What a resume is and its purposes
Types and formats of resumes
Effective Writing of a resume.
Guidelines for preparing cover letters
Be ready for a successful job interview.
Being Online, search for a job.
Search for a
WHAT IS A RESUME ?
What is the purpose of the
CV vs. Resume.
RESUME … IS
A brief summary of your qualifications,
skills, and background which represent
your educational and work experiences in
terms relevant to potential employers.
A self-promotional and marketing tool.
The first impression a prospective
employer has of you.
Your first contact with a prospective
employer will be when he reads your
You only get one chance to make a first
First impressions are lasting – so think
of your resume as an extension of you!
Never forget that the goal of a resume is
to obtain a job interview.
A NOTE TO THE WISE!
There is no such thing as the “right”
or “wrong” resume.
The best indicator of whether your
resume is doing its job is by
answering this question,
“Are employers contacting you?
What is the Purpose of a Resume?
To describe your accomplishments, qualifications,
professional and educational experiences
Serve as a record to leave with an employer
Share information with the people who are
assisting you with your job search
Attach to a job application- Some forms don’t
allow us to express our skills and abilities very
To answer “the” question : Why should I be
selected for an interview?
A single job offer attracts between 100
and 1,000 resumes.
Your resume will get between 10 and
20 seconds of the recruiters time.
Only 1 interview is granted for every
200 resumes received by the average
WRITE A RESUME STEP BY STEP
1) Understanding the Purpose
2) Understanding the Audience
3) Look at other Resumes.
4) Start writing your first draft.
5) Revise, carefully review and re-organize
6) Get feedback from a reader.
7) Revise, Proofread and Edit.
Keep it Simple
Use a permanent
Reason for sending the résumé
A brief paragraph that states your
career plan in relation to what an
employer is looking for.
Focus on your interest as well as
your employers interest.
Tells potential employers the sort
of work you're hoping to do.
To obtain a position as a Software Engineer with a
company offering opportunities for professional
Seeking a position in the field of Mechanical
Engineering which will both utilize and enhance my
Seeking a position as a Civil Engineer in a well
established company that will fully utilize my
experience and expertise in hydrological modeling,
design, construction, construction management,
planning and cost analysis.
Your objective must be specific, clear,
short and concise.
You can targeted specific job title.
Stay focused on one title or two similar
Use general objective when needed.
PROFILE / SUMMARY
• Several concise statements that focus the
reader’s attention on the most important
qualities, achievements, and abilities you
have to offer.
• “10-second sound bite”
• A short phrase describing your profession.
• One or more professional or appropriate
• Bullet : 3 to 4 one-liners about who you
PROFILE / SUMMARY
A team player with excellent communication skills and
academic qualifications, who has recently graduated with a
degree in Civil Engineering.
A highly talented, professional and dedicated Civil
Engineer with over ten years experience in planning,
designing and directing the construction and maintenance
of roads, bridges and pipelines.
Accounting manager with five years of accounting
experience in real estate and marketing industries. Fully
knowledgeable in general accounting, payroll, budgeting,
and journal entry preparation.
A highly efficient, hardworking and talented design
engineer with a comprehensive understanding of design
processes and also manufacturing and construction
Experienced in all the design stages of a product, including
research, development and manufacture right through to
installation and final commissioning.
Possessing a good team spirit, deadline orientated and
having the ability to produce detailed technical
specifications from client requirements.
Keen to find a challenging & suitable engineering position
with a ambitious company that offers opportunities for
career development and advancement
• Think about what you want to say about yourself.
• Create a well-rounded view of yourself.
• Be honest.
• Be confident.
• Avoid trying to answer every question about yourself.
• Use specifics over generalities
Desire technical editing position with supervisory
responsibilities in an engineering firm.
Highly skilled technical writer with three years
publishing experience. Knowledgeable in current web
Objective Vs. Profile by an example
• Your most recent educational information
is listed first.
• Include your degree (B.A., M.A., etc.), major,
institution attended, minor/concentration.
• Add your (GPA) if it is higher than 3.0.
• Mention academic honors
2002-2005 Graduate Diploma in Law BBP Law School London
2000-2003 BA in Economics University of Manchester
1995-1998 , B.S. in Business Management , Yeshiva University New York, NY
Certified Public Accountant, CPA, New York State
Briefly give the employer an overview of work
that has taught you skills.
Use action words to describe your job duties.
Include your work experience in reverse
• Title of position,
• Name of organization, Location
• Dates of employment
• Describe your work responsibilities with
emphasis on specific skills and
Include: paid work, unpaid internships, extensive job
Use keywords and jargon from your field : You want
to appear to be an insider.
Include skills, experiences and interests that relate
to the target position.
Begin statements with action verbs. Use short
phrases and concrete examples, numbers and
quantities to describe your experiences (i.e., “Supervised
camp activities for 30 girls, ages 6-12”).
It includes your abilities that are
related to the jobs you are
Include skills that are relevant
to the position / career field that
you are interested in i.e.
computer skills, software skills,
and/or language skills.
Skilled in Solid Works, Math CAD, Matlab, MS Office,
PLC programming and machining
Estimating material, construction, and labor costs, and
Supervising Projects: including in house, external
contractors and sub-contractors.
Customize the skills section of your resume to
match, as much as you can, the requirements
listed in the job posting.
The closer a match your skills are to the job
requirements, the better your chances of being
selected for an interview.
Employers quickly scan resumes, so long lists are
not likely to get read.
Here you will go into more details than you
did in the objective and summary
Great opportunity to really sell yourself!
List any activities that would show special
skills, community involvement, leadership
List any special honors you have received
No need to say “References available
upon request” .
You’ll need three to five people to write
or speak on your behalf.
Ask permission before you use someone’s
write contact information for them.
Give them your resume.
WHO ARE THEY ?
A business letter that accompanies a resume.
Informs reader of your purpose and requests as
Highlights and directs attention to the
important information in the resume.
May take the form of an email message or a brief
note that accompanies an electronic application
First paragraph: State the name of the job
for which you are applying and how you
learned about the job opening.
Second paragraph: Emphasize skills and
abilities that relate to the open position.
However, do not repeat what is said on your
Third paragraph: Thank the employer
and request an interview.
Introduces You; Your Resume
Summarizes Appropriate Aspects of your
Education or Experience
States briefly how your Qualifications relate to
Indicates if you have included a Resume,
Writing Samples, Transcript, or other
Is Brief and to the Point.
Requests an Interview.
An Effective Cover Letter
Your Phone Number
Dear Mr./Ms. LastName,
Please accept my application for the teaching assistant position advertised on Craig's List. I would like to
continue to develop my teaching skills while creating a challenging and fun learning environment for students.
The middle school age group is particularly appealing to me, because students are very impressionable,
interested in learning, and open to new concepts.
I am very well qualified and would be an asset to the school because of my experience working as a teaching
assistant for XYZ School. I have worked with both elementary and middle school teachers, as well as camp
directors to develop curricula that meet the needs of students. I enjoy tutoring students and helping them build
confidence in their ability to achieve, both academically and socially. In addition, I have artistic and computer
skills that will be an asset when developing class projects.
I have attached my resume for your review. Thank you for considering my application. I would appreciate the
opportunity to interview and look forward to hearing from you in the near future.
Your Typed Name
Be on time
Ensure you have a high level of hygiene
Answer all the questions the best way you can.
and show that
BEFORE THE INTERVIEW…
DO YOUR HOME WORK
Research position, company and industry.
Know who you will be interviewing with.
Be ready for a variety of interviewer styles.
Be ready to discuss your strengths and
Know How to reach the location.
KNOW YOUR SELF
Be able to articulate skills, strengths,
accomplishments, and career goals
Familiarize yourself with your resume
Make a list of five accomplishments that you
Make a list of five things you have done with proud.
Make a list of how your colleagues, staff, and
supervisors describe you. Include the positive and
WHAT TO TAKE TO THE INTERVIEW
Copies of your resume.
Copies of letters of recommendation,
and a typed reference sheet to be given
to the interviewer;
Other material relevant to the
Pen and paper, so that you can note the
name of the interviewer, time for future
interviews and other pertinent
THE INTERVIEWER EVALUATES
WAYS YOU CAN EXHIBIT A GOOD ATTITUDE
•Concentrate on being likable and friendly
•Positive language and non-verbal cues
WHAT DO EMPLOYERS SEEK FOR :
Well in a
INTERVIEW QUESTIONS : USEFUL TIPS
Questions can vary and may be categorized
under Personal Assessment, Education and
Experience, Career ambition and Plans,
Company or Organization.
Expect the unexpected
Turning a Negative into a
THE BALANCE OF LISTENING AND TALKING
Do not be afraid to ask clarifying questions about the
Listen well so that you can identify opportunities to
link your skills and qualifications to what the
interviewer is looking for.
It is acceptable to take notes.
Do not interrupt the interviewer.
Take time to formulate your thoughts before
answering a tough question and balance talking with
Be as clear and concise as you can in your answers.
YOUR ANSWERS : SHOULD BE
Relevant information, Experience,
Action taken, and Leadership
Situations , Task , Action , Results.
WHAT SIGNALS ARE YOU SENDING?
Leaning forward = interest
Smiling = friendly
Nodding = attentive and
Eye contact = curious and
Crossed arms = defensive
Fidgeting hands or
tapping feet = nervous or
Lack of eye contact =
Leaning back= discomfort
QUESTIONS YOU CAN ASK
What are the responsibilities of this position?
What are the reputations, academic training and
tenures of the employees in this department?
Do you support professional development? How?
What do you see as the biggest challenge that
someone would face during the first month on the
GENERAL INTERVIEW STRATEGIES
Be prepared to talk about yourself
and your experiences
Master the art of storytelling
Provide specific and concrete
examples of your
Remain positive, enthusiastic, poised,
and confident throughout the
interview process 78
GENERAL INTERVIEW STRATEGIES
Remember an interview is a formal
conversation--avoid filler words like “Um”,
“Ah”, & “You know”
Avoid indecisive phrases like: “I think,” “I
guess,” “probably,” or “pretty good”
Think before speaking
Avoid long verbose answers--limit your
response to 1-2 minutes
If you do not hear or understand a
question, ask them to repeat or clarify it for
GENERAL INTERVIEW STRATEGIES
Remain calm, relaxed,
and be yourself
Try to focus on the
message you are trying
to convey--NOT how
well you are doing!
REASONS WHY CANDIDATES RECEIVE REJECTION
Lack of proper career planning – purposes and goals
Lack of knowledge in field of specialization
Inability to express thoughts clearly and concisely.
Insufficient evidence of achievement.
Not prepared for the interview.
No real interest in the organization
Ask good questions
Thank the interviewer
Request a business card
Inquire about next steps in the process
FOLLOW-UP … CONT
Send a thank you note within
Letter may be handwritten or
typed; e-mail is also acceptable
Tailor each one to the
Remember that only 15% of the success of
an interview is out of your control
Take some time to reflect
- Overall, how well did I do?
- What went well?
- What steps can I take next time to improve?
Conduct a test run the day before the
Practice! Practice! Practice!
Obtain a list of practice interview questions and jot down
Stand in front of a mirror and rehearse your answers
Get a good night’s sleep-be well rested
and alert for the interview
Be relaxed and be yourself!