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integrated farming system

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integrated farming system

  1. 1. INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM presenter Mr. PATEL KARTIK H. M.Sc. (Agri.), Department of Agronomy, N.M. College of Agriculture, Navsari Agricultural University.
  2. 2. • Integrated Farming (IF) is a whole farm management system which aims to deliver more sustainable agriculture • Farming is process of harnessing solar energy in the form of economic plant and animal products. • System implies a set of practices and processes organized into functional entity. • It is based on concept that ‘there is no waste’ and ‘waste is only a misplaced resource.’ which become valuable material for another product. Introduction:
  3. 3. The IFS is defined as the biologically integrated farming system which integrate natural resources regulation mechanisms into farming activities to achieve: • maximum replacement of off farm inputs • secure sustainable production of high quality food and other products through ecologically proffered technologies • sustain farm income • reduce sources of present environment pollutions generated by agriculture and sustains the multiple function of agriculture.
  4. 4. Problems of present day agriculture 1) decline in factor productivity 2) Static or decline in food production 3) Increasing malnutrition 4) Shrinkage in net cultivable area 5) Increasing environmental pollution 6) Depleting ground water table 7) Increasing cost of production 8) Low farm income 9) Increasing unemployment 10)decline in agriculture growth rate
  5. 5. Primary goals of IFS are • Maximization of yield of all component enterprises to provide steady and stable income. • Rejuvenation of systems productivity and achieve agro-ecological equilibrium. • Avoid build up of insect pests, diseases and weed population through natural cropping system and keep them at low level of intensity. • Reducing use of chemicals.
  6. 6. Objectives of integrated forming • Should be area specific, formulate models involving main and allied enterprises for different farming situations. • It should ensure optimal utilization and conservation of available resources with efficient recycling within each system included. • It should raise the net return of the farm household by complementing main activity with allied enterprises. • It should address the nutritional insecurity of resource poor farmers vulnerability and poverty of landless laborers.
  7. 7. Jyohas kartel
  8. 8. Elements of integrated farming system • Watershed • Farm ponds • Bio-pesticides • Bio-fertilizers • Plant products as pesticides • Bio-gas • Solar energy • Compost making • Green manuring • Rain water harvesting Jyohas kartel
  9. 9. integrated farming system models :- • Agricultural + livestock • Agricultural + livestock + poultry • Horticulture + fish culture + poultry • Pig cum fish culture • Agricultural + silvipasture • Sericulture + fish culture • fish culture + sericulture • Agricultural(rice) + fish+ mushroom cultivation • Agricultural + duckery + poultry • Poultry + fish culture Jyohas kartel
  10. 10. Integrated chicken cum fish farming Jyohas kartel
  11. 11. Integrated goat cum fish farming:- Jyohas kartel
  12. 12. Rice-fish-prawn culture: • Fish cultured in trench or canal dugs in paddy fields in low lying areas yielded 700kg/ha fish along with 5.5ton/ha of paddy. • There as greater potential for culture of air breathing fish in paddy fields as they can with stand low water and oxygen levels. Integrated rice cum fish farming
  13. 13. Fish farming cum Horticulture Jyohas kartel
  14. 14. Fish farming-cum-sericulture • Mulberry plants are grown on and around pond dikes which are irrigated with pond water. Jyohas kartel
  15. 15. Integration of pig- duck-fish-vegetables systems • In this system based on use of pond which not only meets needs of pigs but also enables fish and ducks to be kept, water is also useful for vegetable production. Jyohas kartel
  16. 16. Integrated pig and fish farming: Jyohas
  17. 17. Multipurpose crops Fuel Food fibre Milk Meat Work Eggs Animals Biogas plant Biogas and fertilizer Pond Fish Water plants Plant nutrients By-products/recidue excreta Different components and resource flow in multi-enterprise agriculture model
  18. 18. Table 1. productivity and economic analysis of different integrated system (Jayanthilal et al., 2002) Farming systems Production cost (Rs/ha) Gross return (Rs/ha) Net return (Rs/ha) Per day return (Rs/ha) Cropping alone 24,922 61,112 36,190 167 Crop + fish + poultry 44,627 1,59,292 1,14,665 436 Crop + fish + pigeon 43,310 1,61,772 1,18,462 443 Crop + fish + goat 51,483 1,78,047 1,26,564 493 (Coimbatore, Tamilnadu)
  19. 19. Farming system Rice- wheat Vegetable Fishery Duckery Cattle Net income (f) Rice-Wheat system 46122 · · · 42290 46122 Rice-Wheat + Dairy 43815 · · · 42290 86105 Rice-Wheat + Dairy + Fish 38050 · 22500 · 42290 102840 Rice-Wheat + dairy+ Fishery + duckery 38050 · 22500 18000 144165 Rice-Wheat + Dairy + Fishery duckery 38050 · 22500 18000 42290 134130 Rice-Wheat + Vegetable + Dairy 32285 53790 · · 42290 128365 Rice- Wheat+ Vegetable+ Dairy+ Fish 32285 53790 22500 · 42290 150865 (Sanjeev kumar et al., 2012) Table 2. Economic analysis of different components and system under two acre IFS module (Bihar)
  20. 20. Farming system *Component productivity (kg) System productivity (kg/ha)Crop Poultry Pigeon Fish Goat Cropping alone 12995 - - - - 12995 Crop + fish + poultry 26352 (890) 1205 (4.1) - 2052 (6.9) - 29609 Crop + fish + pigeon 24854 (852) - 2545 (8.7) 1774 (6.1 ) - 29173 Crop + fish + goat 25725 (683) - - 1975 (5.2) 9979 (265) 37679 . . . . Table 3. Productivity of integrated farming system (Rana S S, 2015)
  21. 21. Table 4. Economics of integrated farming systems Farming systems Production cost (Rs/ha) Gross return (Rs/ha) Net return (Rs/ha) Cropping alone 27822 64975 37153 Crop + fish + poultry 48303 146035 97731 Crop + fish + pigeon 47090 145868 98778 Crop + fish + goat 55549 186667 131118 (Rana S S, 2015)
  22. 22. Farming System Cereals Only Vegeta- bles Poultry Fishery Goatry Dairy Total man days Cereals Only 416 - - - - - 416 Crop+Vegetables 220 310 - - - - 530 Crop+Fish+ Poultry 376 94 60 40 - - 570 Crop+Fish+Duck 376 94 - 40 - - 560 Crop+Fish+Goat 376 94 - 40 110 - 620 Crop+Fish+Cattle 376 94 - 40 - 170 680 Crop+Mushroom+Goat 376 94 - 40 110 70 650 Table 5. Employment generation under one acre IFS module Note: 1man- day = 8 hrs. (Jayanthilal et al., 2002)
  23. 23. Sr. No. Farming system Cost of production (Rs./ha) Gross return (Rs./ha) Net return (Rs./ha) 1 Mono crop rice 36350 68400 32050 2 Crop+ backyard poultry + goatry + vermi compost + azolla+ fish + duck+ piggery 75350 188540 113190 3 crop + backyard poultry + goatry + vermi compost + azolla + piggery 71230 176460 105230 4 crop + goatry + vermi compost + azol- la+ piggery 68390 162500 94110 5 crop+ + backyard poultry + goatry + vermi compost + azolla+ fish + piggery 74250 186210 111960 (Birbal Sahu et al., 2017) Table 6. Livelihood Security of Tribal Farmers by Integration of Different Enterprises
  24. 24. Advantages of IFS • Increased productivity through increased economic yield per unit area per time. • Improved profitability achieved due to recycling of waste of enterprise as energy inputs for other system. • Greater sustainability in production. • Integration of different production systems.(solve malnutrition)
  25. 25. Constraints:- • Nutritional values of crop residues are generally low in digestibility and protein content. physical and chemical treatment of these residues is technically possible. Expensive to poor farmers. • Crop residues are primarily soil regenerators. • Intensive recycling can cause nutrient losses. • Farmers prefer use of chemical fertilizer instead of manure because it acts faster and easy to apply. • Resource investments are required to improve intake and digestibility of crop residues.
  26. 26. Conclusion:- • The integration of fish with livestock and agriculture needs to be viewed because this activity can go long way in the uplift of rural life through manifold increase in return on investment. • Integrated farming system seems to be the answer to the problems of increasing food production, for increasing income and for improving nutrition of the small scale farmers with limited resources without any adverse effect on environment and agro- eco- system.
  27. 27. REFERENCE:- 1. Jayanthilal, C., Rangasamy, A., Mythili, S., Balusamy, M., Chinnusamy, C., Sankaran, N. (2003). Sustainable productivity and profitability to integrated farming systems in low land farms. In: Extended summaries. National Symposium on Farming System Research on New Millennium, PDCSR, Modipuram. pp. 79-81. 2. Sanjeev kumar et al., (2012). Economic analysis of different components and system under two acre IFS module. 3. Rana, S. S., (2015). Recent Advances in Integrated Farming Systems. Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur, 193-196.
  28. 28. REFERENCE:- 4. Birbal Sahu, Praful Rahangdale, Atul Dange, and Devchand Salam. J (2017). Livelihood Security of Tribal Farmers by Integration of Different Enterprises. Krishi Vigyan 5(2): 97-99. Jyohas kartel
  29. 29. Jyohas kartel presents

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