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Gender and Sexuality
From Race to GenderO Sarah BaartmanO Hottentot VenusO 19th century
Sex vs. GenderO Sex  O Biological or physical attributeO Gender  O Social/cultural attribute
Sex vs. GenderO Sex differences  O The physical and biological differences    between males and femalesO Gender difference...
SexO Biological differences  O Males are:     O 10% taller     O 20% heavier     O 35% stronger in the upper body  O May h...
GenderO An inner feeling that you are male, female,  both, or somewhere in betweenO Process of social presentationO Gender...
GenderO Socialization  O Boys are…  O Girls are…O Self-fulfilling prophecy
GenderO Lorber – Night to His  Day  O “Doing” gender  O Gender roles change    over time  O Ms. Magazine, Louise    Gould ...
For every 100 girls…O For every 100 girl babies born, there are  105 boy babies bornO For every 100 girls aged 5-14 who di...
For every 100 girls…O For every 100 girls in grades 10-12 who  drop out of high school, 121 boys drop outO For every 100 w...
Work and Occupations
Work and Occupations
Work and Occupations
Work and OccupationsO Split labor market  O Primary and secondary labor market  O “Motherhood wage penalty”O Comparable wo...
A Woman’s Worth
SexismO Belief that one sex is superior to anotherO Belief that men and women are different  and that should be reflected ...
Gender IdentityO CisgenderO Not all cultures have one two sexes  O Kothoey (Thailand)O Transsexual
Gender DiscordanceO When gender identity and biological sex  conflictO Not always looked down upon in all  cultures  O Aty...
SexualityO Socially constructedO Heterosexuality, homosexuality,  bisexuality, asexuality, pansexuality, etc…O Freud  O Oe...
SexualityO Kinsey – Understanding Sexual Orientation  O “Homosexual personality”  O Sexuality can change over time  O Cont...
Queer TheoryO “Queer is by definition whatever is at odds  with the normal, the legitimate, the  dominant. There is nothin...
Queer TheoryO Identities are not fixed  O Cannot be categorized or labeled  O Consist of many varied componentsO Separatio...
Issues Facing LGBTQ          CommunityO Group identityO Prejudice  O Bullying  O HomelessnessO Equal rights  O Health issu...
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Gender and sexuality

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Gender and sexuality

  1. 1. Gender and Sexuality
  2. 2. From Race to GenderO Sarah BaartmanO Hottentot VenusO 19th century
  3. 3. Sex vs. GenderO Sex O Biological or physical attributeO Gender O Social/cultural attribute
  4. 4. Sex vs. GenderO Sex differences O The physical and biological differences between males and femalesO Gender differences O Social expectations about how males and females out to act and their respective rights and duties O Mead – Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies
  5. 5. SexO Biological differences O Males are: O 10% taller O 20% heavier O 35% stronger in the upper body O May have been influenced by social decisions of our evolutionary past O Women tend to live longer, hit puberty earlier
  6. 6. GenderO An inner feeling that you are male, female, both, or somewhere in betweenO Process of social presentationO Gender roles O Behavioral expectations and norms O Individual adopts the behaviors of the gender they wish to portray O Can change
  7. 7. GenderO Socialization O Boys are… O Girls are…O Self-fulfilling prophecy
  8. 8. GenderO Lorber – Night to His Day O “Doing” gender O Gender roles change over time O Ms. Magazine, Louise Gould (1972) O Thought experiment O Raising a child free of gender-typing
  9. 9. For every 100 girls…O For every 100 girl babies born, there are 105 boy babies bornO For every 100 girls aged 5-14 who die, 148 boys dieO For every 100 high school girls who felt too unsafe to go to school, 104 boys felt the same wayO For ever 100 twelfth-grade girls who engaged in a physical fight on school property, 214 boys got in a fit
  10. 10. For every 100 girls…O For every 100 girls in grades 10-12 who drop out of high school, 121 boys drop outO For every 100 women aged 20-24 who commit suicide, 624 males of the same age kill themselvesO For every 100 women ages 22-24 in correctional facilities, there are 1430 males in correctional facilitiesO For every 100 women aged 18-24 living in emergency and transitional shelters, there are 86 men living in similar shelters
  11. 11. Work and Occupations
  12. 12. Work and Occupations
  13. 13. Work and Occupations
  14. 14. Work and OccupationsO Split labor market O Primary and secondary labor market O “Motherhood wage penalty”O Comparable worth O Work of equal value, requiring the same level of skills, should earn equal pay, even when the work is not identical
  15. 15. A Woman’s Worth
  16. 16. SexismO Belief that one sex is superior to anotherO Belief that men and women are different and that should be reflected in societyO Hatred of men (misandry) or women (misogyny)
  17. 17. Gender IdentityO CisgenderO Not all cultures have one two sexes O Kothoey (Thailand)O Transsexual
  18. 18. Gender DiscordanceO When gender identity and biological sex conflictO Not always looked down upon in all cultures O Atypically behaving youth are socialized so that their individual characteristics provide useful functions for society O Shaman, medicine man, tong-ki (Daoism), berdache (Native American Two Spirit), hijra (South Asia), xanith (Arabic)
  19. 19. SexualityO Socially constructedO Heterosexuality, homosexuality, bisexuality, asexuality, pansexuality, etc…O Freud O Oedipus complex O Erogenous zones O Fetishes
  20. 20. SexualityO Kinsey – Understanding Sexual Orientation O “Homosexual personality” O Sexuality can change over time O Continuum
  21. 21. Queer TheoryO “Queer is by definition whatever is at odds with the normal, the legitimate, the dominant. There is nothing in particular to which it necessarily refers. It is an identity without an essence. „Queer‟ then, demarcates not a positivity but a positionality vis-à-vis the normative” David Halperin
  22. 22. Queer TheoryO Identities are not fixed O Cannot be categorized or labeled O Consist of many varied componentsO Separation between what one does and what one isO PerformativityO Heteronormativity is embedded in social institutionsO Goal is to destabilize identity categories
  23. 23. Issues Facing LGBTQ CommunityO Group identityO Prejudice O Bullying O HomelessnessO Equal rights O Health issues O Gay marriage O Employment

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