul><li>1) You just gotten out of a bad relationship. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Haven’t met the right guy. </li></ul><ul><li>3) You’re really just a closeted lesbian. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Were you sexually abused? </li></ul><ul><li>5) You’re afraid of relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>6) You’re asexual because you have never had </li></ul><ul><li>ME in bed. </li></ul><ul><li>7) Too busy/overly involved. </li></ul><ul><li>8) You have a hormone problem. </li></ul>
  21. 27. <ul><li>9) You can’t get a man. </li></ul><ul><li>10) You must hate men. </li></ul><ul><li>Honorable Mention </li></ul><ul><li>You’re into animals? </li></ul><ul><li>You’re just saving yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of life is to reproduce. </li></ul><ul><li>You were made to think sex is evil. </li></ul><ul><li>You’re just trying to be weird. </li></ul><ul><li>You must lead an empty life no wonder you’re so bitter… </li></ul>
  22. 28. Other <ul><li>Asexuals are an urban legend. </li></ul><ul><li>You mean like Godzilla…? </li></ul><ul><li>An asexual is really a transsexual. </li></ul><ul><li>You’re just a late bloomer. </li></ul><ul><li>You have a low self-esteem. </li></ul><ul><li>You’re just not mature to enough to handle </li></ul><ul><li>relationships. </li></ul>
  23. 29. Sexual Dysfunction <ul><li>Deficient/lack of… </li></ul><ul><li>Desire </li></ul><ul><li>Arousal </li></ul><ul><li>Orgasm </li></ul><ul><li>or experience… </li></ul><ul><li>Painful Intercourse </li></ul><ul><li>Erectile Dysfunction </li></ul><ul><li>Premature/Delayed Ejaculation </li></ul><ul><li>Impotence </li></ul>
  24. 30. Sexual Disorders <ul><li>Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder DSM entry 302.71: </li></ul><ul><li>1.Deficient or absence of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Disturbance must cause marked distress or interpersonal difficulty. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Cannot be account for by Axis I disorder, or general medical condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Aversion Disorder DSM entry 302.79: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Aversion to and active avoidance of genital sexual contact with a sexual partner. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Disturbance must cause marked distress or interpersonal difficulty. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Cannot be account for by Axis I disorder, or general medical condition. </li></ul>
  25. 31. Relationships <ul><li>Relationships are hard enough…wo/finding </li></ul><ul><li>out you/partner is asexual. </li></ul>
  26. 32. <ul><li>Asexuals are at risk of experiencing the same </li></ul><ul><li>violence and hate directed toward homo-/bi- </li></ul><ul><li>sexuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional “gaydar” doesn’t work. Why? </li></ul><ul><li>1) People don’t know asexuality </li></ul><ul><li>exists. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Asexuals can “pass” as homo-/bi- </li></ul><ul><li>/hetero- by being in a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>w/another person. </li></ul>
  27. 33. <ul><li>Sexuality like gender is something people </li></ul><ul><li>“ perform.” </li></ul><ul><li>3) Asexuals can “pass” as homo-/hetero-/bi- </li></ul><ul><li>sexual in the same way some gays, lesbians </li></ul><ul><li>& bisexuals can pass as heterosexual. </li></ul>
  28. 34. <ul><li>“ Eh... we found a facebook </li></ul><ul><li>group that seemed anti-A </li></ul><ul><li>(apparently the guy got </li></ul><ul><li>turned down by an asexual </li></ul><ul><li>and, in anger, made that </li></ul><ul><li>group about how he's sick </li></ul><ul><li>of asexuals). It was pretty </li></ul><ul><li>much dead for at least a </li></ul><ul><li>year, no admin, so we </li></ul><ul><li>decided to take over it and turn it into a pro- </li></ul><ul><li>Ace group. Then we got started decorating. ” </li></ul>
  29. 35. <ul><li>Facebook group: </li></ul><ul><li>People who are </li></ul><ul><li>fed up with </li></ul><ul><li>Asexuals </li></ul>
  30. 36. <ul><li>The “Experts” </li></ul>
  31. 37. <ul><li>“ To me, to say that someone is ‘asexual’ is </li></ul><ul><li>tantamount to saying that they’re not a human </li></ul><ul><li>being,” […] “I would be profoundly critical of the idea </li></ul><ul><li>that ‘asexuality’ is an ‘orientation’ or that it’s somehow </li></ul><ul><li>the inevitable way that some people are born. The </li></ul><ul><li>basic building blocks of sexual patterning are there in </li></ul><ul><li>everyone. The real question about what you’re </li></ul><ul><li>describing as ‘asexual’ is: What sort of history could </li></ul><ul><li>make someone wind up being that closed down?” </li></ul><ul><li>-Barnaby Barratt Ph. D. sex therapist </li></ul>
  32. 38. <ul><li>“ She said if you don’t think it’s a problem, </li></ul><ul><li>it’s not a problem—but if you wrote a book </li></ul><ul><li>about it, no one would buy it.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Jay recounting his consultation with a doctor concerning his sexual orientation (asexual). </li></ul>
  33. 39. <ul><li>“ If people decide not to be sexual, that’s their </li></ul><ul><li>problem,” […] “But from my point of view as a </li></ul><ul><li>physician, as a therapist with a long experience, I feel </li></ul><ul><li>that these people have some personal problem that </li></ul><ul><li>led to that because remember, sexuality is a part of </li></ul><ul><li>normal life.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why do these people decide to be asexual, to go </li></ul><ul><li>against something that is very natural for everybody, </li></ul><ul><li>and most people enjoy?” </li></ul><ul><li>-Alex Alterescu Ph.D. sex therapist </li></ul>
  34. 40. <ul><li>“ For the most part, they [asexuals] were not </li></ul><ul><li>repulsed or afraid of sex,” […] “They could </li></ul><ul><li>take it or leave it and they wanted to leave it. </li></ul><ul><li>It isn’t something they experienced problems </li></ul><ul><li>with; that’s not why they came to identify as </li></ul><ul><li>asexual. They just did not have any desire to </li></ul><ul><li>go for it.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Cynthia Graham Ph.D. clinical psychology </li></ul>
  35. 41. <ul><li>“ The short list includes endocrine imbalances, history </li></ul><ul><li>of trauma or abuse, subconscious negative attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>about sex, fear of being swept up or losing control, </li></ul><ul><li>depression, anxiety, and the effects of undiagnosed </li></ul><ul><li>medical conditions. Some people might even just like </li></ul><ul><li>feeling “special” or “unusual.” In fact, there are so </li></ul><ul><li>many convoluted possibilities that </li></ul><ul><li>only a trained person can help you </li></ul><ul><li>sort them out.” </li></ul><ul><li>– Joy Davidson Ph. D. sex therapist on the factors that could contribute to an asexual orientation. </li></ul>
  36. 42. <ul><li>Brotto was working in a sexual dysfunction clinic </li></ul><ul><li>when she noticed a common occurrence: women and </li></ul><ul><li>men who had no interest in sex. “It led us to wonder </li></ul><ul><li>if this was more than just low desire, if this was a </li></ul><ul><li>completely separate phenomenon. Was this really </li></ul><ul><li>asexuality?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ There’s a distinction between loss of sexual desire </li></ul><ul><li>and asexuality as an orientation, on the basis of our </li></ul><ul><li>research.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Lori Brotto Ph.D. clinical psychology </li></ul>
  37. 43. <ul><li>“ Becoming a sexual human being is a long and subtle process </li></ul><ul><li>and many things must go right in one’s family of origin for the </li></ul><ul><li>child to connect sexuality and love,” […] “I have had several </li></ul><ul><li>patients who came into treatment asexual, completely </li></ul><ul><li>confused, because they came from ‘good’ families. But on </li></ul><ul><li>closer examination, it turned out that certain necessary </li></ul><ul><li>ingredients were missing: these patients got good care in </li></ul><ul><li>practical ways—they were fed, clothed, sent to school—but </li></ul><ul><li>they were not touched lovingly by their parents at all. They </li></ul><ul><li>simply had never experienced physical pleasure in their bodies </li></ul><ul><li>that they linked to the emotional pleasure of being in a </li></ul><ul><li>relationship.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Aline Zoldbrod Ph.D. sex therapist </li></ul>
  38. 44. <ul><li>“ By virtue of researching the topic and using that </li></ul><ul><li>language (‘asexual’) we are contributing to shaping </li></ul><ul><li>the use of language in this area. Also, our research </li></ul><ul><li>does not support the contention that asexuality is a </li></ul><ul><li>disorder. Few individuals who identify as asexual [in </li></ul><ul><li>the study] were personally distressed and/or desiring </li></ul><ul><li>to seek counseling. Predominantly, concerns about </li></ul><ul><li>their own asexuality were surrounding social </li></ul><ul><li>acceptance of the identity rather than personal </li></ul><ul><li>distress about the identity itself…Our data do not </li></ul><ul><li>support a need to pathologize asexuals.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Nicole Prause Ph.D. clinical psychology </li></ul>
  39. 45. <ul><li>The Research </li></ul>
  40. 46. Purported “causes” of asexuality: <ul><li>Hormone imbalance. </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Autistic spectrum disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexually abused. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious/negative attitude toward sex. </li></ul>
  41. 47. Problems/Limitations <ul><li>Sample size. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual desire not= to, and compounded w/ sexual attraction. </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely distinguishes between experiencing low sexual desire and no sexual desire. </li></ul><ul><li>Ambiguous Terminology. </li></ul><ul><li>Limited knowledge/incomplete knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Very limited info on asexuals. </li></ul>
  42. 48. Hormone Imbalance/Change <ul><li>Research has primarily focused on women. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower hormones generally = decreased sexual function/desire. </li></ul><ul><li>Testosterone/Estrogen increase sexual </li></ul><ul><li>desire the same as a sugar pill. </li></ul>
  43. 49. Hypothyroid <ul><li>Hypothyroidism: under-active </li></ul><ul><li>thyroid. </li></ul><ul><li>~1 in 10 Americans have </li></ul><ul><li>thyroid disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Loss/decrease in sex drive </li></ul><ul><li>unclear how common a symptom. </li></ul>
  44. 50. Hyperthyroid <ul><li>Hyperthyroid: overactive thyroid. </li></ul><ul><li>Graves’ Disease is the most common cause of </li></ul><ul><li>hyperthyroidism. </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 3 million people in U.S. suffer from </li></ul><ul><li>hyperthyroidism. </li></ul>
  45. 51. Hyperprolactinemia <ul><li>Disorder characterized by elevated level of </li></ul><ul><li>prolactin for sex and age. </li></ul><ul><li>Present in up to 9-55% of women with </li></ul><ul><li>reproductive disorders and 60-80% all cases of pituitary gland tumors. </li></ul><ul><li>General population prevalence ~0.4%. </li></ul>
  46. 52. Depression <ul><li>Life Time Prevalence </li></ul><ul><li>Dysthymic Disorder: 6% </li></ul><ul><li>Bipolar I: 0.4-1.6%; II 0.5% </li></ul><ul><li>Major Depressive Disorder: 10-25%, women; </li></ul><ul><li>5-12%, men. </li></ul><ul><li>1-year prevalence any mood disorder: 7.1-11.1% </li></ul>
  47. 53. Anxiety/Stress <ul><li>Lifetime prevalence anxiety disorders: 28.8% </li></ul><ul><li>1-year prevalence any anxiety disorder: </li></ul><ul><li>13.1-18.7% </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety can be a </li></ul><ul><li>cause of both </li></ul><ul><li>decreased or increased </li></ul><ul><li>sexual desire. </li></ul>
  48. 54. Autistic Spectrum Disorder <ul><li>Characterized by difficulty communicating, forming social relationships, learning. </li></ul><ul><li>One study 17% of women had sexual preference for neither sex. </li></ul><ul><li>Most exhibit sexual behavior, show at least </li></ul><ul><li>some interest in sex and want a relationship. </li></ul>
  49. 55. Sexual Abuse <ul><li>Depending on population & definition CSA affects </li></ul><ul><li>2-62% of women and 3-16% of men. </li></ul><ul><li>1/6 women have been victims of rape/attempted </li></ul><ul><li>rape. </li></ul><ul><li>1/10 sexual assault victims are men. </li></ul><ul><li>SA better accounts for physical problems. </li></ul>
  50. 56. Religion/Negative Attitude <ul><li>Openness about sex, sexuality varies greatly. </li></ul><ul><li>How dogmatic is a particular </li></ul><ul><li>religious community? </li></ul><ul><li>To what degree have negative </li></ul><ul><li>ideas been internalized? </li></ul><ul><li>Significant portion of the </li></ul><ul><li>population is non- </li></ul><ul><li>religious/atheist/agnostic. </li></ul>
  51. 57. Summary <ul><li>At this time there is inadequate information </li></ul><ul><li>directly pertaining to asexuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence of a given disorder in general population is relatively high in some cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical/psychological conditions can be </li></ul><ul><li>treated or get better over time. </li></ul>
  52. 58. Continued <ul><li>Difficult to generalize/easily compare findings </li></ul><ul><li>because of varying definitions & measurements. </li></ul><ul><li>Several of the purported causes have a greater prevalence in older population. </li></ul><ul><li>Can better account for acquired than lifelong. </li></ul>
  53. 59. Continued <ul><li>What is the direction of the relationship? </li></ul><ul><li>Compounding variables. </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate information about the relationship between a condition and frequency of sexual problems. </li></ul>
  54. 60. <ul><li>Research on the origin of a Homo/Bi –sexual Orientation </li></ul>
  55. 61. Animal Studies <ul><li>Homosexual/Bisexual behavior is not exclusive to humans alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-mating/asexual behavior has been observed in animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Problem: we are inferring sexual attraction/orientation based on behavior. </li></ul>
  56. 62. Order of Siblings <ul><li>Correlation between being one of the younger siblings and being non-heterosexual. </li></ul>
  57. 63. Discredited <ul><li>Gender Roles: reinforcing traditional gender roles not connected to sexual orientation. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Seduced into the lifestyle.”: children who grow up with gay/lesbian parents are not any more likely to turn out gay/lesbian themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Aversion Therapy/Counseling: coercive, unethical—fantasies, impulse to act on desire can be reduced, but the attraction itself does not go away. </li></ul>
  58. 64. Genetics/Family History <ul><li>Heritability Rate: </li></ul><ul><li>Men: 31-74% Women: 27-76% </li></ul><ul><li>One study concluded homosexuality was linked to something on the X chromosome—follow up research has not shown a link. </li></ul>
  59. 65. Hormones/Finger Ratios <ul><li>At one point speculated hetero/homo </li></ul><ul><li>-sexuals had significantly different hormone levels. </li></ul><ul><li>Now speculating hormonal exposure in the womb may play a role. </li></ul>
  60. 67. <ul><li>Research into the origins of a non-heterosexual </li></ul><ul><li>orientation are not definitive and thus far are </li></ul><ul><li>inconclusive. </li></ul><ul><li>Animal studies </li></ul><ul><li>Order of siblings </li></ul><ul><li>Gender roles </li></ul><ul><li>” Seduced into the life style” </li></ul><ul><li>Aversion therapy/Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics/Family History </li></ul><ul><li>Hormones/Finger ratios </li></ul>
  61. 68. Other <ul><li>Cranial nerve 0 </li></ul><ul><li>/pheromones. </li></ul>
  62. 69. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome <ul><li>Characterized by: irregular menstrual cycle, acne, obesity, excessive hair growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Affects 1 in 15 women </li></ul><ul><li>Typically starts in teen years. </li></ul><ul><li>Unknown how common sexual desire problems present. </li></ul>
  63. 70. Epilepsy <ul><li>At least two seizures that cannot be explained by an </li></ul><ul><li>existing medical condition. </li></ul><ul><li>75% of cases begin in childhood. </li></ul><ul><li>Will affect 0.5% to 2% of people during lifetime. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple compounding variables: epilepsy </li></ul><ul><li>itself/medications/psychological. </li></ul>
  64. 71. Late Bloomer
  65. 72. <ul><li>If mean is 9.6 men & 10.1 women (SD = 3.6 , 3.7 ) then: </li></ul><ul><li>SD1 M: 6-13.2 ; W: 6.4-13.8 ;  64% of data </li></ul><ul><li>SD2 M: 2.4-16.8 ; W: 2.7-17.5 ;  95% of data </li></ul><ul><li>SD3 M: 0-20.4 ; W: 0-21.2 ;  99% of data </li></ul><ul><li>99.5% of men and women should experience sexual attraction </li></ul><ul><li>by age 20.4 and 21.2 YOA. </li></ul><ul><li>SD4 = M: 24 ; W: 24.9 </li></ul><ul><li>Study Herdt & Boxer, 1993. </li></ul>
  66. 73. Continued <ul><li>Pervasive </li></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><li>Disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature AND Nurture. </li></ul>
  67. 74. Things to Keep in Mind <ul><li>Cultural and historical context: </li></ul><ul><li>Norms change over time. </li></ul><ul><li>There is variation. </li></ul><ul><li> + What is considered attractive. </li></ul><ul><li> + What is considered sexual. </li></ul><ul><li> + Appropriate behavior & ritual. </li></ul><ul><li> + Importance of sex & sexual fulfillment. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Sambia of Papua New </li></ul><ul><li>Guinea. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Dani of Indonesia. </li></ul>
  68. 75. <ul><li>Who is defining normal/healthy sexual desire?: </li></ul>
  69. 77. <ul><li>a </li></ul>
  70. 78. <ul><li>Proving a causal relationship: </li></ul><ul><li>Correlation i.e. association. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring variables over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Ruling out other variables. </li></ul><ul><li> + A is in fact causing B; A, B are not occurring simultaneously, </li></ul><ul><li> rule out third variable. </li></ul><ul><li>Other considerations: </li></ul><ul><li>Sample size. </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity of sample. </li></ul><ul><li>Methods & measurements. </li></ul><ul><li>Duplicate results. </li></ul>
  71. 79. <ul><li>What are the ends of the research?: </li></ul><ul><li>Over emphasis on difference. </li></ul><ul><li>Perpetuation of stereotypes. </li></ul><ul><li>Is this research helpful to those who are </li></ul><ul><li>being studied? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of looking for what </li></ul><ul><li>causes a non-heterosexual orientation unless </li></ul><ul><li>we eventually intend on imposing </li></ul><ul><li>heterosexuality on everyone? </li></ul>
  72. 80. <ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  73. 81. What Asexuals Want People to Know <ul><li>We do not need to be “fixed” because we are </li></ul><ul><li>not “broken.” </li></ul><ul><li>-If it is not broken don’t fix it. </li></ul>
  74. 82. <ul><li>Just because we may not be in a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>does not mean we are miserable. </li></ul><ul><li>We have the same needs for friendship, </li></ul><ul><li>companionship and affection as everyone </li></ul><ul><li>else. </li></ul>
  75. 83. <ul><li>Asexuals are just like everyone else…except </li></ul><ul><li>we do not experience sexual attraction. </li></ul><ul><li>There exists more diversity within groups than </li></ul><ul><li>between groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Your sexual orientation does not determine </li></ul><ul><li>your character. </li></ul>
  76. 84. <ul><li>It’s complicated. We’re all different. </li></ul><ul><li>-All encompassing, 100% accurate theory on human sexuality according to an AVEN member. </li></ul>
  77. 85. For More Information… <ul><li>Forums: </li></ul><ul><li>Apositive.org </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual Lesbians </li></ul><ul><li>The A-Sylum </li></ul><ul><li>Ace Linkup </li></ul><ul><li>AVEN </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual Aotearoa New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>The Frigidarium </li></ul><ul><li>Haven for the Human Amoeba </li></ul><ul><li>Portland Aces </li></ul>
  78. 86. <ul><li>Blogs: </li></ul><ul><li>Ace of Hearts </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual Explorations </li></ul><ul><li>Asexy Beast </li></ul><ul><li>Edge of Everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Glad to be A </li></ul><ul><li>Love from the Asexual Underground </li></ul><ul><li>Musings from outside normal boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>The Protean Avenger: Asexual Politics </li></ul><ul><li>Rainbow Amoeba’s Petri Dish </li></ul><ul><li>Shades of Gray </li></ul>
  79. 87. <ul><li>The Venus of Willendork </li></ul><ul><li>Social Networking Sites: </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul><ul><li>Myspace </li></ul><ul><li>Livejournal </li></ul><ul><li>Last.fm </li></ul><ul><li>Other sites to visit: </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual Pals </li></ul><ul><li>Affectionate Friends </li></ul>
  80. 88. <ul><li>Acebook </li></ul><ul><li>Celibate Passions </li></ul><ul><li>Platonic Partners </li></ul><ul><li>Asexualific </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile Inside My Head… </li></ul><ul><li>eFeminate </li></ul><ul><li>Queers United </li></ul>
  81. 89. <ul><li>Studies/Articles on Asexuality: </li></ul><ul><li>Asexuality: Prevalence and Associated Factors in a National Probability Sample by Anthony F. Bogaert, The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 41, No. 3, 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns of Asexuality in the United States by Dudley L. Poston Jr. & Amanda K. Baumle </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual and proud! By Lynn Harris, salon.com </li></ul><ul><li>No sex, thanks by Jennifer Parks, edmontonjournal.com </li></ul>
  82. 90. <ul><li>Hoppe, Arthur. &quot;A New Sex Fad.&quot; The San Fransisco Chronicle. October 10, 1979. p. 57 </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton M.A. & Strizhakova, Y. (2004). “Homosexuality and Homophobia: Toward a Causal Model of Asexuality.” </li></ul><ul><li>Nicole Prause & Cynthia Graham. (2007). “Asexuality: Classification and Characterization.” Archives of Sexual Behavior Vol. 36, 341-356. </li></ul><ul><li>Bitch magazine “Do Not Want” by KL Pereira Fall 2007 Issue no. 37. </li></ul>
  83. 91. <ul><li>Paul Cox ‘We’re married, we just don’t have sex’ guardian.co.uk 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Asexuality, Not for Amoebas Anymore!” by Jennifer Tennent, She Sheet, 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube videos: </li></ul><ul><li>Asexuality Top 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Letters to an Asexual </li></ul><ul><li>ABC The View (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Montel Williams Show (2007) </li></ul>
  84. 92. <ul><li>ABC Primetime 20/20 (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>MTV Young & Asexual </li></ul><ul><li>Fox News Dayside (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>CNN Showbiz Tonight (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Secrets </li></ul><ul><li>The Sex Files: No Sex Please </li></ul><ul><li>MSNBC’s The Situation with Tucker Carlson (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Documentary: </li></ul><ul><li>Asexuality: The Making of a Movement </li></ul>
  85. 93. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>Have some </li></ul><ul><li>:cake: </li></ul>
  86. 94. End Lecture

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