Early on, Patriots struggle – lose all key
cities in the Northeast
British Army is better trained and better armed. Many
Loyalists fight on side of the Brits…
Britain had a much larger population and the best
military in the world.
We know America
wins, but how?
Battle of Brooklyn July/August 1776
British Army takes New York City. Washington
and his army narrowly escape being totally
Battle of Trenton December, 1776
Washington’s Army has broken up – he now
has only 8000 men
Needs a victory to keep them from quitting
Washington crosses the Delaware River in NJ on
Christmas Night, surprising a force of drunken
Hessian Mercenaries, capturing 918.
*Important victory because it boost morale – keeps
Battle of Saratoga, NY October, 1777
Turning point of the war as Americans under
General Horatio Gates defeat British force of
soldiers, mercenaries, and Mohawk Indians.
Battle proves that Americans could win the
war. As a result, France enters into an
alliance with America.
Following Saratoga, Washington’s forces spend
brutal winter camped at Valley Forge, PA
20% of troops die from exposure, illness, and
hunger, but they persevere
Valley Forge as a sign of determination and
Weak central government has trouble sending
Many foreign officers
eagerly joined the
Marquis de Lafayette
volunteered and led
American troops in
Steuben, a Prussian
Battle of Charleston May, 1780
British take the war to the South, hoping for
support from Loyalists.
Charleston is a big victory for ambitious
British march North, and win another battle at
British brutality in the South causes anger and
loss of support
Battle of Kings Mountain, Battle of
Cowpens, Battle of Guilford Courthouse (late
1780 – Spring 1781) Winner: Split
Patriots win important victories at King
Mountain and Cowpens, SC.
British win a costly victory at Guilford
Courthouse in Greensboro.
Cornwallis and Brits head north to VA
Battle of Yorktown October, 1781
British troops are surrounded by Americans
and French naval fleet.
Cornwallis surrenders British army to
LAST MAJOR BATTLE OF THE WAR!
War is a struggle for
women and children
Women fill roles of
men and home and
some fight in battles
Many fight for the
More joined British
for promise of
* Primary materials and notes on Af. Americans in the war.
Treaty of Paris – 1783 ends the war
Confirms US Independence and sets national