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Bottled Water Essay
The Effects of Bottled Water Is bottled water a good thing for us to have? People have different
views on this subject. Some people would argue that bottled water is a good thing because it is
convenient and portable. Others would disagree and say that bottled water is bad for the landfills,
and that the quality is not up to par. In Cotroneo's article, "Movement Against Bottled Water Gains
Municipal Adherents," Gentile's article, "Mayors Push Benefits of Cities' Tap Water," and
Environmental Nutrition's article "New Study Finds Fault With Some Bottled Waters; Tap Water a
Better Bet" all three authors argue that there indeed is a difference and tap water is better than
bottled water in three basic ways: cost, environment and safety. In Cotroneo's article, she argues that
bottled water is much more expensive than tap water. She says in her article that a gallon ... Show
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They state, "38 contaminants were found in bottled water by the Environmental Working Group"
(3). According to Environmental Nutrition, when the EWG tested the bottled water, disinfection
byproducts, arsenic, fertilizer residue, plasticizers and pharmaceuticals showed up (3). Rarely these
pollutants are found in tap water, however, public utilities have to notify their consumers if
pollutants show up in their tap water, whereas bottled water companies don't have to notify their
consumers (3). Using reusable water bottles is greatly suggested "Is the perfect win–win solution to
the water problem" because you won't have to pay for the bottled water and you won't be polluting
(Environmental Nutrition 3). So as you can see Nicole Cotroneo, Annie Gentile, and Environmental
Nutrition all argue that tap water is better than bottled water and they give strong arguments in each
of the three topics. It is better for the environment, for your own spending, and also for your own
health and
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Waste Product Is A Wide World Concern Which Needs To Be
Waste product is a wide world concern which needs to be solved so as to aid resources and energy
problems. Recycling is the process of turning waste products into a new substance. Plastics
comprises of limited resources like petroleum products. Many countries are coming up with
advancement in technology to use in plastic recycling. The easy technique that industries are using
is that they are using the plastic materials as their raw material in production. Similarly, the
government has created awareness on essential of thermal recycling in that plastics are used as
source of energy so that there is petroleum conservation. This paper talks about recycling of plastics,
types of plastics that are recycled, polymers in recycled plastics and ... Show more content on
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However, these plastic bottles are recycled into car batteries and yarn ropes as well as reusable
shopping bags.
Foam Packaging
Foam packaging is made up of almost 95 % of air. The foam packaging protects TV when they are
being transported from one place to another (Brydson 1995). However, these foam packages are not
thrown away after use, instead they are recycled into insulation together with the picture frame.
Polymers in the recycled plastics
Plastic Bottles
Plastic bottles contains a polyester known as Polythene terephthalate( Azapagic et al.2003).The
polythene terephthalate is used in making the plastic bottles since it has a strong ability to create a
gas barrier so that oxygen get into the drink and spoil it.
Plastic bags, shampoo bottles and milk jugs
Plastic bags as well as shampoo containers are made up of high density polyethylene (HDPE). The
HDPE is used in making the plastic bag and shampoo containers since it has long virtuality and
unbranched polymer chains which make it more dense as well as very crystalline hence stronger
(Nicholson 1997). The HDPE is stiff, strong, tough as well as resistant to moisture.
Plastic wraps
Plastic wraps comprises of low density polyethylene(LDPE). The LDPE polymers have a crucial
chain branching comprising extended side restraints hence being less density as well as less
crystalline. As a result, the polymer is more thin as well as flexible.
The plastic bottle caps
The plastic bottle caps contain polypropylene (PP)
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Lesson Concepts/Academic Vocabulary. Words Are Listed In
Lesson Concepts/Academic Vocabulary
Words are listed in alphabetic order, not in the order in which they will be taught.
Downcycled: a recycling practice that involved breaking an item down into its component elements
and/or materials.
Gyres: garbage patches of cloudy plastic pollutants that have been formed by the ocean currents.
Currently there are five large gyres present in the world's oceans (Bryce, 2015).
Life of a Plastic Bottle: Plastic products that are not properly recycled can end up in landfills; as
plastics sit in a landfill, they become compressed amongst other layers of garbage, when rainwater
flows through the landfill, the water absorbs the water–soluble compounds in the layers of ... Show
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What conceptions and misconceptions or misunderstandings might learners have related to this
lesson?
Students need to be able to identify plastic products and know how they use them in their everyday
life.
Students need to have a general idea of the term recycling.
Students need to understand that environmental issues are world problems.
The Student's prior knowledge will be determined during the "trash bag" activity and all the
discussions present in the lesson plan. The educator will clear up misconceptions about an
individual's impact on the earth.
The educator will clear up misconceptions about the effect of a plastic bottle. (The life of a plastic
bottle).
Lesson Procedure
Resources, Materials, and Technology:
1. Power–point
2. Accessibility to computers
3. Plastic Bottle Video
4. Trash–bag; filled with recyclables and garbage.
5. Poster Paper
6. Art Supplies (markers, crayons, colored pencils, etc.)
7. Recycling Can. (Blue if possible)
8. Approval from cooperating teachers to present research to their class.
9. Approval from lunch coordinator and administrator to procedure with class plan in the cafeteria.
Instructional Plan –
Date: __________
Estimated Time: 50 minutes
1. Take and dump out the trash bag that contains recyclables and garbage items. The contents should
be visible to all students in the class.
2. Discuss with students if these items should have been thrown away. Together, go through the
items ad
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Speech On Kitchen Gadgets
There are many kitchen gadgets on the markets, tons of different tools, styles and prices, and people
tend to follow the 'what's cool and easier' styles...
Well, we've taken what's best at an AFFORDABLE price, and we've created a useful list of gadgets
under $15, that will make your life so much easier and much more fun.
How our prices are so low? We have more than 700 in stock and we purchased them in bulk,
meaning – low price. So, we wanted to help and share with you our discount, and pass it to you!
Gadgets Mall Exclusive – Free Shipping!
#1 – 60 Seconds Fresh And Healthy Salad Cutter
60 Seconds Fresh And Healthy Salad Cutter
A very fast way to make a fresh and healthy salad, and keep your kitchen clean and with no mess.
Safe And ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Must Have In Any Kitchen. Convenient and Easy To Use. Cut Into Many Shapes. Safe To Use –
Keeps On Your Fingers From The Blades. Strong ABS Materials. Easy To Clean. Easy To Store –
Save Lots Of Space In The Kitchen. FDA Food Grade Materials.
Price: $17.49
Our Price: $11.97
Get Yours 5PCs Vegetables Mandoline Peeler Here. #7 – Cool Rotate Potato Slicer Tool – You Must
Have One!
Cool Rotate Potato Slicer Tool – You Must Have One!
Use This Tool To Make a Spiral Potato – Perfect For People Who Love Crispy Potato Fries.
1PCs – x3 Strong Stainless Steel Strings + x1 Plastic Spiral Cutter. Must Have In Any Kitchen. Fast,
Convenient and Easy To Use. Easy To Clean. Easy To Store.
Price: $12.47
Our Price: $7.97
Get Yours Rotate Potato Slicer Here. #8 – Vegetable / Onion Holder – Easy To Cut
Easy Cut Vegetable Holder – You Must Have!
Easy and handy way to cut onions, or any other vegetable and also to keep your hands clean and
with no smell!
Easy And Safe To Use. If You Don't Want To Touch Onions, This Tools Is Your Solution. Must Have
In Any Kitchen. Made Of Strong HQ Stainless Steel. Will Help You To Cut
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Advantages And Disadvantages Of Recycling
Abstract
Because of natural resources are going to extinct, people in all over the world and especially in
industrial communities should try to save the resources by searching for alternatives to live their life
in a save and clean environment. For this reason, sustainability of recycling is a great solution to the
problem. This research will discuss these main issues: Types of Recycling, awareness of Recycling
in industrial communities, benefits of Recycling.
Acknowledgement
I wish to express my sincere thanks to Mr. Othman Turaih, lecturer in the English Department at
Jubail University College, I am extremely thankful to him helping me to do my tem paper and
sharing expertise, and sincere and valuable guidance and encouragement ... Show more content on
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This converts the landfills waste into usable products which uses less electricity, water and material
to produce. Research demonstrates that the measure of paper being reused has achieved record
levels. According to the Paper Industry Association Council, "In 2008, 57.4 percent of the paper
consumed in the U.S. was recovered for recycling. This impressive figure equals 340 pounds for
each man, woman and child in America". Papers are constrained by the fiber it contains. As paper is
reused each time, it breaks down into pulp. This should be possible for most extreme six or seven
times. The fiber at that point will be abbreviated each time until the point when it isn't usable.
Cardboard, regardless of whether layered or pressboard, is the most reduced quality paper. If it's
ever recycled, it can be utilized for packaging. Producing boxes or small containers is ideal, as the
color or brightness dulls overtime as it is recycled, and packaging boxes like cartons rarely considers
color as an important factor. Tissue can be a type of reused item. Since quality of paper isn't an
issue, unusable filaments are normally utilized for creating tissue. There are numerous different
items that are created utilizing reused paper: espresso filters, diapers, egg containers, shoe boxes or
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Pros And Cons Of A Baby Bottle
Are You Choosing The Right Feeding Bottle For Your Baby? Here's Your Complete Guide
Watching my nephew grow up from a whiny newborn to a super charged–up toddler, I realized one
thing about babies: They require extra care (AT. EVERY. STEP.); Even a task as simple as buying a
bottle isn't that simple when it comes to babies, especially first borns (new parents, dig me?). You
will be glad to know that until your baby starts consuming solids, there's a long road that can be
covered smoothly with bottle feeding.
However, once your little munchkin has turned over six months of age and you wish to introduce
top feed, it's better to do your homework before you hit the streets in search of the right baby–
friendly flask. After all, nestling your baby ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Plastic Baby Bottles
By far the most widely used material in baby bottles, plastic is affordable, lightweight and can be
moulded into different designs and shapes. Plastic baby bottles are so common that you can spot at
least one in nine out of ten households with infants. However, the use of these bottles declined with
the spread of awareness of BPA content present in them. You'll be glad to know that in 2012, FDA
banned the use of BPA in baby bottles and sippy cups. To make sure, you can also look for BPA–
free label on the bottle.
Pros of using plastic baby bottle:
Lightweight
Affordable
Resistant to breakage
Easy to store
Doesn't sweat
Cons of using glass baby bottle:
Cannot be used for boiling & heating purposes
Hard to clean
Soft material; easily scratch–able
Can absorb odour
Made using petroleum
3. Stainless Steel Baby
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Recycling Waste Of Recycling
Although recycling of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) based plastics decrease the amount of these
polymers that end up in municipal waste, the cost of recycling these plastics for the producer are an
important factor to weigh in to whether they should be recycled or not. PVC is a soft and flexible
plastic used to make clear plastic food wrapping, computer cables, and even pipes and parts for
plumbing. Because PVC contains numerous toxins, food products using PVC require virgin material
for their construction. In general, there are two types of PVC recycling processes, mechanical and
feedstock, which include their own respect costs, purposes, and benefits. Although there are a large
number of costs for the producer for recycling PVC from the toxicity to the inefficacy of its
recycling process, there are many benefits that include reducing the amount of PVC in municipal
waste and its usefulness as a recycled product. In general, virgin PVC itself is already relatively
toxic as its main component is vinyl chloride, which is a carcinogen. Once PVC is recycled once, its
chemical properties deteriorate, and its toxicity becomes more harmful, meaning its usefulness as a
food container product no longer exist. Therefore, recycled PVC cannot be used to its previous full
potential lead companies to think whether it is worth it to recycle this polymer. Although recycled
polymers are cheaper to produce, their "quality decreases due to contamination with each recycling
cycle" (1), and with
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Pros And Cons Of Plastic Water Bottles
United States is the leading country on a global scale that produces and consumes millions of
gallons of water annually. Oil, a limited and expensive resource, is used in the process of creating
polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic water bottles which is generally regarded as a safe and
recyclable packaging material. (Palliser, 2010) The process of manufacturing bottled water to meet
the United States' demand uses more than 17 million barrels of oil annually. (Ban the Bottle, 2014)
The following examples will help to visualize how much of valuable, natural resources are used: in
a year, the energy used to produce bottled water is enough to power 190,000 homes and the millions
of barrels of oil used is enough to fuel 1.3 million cars. (Ban ... Show more content on
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According to a four–year, detailed investigation to evaluate the quality and safety of bottled water
conducted by an environmental advocacy group, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC),
traces of various chemicals (THMs such as chloroform and BDCM, both probable human
carcinogens) and arsenic were discovered in high levels. Another chemical found in PET plastic
bottles is antimony that is harmless in small doses but in larger doses can cause nausea, vomiting,
and death. (Ban the Bottle, 2014) A senior scientist at the NRDC, Dr. Gina Solomon told The New
York Times that "there is no reason to believe that bottled water is safer than tap water." (Ban the
Bottle, 2014) Public water in the U.S. is heavily regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) because they require numerous tests for bacteria daily which are available to the public. The
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates bottled water and only require tests on a weekly
basis and does not share their discoveries with neither the public nor EPA. (Ban the Bottle,
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The Pros And Cons Of Plastic Bags
Since 1985, America has been using plastic bags due to them being waterproof and having handles
making them easier to carry goods. Paper and plastic has always been a huge controversy in super
markets through the preference of customers. Some customers prefer having the paper bags standing
up straight in the trunks of their cars. Other customers prefer the plastic bags because of the handles
making it easier to walk home and carry their goods. Although both preferences are fine, all
customers know the dangers of the plastic bag. Banning plastic bags from stores and replacing them
with only paper or reusable bags, will reduce corruption of organic products, reduce CO2 emissions
from creation and destruction of the plastic and prevent harm upon Earth and its creatures. Plastic
bags were first designed in 1965 by a Swedish company which later became known as the "T–shirt
plastic bag"; made from high density polyethylene, but It was in the late 1970s when Plastic bags
first began to terrorize the well being of humanity. More and more supermarkets in America began
handing out plastic bags as if they were candy on Halloween. The more plastic bags humans use, the
more natural resources are being destroyed. There are two different types of plastic bags that one
may find in any supermarket, high density polyethylene (HDPE) or low density polyethylene
(LDPE). There isn't much difference between them besides the fact that LDPE would be the tougher
and more durable bags you might find in department stores as well as any regular supermarket. They
both require the same materials for creation such as oil, gas and coal (fossil fuels). Fossil fuels are
the prehistoric resources formed by plants and animals that lived hundreds of millions of years ago.
These fuels won't be replaced for another millions of years to come, that is why they're called "non–
renewable" resources. Plastic is very valuable, but humans decide that is more than okay to litter
these valuable resources than to recycle it and prevent some of the corruption and over–usage of
resources we may not have in a distant future. Although plastic bags, as well as paper bags, can be
recycled in order to postpone running out of resources, the creation and
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Essay
1.What general topic do the articles cover?
The general topic covered in these articles is about Trump's decision to allow plastic water bottle
sales in national parks. Trump's administration ended a six–year–old ban that prohibited the sale of
plastic water bottles. It was placed in effect to ease plastic pollution.
2. What are the headlines (titles) of the articles and in what specific publications do they appear?
An article titled "Trump's decision to allow plastic bottle sales in national parks condemned" was
published in The Guardian. Another article that covers the same topic published in The Washington
Post is "National parks put a ban on bottled water to ease pollution. Trump just sided with the lobby
that fought it". Both ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Sceptics believe David Bernhardt has been working with Nestlé Water company under Brownstein
Hyatt Farber Schreck law firm. Throughout the article "National Parks put a ban on bottled water to
ease pollution. Trump just sided with the lobby that fought it." seems to cover more environmental
facts.
6.In one or two sentences, summarize the main ideas of each article (note: main idea is different
from topic – consider the article's particular slant" or bias.)
In the publication, The Washington Post the main ideas in the article "National Parks put a ban on
bottled water to ease pollution. Trump just sided with the lobby that fought it." are the management
of cleaning up plastic bottles left behind by visitors, the millions spent on water bottle filling
stations, David Bernhardt being a new member of the department of interiors and reducing waste.
Main ideas highlighted in The Guardian article "Trump's decision to allow plastic bottle sales in
national parks" are David Bernhardt being a conflict of interest in the department of interiors, the
International Bottled Water Association reaction to the new policy, and environmental factors.
7.What sources does each article use? (For example, do the authors incorporate facts [statistics, data,
etc.] or quotations?)
In the article "National Parks put a ban on bottled water to ease pollution. Trump just sided with the
lobby that fought it" the author is
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The Importance Of Plastic Pollution
When the discussion about pollution rises, the first thought that comes to people's minds is the long–
debated topic of air pollution from greenhouse gases. Certainly, this type of pollution will have a
critical impact on the future of Earth's ability to sustain life, but the widespread discussion on this
one specific type of pollution has also masked necessary discussions on some seldom mentioned
types of pollution which will be detrimental to the future of some of Earth's life. One example of the
various other forms of pollution is a kind which has existed for less than a century, yet it now greatly
plagues a significant portion of the Earth: plastic pollution in the oceans. Although it may seem that
this issue only endangers the health of marine life, plastic pollution is also harmful to all the species
higher up in the food chain including humans. If not properly addressed, then plastic pollution will
lead to a rise of significant health issues for both ocean life and humans as the issue escalates in the
coming decades.
In order to fully understand the intensity of the issue, it is necessary to see how the prevalence of
plastic has increased within modern society. The era of modern–day plastics began in the early
1930s with the creation of synthetic plastics such as polystyrene (PS), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and
polyethylene (PE), and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). These types of plastics can be used in a
wide range of fields such as clothing, construction, packaging, and plumbing and as a result these
are some of the most widely produced plastics globally. The growth of the plastic industry began
during World War II, when countries such as the United States attempted to conserve precious
resources such as metals by using other materials wherever possible. This led to a significant rise in
plastic production due to companies using the inexpensive material to create parts for military
vehicles and equipment and to provide metallic products with alternative products, for example
using plastic wrap instead of aluminum foil. Once the war ended, chemical companies sought to
earn the profit that was awaiting to be made from selling new plastic goods to consumers. As time
went on, plastic became increasingly
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Recycling Essay
Recycling
During the early 1970s, as communities across the United States saw their landfills filling up,
attention turned to alternative methods of garbage disposal, such as incineration and recycling.
While incineration proved to be a thorny issue due to its toxic ash byproduct, recycling was
embraced by Americans as an effective way to offset rising garbage production rates.
Today, demand for recycled products is beginning to match supply, and the percentage of waste
going into landfills and incinerators is decreasing steadily. In 1970, when Americans produced 121
million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW), three–quarters went directly into landfills, one–fifth
was incinerated, and less ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Many if not most of the products we use on a daily basis are made of recyclable materials, including
glass, aluminum, paper, steel, plastic, scrap tires and used oil. And the demand for goods made from
recycled products, despite a lot of ups and downs during the 1980s, has never been higher thanks to
a combination of well–conceived industrial/commercial applications and much needed government
purchasing mandates. Indeed, the existence of markets for recyclables has contributed significantly
to recycling's success as a waste disposal alternative.
What makes recycling especially unique is its implementation by local people for local people. In
regards to MSW management, the federal government is relatively hands–off, and state
governments have focused more of their attention on landfill and incineration options. As a result,
local communities have come together to initiate recycling efforts; the percolation of their
enthusiasm has led to the widespread acceptance and even encouragement of recycling at both the
state and federal levels.
With recovered materials demanding higher market prices and curbside collection and commercial
recovery on the rise, it is not unrealistic for Americans to expect to see nationwide recycling rates of
thirty–five to fifty percent by the turn of
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Reusing Plastic Bottles Research
Introduction:
Enough plastic is thrown away each year to circle the earth four times and 50% of the plastic we
use, we only use once and is thrown away. There is initiate ways for plastic bottles to be reused in a
scientific way. We are investigating how the air pressure we can create in a bottle will affect how
high or low it travels. In the process we will be reusing plastic bottles. Will the product inside of the
bottle be significant to the explosion it will make? If a certain amount of alcohol is inserted in the
bottle will the rocket malfunction?
Materials:
Description and Properties
Plastic is a material composed of a wide range of synthetic or semisynthetic organic compounds that
are malleable and be molded into solid objects. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Although heavy and brittle, hardened clay and glass were used for storage. Some natural substances
were sticky and moldable. Rubber wasn't very useful for storage because it eventually lost its ability
to leap back into shape and became sticky when heated. The way plastics are manufactured has
evolved from the use of natural plastic materials to the use of chemically modified, natural materials
and finally to completely synthetic molecules. Early plastics were bio–derived materials, which are
organic polymers. In 1600 BC, Mesoamericans used natural rubber for balls, bands, and figurines. In
1839, Charles Goodyear discovered a process in which sulfur reacted with crude rubber when
heated and then cooled. The rubber became resilient upon cooling, it could stretch, but it snapped
back to its original shape. It also retained its flexibility when heated. We now know that the sulfur
forms chemical bonds between adjacent rubber polymer strands. The bonds cross–link the polymer
strands, allowing them to go back to normal when stretched. Goodyear had discovered the process
now known as vulcanization, which made rubber more
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Bottled Water Pollution
Bottled water, it seems such an unlikely culprit for such massive deterioration. Bottled water seems
simple and convenient. Although it is, there is a full process going on that's creating this product.
This process is not only creating bottled water, it's creating pollution. "... many had an incomplete
understanding of the total environmental impact of bottled water production" (Saylor, et al. 599).
Often forgotten is that it's not just the bottles themselves, that are causing problems for our
environment. The energy it requires to produce and ship these bottles adds up. Alongside that is the
oil and gas needed. Plastic from the bottles is a danger, but so is the production of the bottles
themselves. Bottled water hasn't been around ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
This would help the workers find another job. These workers, if willing, could help work to provide
disaster relief and to assist around the world. Furthermore, they can help clean up the damage that
has been done by bottled water. By taking the money that is used every year to produce the bottled
water, we are able to invest in companies that can help provide for our economy. The money could
be invested in companies such as reusable water bottles. It could also be invested in companies that
use recyclable material and turn it into items such as clothing or building
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Water Bottles Persuasive Essay
Hey mom, can you pass me a cold bottle of water please? I bet you never thought that this simple
question could be so dangerous, well it is. Throughout my readings of the sales and dangers of water
bottles, I've learned that the sales of water are on track to outsell soda, which can be harmful to the
environment, because of plastic waste . Bottles of water or water bottles in itself can be harmful to
the environment because they aren't biodegradable, some people see through the harm that water
bottles can create within the environment and claim the water is healthy and has high economic
benefits. Given that, bottled water is frowned upon on many college campuses and at least 18
national parks, including the Grand Canyon and Mount Rushmore, which prohibit the sale of bottled
water stated in Mark Esteri August 27,2015 Water,Water Everywhere in Bottle with a flood of new
brands, water is on track to outsell soda by 2017. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Despite the obvious when it comes to the environment, bottled water companies are reducing their
environmental footprint by lightweight in general their products and developing new technologies in
product packaging, such as the use of recycled content,biodegradable and compostable materials
reported by "IBWA STATEMENT REGARDING MARYLAND'S DECISION TO RESTRICT
STATE EMPLOYEE ACCESS TO BOTTLED WATER". Bottled water containers are 100%
recyclable and recycling rate have doubled in the past five years. Gail Hennessey, mentioned that
the bottled water industry is always at the forefront of relief efforts during natural disasters, boil
alerts, and other catastrophic events to deliver clean, safe drinking water in the 2007 article "
Goodbye, Bottled Water"
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Impacts Of Recycling
Recycling is helping the environment by eliminating waste. Recycling is taking old metal or paper
and taking it to a foundry . Giving it back to them to make new products with to save the natural
resource that it would take to make it from scratch. If the metal companies had to take and mine for
the ore that it takes to make metal they would be hurting the environment a lot worse than what they
would by using recycled goods. Recycling metal also helps us the consumer save on the natural
resources that we may need later on in life. The best thing about metal are that it will never lose its
structural value no matter how many time the consumer recycles it (Green Tumble.) Recycled
aluminum can travel around the world four times and still save more energy than what it would to
mine for ore (Less Is More).
Metal production is a very long and energy consuming process. If we don't recycle and use the
materials that we already have then they have to mine for the ore (GLE Scrap). If the companies
have to mine for the iron ore that it takes to make the metal they have to go in and cut down acres of
trees (GLE Scrap). Then they have to move in all of their equipment in to start the mining process.
The mining equipment burns through a lot of petroleum of other wise know as gas or diesel (GLE
Scrap). If we were to use the recycled materials then we can save the ore till we really need it (GLE
Scrap). Which will cut down on the gases that are burned while mining. Recycling is also
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Essay On Recycling Changing American Culture
After reading this statistic, to hear my generation recycles less than any other was pretty surprising.
Growing up, I felt my generation was one of the first to be taught in school the purpose and need for
recycling. It was something that was engrained into our heads, and something that was a part of
everyday life, or at least it was to me. However, after spending over a year in college without parent
supervision, it makes perfect sense why my peers struggle to recycle. Today, we live in era where
almost everything is at our finger tips. Our cellphones have developed a culture where we literally
depend on convenience. Thus, in the rush of busy America, recycling isn't always the most
convenient option. Continually, I think my generation has been pressured into an age of competition.
We are constantly trying to be the best, so millennials have become too caught up about themselves,
instead of future generations. Recycling doesn't deliver immediate and personal gratification, so it
would make sense ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Instead of being a country focused on self–betterment, we need to be geared towards societal–
betterment. Recycling is an element to societal improvement because it decreases waste.
Additionally, it allows for materials to be reused, so future generations can enjoyed the same
resources. However, changing a societal dynamic is a monstrous goal. Therefore, immediate change
needs to adapt to the millennial way of life. Because we are a generation centered on convenience,
so many people prefer to choose the path of least resistance. If something seems troublesome, they
may feel they don't have the time or energy to follow through. Consequently, recycling needs to be
more convenient than throwing recyclables away. For example, there should never be a garbage can
without a recycling bin next to it. This should be common sense. However, far too often this
scenario is evident in high traffic
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Global Warming Is A Real Phenomenon
INTRODUCTION
Global warming has become a central problem in the scientific community, while viewed as more of
a severe problem by some people and policy makers than other, the consensus in the scientific
community is that global warming is a very real phenomenon. Although the global warming is still
debated as far as how fast and severe the problem is, scientific data has shown that the average
global temperature has increased by 0.4 to 0.8 Celsius during the last 100 years
(http://www.livescience.com/, 02–18–2016).
Sustainable development is a central concept within the environmental frame of thought and closely
linked to the problem of global warming. The term sustainable development refers to the use of
resources in a sustainable way, namely meeting the need of resources while not depleting them for
future generations. The concept of sustainable development contains both needs and limitations, i.e.
resources that are needed as well as technological and social limitations in responsible retrieval of
those resources (World Commission on Environment and Development, 41).
Achieving sustainable development is however a difficult problem that has many different aspects to
it. Recycling is a main component of sustainable development and an important aspect in a variety
of industries. Metal exists in almost every industry, whether it is the manufacture of steel beams,
precious metals for computers or copper cables for powerlines. Considering that metal recycling is a
source to
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Negative Effects Of Plastic Water Bottles
For as long as I can remember, my family has always purchased plastic water bottles and until
recently, I have taken a new stance on them. As a student at Texas Tech University, one of my spring
classes this past semester opened my eyes to the negative aspects of plastic water bottles. Within the
class, I watched the documentary "Tapped" by Jason Lindsey and Stephanie Soechtig, which
focused specifically on the bottled water industry. Even though plastic water bottles are highly
popular in first and developing countries, recent evidence shows drastic consequences in both
environmental and health related topics.
Today plastic water bottles are putting a strain on the environment and highlighting their wasteful
properties. A study by Brita, a water filtration company, shows that "Americans discard 38 billion
plastic water bottles a year, and it takes 1.5 billion barrels of oil to produce them" (York 2). The
amount of oil that is being used to produce the plastic of bottled water can be used elsewhere like
gasoline for cars and electricity for homes. Even though the plastic from bottled water is recyclable,
The Container Recycling Institute (CR1) states that "eight out of 10 water bottles end up in
landfills" and end up being washed into streams and oceans (Knopper 36). CR1 also states that
"only 14 percent of plastic water bottles purchased annually in the U.S. are recycled" (Burbank 23).
This study produced by CR1 proves that people still are not recycling their bottled
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Eassy On Plastic Pollution
Shelby Cailteux
Mrs. Phegley
English II
11 December 2017
Plastic Pollution in the Environment Plastic pollution is a major threat to our environment and
continues to get worse every day. We live in a disposable society where fast food is served in plastic
or Styrofoam containers and discarded instead of glass dishes. Many people use plastic water bottles
instead drinking from the tap. Plastic soda bottles are used instead of glass returnable bottles. Plastic
grocery bags have replaced the brown paper grocery bags. Unfortunately, not enough people
properly dispose so all this plastic ends up as plastic pollution by littering road ways, parks, beaches,
and oceans, or it gets buried in landfills. For many years scientists tried to develop plastic instead of
using natural made products such as ivory from elephant tusks and tortoise shells from turtles.
Finally, in 1862 and English inventor named Alexander Parkes invented the first plastic called
Parkesine (Knight 8). The first truly synthetic plastic was developed in 1907 which was called
Bakelite and was made from coal tar (9). At the time it was used for jewelry, telephones, clocks, and
radios (9). Over the years improvements have been made in the production of plastic.
Plastic is used in almost everything we use on a daily basis such as shoes, cars, clothes, computers,
furniture, windows, and many other things. Plastic has made our lives more convenient but it is also
a high price to pay for the convenience considering
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Lesson Concepts/Academic Vocabulary. Words Are Listed In
Lesson Concepts/Academic Vocabulary
Words are listed in alphabetic order, not in the order in which they will be taught.
Downcycled: a recycling practice that involved breaking an item down into its component elements
and/or materials.
Gyres: garbage patches of cloudy plastic pollutants that have been formed by the ocean currents.
Currently there are five large gyres present in the world's oceans (Bryce, 2015).
Life of a Plastic Bottle: Plastic products that are not properly recycled can end up in landfills; as
plastics sit in a landfill, they become compressed amongst other layers of garbage, when rainwater
flows through the landfill, the water absorbs the water–soluble compounds in the layers of ... Show
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What conceptions and misconceptions or misunderstandings might learners have related to this
lesson?
Students need to be able to identify plastic products and know how they use them in their everyday
life.
Students need to have a general idea of the term recycling.
Students need to understand that environmental issues are world problems.
The Student's prior knowledge will be determined during the "trash bag" activity and all the
discussions present in the lesson plan. The educator will clear up misconceptions about an
individual's impact on the earth.
The educator will clear up misconceptions about the effect of a plastic bottle. (The life of a plastic
bottle).
Lesson Procedure
Resources, Materials, and Technology:
1. Power–point
2. Accessibility to computers
3. Plastic Bottle Video
4. Trash–bag; filled with recyclables and garbage.
5. Poster Paper
6. Art Supplies (markers, crayons, colored pencils, etc.)
7. Recycling Can. (Blue if possible)
8. Approval from cooperating teachers to present research to their class.
9. Approval from lunch coordinator and administrator to procedure with class plan in the cafeteria.
Instructional Plan –
Date: __________
Estimated Time: 50 minutes
1. Take and dump out the trash bag that contains recyclables and garbage items. The contents should
be visible to all students in the class.
2. Discuss with students if these items should have been thrown away. Together, go through the
items ad
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Cardboard Recycling Research Paper
For most of us, it has become routine to recycle. Many of us do it without a second thought;
automatically sorting papers, plastics and metals to be hauled away on trash day. If you're not
already including it in your bin, cardboard should be added to your list of recyclable items both at
home and at work.
It is one of the most widely used recyclable materials on the planet. It's also one of the few that is
non–toxic, 100% biodegradable and can often be reused in its current state. But when the material
finally wears out, remember to recycle it. Cardboard recycling is important precisely because it is so
heavily used.
A Heavy And Heavily Used Material
Over 90 percent of all products shipped in the U.S. are shipped in corrugated cardboard, ... Show
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Work Toward A Zero Landfill
Though made of paper, this product takes up a lot of space and creates a lot of weight. Imagine if all
of those materials went to the dump instead. If we recycle just one ton of the material, we can save
over 9 cubic yards of landfill space. This is why it is one of the key components of achieving a zero
landfill waste stream.
Zero landfill waste streams rely heavily on recycling and reuse to divert materials from landfills,
finding new uses for the unwanted products. It does not seek to obtain the loftier goal of zero waste,
but more simply, preventing the trash that is generated from ever reaching the dump. In this way,
zero landfill is a more concrete and attainable goal than zero waste.
Plenty Of Need For Used Cardboard
Since this product is so durable, cleanly made, and of such high–quality, it can be recycled and
reused in many different applications. It can be used to create new paperboard, paper and many
other paper–based
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Compare And Contrast Tap Water Vs Bottled Water
According to the article Bottled Water vs. Tap Water by Jackie Dana, "It's estimated that people
spend $100 billion a year on bottled water, each American drinks 21 gallons per year, almost 2
gallons per month!" We see them everywhere but it is where we see them that is damaging to the
environment, for instance, our streets, oceans, and not properly thrown out. These plastic bottles
have become unneeded waste starting a global problem. There are better alternatives for carrying
our everyday water that is less expensive and less harmful. For example, stainless steel, canteens,
and other nonplastic containers. By using containers such as stainless steel and canteens we are
eliminating the excess pollution of bottles thus eliminating plastic toxins.
Granted water bottles are convenient for school and travel. There are many reasons why water
bottles are a good thing. One reason being they are so often used it would be a nuisance trying to get
rid of them. "Much of the water you see on the shelves is purified or drinking water."That means the
water inside the plastic casing is good for you. Food and Drug Administration ... Show more content
on Helpwriting.net ...
The truth is that 25% of bottled water actually comes from public sources and is only sometimes
decontaminated. According to an article titled Bottled Water vs. Tap Water, "For the consumer,
bottled water is significantly more expensive than tap water." This highlights the inconvenience of
bottled water. First, you have to drive in your car and pollute the air with carbon monoxide from
your car to get to the store. Furthermore, you have to buy a heavy package of water bottles that you
would otherwise get for free from your kitchen sink. In comparison to tap water, the drawbacks of
bottled water outweigh the advantages. Research provides evidence in the article Bottled water vs.
tap water that, "Bottled water is far more costly and hazardous to the environment for us to be able
to recommend it as the better
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The New Oil By Jeneen Interlandi And Ryan Tracy
Water is essential to life, scientific fact, not debatable (Tracy). More than half of all Americans drink
bottled water; about a third of the public consumes it regularly (Olsen). Many drink or buy bottled
water simply because they believe it is of better quality, cleaner, and better tasting. On the contrary,
several individuals do not know the cons of drinking bottled water. Today, there are many
misconceptions and myths about bottled water. Many people are uneducated about what goes into
our bottles and how it not only affects us but also our environment. In the article "The New Oil" by
Jeneen Interlandi and Ryan Tracy they discuss the issues that have to do with water and the
privatization of it. They believe there is a crisis and something has to be done. Due to the cost,
pollution, shortage, and health issues, bottled water should be outlawed. Water should not be
controlled by water bottle companies and should not be allowed to be sold in plastic bottles. Many
of people have not realized that the creation of bottled water affects our environment. The
production of water bottles requires a large amount of water plus the water that is needed to fill the
bottle. Considering there is a shortage of water in several places, water should be better handled and
not wasted on plastic bottle making. Of the eighty million single serve bottles of water consumed
daily, thirty million ends up in landfills (Soechtig, 2009 qtd. in "Bottled Water: The Risks to Our
Health, Our
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Benefits Of Recycling
Do Americans realize all the opportunities they have to make the environment a better place by
recycling? When Americans recycle, it makes a positive difference to the environment. Growing up,
there was always recycling bins at school, at public places, and at local businesses that were
available 24/7 for people to use. There are many benefits to recycle such as less trash in landfills,
resources conservation, energy conservation, environmental conservation, environment protection,
and financial benefits. With these benefits come the items that can be recycled like aluminum,
plastic bottles, newspaper/paper, and electronics. The first benefit of recycling is it creates less trash
in the landfills. Americans throw away approximately 100 million tons of trash per year causing
landfills to become scarce and lacking space. Meghan stated in her blog, "According to the EPA,
recycling can cut this waste by up to 32 percent, which equates to about 60 million tons of trash."
Another benefit would be resource conservation which helps conserve the environment. This benefit
helps save the all–important resources like wood pulp from trees, paper, fossil fuels, and plastics.
Examples of this would be buying recycled paper or purchasing items that use recycled plastics.
"The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) is the public law that creates the framework
for the proper management of hazardous and non–hazardous solid waste" ("EPA").
The next advantage of recycling is energy
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Some Recyclable Materials
According to Pichtel (2005), unwanted materials in the recycled process can affect in a negative way
the outcomes of the recycle process and can be hazardous to workers. In addition, some industries
will not accept low levels of contamination and some other industries just remove foreign material.
Contamination affects the quality and recyclability of products since unwanted materials can
damage the products. Recycled Paper– According to Pichtel (2005), "Paper products comprise by far
the majority of the municipal solid waste stream–about 38% of U.S MSW" p.131. Contamination in
recycled paper is terrible since financial issues could arise, since more money would need to be used
in order to make more paper and the health and safety of employees could be at risk. When recycled
paper is contaminated is when the paper is soiled with food, chemicals etc. This contamination does
not help the environment since more trees would need to be planted. For example, according to
Pichtel (2005), "Seventeen trees are required to produce 1 ton of paper". Furthermore, when paper is
recycled toxic wastes are reduced since paper from scratch won't have to be produced. In order to
reduce contamination in recycled paper, more awareness is needed. For example, in the US there are
a lot people from different countries. Some of these countries do not have recycle programs, so these
people are not aware of the consequences of mixing paper with food and other chemicals. The US is
doing a good job
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Disadvantages Of Drinking Water Bottles
Littering is another problem with these bottles. When people get done using them they just throw
them on the ground, for example, if you go to a ball game and you see everyone drinking Gatorade,
soda, or water and then stay after and you will see all those bottles in the bleachers and on the field
from the players. You start to realize that know one really cares about the environment anyone.
Water bottles or just bottles in general are a big cause on the environment. Although many people do
not care, littering causes a lot of harm to the environment and not many people realize it. Even
though drinking bottle water is widely known as a good choice for your health it comes with great
conflicts. Many schools all around sell bottles of water out of vending machines, although this can
be a bad thing for the environment, but it also helps students from drinking sugary soda. Even
though there are benefits to drinking and using bottled water, there are also many drawbacks.
Bottled water can be healthy, but also just drinking from a water fountain can help yourself and the
environment. Not many people want to drink community fountains because of the germs and all the
people that use them. Even though water is a great need for humans, they normally want to go the
easy way; the bottled water way. Water fountains do have many causes of them, germs that it
collects, and some even lack filtration systems. Bottled water and other plastics can have many
effects, although people have
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Drinking Out Of A Water Bottle
The water bottle we all know today was patented on May 15, 1973. It was a weird idea right?
Putting water in a plastic bottle and selling it to people. Although it seems like an insignificant
invention it has become an important staple of today 's modern society. Everywhere I turn I see
people drinking out of a water bottle whether it 's an athlete after a run, a child after a long day of
play, or a worker at lunch time. Many people would look at the development of this new item as a
great advancement in our society. Water is necessary for our body to be productive and successful
but at what cost to our habitat? I am choosing a water bottle as my cultural artifact not only because
of how prevalent they are in our world but because they will have an even greater effect on our
environment in years to come. The big push to drink bottled water came in the 90's. The Coke and
Pepsi businesses were booming and so was obesity. These major companies were being criticised for
selling such sugary unhealthy drinks and didn't know what they could do to make the public happy
without losing money. Selling bottled water was the perfect solution to their problem. Years before a
new technology allowed plastic to be lighter, cheaper, and clearer. This plastic was called PET
plastic and made it easy for Coke and Pepsi to get into the bottled water business. Millions of dollars
were spent advertising this new product. This water was healthier, cleaner, crisper, and more pure.
We are all
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Converse Energy Future
According to CEF, Converse Energy Future, in 2016, recycling is a process to create new items from
old and used materials. This helps in reducing energy and potentially useful materials from being
wasted. In 2014, according to Ever Green Recycling, each person in the US on average generates
around four pounds of trash each day, which translates into 1.5 tons of waste each year. People do
not take recycling seriously even though it has a huge impact on our world and fortunately is
extremely easy to do. To begin, I will tell you why you need to recycle, then I will tell you how easy
it is to make a change and recycle, and lastly about the outcome of recycling. In order for our
environment to be healthy and safe, you need to start recycling or ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
Now a days you can pretty much recycle anything so don't use that as an excuse. Most of the things
you use daily can be recycled such as plastic bottles, aluminum cans, and paper. When interviewing
my mother, Heidi Koerting on June 26th 2016, she said that recycling plastic bottles is the easiest
thing to recycle. I am sure a lot of you drink from water bottles so make sure if you do put it in a
plastic recycling bin instead of the trash. If you can, use a reusable water bottle instead of a plastic
bottle. According to Recycling Coalition of Utah in 2012, they said that by using reusable drink
containers an average person can eliminate the need for 100 disposable bottles per year. Next is all
the aluminum cans that you drink out of. Aluminum recycling is very successful. According to
Lehigh County Pennsylvania in 2016 said that about 65% of America's aluminum is currently
recycled. An advantage of recycling aluminum cans is you can even get money for it. It may not be
a large amount but it's still money. The last easy product to recycle is paper. How many of you get
the newspaper and throw it away when you are done? Next time you go to throw it away, find a bin
that you can start recycling paper in. According to Love to Know in 2016, newspaper can be
recycled into egg cartons, game boards, new newspaper, gift boxes, animal bedding, insulation and
packaging material. Any little
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Recycling Manifesto Research Paper
Recycling: A Manifesto for the Environment
What happens after someone throws their water bottle into the recycling bin? Or what about when
they toss out their newspaper? With recycling, anyone can reduce waste and in turn help the
environment. Recycling has many economic and environmental advantages; therefore, its use must
undergo exponential growth.
Before recycling became an effort in protecting the environment, it was used to aid people at war.
This can be seen in the historic world wars that caused resource shortages. During the wars, metals
were scanty because they were necessary for building ships, tanks, and planes. So adults and even
their children were encouraged to recycle pots and pans, tin cans, aluminum foil, and toys like
bicycles for the war efforts. Fast forwarding to the late 20th Century, recycling had become widely
known around the world. In fact, the American disposal system was beginning its first curbside
collection ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The survey answered a few key questions: who, what, and why. As a starting point for the survey, it
was established that about 21% of those surveyed always recycle. Of all the people that do recycle,
it was closely examined that people recycle "to help the environment." So what does helping the
environment mean: "cleaner air, water, and oceans," "reducing landfill space and potential wildlife
endangerment while also reducing the power needs of plants and factories to create new materials,"
and "a healthy ecosystem," yet 79% of people surveyed don't recycle enough. Why? "I choose not to
recycle because my family doesn't, so I don't." As important as recycling is, it's still not
implemented enough because it is not enough to know reduce, reuse, recycle but it must be put into
practice and shared throughout different
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Personal Narrative of Recycling
Recycling is what I chose to do for my Ecology project. I decided to choose recycling because many
people do it and it was something that was easy for me to do. I place a box at two businesses, I tried
to aim for all businesses but I only got two out of the four I asked which were Rite–Aid and Vons.
The third box was placed at a preschool named Head Start. I Had the two businesses and school
place my box in their break lounge for the employees to recycle their recyclables. I started my
project on October 7th and picked up all the boxes on November 1st
My main goal for my project was to get the businesses and school to start recycling the cans and
bottles instead of just throwing them away. I wanted the businesses and school to ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
For example the Halo award on nick TV. is an award show dedicated to those kids or teens who
have made a difference in their community, society, or the world, they get recognized. So therefore
what we kids do accomplish does actually matter. Matter of fact, most worldwide changes that have
to do with kids, or teens are proposed and done by kids or teens. I somewhat agree with the quote
"It's not my job. Let somebody else do it." I don't add to feel as if a job that is not mine, is being put
against me and adding to the list of responsibilities that I have already. It can also be my job to help
with whatever is being done so; it could be easier for the person who's responsible for it. I won't put
it as my first priority but if I have time for it, I'll try to contribute that time to that job. If you think of
it we are all apart of people's jobs. I do agree with the quote "Think globally. Act locally." When a
person brainstorms on what they can change globally, they start to see that they are so tiny in this
huge world, so they slowly start to think negative since it'd be really hard to get the whole world
involved, but they shouldn't give up, they can change some aspect of the city or town. For instance
take my recycling project, if you cannot get the whole world to recycle, you can at least get some
local people or places that don't recycle to star. By changing
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Recycling Save Environment
Don't Litter, it Makes the World Bitter! What's a better way to organize your trash and save the
environment you live in. Not only will it save the environment, but it will save the animals that have
been affected by all trash and plastic. The animals who live in the ocean have been affected from
numerous plastic bags, plastic bottles, plastic straws, etc. Recycling improves air quality by
reducing power, have less landfills, lowers incinerators and slows down the living of trees, reduce
city's exposure to chemicals. There are many ways to reuse recyclable items and craft to save
money. Recycling is important for human society, because it helps prevent global warming. From
the 1770s to today, the history of recycling begins in the year of 1776 when America declared its
Independence from the English, and rebels turn to recycling to provide material to fight the War of
Independence. Whereas in 1897, New York City creates a facility where trash is sorted and
separated into various grades of paper, metals, carpet, and horse hair was recycled and reusable. By
the 1900s, recycling urges a reuse of programs to comprehend the phrase "Waste as Wealth" to
distinguish the revenue to help sort and resell items from household trash. However, due to the
natural resources "during World War 1, the Federal Government creates the waste Reclamation
Service with the motto, "Don't Waste Waste – Save It" (Bradbury). When the year hit 1965, the
Mobius Loop was introduced as the symbol and
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10 Ways Recycling Hurts The Environment Analysis
THESIS: Recycling is beneficial to the environment and economy.
Recycling isn't as good as it is thought to be. Although there are people who think recycled materials
can help preserve natural resources, there are some items that it can not be used for. Andrew
Handley stated in "10 Ways Recycling Hurts the Environment", that recycled products barely meet
the demand with just recycling alone. He also stated that aluminum weakens after being used, so it
wouldn't be suitable for some items, like building an airplane or using it in electric circuits.
Regardless they are going to mine for new minerals and metals, so it is a waste of time and effort to
recycle them when the demand for it goes down every year.
Handley goes on to tell us how some items are better left not recycled. Items like glass have a very
long and hard process it undergoes to get recycled. It is much easier to make ... Show more content
on Helpwriting.net ...
Debris and hazardous chemicals can harm them if it is not separated carefully. Recycling can be
expensive when it comes down to certain items, and plastic is one of them. Handley notes that
plastic bags cost up to $40,000 when one ton is being recycled. It is so expensive to recycle it,
because a ton of plastic bags only cost $32. The result of those expenses causes about 300,000 tons
of plastic bags to be put in a landfill each year.
It makes sense that recycling can help people, but it can give false hope. How is it effective, when
just the U.S. alone produces 250 million tons of trash each year. It is sort of saying that it is okay to
make a lot of trash, because it can be made up by recycling. It may save some resources, but is very
expensive to pay for.
Work Cited
Carson, Amy. "The Pros(and Cons) of Recycling's Impact on the Environment" brighthub.
http://www.brighthub.com/environment/green–living/articles/74374.aspx. Accessed 17 March
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A Brief Note On Nature 's Deadliest Predator
Nature's Deadliest Predator
"Plastic is forever... and a lot cheaper than diamonds" (Meikle 9). When plastics were first
discovered they were called the material of 1,000 uses. This first, very primitive plastic was called
Bakelite, discovered in 1907 (Knight 5). Although plastic today can be chemically analyzed very
well, when first discovered there was very little information known about the benefits and downfalls
of this material. Plastics have many unique characteristics that make them extremely desirable as an
applicable material. They are better known in the world of chemistry as polymers, poly meaning
many and mers meaning parts. In order for a substance to be classified as a polymer, a compound
must be made up of many of these ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Polymers come in two distinctly different chemical make ups, thermoplastics, which can be
reheated, reworked, and recycled, and thermosets, which once cured are completely locked into
place and and cannot be recycled ("The Basics"). What makes these polymers so environmentally
unfriendly is that they will not biodegrade. The long chains of covalent bonds makes the compounds
so strong that they will only undergo a process called photodegradation. This photodegradation
means that over time the polymers will simply break into smaller and smaller pieces, never
completely going away ("The Basics"). These small pieces containing chemical toxins gravely
endanger wildlife who confuse these pellets for food. Plastics are still relatively new materials, their
potential not fully reached. The question is how will the use of so many non reusable plastics in a
person's everyday life affect the economy and environment in the long run?
Plastic is one of the worlds most prominent resources and therefore it is a staple in not only in the
United States economy, but in other economies around the world. To begin with, the plastics
industry and manufacturing alone accounts for over nine hundred thousand jobs domestically.
Meaning that of the 64.2% of the United States workforce, about one in every two hundred people is
employed by the plastics industry ("Economic").
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Recycling And Recycling Of Papers
First, when paper isn't recycled, 80% of it is placed in landfills. Decomposition of the paper in
landfills produces methane, a greenhouse gas with twenty–one times the power of carbon dioxide.
U.S. EPA has identified landfills as the largest beginning of methane emanation in the U.S., and the
refraction of paper is the largest contributor to the methane being generated. If paper is recycled, it
doesn't end up in the waste stream, headed for a landfill where it will degrade and generate methane.
Simply out, the less paper landfilled, the less methane emitted. The more way to recycle all
materials, the less it goes into places where trash is being dumped. Second, recycling also improves
air quality by reducing the need for power. By collecting, processing and shipping recycled stuff to
industrial users requires less energy than mining, refining, processing and shipping natural resources
according to Pennsylvania's Department of Environmental Protection. That's a good sight because
the more power the United States uses, the more fossil fuels it burns. The higher the fossil fuel use,
the more pollutant diligence pumps into the atmosphere. Manufacturing updated news report out of
recycled paper requires less energy than making paper out of wood. Production of 100% recycled
poster board uses 50 percent less energy compared to virgin grades of paperboard, thus significantly
reducing the greenhouse released into the atmosphere. Third, paper recycling leaves more trees
standing
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Persuasive Essay On Recycling
With the rapidly increasing use of plastic, aluminum, and paper materials, it only makes sense that
the problem we chose to focus on is recycling. In the world of engineering, recycling has been a hot
topic for many years, so for one to say that deriving an idea that hasn't been done before is difficult,
that would be an understatement. As any group of well–educated engineers would, we started our
journey at the drawing board. The brainstorming process was potentially the most time consuming
section of our task, given we easily spent over fifteen hours spouting off ideas and concepts for
anything that we thought we could do that we could patent. We then realized it wasn't just about us
getting a patented idea, it was about making a difference. So, we then realized something that could
make a difference is one of the things that we have been taught the importance of since we were in
elementary school. That was recycling.
Now that the first step of the brainstorming process was over, which was finding a general problem
area, we then needed to figure out what in the world it was that we were going to do that no one else
had done before. After a couple of days of brainstorming, we quickly realized that instead of coming
up with a fresh idea, innovating what is imperfect was the perfect way to approach this. In order to
find where the problems laid, we had to go to the consumer. We began asking our friends, family,
and even a few random people what they thought the biggest issue was that was hindering them
from recycling. After a few conversations, accessibility and attraction seemed to be the greatest
factors.
With this in mind, we of course went back to the brainstorming process to figure out what exactly it
was that we were going to to do and how we would do it. After a few off the wall ideas, followed by
some mediocre ones, we decided we were going to innovate the recycling bin itself. We figured up a
plan to make the bin something that people could interact with and that could shred whatever
recyclable material that you put in it without requiring electric power. We then went with a slow,
torque based, hand crank that would be attached to some sort of shredding mechanism, one strong
enough to shred even
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Lauria's 'Defense Of Water Bottle'
To people, water bottles can be viewed as a portable refreshing beverage or a disgraceful
accumulative waste. In "Defense of Water Bottle", Lauria states that the ban of water bottles only
damages one's health and environment. This is a cause of people's preference to drink other
beverages such as soda and energy drinks, beverages that require more energy to produce than water
bottles. As a consequence, one's health diminishes because there is no alternative choices other than
sugary sweets. Lauria's use of evidence and logic, strongly strengthens her claim to dissuade the ban
of water bottles. By knowing her audience, she uses non–confusing evidence to help her argument
such as "more than one–half of people would choose soda instead" (1).
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The Value Of Rubbish In A Consumer Society
This assignment will aim to outline the ways in which rubbish can be said to have value in a
consumer society. It will attempt to outline all the various ways value is taken in one form or
another from refuse which will include; the ecological value by reducing the space taken up in
landfill sites, the value of profit in reducing Local Authority Costs by the selling of recyclable
rubbish, the value of conserving natural resources when recycling paper, glass, plastic, clothing and
IT equipment. The charitable value of providing clothing both in UK and abroad for those in need of
help and food to those who might starve without the aid of charity. The value of education both in
the UK and abroad in the re–distribution of IT equipment. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
The value of recycling paper in a consumer society is the saving of natural resources which would
be for each tonne of recycled paper saves 17 trees, 380 gallons of oil, 3 cubic yards of landfill space,
4,000 kilowatts of energy and 7,000 gallons of water. Again there would be the ecological value of
less landfill space consumed.
Recycling one glass bottle saves enough energy to power a television for 15 minutes and when you
consider in a consumer society the average household goes through 330 glass bottles and jars per
year this would equate to a saving of 82.5 hours per year per household. For every 1,000 tonnes of
glass recycled a total of 345,000 KWH of energy is saved, 312 tonnes of co2, 1,200 tonnes of raw
material and 1,000 tonnes of landfill space is saved. The value of recycling glass would be reduced
natural resources used and less landfill space consumed. When you consider glass created 3,000
years ago is still here today it is quite worrying to consider the amount of glass already in landfill
sites. Another consideration would be the pure waste of all the glass buried in landfill sites as glass
can be recycled repeatedly without any degradation of the material
Before 2007 it was not possible to recycle plastic bottles into new plastic bottles and the
recyclability was limited to what they could be recycled into. From 2007 however due to a process
called depolymerisation plastic bottles can now be processed into new
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Research Paper : Water Bottle Consumption
Research Paper: Water Bottle Consumption This use of a plastic water bottle wasn't popular in the
United States until 1989, when a new plastic material was introduced to the public that made the
idea of a plastic water bottle more appealing. This new plastic was called polyethylene terephthalate
plastic (PET), and revolutionized the plastic water bottle industry. Before the used of PET's, a
substance called polyvinyl chloride plastic, which turned out to be dull, heavy, and relatively
expensive to produce. (How did water bottles get so popular?) The question I found myself asking
relative to water bottle consumption was how could the University of Oregon reduce the amount of
plastic, recyclable bottles consumed while educating people around campus? I came up with this
question because ever since I could remember, everyone around me has used plastic water bottles. In
middle school, my school had just developed a recycling system to try and 'go green,' but the
amount of plastic continued to grow. Is there something tangible that I could to make in impact on
people and change their mind in respect to using plastic water bottles? To do this, it is important to
understand what factors play into why people rely on plastic water bottles. The first reason people
might be dependent on plastic water bottles is the lack of clean drinking water available to people.
Living in Oregon has made us spoiled as to the cleanliness of the water coming out of our tap. For
people living in
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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Bottled Water Essay

  • 1. Bottled Water Essay The Effects of Bottled Water Is bottled water a good thing for us to have? People have different views on this subject. Some people would argue that bottled water is a good thing because it is convenient and portable. Others would disagree and say that bottled water is bad for the landfills, and that the quality is not up to par. In Cotroneo's article, "Movement Against Bottled Water Gains Municipal Adherents," Gentile's article, "Mayors Push Benefits of Cities' Tap Water," and Environmental Nutrition's article "New Study Finds Fault With Some Bottled Waters; Tap Water a Better Bet" all three authors argue that there indeed is a difference and tap water is better than bottled water in three basic ways: cost, environment and safety. In Cotroneo's article, she argues that bottled water is much more expensive than tap water. She says in her article that a gallon ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... They state, "38 contaminants were found in bottled water by the Environmental Working Group" (3). According to Environmental Nutrition, when the EWG tested the bottled water, disinfection byproducts, arsenic, fertilizer residue, plasticizers and pharmaceuticals showed up (3). Rarely these pollutants are found in tap water, however, public utilities have to notify their consumers if pollutants show up in their tap water, whereas bottled water companies don't have to notify their consumers (3). Using reusable water bottles is greatly suggested "Is the perfect win–win solution to the water problem" because you won't have to pay for the bottled water and you won't be polluting (Environmental Nutrition 3). So as you can see Nicole Cotroneo, Annie Gentile, and Environmental Nutrition all argue that tap water is better than bottled water and they give strong arguments in each of the three topics. It is better for the environment, for your own spending, and also for your own health and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2.
  • 3. Waste Product Is A Wide World Concern Which Needs To Be Waste product is a wide world concern which needs to be solved so as to aid resources and energy problems. Recycling is the process of turning waste products into a new substance. Plastics comprises of limited resources like petroleum products. Many countries are coming up with advancement in technology to use in plastic recycling. The easy technique that industries are using is that they are using the plastic materials as their raw material in production. Similarly, the government has created awareness on essential of thermal recycling in that plastics are used as source of energy so that there is petroleum conservation. This paper talks about recycling of plastics, types of plastics that are recycled, polymers in recycled plastics and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... However, these plastic bottles are recycled into car batteries and yarn ropes as well as reusable shopping bags. Foam Packaging Foam packaging is made up of almost 95 % of air. The foam packaging protects TV when they are being transported from one place to another (Brydson 1995). However, these foam packages are not thrown away after use, instead they are recycled into insulation together with the picture frame. Polymers in the recycled plastics Plastic Bottles Plastic bottles contains a polyester known as Polythene terephthalate( Azapagic et al.2003).The polythene terephthalate is used in making the plastic bottles since it has a strong ability to create a gas barrier so that oxygen get into the drink and spoil it. Plastic bags, shampoo bottles and milk jugs Plastic bags as well as shampoo containers are made up of high density polyethylene (HDPE). The HDPE is used in making the plastic bag and shampoo containers since it has long virtuality and unbranched polymer chains which make it more dense as well as very crystalline hence stronger (Nicholson 1997). The HDPE is stiff, strong, tough as well as resistant to moisture. Plastic wraps Plastic wraps comprises of low density polyethylene(LDPE). The LDPE polymers have a crucial chain branching comprising extended side restraints hence being less density as well as less crystalline. As a result, the polymer is more thin as well as flexible. The plastic bottle caps The plastic bottle caps contain polypropylene (PP) ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4.
  • 5. Lesson Concepts/Academic Vocabulary. Words Are Listed In Lesson Concepts/Academic Vocabulary Words are listed in alphabetic order, not in the order in which they will be taught. Downcycled: a recycling practice that involved breaking an item down into its component elements and/or materials. Gyres: garbage patches of cloudy plastic pollutants that have been formed by the ocean currents. Currently there are five large gyres present in the world's oceans (Bryce, 2015). Life of a Plastic Bottle: Plastic products that are not properly recycled can end up in landfills; as plastics sit in a landfill, they become compressed amongst other layers of garbage, when rainwater flows through the landfill, the water absorbs the water–soluble compounds in the layers of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... What conceptions and misconceptions or misunderstandings might learners have related to this lesson? Students need to be able to identify plastic products and know how they use them in their everyday life. Students need to have a general idea of the term recycling. Students need to understand that environmental issues are world problems. The Student's prior knowledge will be determined during the "trash bag" activity and all the discussions present in the lesson plan. The educator will clear up misconceptions about an individual's impact on the earth. The educator will clear up misconceptions about the effect of a plastic bottle. (The life of a plastic bottle). Lesson Procedure Resources, Materials, and Technology: 1. Power–point 2. Accessibility to computers 3. Plastic Bottle Video 4. Trash–bag; filled with recyclables and garbage. 5. Poster Paper 6. Art Supplies (markers, crayons, colored pencils, etc.) 7. Recycling Can. (Blue if possible) 8. Approval from cooperating teachers to present research to their class. 9. Approval from lunch coordinator and administrator to procedure with class plan in the cafeteria.
  • 6. Instructional Plan – Date: __________ Estimated Time: 50 minutes 1. Take and dump out the trash bag that contains recyclables and garbage items. The contents should be visible to all students in the class. 2. Discuss with students if these items should have been thrown away. Together, go through the items ad ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 7.
  • 8. Speech On Kitchen Gadgets There are many kitchen gadgets on the markets, tons of different tools, styles and prices, and people tend to follow the 'what's cool and easier' styles... Well, we've taken what's best at an AFFORDABLE price, and we've created a useful list of gadgets under $15, that will make your life so much easier and much more fun. How our prices are so low? We have more than 700 in stock and we purchased them in bulk, meaning – low price. So, we wanted to help and share with you our discount, and pass it to you! Gadgets Mall Exclusive – Free Shipping! #1 – 60 Seconds Fresh And Healthy Salad Cutter 60 Seconds Fresh And Healthy Salad Cutter A very fast way to make a fresh and healthy salad, and keep your kitchen clean and with no mess. Safe And ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Must Have In Any Kitchen. Convenient and Easy To Use. Cut Into Many Shapes. Safe To Use – Keeps On Your Fingers From The Blades. Strong ABS Materials. Easy To Clean. Easy To Store – Save Lots Of Space In The Kitchen. FDA Food Grade Materials. Price: $17.49 Our Price: $11.97 Get Yours 5PCs Vegetables Mandoline Peeler Here. #7 – Cool Rotate Potato Slicer Tool – You Must Have One! Cool Rotate Potato Slicer Tool – You Must Have One! Use This Tool To Make a Spiral Potato – Perfect For People Who Love Crispy Potato Fries. 1PCs – x3 Strong Stainless Steel Strings + x1 Plastic Spiral Cutter. Must Have In Any Kitchen. Fast, Convenient and Easy To Use. Easy To Clean. Easy To Store. Price: $12.47 Our Price: $7.97 Get Yours Rotate Potato Slicer Here. #8 – Vegetable / Onion Holder – Easy To Cut Easy Cut Vegetable Holder – You Must Have!
  • 9. Easy and handy way to cut onions, or any other vegetable and also to keep your hands clean and with no smell! Easy And Safe To Use. If You Don't Want To Touch Onions, This Tools Is Your Solution. Must Have In Any Kitchen. Made Of Strong HQ Stainless Steel. Will Help You To Cut ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10.
  • 11. Advantages And Disadvantages Of Recycling Abstract Because of natural resources are going to extinct, people in all over the world and especially in industrial communities should try to save the resources by searching for alternatives to live their life in a save and clean environment. For this reason, sustainability of recycling is a great solution to the problem. This research will discuss these main issues: Types of Recycling, awareness of Recycling in industrial communities, benefits of Recycling. Acknowledgement I wish to express my sincere thanks to Mr. Othman Turaih, lecturer in the English Department at Jubail University College, I am extremely thankful to him helping me to do my tem paper and sharing expertise, and sincere and valuable guidance and encouragement ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This converts the landfills waste into usable products which uses less electricity, water and material to produce. Research demonstrates that the measure of paper being reused has achieved record levels. According to the Paper Industry Association Council, "In 2008, 57.4 percent of the paper consumed in the U.S. was recovered for recycling. This impressive figure equals 340 pounds for each man, woman and child in America". Papers are constrained by the fiber it contains. As paper is reused each time, it breaks down into pulp. This should be possible for most extreme six or seven times. The fiber at that point will be abbreviated each time until the point when it isn't usable. Cardboard, regardless of whether layered or pressboard, is the most reduced quality paper. If it's ever recycled, it can be utilized for packaging. Producing boxes or small containers is ideal, as the color or brightness dulls overtime as it is recycled, and packaging boxes like cartons rarely considers color as an important factor. Tissue can be a type of reused item. Since quality of paper isn't an issue, unusable filaments are normally utilized for creating tissue. There are numerous different items that are created utilizing reused paper: espresso filters, diapers, egg containers, shoe boxes or ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12.
  • 13. Pros And Cons Of A Baby Bottle Are You Choosing The Right Feeding Bottle For Your Baby? Here's Your Complete Guide Watching my nephew grow up from a whiny newborn to a super charged–up toddler, I realized one thing about babies: They require extra care (AT. EVERY. STEP.); Even a task as simple as buying a bottle isn't that simple when it comes to babies, especially first borns (new parents, dig me?). You will be glad to know that until your baby starts consuming solids, there's a long road that can be covered smoothly with bottle feeding. However, once your little munchkin has turned over six months of age and you wish to introduce top feed, it's better to do your homework before you hit the streets in search of the right baby– friendly flask. After all, nestling your baby ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Plastic Baby Bottles By far the most widely used material in baby bottles, plastic is affordable, lightweight and can be moulded into different designs and shapes. Plastic baby bottles are so common that you can spot at least one in nine out of ten households with infants. However, the use of these bottles declined with the spread of awareness of BPA content present in them. You'll be glad to know that in 2012, FDA banned the use of BPA in baby bottles and sippy cups. To make sure, you can also look for BPA– free label on the bottle. Pros of using plastic baby bottle: Lightweight Affordable Resistant to breakage Easy to store Doesn't sweat Cons of using glass baby bottle: Cannot be used for boiling & heating purposes Hard to clean Soft material; easily scratch–able Can absorb odour Made using petroleum 3. Stainless Steel Baby ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14.
  • 15. Recycling Waste Of Recycling Although recycling of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) based plastics decrease the amount of these polymers that end up in municipal waste, the cost of recycling these plastics for the producer are an important factor to weigh in to whether they should be recycled or not. PVC is a soft and flexible plastic used to make clear plastic food wrapping, computer cables, and even pipes and parts for plumbing. Because PVC contains numerous toxins, food products using PVC require virgin material for their construction. In general, there are two types of PVC recycling processes, mechanical and feedstock, which include their own respect costs, purposes, and benefits. Although there are a large number of costs for the producer for recycling PVC from the toxicity to the inefficacy of its recycling process, there are many benefits that include reducing the amount of PVC in municipal waste and its usefulness as a recycled product. In general, virgin PVC itself is already relatively toxic as its main component is vinyl chloride, which is a carcinogen. Once PVC is recycled once, its chemical properties deteriorate, and its toxicity becomes more harmful, meaning its usefulness as a food container product no longer exist. Therefore, recycled PVC cannot be used to its previous full potential lead companies to think whether it is worth it to recycle this polymer. Although recycled polymers are cheaper to produce, their "quality decreases due to contamination with each recycling cycle" (1), and with ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16.
  • 17. Pros And Cons Of Plastic Water Bottles United States is the leading country on a global scale that produces and consumes millions of gallons of water annually. Oil, a limited and expensive resource, is used in the process of creating polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic water bottles which is generally regarded as a safe and recyclable packaging material. (Palliser, 2010) The process of manufacturing bottled water to meet the United States' demand uses more than 17 million barrels of oil annually. (Ban the Bottle, 2014) The following examples will help to visualize how much of valuable, natural resources are used: in a year, the energy used to produce bottled water is enough to power 190,000 homes and the millions of barrels of oil used is enough to fuel 1.3 million cars. (Ban ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... According to a four–year, detailed investigation to evaluate the quality and safety of bottled water conducted by an environmental advocacy group, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), traces of various chemicals (THMs such as chloroform and BDCM, both probable human carcinogens) and arsenic were discovered in high levels. Another chemical found in PET plastic bottles is antimony that is harmless in small doses but in larger doses can cause nausea, vomiting, and death. (Ban the Bottle, 2014) A senior scientist at the NRDC, Dr. Gina Solomon told The New York Times that "there is no reason to believe that bottled water is safer than tap water." (Ban the Bottle, 2014) Public water in the U.S. is heavily regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) because they require numerous tests for bacteria daily which are available to the public. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates bottled water and only require tests on a weekly basis and does not share their discoveries with neither the public nor EPA. (Ban the Bottle, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18.
  • 19. The Pros And Cons Of Plastic Bags Since 1985, America has been using plastic bags due to them being waterproof and having handles making them easier to carry goods. Paper and plastic has always been a huge controversy in super markets through the preference of customers. Some customers prefer having the paper bags standing up straight in the trunks of their cars. Other customers prefer the plastic bags because of the handles making it easier to walk home and carry their goods. Although both preferences are fine, all customers know the dangers of the plastic bag. Banning plastic bags from stores and replacing them with only paper or reusable bags, will reduce corruption of organic products, reduce CO2 emissions from creation and destruction of the plastic and prevent harm upon Earth and its creatures. Plastic bags were first designed in 1965 by a Swedish company which later became known as the "T–shirt plastic bag"; made from high density polyethylene, but It was in the late 1970s when Plastic bags first began to terrorize the well being of humanity. More and more supermarkets in America began handing out plastic bags as if they were candy on Halloween. The more plastic bags humans use, the more natural resources are being destroyed. There are two different types of plastic bags that one may find in any supermarket, high density polyethylene (HDPE) or low density polyethylene (LDPE). There isn't much difference between them besides the fact that LDPE would be the tougher and more durable bags you might find in department stores as well as any regular supermarket. They both require the same materials for creation such as oil, gas and coal (fossil fuels). Fossil fuels are the prehistoric resources formed by plants and animals that lived hundreds of millions of years ago. These fuels won't be replaced for another millions of years to come, that is why they're called "non– renewable" resources. Plastic is very valuable, but humans decide that is more than okay to litter these valuable resources than to recycle it and prevent some of the corruption and over–usage of resources we may not have in a distant future. Although plastic bags, as well as paper bags, can be recycled in order to postpone running out of resources, the creation and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20.
  • 21. Essay 1.What general topic do the articles cover? The general topic covered in these articles is about Trump's decision to allow plastic water bottle sales in national parks. Trump's administration ended a six–year–old ban that prohibited the sale of plastic water bottles. It was placed in effect to ease plastic pollution. 2. What are the headlines (titles) of the articles and in what specific publications do they appear? An article titled "Trump's decision to allow plastic bottle sales in national parks condemned" was published in The Guardian. Another article that covers the same topic published in The Washington Post is "National parks put a ban on bottled water to ease pollution. Trump just sided with the lobby that fought it". Both ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Sceptics believe David Bernhardt has been working with Nestlé Water company under Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck law firm. Throughout the article "National Parks put a ban on bottled water to ease pollution. Trump just sided with the lobby that fought it." seems to cover more environmental facts. 6.In one or two sentences, summarize the main ideas of each article (note: main idea is different from topic – consider the article's particular slant" or bias.) In the publication, The Washington Post the main ideas in the article "National Parks put a ban on bottled water to ease pollution. Trump just sided with the lobby that fought it." are the management of cleaning up plastic bottles left behind by visitors, the millions spent on water bottle filling stations, David Bernhardt being a new member of the department of interiors and reducing waste. Main ideas highlighted in The Guardian article "Trump's decision to allow plastic bottle sales in national parks" are David Bernhardt being a conflict of interest in the department of interiors, the International Bottled Water Association reaction to the new policy, and environmental factors. 7.What sources does each article use? (For example, do the authors incorporate facts [statistics, data, etc.] or quotations?) In the article "National Parks put a ban on bottled water to ease pollution. Trump just sided with the lobby that fought it" the author is ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22.
  • 23. The Importance Of Plastic Pollution When the discussion about pollution rises, the first thought that comes to people's minds is the long– debated topic of air pollution from greenhouse gases. Certainly, this type of pollution will have a critical impact on the future of Earth's ability to sustain life, but the widespread discussion on this one specific type of pollution has also masked necessary discussions on some seldom mentioned types of pollution which will be detrimental to the future of some of Earth's life. One example of the various other forms of pollution is a kind which has existed for less than a century, yet it now greatly plagues a significant portion of the Earth: plastic pollution in the oceans. Although it may seem that this issue only endangers the health of marine life, plastic pollution is also harmful to all the species higher up in the food chain including humans. If not properly addressed, then plastic pollution will lead to a rise of significant health issues for both ocean life and humans as the issue escalates in the coming decades. In order to fully understand the intensity of the issue, it is necessary to see how the prevalence of plastic has increased within modern society. The era of modern–day plastics began in the early 1930s with the creation of synthetic plastics such as polystyrene (PS), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and polyethylene (PE), and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). These types of plastics can be used in a wide range of fields such as clothing, construction, packaging, and plumbing and as a result these are some of the most widely produced plastics globally. The growth of the plastic industry began during World War II, when countries such as the United States attempted to conserve precious resources such as metals by using other materials wherever possible. This led to a significant rise in plastic production due to companies using the inexpensive material to create parts for military vehicles and equipment and to provide metallic products with alternative products, for example using plastic wrap instead of aluminum foil. Once the war ended, chemical companies sought to earn the profit that was awaiting to be made from selling new plastic goods to consumers. As time went on, plastic became increasingly ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24.
  • 25. Recycling Essay Recycling During the early 1970s, as communities across the United States saw their landfills filling up, attention turned to alternative methods of garbage disposal, such as incineration and recycling. While incineration proved to be a thorny issue due to its toxic ash byproduct, recycling was embraced by Americans as an effective way to offset rising garbage production rates. Today, demand for recycled products is beginning to match supply, and the percentage of waste going into landfills and incinerators is decreasing steadily. In 1970, when Americans produced 121 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW), three–quarters went directly into landfills, one–fifth was incinerated, and less ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Many if not most of the products we use on a daily basis are made of recyclable materials, including glass, aluminum, paper, steel, plastic, scrap tires and used oil. And the demand for goods made from recycled products, despite a lot of ups and downs during the 1980s, has never been higher thanks to a combination of well–conceived industrial/commercial applications and much needed government purchasing mandates. Indeed, the existence of markets for recyclables has contributed significantly to recycling's success as a waste disposal alternative. What makes recycling especially unique is its implementation by local people for local people. In regards to MSW management, the federal government is relatively hands–off, and state governments have focused more of their attention on landfill and incineration options. As a result, local communities have come together to initiate recycling efforts; the percolation of their enthusiasm has led to the widespread acceptance and even encouragement of recycling at both the state and federal levels. With recovered materials demanding higher market prices and curbside collection and commercial recovery on the rise, it is not unrealistic for Americans to expect to see nationwide recycling rates of thirty–five to fifty percent by the turn of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26.
  • 27. Reusing Plastic Bottles Research Introduction: Enough plastic is thrown away each year to circle the earth four times and 50% of the plastic we use, we only use once and is thrown away. There is initiate ways for plastic bottles to be reused in a scientific way. We are investigating how the air pressure we can create in a bottle will affect how high or low it travels. In the process we will be reusing plastic bottles. Will the product inside of the bottle be significant to the explosion it will make? If a certain amount of alcohol is inserted in the bottle will the rocket malfunction? Materials: Description and Properties Plastic is a material composed of a wide range of synthetic or semisynthetic organic compounds that are malleable and be molded into solid objects. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Although heavy and brittle, hardened clay and glass were used for storage. Some natural substances were sticky and moldable. Rubber wasn't very useful for storage because it eventually lost its ability to leap back into shape and became sticky when heated. The way plastics are manufactured has evolved from the use of natural plastic materials to the use of chemically modified, natural materials and finally to completely synthetic molecules. Early plastics were bio–derived materials, which are organic polymers. In 1600 BC, Mesoamericans used natural rubber for balls, bands, and figurines. In 1839, Charles Goodyear discovered a process in which sulfur reacted with crude rubber when heated and then cooled. The rubber became resilient upon cooling, it could stretch, but it snapped back to its original shape. It also retained its flexibility when heated. We now know that the sulfur forms chemical bonds between adjacent rubber polymer strands. The bonds cross–link the polymer strands, allowing them to go back to normal when stretched. Goodyear had discovered the process now known as vulcanization, which made rubber more ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28.
  • 29. Bottled Water Pollution Bottled water, it seems such an unlikely culprit for such massive deterioration. Bottled water seems simple and convenient. Although it is, there is a full process going on that's creating this product. This process is not only creating bottled water, it's creating pollution. "... many had an incomplete understanding of the total environmental impact of bottled water production" (Saylor, et al. 599). Often forgotten is that it's not just the bottles themselves, that are causing problems for our environment. The energy it requires to produce and ship these bottles adds up. Alongside that is the oil and gas needed. Plastic from the bottles is a danger, but so is the production of the bottles themselves. Bottled water hasn't been around ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This would help the workers find another job. These workers, if willing, could help work to provide disaster relief and to assist around the world. Furthermore, they can help clean up the damage that has been done by bottled water. By taking the money that is used every year to produce the bottled water, we are able to invest in companies that can help provide for our economy. The money could be invested in companies such as reusable water bottles. It could also be invested in companies that use recyclable material and turn it into items such as clothing or building ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30.
  • 31. Water Bottles Persuasive Essay Hey mom, can you pass me a cold bottle of water please? I bet you never thought that this simple question could be so dangerous, well it is. Throughout my readings of the sales and dangers of water bottles, I've learned that the sales of water are on track to outsell soda, which can be harmful to the environment, because of plastic waste . Bottles of water or water bottles in itself can be harmful to the environment because they aren't biodegradable, some people see through the harm that water bottles can create within the environment and claim the water is healthy and has high economic benefits. Given that, bottled water is frowned upon on many college campuses and at least 18 national parks, including the Grand Canyon and Mount Rushmore, which prohibit the sale of bottled water stated in Mark Esteri August 27,2015 Water,Water Everywhere in Bottle with a flood of new brands, water is on track to outsell soda by 2017. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Despite the obvious when it comes to the environment, bottled water companies are reducing their environmental footprint by lightweight in general their products and developing new technologies in product packaging, such as the use of recycled content,biodegradable and compostable materials reported by "IBWA STATEMENT REGARDING MARYLAND'S DECISION TO RESTRICT STATE EMPLOYEE ACCESS TO BOTTLED WATER". Bottled water containers are 100% recyclable and recycling rate have doubled in the past five years. Gail Hennessey, mentioned that the bottled water industry is always at the forefront of relief efforts during natural disasters, boil alerts, and other catastrophic events to deliver clean, safe drinking water in the 2007 article " Goodbye, Bottled Water" ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32.
  • 33. Impacts Of Recycling Recycling is helping the environment by eliminating waste. Recycling is taking old metal or paper and taking it to a foundry . Giving it back to them to make new products with to save the natural resource that it would take to make it from scratch. If the metal companies had to take and mine for the ore that it takes to make metal they would be hurting the environment a lot worse than what they would by using recycled goods. Recycling metal also helps us the consumer save on the natural resources that we may need later on in life. The best thing about metal are that it will never lose its structural value no matter how many time the consumer recycles it (Green Tumble.) Recycled aluminum can travel around the world four times and still save more energy than what it would to mine for ore (Less Is More). Metal production is a very long and energy consuming process. If we don't recycle and use the materials that we already have then they have to mine for the ore (GLE Scrap). If the companies have to mine for the iron ore that it takes to make the metal they have to go in and cut down acres of trees (GLE Scrap). Then they have to move in all of their equipment in to start the mining process. The mining equipment burns through a lot of petroleum of other wise know as gas or diesel (GLE Scrap). If we were to use the recycled materials then we can save the ore till we really need it (GLE Scrap). Which will cut down on the gases that are burned while mining. Recycling is also ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34.
  • 35. Essay On Recycling Changing American Culture After reading this statistic, to hear my generation recycles less than any other was pretty surprising. Growing up, I felt my generation was one of the first to be taught in school the purpose and need for recycling. It was something that was engrained into our heads, and something that was a part of everyday life, or at least it was to me. However, after spending over a year in college without parent supervision, it makes perfect sense why my peers struggle to recycle. Today, we live in era where almost everything is at our finger tips. Our cellphones have developed a culture where we literally depend on convenience. Thus, in the rush of busy America, recycling isn't always the most convenient option. Continually, I think my generation has been pressured into an age of competition. We are constantly trying to be the best, so millennials have become too caught up about themselves, instead of future generations. Recycling doesn't deliver immediate and personal gratification, so it would make sense ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Instead of being a country focused on self–betterment, we need to be geared towards societal– betterment. Recycling is an element to societal improvement because it decreases waste. Additionally, it allows for materials to be reused, so future generations can enjoyed the same resources. However, changing a societal dynamic is a monstrous goal. Therefore, immediate change needs to adapt to the millennial way of life. Because we are a generation centered on convenience, so many people prefer to choose the path of least resistance. If something seems troublesome, they may feel they don't have the time or energy to follow through. Consequently, recycling needs to be more convenient than throwing recyclables away. For example, there should never be a garbage can without a recycling bin next to it. This should be common sense. However, far too often this scenario is evident in high traffic ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36.
  • 37. Global Warming Is A Real Phenomenon INTRODUCTION Global warming has become a central problem in the scientific community, while viewed as more of a severe problem by some people and policy makers than other, the consensus in the scientific community is that global warming is a very real phenomenon. Although the global warming is still debated as far as how fast and severe the problem is, scientific data has shown that the average global temperature has increased by 0.4 to 0.8 Celsius during the last 100 years (http://www.livescience.com/, 02–18–2016). Sustainable development is a central concept within the environmental frame of thought and closely linked to the problem of global warming. The term sustainable development refers to the use of resources in a sustainable way, namely meeting the need of resources while not depleting them for future generations. The concept of sustainable development contains both needs and limitations, i.e. resources that are needed as well as technological and social limitations in responsible retrieval of those resources (World Commission on Environment and Development, 41). Achieving sustainable development is however a difficult problem that has many different aspects to it. Recycling is a main component of sustainable development and an important aspect in a variety of industries. Metal exists in almost every industry, whether it is the manufacture of steel beams, precious metals for computers or copper cables for powerlines. Considering that metal recycling is a source to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38.
  • 39. Negative Effects Of Plastic Water Bottles For as long as I can remember, my family has always purchased plastic water bottles and until recently, I have taken a new stance on them. As a student at Texas Tech University, one of my spring classes this past semester opened my eyes to the negative aspects of plastic water bottles. Within the class, I watched the documentary "Tapped" by Jason Lindsey and Stephanie Soechtig, which focused specifically on the bottled water industry. Even though plastic water bottles are highly popular in first and developing countries, recent evidence shows drastic consequences in both environmental and health related topics. Today plastic water bottles are putting a strain on the environment and highlighting their wasteful properties. A study by Brita, a water filtration company, shows that "Americans discard 38 billion plastic water bottles a year, and it takes 1.5 billion barrels of oil to produce them" (York 2). The amount of oil that is being used to produce the plastic of bottled water can be used elsewhere like gasoline for cars and electricity for homes. Even though the plastic from bottled water is recyclable, The Container Recycling Institute (CR1) states that "eight out of 10 water bottles end up in landfills" and end up being washed into streams and oceans (Knopper 36). CR1 also states that "only 14 percent of plastic water bottles purchased annually in the U.S. are recycled" (Burbank 23). This study produced by CR1 proves that people still are not recycling their bottled ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 40.
  • 41. Eassy On Plastic Pollution Shelby Cailteux Mrs. Phegley English II 11 December 2017 Plastic Pollution in the Environment Plastic pollution is a major threat to our environment and continues to get worse every day. We live in a disposable society where fast food is served in plastic or Styrofoam containers and discarded instead of glass dishes. Many people use plastic water bottles instead drinking from the tap. Plastic soda bottles are used instead of glass returnable bottles. Plastic grocery bags have replaced the brown paper grocery bags. Unfortunately, not enough people properly dispose so all this plastic ends up as plastic pollution by littering road ways, parks, beaches, and oceans, or it gets buried in landfills. For many years scientists tried to develop plastic instead of using natural made products such as ivory from elephant tusks and tortoise shells from turtles. Finally, in 1862 and English inventor named Alexander Parkes invented the first plastic called Parkesine (Knight 8). The first truly synthetic plastic was developed in 1907 which was called Bakelite and was made from coal tar (9). At the time it was used for jewelry, telephones, clocks, and radios (9). Over the years improvements have been made in the production of plastic. Plastic is used in almost everything we use on a daily basis such as shoes, cars, clothes, computers, furniture, windows, and many other things. Plastic has made our lives more convenient but it is also a high price to pay for the convenience considering ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 42.
  • 43. Lesson Concepts/Academic Vocabulary. Words Are Listed In Lesson Concepts/Academic Vocabulary Words are listed in alphabetic order, not in the order in which they will be taught. Downcycled: a recycling practice that involved breaking an item down into its component elements and/or materials. Gyres: garbage patches of cloudy plastic pollutants that have been formed by the ocean currents. Currently there are five large gyres present in the world's oceans (Bryce, 2015). Life of a Plastic Bottle: Plastic products that are not properly recycled can end up in landfills; as plastics sit in a landfill, they become compressed amongst other layers of garbage, when rainwater flows through the landfill, the water absorbs the water–soluble compounds in the layers of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... What conceptions and misconceptions or misunderstandings might learners have related to this lesson? Students need to be able to identify plastic products and know how they use them in their everyday life. Students need to have a general idea of the term recycling. Students need to understand that environmental issues are world problems. The Student's prior knowledge will be determined during the "trash bag" activity and all the discussions present in the lesson plan. The educator will clear up misconceptions about an individual's impact on the earth. The educator will clear up misconceptions about the effect of a plastic bottle. (The life of a plastic bottle). Lesson Procedure Resources, Materials, and Technology: 1. Power–point 2. Accessibility to computers 3. Plastic Bottle Video 4. Trash–bag; filled with recyclables and garbage. 5. Poster Paper 6. Art Supplies (markers, crayons, colored pencils, etc.) 7. Recycling Can. (Blue if possible) 8. Approval from cooperating teachers to present research to their class. 9. Approval from lunch coordinator and administrator to procedure with class plan in the cafeteria.
  • 44. Instructional Plan – Date: __________ Estimated Time: 50 minutes 1. Take and dump out the trash bag that contains recyclables and garbage items. The contents should be visible to all students in the class. 2. Discuss with students if these items should have been thrown away. Together, go through the items ad ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 45.
  • 46. Cardboard Recycling Research Paper For most of us, it has become routine to recycle. Many of us do it without a second thought; automatically sorting papers, plastics and metals to be hauled away on trash day. If you're not already including it in your bin, cardboard should be added to your list of recyclable items both at home and at work. It is one of the most widely used recyclable materials on the planet. It's also one of the few that is non–toxic, 100% biodegradable and can often be reused in its current state. But when the material finally wears out, remember to recycle it. Cardboard recycling is important precisely because it is so heavily used. A Heavy And Heavily Used Material Over 90 percent of all products shipped in the U.S. are shipped in corrugated cardboard, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Work Toward A Zero Landfill Though made of paper, this product takes up a lot of space and creates a lot of weight. Imagine if all of those materials went to the dump instead. If we recycle just one ton of the material, we can save over 9 cubic yards of landfill space. This is why it is one of the key components of achieving a zero landfill waste stream. Zero landfill waste streams rely heavily on recycling and reuse to divert materials from landfills, finding new uses for the unwanted products. It does not seek to obtain the loftier goal of zero waste, but more simply, preventing the trash that is generated from ever reaching the dump. In this way, zero landfill is a more concrete and attainable goal than zero waste. Plenty Of Need For Used Cardboard Since this product is so durable, cleanly made, and of such high–quality, it can be recycled and reused in many different applications. It can be used to create new paperboard, paper and many other paper–based ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 47.
  • 48. Compare And Contrast Tap Water Vs Bottled Water According to the article Bottled Water vs. Tap Water by Jackie Dana, "It's estimated that people spend $100 billion a year on bottled water, each American drinks 21 gallons per year, almost 2 gallons per month!" We see them everywhere but it is where we see them that is damaging to the environment, for instance, our streets, oceans, and not properly thrown out. These plastic bottles have become unneeded waste starting a global problem. There are better alternatives for carrying our everyday water that is less expensive and less harmful. For example, stainless steel, canteens, and other nonplastic containers. By using containers such as stainless steel and canteens we are eliminating the excess pollution of bottles thus eliminating plastic toxins. Granted water bottles are convenient for school and travel. There are many reasons why water bottles are a good thing. One reason being they are so often used it would be a nuisance trying to get rid of them. "Much of the water you see on the shelves is purified or drinking water."That means the water inside the plastic casing is good for you. Food and Drug Administration ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The truth is that 25% of bottled water actually comes from public sources and is only sometimes decontaminated. According to an article titled Bottled Water vs. Tap Water, "For the consumer, bottled water is significantly more expensive than tap water." This highlights the inconvenience of bottled water. First, you have to drive in your car and pollute the air with carbon monoxide from your car to get to the store. Furthermore, you have to buy a heavy package of water bottles that you would otherwise get for free from your kitchen sink. In comparison to tap water, the drawbacks of bottled water outweigh the advantages. Research provides evidence in the article Bottled water vs. tap water that, "Bottled water is far more costly and hazardous to the environment for us to be able to recommend it as the better ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 49.
  • 50. The New Oil By Jeneen Interlandi And Ryan Tracy Water is essential to life, scientific fact, not debatable (Tracy). More than half of all Americans drink bottled water; about a third of the public consumes it regularly (Olsen). Many drink or buy bottled water simply because they believe it is of better quality, cleaner, and better tasting. On the contrary, several individuals do not know the cons of drinking bottled water. Today, there are many misconceptions and myths about bottled water. Many people are uneducated about what goes into our bottles and how it not only affects us but also our environment. In the article "The New Oil" by Jeneen Interlandi and Ryan Tracy they discuss the issues that have to do with water and the privatization of it. They believe there is a crisis and something has to be done. Due to the cost, pollution, shortage, and health issues, bottled water should be outlawed. Water should not be controlled by water bottle companies and should not be allowed to be sold in plastic bottles. Many of people have not realized that the creation of bottled water affects our environment. The production of water bottles requires a large amount of water plus the water that is needed to fill the bottle. Considering there is a shortage of water in several places, water should be better handled and not wasted on plastic bottle making. Of the eighty million single serve bottles of water consumed daily, thirty million ends up in landfills (Soechtig, 2009 qtd. in "Bottled Water: The Risks to Our Health, Our ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 51.
  • 52. Benefits Of Recycling Do Americans realize all the opportunities they have to make the environment a better place by recycling? When Americans recycle, it makes a positive difference to the environment. Growing up, there was always recycling bins at school, at public places, and at local businesses that were available 24/7 for people to use. There are many benefits to recycle such as less trash in landfills, resources conservation, energy conservation, environmental conservation, environment protection, and financial benefits. With these benefits come the items that can be recycled like aluminum, plastic bottles, newspaper/paper, and electronics. The first benefit of recycling is it creates less trash in the landfills. Americans throw away approximately 100 million tons of trash per year causing landfills to become scarce and lacking space. Meghan stated in her blog, "According to the EPA, recycling can cut this waste by up to 32 percent, which equates to about 60 million tons of trash." Another benefit would be resource conservation which helps conserve the environment. This benefit helps save the all–important resources like wood pulp from trees, paper, fossil fuels, and plastics. Examples of this would be buying recycled paper or purchasing items that use recycled plastics. "The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) is the public law that creates the framework for the proper management of hazardous and non–hazardous solid waste" ("EPA"). The next advantage of recycling is energy ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 53.
  • 54. Some Recyclable Materials According to Pichtel (2005), unwanted materials in the recycled process can affect in a negative way the outcomes of the recycle process and can be hazardous to workers. In addition, some industries will not accept low levels of contamination and some other industries just remove foreign material. Contamination affects the quality and recyclability of products since unwanted materials can damage the products. Recycled Paper– According to Pichtel (2005), "Paper products comprise by far the majority of the municipal solid waste stream–about 38% of U.S MSW" p.131. Contamination in recycled paper is terrible since financial issues could arise, since more money would need to be used in order to make more paper and the health and safety of employees could be at risk. When recycled paper is contaminated is when the paper is soiled with food, chemicals etc. This contamination does not help the environment since more trees would need to be planted. For example, according to Pichtel (2005), "Seventeen trees are required to produce 1 ton of paper". Furthermore, when paper is recycled toxic wastes are reduced since paper from scratch won't have to be produced. In order to reduce contamination in recycled paper, more awareness is needed. For example, in the US there are a lot people from different countries. Some of these countries do not have recycle programs, so these people are not aware of the consequences of mixing paper with food and other chemicals. The US is doing a good job ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 55.
  • 56. Disadvantages Of Drinking Water Bottles Littering is another problem with these bottles. When people get done using them they just throw them on the ground, for example, if you go to a ball game and you see everyone drinking Gatorade, soda, or water and then stay after and you will see all those bottles in the bleachers and on the field from the players. You start to realize that know one really cares about the environment anyone. Water bottles or just bottles in general are a big cause on the environment. Although many people do not care, littering causes a lot of harm to the environment and not many people realize it. Even though drinking bottle water is widely known as a good choice for your health it comes with great conflicts. Many schools all around sell bottles of water out of vending machines, although this can be a bad thing for the environment, but it also helps students from drinking sugary soda. Even though there are benefits to drinking and using bottled water, there are also many drawbacks. Bottled water can be healthy, but also just drinking from a water fountain can help yourself and the environment. Not many people want to drink community fountains because of the germs and all the people that use them. Even though water is a great need for humans, they normally want to go the easy way; the bottled water way. Water fountains do have many causes of them, germs that it collects, and some even lack filtration systems. Bottled water and other plastics can have many effects, although people have ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 57.
  • 58. Drinking Out Of A Water Bottle The water bottle we all know today was patented on May 15, 1973. It was a weird idea right? Putting water in a plastic bottle and selling it to people. Although it seems like an insignificant invention it has become an important staple of today 's modern society. Everywhere I turn I see people drinking out of a water bottle whether it 's an athlete after a run, a child after a long day of play, or a worker at lunch time. Many people would look at the development of this new item as a great advancement in our society. Water is necessary for our body to be productive and successful but at what cost to our habitat? I am choosing a water bottle as my cultural artifact not only because of how prevalent they are in our world but because they will have an even greater effect on our environment in years to come. The big push to drink bottled water came in the 90's. The Coke and Pepsi businesses were booming and so was obesity. These major companies were being criticised for selling such sugary unhealthy drinks and didn't know what they could do to make the public happy without losing money. Selling bottled water was the perfect solution to their problem. Years before a new technology allowed plastic to be lighter, cheaper, and clearer. This plastic was called PET plastic and made it easy for Coke and Pepsi to get into the bottled water business. Millions of dollars were spent advertising this new product. This water was healthier, cleaner, crisper, and more pure. We are all ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 59.
  • 60. Converse Energy Future According to CEF, Converse Energy Future, in 2016, recycling is a process to create new items from old and used materials. This helps in reducing energy and potentially useful materials from being wasted. In 2014, according to Ever Green Recycling, each person in the US on average generates around four pounds of trash each day, which translates into 1.5 tons of waste each year. People do not take recycling seriously even though it has a huge impact on our world and fortunately is extremely easy to do. To begin, I will tell you why you need to recycle, then I will tell you how easy it is to make a change and recycle, and lastly about the outcome of recycling. In order for our environment to be healthy and safe, you need to start recycling or ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Now a days you can pretty much recycle anything so don't use that as an excuse. Most of the things you use daily can be recycled such as plastic bottles, aluminum cans, and paper. When interviewing my mother, Heidi Koerting on June 26th 2016, she said that recycling plastic bottles is the easiest thing to recycle. I am sure a lot of you drink from water bottles so make sure if you do put it in a plastic recycling bin instead of the trash. If you can, use a reusable water bottle instead of a plastic bottle. According to Recycling Coalition of Utah in 2012, they said that by using reusable drink containers an average person can eliminate the need for 100 disposable bottles per year. Next is all the aluminum cans that you drink out of. Aluminum recycling is very successful. According to Lehigh County Pennsylvania in 2016 said that about 65% of America's aluminum is currently recycled. An advantage of recycling aluminum cans is you can even get money for it. It may not be a large amount but it's still money. The last easy product to recycle is paper. How many of you get the newspaper and throw it away when you are done? Next time you go to throw it away, find a bin that you can start recycling paper in. According to Love to Know in 2016, newspaper can be recycled into egg cartons, game boards, new newspaper, gift boxes, animal bedding, insulation and packaging material. Any little ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 61.
  • 62. Recycling Manifesto Research Paper Recycling: A Manifesto for the Environment What happens after someone throws their water bottle into the recycling bin? Or what about when they toss out their newspaper? With recycling, anyone can reduce waste and in turn help the environment. Recycling has many economic and environmental advantages; therefore, its use must undergo exponential growth. Before recycling became an effort in protecting the environment, it was used to aid people at war. This can be seen in the historic world wars that caused resource shortages. During the wars, metals were scanty because they were necessary for building ships, tanks, and planes. So adults and even their children were encouraged to recycle pots and pans, tin cans, aluminum foil, and toys like bicycles for the war efforts. Fast forwarding to the late 20th Century, recycling had become widely known around the world. In fact, the American disposal system was beginning its first curbside collection ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The survey answered a few key questions: who, what, and why. As a starting point for the survey, it was established that about 21% of those surveyed always recycle. Of all the people that do recycle, it was closely examined that people recycle "to help the environment." So what does helping the environment mean: "cleaner air, water, and oceans," "reducing landfill space and potential wildlife endangerment while also reducing the power needs of plants and factories to create new materials," and "a healthy ecosystem," yet 79% of people surveyed don't recycle enough. Why? "I choose not to recycle because my family doesn't, so I don't." As important as recycling is, it's still not implemented enough because it is not enough to know reduce, reuse, recycle but it must be put into practice and shared throughout different ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 63.
  • 64. Personal Narrative of Recycling Recycling is what I chose to do for my Ecology project. I decided to choose recycling because many people do it and it was something that was easy for me to do. I place a box at two businesses, I tried to aim for all businesses but I only got two out of the four I asked which were Rite–Aid and Vons. The third box was placed at a preschool named Head Start. I Had the two businesses and school place my box in their break lounge for the employees to recycle their recyclables. I started my project on October 7th and picked up all the boxes on November 1st My main goal for my project was to get the businesses and school to start recycling the cans and bottles instead of just throwing them away. I wanted the businesses and school to ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... For example the Halo award on nick TV. is an award show dedicated to those kids or teens who have made a difference in their community, society, or the world, they get recognized. So therefore what we kids do accomplish does actually matter. Matter of fact, most worldwide changes that have to do with kids, or teens are proposed and done by kids or teens. I somewhat agree with the quote "It's not my job. Let somebody else do it." I don't add to feel as if a job that is not mine, is being put against me and adding to the list of responsibilities that I have already. It can also be my job to help with whatever is being done so; it could be easier for the person who's responsible for it. I won't put it as my first priority but if I have time for it, I'll try to contribute that time to that job. If you think of it we are all apart of people's jobs. I do agree with the quote "Think globally. Act locally." When a person brainstorms on what they can change globally, they start to see that they are so tiny in this huge world, so they slowly start to think negative since it'd be really hard to get the whole world involved, but they shouldn't give up, they can change some aspect of the city or town. For instance take my recycling project, if you cannot get the whole world to recycle, you can at least get some local people or places that don't recycle to star. By changing ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 65.
  • 66. Recycling Save Environment Don't Litter, it Makes the World Bitter! What's a better way to organize your trash and save the environment you live in. Not only will it save the environment, but it will save the animals that have been affected by all trash and plastic. The animals who live in the ocean have been affected from numerous plastic bags, plastic bottles, plastic straws, etc. Recycling improves air quality by reducing power, have less landfills, lowers incinerators and slows down the living of trees, reduce city's exposure to chemicals. There are many ways to reuse recyclable items and craft to save money. Recycling is important for human society, because it helps prevent global warming. From the 1770s to today, the history of recycling begins in the year of 1776 when America declared its Independence from the English, and rebels turn to recycling to provide material to fight the War of Independence. Whereas in 1897, New York City creates a facility where trash is sorted and separated into various grades of paper, metals, carpet, and horse hair was recycled and reusable. By the 1900s, recycling urges a reuse of programs to comprehend the phrase "Waste as Wealth" to distinguish the revenue to help sort and resell items from household trash. However, due to the natural resources "during World War 1, the Federal Government creates the waste Reclamation Service with the motto, "Don't Waste Waste – Save It" (Bradbury). When the year hit 1965, the Mobius Loop was introduced as the symbol and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 67.
  • 68. 10 Ways Recycling Hurts The Environment Analysis THESIS: Recycling is beneficial to the environment and economy. Recycling isn't as good as it is thought to be. Although there are people who think recycled materials can help preserve natural resources, there are some items that it can not be used for. Andrew Handley stated in "10 Ways Recycling Hurts the Environment", that recycled products barely meet the demand with just recycling alone. He also stated that aluminum weakens after being used, so it wouldn't be suitable for some items, like building an airplane or using it in electric circuits. Regardless they are going to mine for new minerals and metals, so it is a waste of time and effort to recycle them when the demand for it goes down every year. Handley goes on to tell us how some items are better left not recycled. Items like glass have a very long and hard process it undergoes to get recycled. It is much easier to make ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Debris and hazardous chemicals can harm them if it is not separated carefully. Recycling can be expensive when it comes down to certain items, and plastic is one of them. Handley notes that plastic bags cost up to $40,000 when one ton is being recycled. It is so expensive to recycle it, because a ton of plastic bags only cost $32. The result of those expenses causes about 300,000 tons of plastic bags to be put in a landfill each year. It makes sense that recycling can help people, but it can give false hope. How is it effective, when just the U.S. alone produces 250 million tons of trash each year. It is sort of saying that it is okay to make a lot of trash, because it can be made up by recycling. It may save some resources, but is very expensive to pay for. Work Cited Carson, Amy. "The Pros(and Cons) of Recycling's Impact on the Environment" brighthub. http://www.brighthub.com/environment/green–living/articles/74374.aspx. Accessed 17 March ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 69.
  • 70. A Brief Note On Nature 's Deadliest Predator Nature's Deadliest Predator "Plastic is forever... and a lot cheaper than diamonds" (Meikle 9). When plastics were first discovered they were called the material of 1,000 uses. This first, very primitive plastic was called Bakelite, discovered in 1907 (Knight 5). Although plastic today can be chemically analyzed very well, when first discovered there was very little information known about the benefits and downfalls of this material. Plastics have many unique characteristics that make them extremely desirable as an applicable material. They are better known in the world of chemistry as polymers, poly meaning many and mers meaning parts. In order for a substance to be classified as a polymer, a compound must be made up of many of these ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Polymers come in two distinctly different chemical make ups, thermoplastics, which can be reheated, reworked, and recycled, and thermosets, which once cured are completely locked into place and and cannot be recycled ("The Basics"). What makes these polymers so environmentally unfriendly is that they will not biodegrade. The long chains of covalent bonds makes the compounds so strong that they will only undergo a process called photodegradation. This photodegradation means that over time the polymers will simply break into smaller and smaller pieces, never completely going away ("The Basics"). These small pieces containing chemical toxins gravely endanger wildlife who confuse these pellets for food. Plastics are still relatively new materials, their potential not fully reached. The question is how will the use of so many non reusable plastics in a person's everyday life affect the economy and environment in the long run? Plastic is one of the worlds most prominent resources and therefore it is a staple in not only in the United States economy, but in other economies around the world. To begin with, the plastics industry and manufacturing alone accounts for over nine hundred thousand jobs domestically. Meaning that of the 64.2% of the United States workforce, about one in every two hundred people is employed by the plastics industry ("Economic"). ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 71.
  • 72. Recycling And Recycling Of Papers First, when paper isn't recycled, 80% of it is placed in landfills. Decomposition of the paper in landfills produces methane, a greenhouse gas with twenty–one times the power of carbon dioxide. U.S. EPA has identified landfills as the largest beginning of methane emanation in the U.S., and the refraction of paper is the largest contributor to the methane being generated. If paper is recycled, it doesn't end up in the waste stream, headed for a landfill where it will degrade and generate methane. Simply out, the less paper landfilled, the less methane emitted. The more way to recycle all materials, the less it goes into places where trash is being dumped. Second, recycling also improves air quality by reducing the need for power. By collecting, processing and shipping recycled stuff to industrial users requires less energy than mining, refining, processing and shipping natural resources according to Pennsylvania's Department of Environmental Protection. That's a good sight because the more power the United States uses, the more fossil fuels it burns. The higher the fossil fuel use, the more pollutant diligence pumps into the atmosphere. Manufacturing updated news report out of recycled paper requires less energy than making paper out of wood. Production of 100% recycled poster board uses 50 percent less energy compared to virgin grades of paperboard, thus significantly reducing the greenhouse released into the atmosphere. Third, paper recycling leaves more trees standing ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 73.
  • 74. Persuasive Essay On Recycling With the rapidly increasing use of plastic, aluminum, and paper materials, it only makes sense that the problem we chose to focus on is recycling. In the world of engineering, recycling has been a hot topic for many years, so for one to say that deriving an idea that hasn't been done before is difficult, that would be an understatement. As any group of well–educated engineers would, we started our journey at the drawing board. The brainstorming process was potentially the most time consuming section of our task, given we easily spent over fifteen hours spouting off ideas and concepts for anything that we thought we could do that we could patent. We then realized it wasn't just about us getting a patented idea, it was about making a difference. So, we then realized something that could make a difference is one of the things that we have been taught the importance of since we were in elementary school. That was recycling. Now that the first step of the brainstorming process was over, which was finding a general problem area, we then needed to figure out what in the world it was that we were going to do that no one else had done before. After a couple of days of brainstorming, we quickly realized that instead of coming up with a fresh idea, innovating what is imperfect was the perfect way to approach this. In order to find where the problems laid, we had to go to the consumer. We began asking our friends, family, and even a few random people what they thought the biggest issue was that was hindering them from recycling. After a few conversations, accessibility and attraction seemed to be the greatest factors. With this in mind, we of course went back to the brainstorming process to figure out what exactly it was that we were going to to do and how we would do it. After a few off the wall ideas, followed by some mediocre ones, we decided we were going to innovate the recycling bin itself. We figured up a plan to make the bin something that people could interact with and that could shred whatever recyclable material that you put in it without requiring electric power. We then went with a slow, torque based, hand crank that would be attached to some sort of shredding mechanism, one strong enough to shred even ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 75.
  • 76. Lauria's 'Defense Of Water Bottle' To people, water bottles can be viewed as a portable refreshing beverage or a disgraceful accumulative waste. In "Defense of Water Bottle", Lauria states that the ban of water bottles only damages one's health and environment. This is a cause of people's preference to drink other beverages such as soda and energy drinks, beverages that require more energy to produce than water bottles. As a consequence, one's health diminishes because there is no alternative choices other than sugary sweets. Lauria's use of evidence and logic, strongly strengthens her claim to dissuade the ban of water bottles. By knowing her audience, she uses non–confusing evidence to help her argument such as "more than one–half of people would choose soda instead" (1). ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 77.
  • 78. The Value Of Rubbish In A Consumer Society This assignment will aim to outline the ways in which rubbish can be said to have value in a consumer society. It will attempt to outline all the various ways value is taken in one form or another from refuse which will include; the ecological value by reducing the space taken up in landfill sites, the value of profit in reducing Local Authority Costs by the selling of recyclable rubbish, the value of conserving natural resources when recycling paper, glass, plastic, clothing and IT equipment. The charitable value of providing clothing both in UK and abroad for those in need of help and food to those who might starve without the aid of charity. The value of education both in the UK and abroad in the re–distribution of IT equipment. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The value of recycling paper in a consumer society is the saving of natural resources which would be for each tonne of recycled paper saves 17 trees, 380 gallons of oil, 3 cubic yards of landfill space, 4,000 kilowatts of energy and 7,000 gallons of water. Again there would be the ecological value of less landfill space consumed. Recycling one glass bottle saves enough energy to power a television for 15 minutes and when you consider in a consumer society the average household goes through 330 glass bottles and jars per year this would equate to a saving of 82.5 hours per year per household. For every 1,000 tonnes of glass recycled a total of 345,000 KWH of energy is saved, 312 tonnes of co2, 1,200 tonnes of raw material and 1,000 tonnes of landfill space is saved. The value of recycling glass would be reduced natural resources used and less landfill space consumed. When you consider glass created 3,000 years ago is still here today it is quite worrying to consider the amount of glass already in landfill sites. Another consideration would be the pure waste of all the glass buried in landfill sites as glass can be recycled repeatedly without any degradation of the material Before 2007 it was not possible to recycle plastic bottles into new plastic bottles and the recyclability was limited to what they could be recycled into. From 2007 however due to a process called depolymerisation plastic bottles can now be processed into new ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 79.
  • 80. Research Paper : Water Bottle Consumption Research Paper: Water Bottle Consumption This use of a plastic water bottle wasn't popular in the United States until 1989, when a new plastic material was introduced to the public that made the idea of a plastic water bottle more appealing. This new plastic was called polyethylene terephthalate plastic (PET), and revolutionized the plastic water bottle industry. Before the used of PET's, a substance called polyvinyl chloride plastic, which turned out to be dull, heavy, and relatively expensive to produce. (How did water bottles get so popular?) The question I found myself asking relative to water bottle consumption was how could the University of Oregon reduce the amount of plastic, recyclable bottles consumed while educating people around campus? I came up with this question because ever since I could remember, everyone around me has used plastic water bottles. In middle school, my school had just developed a recycling system to try and 'go green,' but the amount of plastic continued to grow. Is there something tangible that I could to make in impact on people and change their mind in respect to using plastic water bottles? To do this, it is important to understand what factors play into why people rely on plastic water bottles. The first reason people might be dependent on plastic water bottles is the lack of clean drinking water available to people. Living in Oregon has made us spoiled as to the cleanliness of the water coming out of our tap. For people living in ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...