Homosexuality - By Jub We Talk India's first lgbt podcast
HOMOSEXUALITYBy- Jub We Talk – India’s First LGBTPodcastwww.Jubwetalk.in“Some men like Jack/ and some like Jill;/ I’m glad I like them both;but still…/ In the strict ranks/ of Gay and Straight/What is my status?/ Stray? or Great?” …….
Sex and Gender Sex :Sex is something one is born with. An organisms sex is defined by thegametes it produces: males producemale gametes (spermatozoa, or sperm)while females produce female gametes(ova, or egg cells) 1) male2) female3) True hermaphrodites (have testesand ovaries)4) Male pseudohermaphrodites (havetestes, some aspects of femalegenetalia)5) Female pseudohermaphrodites(have ovaries, some aspects of malegenetalia)All societies have a set of gendercategories that can serve as the basisof the formation of a social identity inrelation to other members of society. Inmost societies, there is a basic divisionbetween gender attributes assigned tomales and females. In all societies,however, some individuals do notidentify with some (or all) of the aspectsof gender that are assigned to theirbiological sex.Gender:
Human Sexuality :Human sexuality can also refer tothe way someone is sexuallyattracted to another person - whichis determined by their sexualorientation - whether it is to theopposite sex (he te ro se xuality), tothe same sex (ho m o se xuality),having both these tendencies(bise xuality), to all genderidentities (panse xuality o rbise xuality), or not being attracted toanyone in a sexual manner(ase xuality).
Sexual Orientation & SexualBehavior Sexual orientation describes anenduring pattern of attraction that isromantic or sexual (or a combinationof these) to persons of the oppositesex, the same sex, or to both sexes,as well as the genders thataccompany them. Sexual identity refers to how onethinks of oneself in terms of whomoneis romantically or sexually attractedto. Sexual identity and sexualbehavior are closely related to sexualorientation Sexual Behaviorrefers to themanner in which humansexperience and express theirsexuality. People engage in avariety of sexual acts from time totime, and for a wide variety ofreasons.
HomosexualityHomosexuality is romantic attraction, sexualattraction or sexual activity betweenmembers of the same sex or gender. Asan orientation, homosexuality refers to"an enduring pattern of or disposition toexperience sexual, affectionate, orromantic attractions" primarily orexclusively to people of the same sex; "italso refers to an individuals sense ofpersonal and social identity based onthose attractions, behaviors expressingthem, and membership in a communityof others who share them."
History Of Homosexuality in IndiaThe Arthasastra, anancient Indiantreatise on statecraft,mentions a widevariety of non-vaginal sexualpractices which,whether performedwith a man or awoman, were soughtto be punished withthe lowest grade offine. Whilehomosexualintercourse was notsanctioned, it wastreated as a veryminor offence, andseveral kinds ofheterosexualintercourse werepunished more The classic Indian text Kama Sutra deals without ambiguity orhypocrisy with all aspects of sexual life—including marriage,adultery, prostitution, group sex, sadomasochism, male andfemale homosexuality, and transvestism. And once in a while, hidden in niches as in Khajuraho, one doesfind images of eitherwomen erotically embracing otherwomenormen displaying theirgenitals to each other, the formerbeingmore common (suggesting a tilt in favourof the male voyeur). Interpretations and judgements aside, these images tell us thatthe ‘idea’ of same-sex and what the colonial rulers termed‘unnatural’ intercourse did exist in India. One can only speculateif the images represent the common orthe exception.
Carvings at various Indian TemplesDepicting Homosexuality
Myths About Homosexuality MYTH# 1 No one is born gay. MYTH# 2 Homosexuality can be cured/treated . MYTH# 3 People become homosexual because there was a deficiency in sex-rolemodeling by their parents. MYTH# 4 LGBT people dont live nearly as long as heterosexuals. MYTH# 5 Gay people are more prone to be mentally ill and to abuse drugs andalcohol. MYTH# 6 Same-sex parents harm children. MYTH# 7 Gay people can choose to leave homosexuality. MYTH# 8 Gay men molest children at far higher rates than heterosexuals. MYTH# 9 Homosexuality is a western concept MYTH# 10 Homosexuals are impotent males
Problems Faced By Homosexuals inIndia•Fear of disclosure of one’ssexual orientation and HIV status•Coming out to one’s family,friends (disclosing one’s sexualidentity to friends and family)•Anxiety, depression, suicidalbehaviour are also thecommon concerns,particularly when they areHIV positive•Fear of disclosure of one’ssexual orientation and HIV status•Coming out to one’s family,friends (disclosing one’s sexualidentity to friends and family)•Anxiety, depression, suicidalbehaviour are also thecommon concerns,particularly when they areHIV positive Confusion/conflation ofsexual orientation withgender Dealing with pressures ofmarriage Discrimination athome/workplace andSociety. Lack of social supportsystems
How Counselors Can Help ! Try and address your own discomfort with sexual practices,sexuality and sexual orientations Express a positive, open body language like smiling,nodding, concern, etc and understand verbal and nonverbal cues Ensure privacy and confidentiality Be sensitive while asking questions Acknowledge client’s relationship and value them Encourage condom usage and explore other health issues Referrals to other counselors or therapists
Concerns And ChallengesHelping thefamily torealizeimplicationsof theindividual’ssexualorientation(marriage, childbearing,socialconsequences) Dealing with issues related to one’sloneliness Sex and sexuality needs to bediscussed in open forums Introducingcurriculum on sexuality in universities Spreading Awareness AboutHomosexuality being natural amongthe people