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  1. 3. What are landforms? <ul><li>Landforms are the natural shapes or features. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many different types of landforms found on the earth. </li></ul>
  2. 4. Main Landforms
  3. 5. mountain <ul><li>A mountain is a place on Earth’s surface that is much higher than the land around it. </li></ul>                                      
  4. 6. mountain range a long chain of mountains; a row of connected mountains
  5. 7. hill <ul><li>A hill is land that rises above the land around it. </li></ul><ul><li>A hill has a rounded top. </li></ul>
  6. 8. volcano a cone shaped mountain formed out of rock or ash thrown up from inside the earth, frequently with an opening or depression at the top
  7. 9. basin an area of land largely enclosed by higher land.
  8. 10. valley <ul><li>A valley is a lowland area between higher lands such as mountains. </li></ul>                                                             
  9. 11. canyon <ul><li>A canyon is a deep valley with very steep sides. </li></ul>                                                         
  10. 12. plain <ul><li>A plain is a flat area on Earth’s surface. </li></ul>
  11. 13. plateau <ul><li>A plateau is a flat area higher than the land around it. </li></ul>
  12. 14. lake <ul><li>A lake is water that is completely surrounded by land. </li></ul>
  13. 15. coast <ul><li>A coast is the area where the ocean touches the land. </li></ul>
  14. 16. continental shelf plateau of land surface into the ocean but underwater
  15. 17. peninsula piece of land that extends into a body of water and is surrounded on three sides by water
  16. 18. isthmus narrow strip of land with water on both sides connecting two larger pieces of land
  17. 19. strait a narrow waterway connecting two larger bodies of water
  18. 20. cliff a high, steep slope of rock or soil
  19. 21. delta land built up by deposits of sand and silt at the mouth of some rivers
  20. 22. fjord a narrow inlet of the sea between high banks or cliffs created by glaciers
  21. 23. cape a curved or hooked piece of land extending into a body of water
  22. 24. gulf part of a sea or ocean that reaches into land; usually larger than a bay
  23. 25. bay part of a body of salt water that reaches into the land; usually smaller than a gulf
  24. 26. island <ul><li>An island is land that is completely surrounded by water. </li></ul>
  25. 27. archipelago a group of many islands
  27. 29. ocean <ul><li>Oceans are the largest bodies of water on earth. </li></ul>
  28. 30. sea a large body of water, usually salt water, partly or completely surrounded by land
  29. 31. river <ul><li>A river is a long flowing body of water. </li></ul>
  30. 32. source the place where a river or stream begins
  31. 33. waterfall place where running water makes a sheer drop, usually over a cliff
  32. 34. branch a river or stream that flows into a larger river or stream
  33. 35. mouth place where a river empties into a larger body of water; the end of a river
  34. 36. altitude the height above sea level
  35. 37. canal a man-made waterway connecting two bodies of water and is designed to shorten travel time or irrigate
  36. 38. one of the six largest bodies of land on earth
  37. 39. glacier a large body of slow moving ice which alters the land around it through displacement
  38. 40. hemisphere half of the earth usually referred to as eastern or western; northern or southern
  39. 41. iceberg a large mass of floating ice that has broken off from a glacier, most of this is underwater