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Mr. Antonio T. Delgado
The Link Campus Journalism Training-Workshop
            September 10, 2011
           GJC Audio-Visual Room
The Link
September 2011              Vol.1 Issue 1
The Link
September 2011                                      Vol.1 Issue 1




     selection   of which news stories will be
      covered
     amount of space or time given to stories
     way the story is presented
     images and language used to cover the story
     importance given to the story by its
      placement
     way the audience is guided to interpret
      the story
     glory of the byline
The Link
September 2011                   Vol.1 Issue 1




    NEWS is information about
     current events printed in
     newspapers or broadcast
     by the media.
         --Microsoft Encarta,
     2009.
The Link
September 2011                             Vol.1 Issue 1




      Recent information
      Current events
      Somebody or something interesting
      Something previously unknown
The Link
September 2011                   Vol.1 Issue 1




     Timeliness
     Proximity or Nearness
     Significance
     Prominence
     Oddity or Unusualness
     Conflict
The Link
September 2011                         Vol.1 Issue 1




     Human      Interest
     Drama
     Romance
     Progress
     Number
The Link
September 2011                       Vol.1 Issue 1




     Accuracy
     Brevity    (briefness)
     Clarity
     Style
     Objectivity
The Link
September 2011                       Vol.1 Issue 1




     Classroom  story
     Enrolment story
     Meeting story
     Program/Party Story
     Experiments/Surveys
     Honor roll/Dean’s list story
The Link
September 2011                         Vol.1 Issue 1




     Awards  story
     School Improvement story
     Election story
     School Organization/Club story
     Out-of-School Activity
     Special Occasion story
The Link
September 2011                                  Vol.1 Issue 1




     Must have a nose for news
     Must not be afraid of people
     Must be knowledgeable in style
     Must be able to finish articles on time
The Link
September 2011                                 Vol.1 Issue 1




     Beats  – offices, departments, library
     School calendar
     Invitations and Memos
     Different clubs and organizations
     Sports teams
     Students and teachers
     Community
The Link
September 2011                    Vol.1 Issue 1




     Straight  news – consists
      of facts reported
      without elaboration
     News feature – based
      on facts; writer may
      give his impressions,
      may describe and
      narrate without
      resorting to biased
      opinion
The Link
September 2011                                        Vol.1 Issue 1




            Most interesting or     The Inverted
             most important          Pyramid of news
                    Least
                                     suggests that
                 interesting         news be told in
                   or least          order of most
                  important          interesting or
                                     important to least
                                     interesting or
                                     important
The Link
September 2011                               Vol.1 Issue 1




                  Inverted Pyramid of News
The Link
September 2011                      Vol.1 Issue 1




                 I’LL TAKE THE
                      LEAD!
The Link
September 2011                                         Vol.1 Issue 1




     The  1st paragraph: Most important part of the
      article, summarizes the story
     The Hook: Arouses the readers interest
     Answers right away the most important
      questions: 5 W’s and 1 H
The Link
September 2011              Vol.1 Issue 1




     Who?
     What?
     When?
     Where?
     Why?
     How?
The Link
September 2011                   Vol.1 Issue 1




    Depending on the nature of
     the story and its driving
     news elements, a lead
     can focus on one or a
     few of the six question
     words.
The Link
September 2011                                       Vol.1 Issue 1




    Who? — The school board passed a resolution
     last night banning the wearing of caps in all
     school buildings.
    What? — Cap wearing was banned in all school
     buildings last night after the school board
     passed a new resolution.
The Link
September 2011                                      Vol.1 Issue 1




    Where? — In General de Jesus College last
     night, the school board passed a resolution
     to ban the wearing of caps in all school
     buildings.
    When? — Last night, the school board passed a
     resolution banning cap wearing in all school
     buildings.
The Link
September 2011                                        Vol.1 Issue 1




    How? — By a 6-1 margin last night, the school
     board passed a resolution banning hat
     wearing in all school buildings.
    Why? — Citing a pattern of early-onset
     baldness in GJC’s teenagers, the board of
     education last night passed a resolution that
     restricts cap wearing in all school buildings.
The Link
September 2011                                       Vol.1 Issue 1




     Astonisher Lead
         Better attend your classes on November 5!
     Contrast Lead
           Twenty years ago, he was the school’s
      janitor. Now, he came back to become the
      college dean.
     Epigram Lead – verse, quotation
           Like father, like son…
The Link
September 2011                                        Vol.1 Issue 1




     Picture Lead – describes to create a mental
       picture of the subject.
            The new dean, although only in his 30s,
       is already silver-haired.
     Background Lead – describes the setting
            Decorated with buntings and multi-
       colored lights, the quadrangle became a
       grand setting for a barrio fiesta as GJC
       celebrated its…..
The Link
September 2011                                        Vol.1 Issue 1




     Parody Lead – a parody of a well-known song
       or poem
           Tell me not in mournful numbers, Life is
       but an empty dream..
           This must be the desperate conclusion of
       a 45-year old man who killed
           himself..
     Punch Lead - short, forceful, explosive
           God is dead!
The Link
September 2011                                    Vol.1 Issue 1




     Quotation Lead
          ―Ignorance, not poverty, causes
      malnutrition.‖
          Thus revealed former Isabela governor
      Grace Padaca to …
     Question Lead
          Who will be the next Ms. Intramurals?
      The answer will be known on…
The Link
September 2011                              Vol.1 Issue 1




     Startwith the most important or
      unusual idea of the news event.
     Pack the most important info in one
      sentence
     Go direct to the point
The Link
September 2011                                Vol.1 Issue 1




     Rarely     use the ―when‖ and ―where‖
      leads
     Use less than 30 words
     Don’t start with articles: a, an, the
The Link
September 2011                                       Vol.1 Issue 1




    Who wants to read an article that begins:
           ―The General de Jesus College Board
      met Tuesday night at General de Jesus
      College to discuss the new dress code.‖
    Instead try:
           ―A proposal to change uniforms received
      a lukewarm reception at last Tuesday night’s
      school board meeting.‖
The Link
September 2011                                      Vol.1 Issue 1




    Who wants to read an article that begins:
           ―A basketball team from the IT
      department won the semi-finals in
      basketball.‖
    Instead try:
            ―With seconds left on the time clock,
      BSIT’s own Andres Dimagiba scored the
      winning shot that lead the team into the
      Intramurals’ Basketball Semi Finals.‖
The Link
September 2011              Vol.1 Issue 1




             WHAT A
           GREAT BODY!
The Link
September 2011                            Vol.1 Issue 1




     The  details of the summary lead
     Arranged from most important to
      the least important
     One sentence, one paragraph
      structure
     Sentences are generally less than
      24 words
The Link
September 2011                           Vol.1 Issue 1




     Use  transitional devices
     Include quotations from at least
      two different people
     Do not editorialize
The Link
September 2011                                   Vol.1 Issue 1




    Subject-verb-object sentences of generally
      less than 24 words
     One idea per sentence
     Don’t delay meaning, don’t use a lot of
      commas
     Use strong verbs and an active voice
     Simplify terms
The Link
September 2011                                   Vol.1 Issue 1




     Gather  the details
     Process the details
          What is the news value?
          What details should be included?
          Who are my target readers?
          Are there important details missing?
     Rewrite
     Edit for mechanics and structure
The Link
September 2011              Vol.1 Issue 1
The Link
September 2011              Vol.1 Issue 1
The Link
September 2011                      Vol.1 Issue 1




    POINTERS:
    5 W’s and 1 H
     Quotations
     Details
     One paragraph, one sentence
―Live to express, not to impress.‖
            Prepared by:
The Link
September 2011                                                                                                     Vol.1 Issue 1


             GJCians study news writing
                                              The Link staff
                                              discusses topic
                                              Anything       that      concerns
                                              important events around the

        LEAD takes
                                              world is considered newsworthy.
                                              The importance of news cannot

       center stage
                                              be overestimated because the
                                              success of a newspaper depends
                                              on its coverage and the quality
 One of the most important elements of                                             Students write their own articles after learning
                                              of its writing. Although news                the dynamics of news writing.
 news writing is the opening paragraph
                                              writing involves getting the facts
                                                                                   BODY found... in article
 or the introduction. Journalists refer to
                                              and sending them out to the
 this as the "lead.” Because newspapers
                                              reader, it undergoes a three part
 are read rapidly, the opening of the
                                              process before reaching the          From the lead and his notes, the reporter
 story requires the most attention from
                                              reader: Coverage, Interpretation,    writes the body of the news story. If the
 both the reader and the writer. The
                                              and Play. All these elements are     LEAD has “told the story in a
 reader samples the story and then
                                              necessary to ensure a well-          NUTSHELL,” the BODY only has to retell
 makes the choice of reading on or
                                              written news article that likewise   the story in detail by explaining the features
 jumping       to     another      article.
                                              conforms to all journalistic         in the lead and adding minor features not
 (Continued)
                                              standards and requirements.          summarized in the lead.

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News writing the link campus journalism training-workshop 2011

  • 1. Mr. Antonio T. Delgado The Link Campus Journalism Training-Workshop September 10, 2011 GJC Audio-Visual Room
  • 2. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1
  • 3. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  selection of which news stories will be covered  amount of space or time given to stories  way the story is presented  images and language used to cover the story  importance given to the story by its placement  way the audience is guided to interpret the story  glory of the byline
  • 4. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 NEWS is information about current events printed in newspapers or broadcast by the media. --Microsoft Encarta, 2009.
  • 5. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Recent information  Current events  Somebody or something interesting  Something previously unknown
  • 6. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Timeliness  Proximity or Nearness  Significance  Prominence  Oddity or Unusualness  Conflict
  • 7. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Human Interest  Drama  Romance  Progress  Number
  • 8. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Accuracy  Brevity (briefness)  Clarity  Style  Objectivity
  • 9. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Classroom story  Enrolment story  Meeting story  Program/Party Story  Experiments/Surveys  Honor roll/Dean’s list story
  • 10. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Awards story  School Improvement story  Election story  School Organization/Club story  Out-of-School Activity  Special Occasion story
  • 11. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Must have a nose for news  Must not be afraid of people  Must be knowledgeable in style  Must be able to finish articles on time
  • 12. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Beats – offices, departments, library  School calendar  Invitations and Memos  Different clubs and organizations  Sports teams  Students and teachers  Community
  • 13. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Straight news – consists of facts reported without elaboration  News feature – based on facts; writer may give his impressions, may describe and narrate without resorting to biased opinion
  • 14. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Most interesting or The Inverted most important Pyramid of news Least suggests that interesting news be told in or least order of most important interesting or important to least interesting or important
  • 15. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Inverted Pyramid of News
  • 16. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 I’LL TAKE THE LEAD!
  • 17. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  The 1st paragraph: Most important part of the article, summarizes the story  The Hook: Arouses the readers interest  Answers right away the most important questions: 5 W’s and 1 H
  • 18. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Who?  What?  When?  Where?  Why?  How?
  • 19. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Depending on the nature of the story and its driving news elements, a lead can focus on one or a few of the six question words.
  • 20. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Who? — The school board passed a resolution last night banning the wearing of caps in all school buildings. What? — Cap wearing was banned in all school buildings last night after the school board passed a new resolution.
  • 21. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Where? — In General de Jesus College last night, the school board passed a resolution to ban the wearing of caps in all school buildings. When? — Last night, the school board passed a resolution banning cap wearing in all school buildings.
  • 22. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 How? — By a 6-1 margin last night, the school board passed a resolution banning hat wearing in all school buildings. Why? — Citing a pattern of early-onset baldness in GJC’s teenagers, the board of education last night passed a resolution that restricts cap wearing in all school buildings.
  • 23. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Astonisher Lead Better attend your classes on November 5! Contrast Lead Twenty years ago, he was the school’s janitor. Now, he came back to become the college dean. Epigram Lead – verse, quotation Like father, like son…
  • 24. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Picture Lead – describes to create a mental picture of the subject. The new dean, although only in his 30s, is already silver-haired. Background Lead – describes the setting Decorated with buntings and multi- colored lights, the quadrangle became a grand setting for a barrio fiesta as GJC celebrated its…..
  • 25. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Parody Lead – a parody of a well-known song or poem Tell me not in mournful numbers, Life is but an empty dream.. This must be the desperate conclusion of a 45-year old man who killed himself.. Punch Lead - short, forceful, explosive God is dead!
  • 26. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Quotation Lead ―Ignorance, not poverty, causes malnutrition.‖ Thus revealed former Isabela governor Grace Padaca to … Question Lead Who will be the next Ms. Intramurals? The answer will be known on…
  • 27. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Startwith the most important or unusual idea of the news event.  Pack the most important info in one sentence  Go direct to the point
  • 28. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Rarely use the ―when‖ and ―where‖ leads  Use less than 30 words  Don’t start with articles: a, an, the
  • 29. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Who wants to read an article that begins: ―The General de Jesus College Board met Tuesday night at General de Jesus College to discuss the new dress code.‖ Instead try: ―A proposal to change uniforms received a lukewarm reception at last Tuesday night’s school board meeting.‖
  • 30. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Who wants to read an article that begins: ―A basketball team from the IT department won the semi-finals in basketball.‖ Instead try: ―With seconds left on the time clock, BSIT’s own Andres Dimagiba scored the winning shot that lead the team into the Intramurals’ Basketball Semi Finals.‖
  • 31. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 WHAT A GREAT BODY!
  • 32. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  The details of the summary lead  Arranged from most important to the least important  One sentence, one paragraph structure  Sentences are generally less than 24 words
  • 33. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Use transitional devices  Include quotations from at least two different people  Do not editorialize
  • 34. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 Subject-verb-object sentences of generally less than 24 words  One idea per sentence  Don’t delay meaning, don’t use a lot of commas  Use strong verbs and an active voice  Simplify terms
  • 35. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1  Gather the details  Process the details What is the news value? What details should be included? Who are my target readers? Are there important details missing?  Rewrite  Edit for mechanics and structure
  • 36. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1
  • 37. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1
  • 38. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 POINTERS: 5 W’s and 1 H  Quotations  Details  One paragraph, one sentence
  • 39. ―Live to express, not to impress.‖ Prepared by:
  • 40. The Link September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1 GJCians study news writing The Link staff discusses topic Anything that concerns important events around the LEAD takes world is considered newsworthy. The importance of news cannot center stage be overestimated because the success of a newspaper depends on its coverage and the quality One of the most important elements of Students write their own articles after learning of its writing. Although news the dynamics of news writing. news writing is the opening paragraph writing involves getting the facts BODY found... in article or the introduction. Journalists refer to and sending them out to the this as the "lead.” Because newspapers reader, it undergoes a three part are read rapidly, the opening of the process before reaching the From the lead and his notes, the reporter story requires the most attention from reader: Coverage, Interpretation, writes the body of the news story. If the both the reader and the writer. The and Play. All these elements are LEAD has “told the story in a reader samples the story and then necessary to ensure a well- NUTSHELL,” the BODY only has to retell makes the choice of reading on or written news article that likewise the story in detail by explaining the features jumping to another article. conforms to all journalistic in the lead and adding minor features not (Continued) standards and requirements. summarized in the lead.