SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Integrated farming system by Dr sunil

sri venkateshwara veterinary university
sri venkateshwara veterinary university
sri venkateshwara veterinary university-- at sri venkateshwara veterinary university

integrated farming systems in india

Integrated farming system by Dr sunil

1 of 50
Download to read offline
INTEGRATED FARMING
SYSTEM
Dr B.SUNIL KUMAR
MVSc
Dept of LPM
SVVU, Tirupati.
Submitted to:-
Dr A.Ravindra reddy
Proffesor,
Dept of LPM.
SVVU.
• Integrated Farming (IF) is a whole farm
management system which aims to deliver
more sustainable agriculture
• Farming is process of harnessing solar energy
in the form of economic plant and animal
products.
• System implies a set of practices and
processes organized into functional entity.
• According to pillay (1990)
basic principle is utilization of the
synergetic effects of inter related farm activities
and conservation, including the full utilization of
farm waste.
• It is based on concept that ‘there is no waste’
and ‘waste is only a misplaced resource.’ which
become valuable material for another product.
Integrated farming system by Dr sunil
Four primary goals of IFS are
• Maximization of yield of all component enterprises
to provide steady and stable income.
• Rejuvenation of systems productivity and achieve
agro-ecological equilibrium.
• Avoid build up of insect pests, diseases and weed
population through natural cropping system and
keep them at low level of intensity.
• Reducing use of chemicals.
s

More Related Content

What's hot

A Manual on Integrated Farming Systems
A Manual on Integrated Farming SystemsA Manual on Integrated Farming Systems
A Manual on Integrated Farming Systemsx3G9
 
Integrated farming system
Integrated farming systemIntegrated farming system
Integrated farming systemAnkush Singh
 
Integrated Farming System-A Holistic Approach for Food and Livelihood Security
Integrated Farming System-A Holistic Approach for Food and Livelihood SecurityIntegrated Farming System-A Holistic Approach for Food and Livelihood Security
Integrated Farming System-A Holistic Approach for Food and Livelihood Securitynaveen kumar
 
Final credit seminar sandeep
Final credit seminar sandeepFinal credit seminar sandeep
Final credit seminar sandeepjhoraram
 
FARM PLAN MODELS Of INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM For Small and Marginal Farmers
FARM PLAN MODELS  Of INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM For Small and Marginal FarmersFARM PLAN MODELS  Of INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM For Small and Marginal Farmers
FARM PLAN MODELS Of INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM For Small and Marginal FarmersSubham Dwivedi
 
Crop diversification for Sustainable Agriculture
Crop diversification for Sustainable AgricultureCrop diversification for Sustainable Agriculture
Crop diversification for Sustainable AgricultureGuru6005
 
RAINFED AGRICULTURE & WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
RAINFED AGRICULTURE & WATERSHED MANAGEMENTRAINFED AGRICULTURE & WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
RAINFED AGRICULTURE & WATERSHED MANAGEMENTSHIVAJI SURYAVANSHI
 
Evaluation of Cropping system
Evaluation of Cropping systemEvaluation of Cropping system
Evaluation of Cropping systemP RP
 
Kvk ( krishi vigyan kendra)
Kvk ( krishi vigyan kendra)Kvk ( krishi vigyan kendra)
Kvk ( krishi vigyan kendra)ManishDiwan4
 
Zero budget natural farming
Zero budget natural farmingZero budget natural farming
Zero budget natural farmingdebaaaaaaaa
 
cropping systems and farming systems,Ppt lodha intro
cropping systems and farming systems,Ppt lodha introcropping systems and farming systems,Ppt lodha intro
cropping systems and farming systems,Ppt lodha introGovardhan Lodha
 
Research-Extension-Farmer-Market Linkage
Research-Extension-Farmer-Market LinkageResearch-Extension-Farmer-Market Linkage
Research-Extension-Farmer-Market Linkagekunguma selvan
 
Contingency Crop Planning
Contingency Crop PlanningContingency Crop Planning
Contingency Crop PlanningAkash Singh
 
Multi tier cropping system
Multi tier cropping systemMulti tier cropping system
Multi tier cropping systemMohit Dhukia
 

What's hot (20)

A Manual on Integrated Farming Systems
A Manual on Integrated Farming SystemsA Manual on Integrated Farming Systems
A Manual on Integrated Farming Systems
 
Integrated farming system
Integrated farming systemIntegrated farming system
Integrated farming system
 
IFS
IFSIFS
IFS
 
Integrated Farming System-A Holistic Approach for Food and Livelihood Security
Integrated Farming System-A Holistic Approach for Food and Livelihood SecurityIntegrated Farming System-A Holistic Approach for Food and Livelihood Security
Integrated Farming System-A Holistic Approach for Food and Livelihood Security
 
Farming system approach
Farming system approachFarming system approach
Farming system approach
 
Final credit seminar sandeep
Final credit seminar sandeepFinal credit seminar sandeep
Final credit seminar sandeep
 
Zbnf ppt
Zbnf pptZbnf ppt
Zbnf ppt
 
FARM PLAN MODELS Of INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM For Small and Marginal Farmers
FARM PLAN MODELS  Of INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM For Small and Marginal FarmersFARM PLAN MODELS  Of INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM For Small and Marginal Farmers
FARM PLAN MODELS Of INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM For Small and Marginal Farmers
 
Natural Farming
Natural FarmingNatural Farming
Natural Farming
 
Crop diversification for Sustainable Agriculture
Crop diversification for Sustainable AgricultureCrop diversification for Sustainable Agriculture
Crop diversification for Sustainable Agriculture
 
RAINFED AGRICULTURE & WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
RAINFED AGRICULTURE & WATERSHED MANAGEMENTRAINFED AGRICULTURE & WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
RAINFED AGRICULTURE & WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
 
Evaluation of Cropping system
Evaluation of Cropping systemEvaluation of Cropping system
Evaluation of Cropping system
 
Kvk ( krishi vigyan kendra)
Kvk ( krishi vigyan kendra)Kvk ( krishi vigyan kendra)
Kvk ( krishi vigyan kendra)
 
Zero budget natural farming
Zero budget natural farmingZero budget natural farming
Zero budget natural farming
 
Farming system
Farming systemFarming system
Farming system
 
cropping systems and farming systems,Ppt lodha intro
cropping systems and farming systems,Ppt lodha introcropping systems and farming systems,Ppt lodha intro
cropping systems and farming systems,Ppt lodha intro
 
Research-Extension-Farmer-Market Linkage
Research-Extension-Farmer-Market LinkageResearch-Extension-Farmer-Market Linkage
Research-Extension-Farmer-Market Linkage
 
Contingency Crop Planning
Contingency Crop PlanningContingency Crop Planning
Contingency Crop Planning
 
Multi tier cropping system
Multi tier cropping systemMulti tier cropping system
Multi tier cropping system
 
HEIA and LEISA
HEIA and LEISAHEIA and LEISA
HEIA and LEISA
 

Viewers also liked

Weed Control in Rice Field
Weed Control in Rice FieldWeed Control in Rice Field
Weed Control in Rice FieldSusan Hu
 
Precision Agriculture; Past, present and future
Precision Agriculture; Past, present and futurePrecision Agriculture; Past, present and future
Precision Agriculture; Past, present and futureNetNexusBrasil
 
Integrated farming system copy (2)
Integrated farming system   copy (2)Integrated farming system   copy (2)
Integrated farming system copy (2)deepak0504
 
Weed management Systems in Field Crops
Weed management Systems in Field CropsWeed management Systems in Field Crops
Weed management Systems in Field CropsGhulam Asghar
 
Precision framing techniques
Precision framing techniquesPrecision framing techniques
Precision framing techniquesDilin Sathyanath
 

Viewers also liked (11)

Agribusiness Marketing Forum 2016
Agribusiness Marketing Forum 2016Agribusiness Marketing Forum 2016
Agribusiness Marketing Forum 2016
 
Weed Control in Rice Field
Weed Control in Rice FieldWeed Control in Rice Field
Weed Control in Rice Field
 
Precision Agriculture; Past, present and future
Precision Agriculture; Past, present and futurePrecision Agriculture; Past, present and future
Precision Agriculture; Past, present and future
 
Integrated Farming System
Integrated Farming SystemIntegrated Farming System
Integrated Farming System
 
Integrated farming system copy (2)
Integrated farming system   copy (2)Integrated farming system   copy (2)
Integrated farming system copy (2)
 
Precision agriculture
Precision agriculturePrecision agriculture
Precision agriculture
 
Weed management Systems in Field Crops
Weed management Systems in Field CropsWeed management Systems in Field Crops
Weed management Systems in Field Crops
 
What Is Precision Farming
What Is Precision FarmingWhat Is Precision Farming
What Is Precision Farming
 
Precision framing techniques
Precision framing techniquesPrecision framing techniques
Precision framing techniques
 
PRECISION AGRICULTURE
PRECISION AGRICULTUREPRECISION AGRICULTURE
PRECISION AGRICULTURE
 
Precision Farming
Precision FarmingPrecision Farming
Precision Farming
 

Similar to Integrated farming system by Dr sunil

Integrated fish farming system
Integrated fish farming systemIntegrated fish farming system
Integrated fish farming systemNishat Fatima
 
Integrated-Aquaculture-Aquaculture-Project-.pdf
Integrated-Aquaculture-Aquaculture-Project-.pdfIntegrated-Aquaculture-Aquaculture-Project-.pdf
Integrated-Aquaculture-Aquaculture-Project-.pdfbioafric
 
Integrated Farming System (IFC)
Integrated Farming System (IFC) Integrated Farming System (IFC)
Integrated Farming System (IFC) Dr. Subhrajit Das
 
15. inegrated farm enterprises (integration of enterprises) A Series of Train...
15. inegrated farm enterprises (integration of enterprises) A Series of Train...15. inegrated farm enterprises (integration of enterprises) A Series of Train...
15. inegrated farm enterprises (integration of enterprises) A Series of Train...Mr.Allah Dad Khan
 
Integrated farming
Integrated farmingIntegrated farming
Integrated farmingDrUday Gajre
 
Integrated farming
Integrated farmingIntegrated farming
Integrated farmingpriya suresh
 
Genetically improved rohu for sustainable aquaculture
Genetically improved rohu for sustainable aquacultureGenetically improved rohu for sustainable aquaculture
Genetically improved rohu for sustainable aquacultureB. BHASKAR
 
Duck cum fish farming .ppt presentation
Duck cum fish farming  .ppt presentationDuck cum fish farming  .ppt presentation
Duck cum fish farming .ppt presentationAbdulHannanMondal
 
Aquaponics and hydroponics agriculture.pdf
Aquaponics and hydroponics agriculture.pdfAquaponics and hydroponics agriculture.pdf
Aquaponics and hydroponics agriculture.pdfPratikTiwari41
 
Integrated farming system
Integrated farming systemIntegrated farming system
Integrated farming systemKalyanNayak2
 
Goat cum Fish Farming - Present Status and Prospect in Bangladesh
Goat cum Fish Farming - Present Status and Prospect in BangladeshGoat cum Fish Farming - Present Status and Prospect in Bangladesh
Goat cum Fish Farming - Present Status and Prospect in Bangladeshihn FreeStyle Corp.
 
Sonoo farming system approach
Sonoo farming system approachSonoo farming system approach
Sonoo farming system approachGovardhan Lodha
 
Integrated farming system.pptx
Integrated farming system.pptxIntegrated farming system.pptx
Integrated farming system.pptxShubhamkumar527891
 
IFS an ecofriendly approach for sustainable agriculture environment and hydro...
IFS an ecofriendly approach for sustainable agriculture environment and hydro...IFS an ecofriendly approach for sustainable agriculture environment and hydro...
IFS an ecofriendly approach for sustainable agriculture environment and hydro...HARISH J
 
Crop tree-livestock integration in Conservation Agriculture Systems
Crop tree-livestock integration in Conservation Agriculture SystemsCrop tree-livestock integration in Conservation Agriculture Systems
Crop tree-livestock integration in Conservation Agriculture SystemsAfrican Conservation Tillage Network
 
Integrated farming system
Integrated farming systemIntegrated farming system
Integrated farming systemMonaliMohanta
 

Similar to Integrated farming system by Dr sunil (20)

INTEGRATED FISH FARMING & MANAGEMENT
INTEGRATED FISH FARMING & MANAGEMENTINTEGRATED FISH FARMING & MANAGEMENT
INTEGRATED FISH FARMING & MANAGEMENT
 
Integrated fish farming system
Integrated fish farming systemIntegrated fish farming system
Integrated fish farming system
 
Integrated-Aquaculture-Aquaculture-Project-.pdf
Integrated-Aquaculture-Aquaculture-Project-.pdfIntegrated-Aquaculture-Aquaculture-Project-.pdf
Integrated-Aquaculture-Aquaculture-Project-.pdf
 
Integrated Farming System (IFC)
Integrated Farming System (IFC) Integrated Farming System (IFC)
Integrated Farming System (IFC)
 
15. inegrated farm enterprises (integration of enterprises) A Series of Train...
15. inegrated farm enterprises (integration of enterprises) A Series of Train...15. inegrated farm enterprises (integration of enterprises) A Series of Train...
15. inegrated farm enterprises (integration of enterprises) A Series of Train...
 
Integrated farming
Integrated farmingIntegrated farming
Integrated farming
 
Integrated farming
Integrated farmingIntegrated farming
Integrated farming
 
Integrated farming (1).pptx
Integrated farming (1).pptxIntegrated farming (1).pptx
Integrated farming (1).pptx
 
Genetically improved rohu for sustainable aquaculture
Genetically improved rohu for sustainable aquacultureGenetically improved rohu for sustainable aquaculture
Genetically improved rohu for sustainable aquaculture
 
Duck cum fish farming .ppt presentation
Duck cum fish farming  .ppt presentationDuck cum fish farming  .ppt presentation
Duck cum fish farming .ppt presentation
 
Aquaponics and hydroponics agriculture.pdf
Aquaponics and hydroponics agriculture.pdfAquaponics and hydroponics agriculture.pdf
Aquaponics and hydroponics agriculture.pdf
 
Integrated farming system
Integrated farming systemIntegrated farming system
Integrated farming system
 
Goat cum Fish Farming - Present Status and Prospect in Bangladesh
Goat cum Fish Farming - Present Status and Prospect in BangladeshGoat cum Fish Farming - Present Status and Prospect in Bangladesh
Goat cum Fish Farming - Present Status and Prospect in Bangladesh
 
Sonoo farming system approach
Sonoo farming system approachSonoo farming system approach
Sonoo farming system approach
 
Integrated farming system.pptx
Integrated farming system.pptxIntegrated farming system.pptx
Integrated farming system.pptx
 
IFS an ecofriendly approach for sustainable agriculture environment and hydro...
IFS an ecofriendly approach for sustainable agriculture environment and hydro...IFS an ecofriendly approach for sustainable agriculture environment and hydro...
IFS an ecofriendly approach for sustainable agriculture environment and hydro...
 
fish culture.pdf
fish culture.pdffish culture.pdf
fish culture.pdf
 
Status & Scope.pptx
Status & Scope.pptxStatus & Scope.pptx
Status & Scope.pptx
 
Crop tree-livestock integration in Conservation Agriculture Systems
Crop tree-livestock integration in Conservation Agriculture SystemsCrop tree-livestock integration in Conservation Agriculture Systems
Crop tree-livestock integration in Conservation Agriculture Systems
 
Integrated farming system
Integrated farming systemIntegrated farming system
Integrated farming system
 

More from sri venkateshwara veterinary university (9)

Cattle breeds of India B.Sunil Kumar
 Cattle breeds of India B.Sunil Kumar Cattle breeds of India B.Sunil Kumar
Cattle breeds of India B.Sunil Kumar
 
Buffalo breeds by Dr B.Sunil kumar
Buffalo breeds by Dr B.Sunil kumarBuffalo breeds by Dr B.Sunil kumar
Buffalo breeds by Dr B.Sunil kumar
 
MANAGEMENTAL STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING CALVING INTERVAL IN FARM ANIMALS by Dr B...
MANAGEMENTAL STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING CALVING INTERVAL IN FARM ANIMALS by Dr B...MANAGEMENTAL STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING CALVING INTERVAL IN FARM ANIMALS by Dr B...
MANAGEMENTAL STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING CALVING INTERVAL IN FARM ANIMALS by Dr B...
 
wool , wool v/s hair, grading of wool by Dr Sunil Kumar B
wool , wool v/s hair, grading of wool by Dr Sunil Kumar Bwool , wool v/s hair, grading of wool by Dr Sunil Kumar B
wool , wool v/s hair, grading of wool by Dr Sunil Kumar B
 
AMINO ACID IMBALANCE, ANTAGONISM AND TOXICITY by Dr Sunil kumar B
AMINO ACID IMBALANCE, ANTAGONISM AND TOXICITY by Dr Sunil kumar BAMINO ACID IMBALANCE, ANTAGONISM AND TOXICITY by Dr Sunil kumar B
AMINO ACID IMBALANCE, ANTAGONISM AND TOXICITY by Dr Sunil kumar B
 
Energy requirments of poultry by Dr sunil kumar B
Energy requirments of poultry by Dr sunil kumar BEnergy requirments of poultry by Dr sunil kumar B
Energy requirments of poultry by Dr sunil kumar B
 
Markings of Horses by Dr Sunil kumar
Markings of Horses by Dr Sunil kumarMarkings of Horses by Dr Sunil kumar
Markings of Horses by Dr Sunil kumar
 
Feeding of laboratory animals by Dr.SUNIL KUMAR BOYA
Feeding of laboratory animals by Dr.SUNIL KUMAR BOYAFeeding of laboratory animals by Dr.SUNIL KUMAR BOYA
Feeding of laboratory animals by Dr.SUNIL KUMAR BOYA
 
NICRA PROJECT BY Dr.SUNIL KUMAR BOYA
NICRA PROJECT BY Dr.SUNIL KUMAR BOYANICRA PROJECT BY Dr.SUNIL KUMAR BOYA
NICRA PROJECT BY Dr.SUNIL KUMAR BOYA
 

Recently uploaded

A galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxies
A galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxiesA galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxies
A galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxiesSérgio Sacani
 
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...Advanced-Concepts-Team
 
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of AstrophysicsOpen Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of AstrophysicsPeter Coles
 
From Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of Cannabis
From Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of CannabisFrom Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of Cannabis
From Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of CannabisMarkus Roggen
 
transgenics_17b.pptx
transgenics_17b.pptxtransgenics_17b.pptx
transgenics_17b.pptxridhi124788
 
Grade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan third
Grade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan thirdGrade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan third
Grade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan thirdgmail227828
 
Physics Chapter Three - Electric Fields and Charges
Physics Chapter Three - Electric Fields and ChargesPhysics Chapter Three - Electric Fields and Charges
Physics Chapter Three - Electric Fields and Chargesalinford
 
Quality safety and legislations of cosmetics.pptx
Quality safety and legislations of cosmetics.pptxQuality safety and legislations of cosmetics.pptx
Quality safety and legislations of cosmetics.pptxDeviSky1
 
ELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in Singapore
ELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in SingaporeELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in Singapore
ELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in SingaporeGaia Science Pte Ltd
 
Elbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow joint
Elbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow jointElbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow joint
Elbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow jointTELISHA2
 
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our GalaxyQuasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our GalaxySérgio Sacani
 
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022Nan Yang Academy of Sciences
 
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptx
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptxDuchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptx
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptxNavanidhan.M
 
CW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdf
CW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdfCW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdf
CW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdfMollyWinterbottom
 
Construction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdf
Construction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdfConstruction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdf
Construction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdfLossian Barbosa Bacelar Miranda
 
IM-1 Press Kit - Kit de Imprensa do Lançmento da Missão IM-1
IM-1 Press Kit - Kit de Imprensa do Lançmento da Missão IM-1IM-1 Press Kit - Kit de Imprensa do Lançmento da Missão IM-1
IM-1 Press Kit - Kit de Imprensa do Lançmento da Missão IM-1Sérgio Sacani
 
PROSTHETIC FEET description and its types
PROSTHETIC FEET description and its typesPROSTHETIC FEET description and its types
PROSTHETIC FEET description and its typeseshasmalik27
 
Carpal tunnel Syndrom Wesam Aljabali -1.pdf
Carpal tunnel Syndrom Wesam Aljabali -1.pdfCarpal tunnel Syndrom Wesam Aljabali -1.pdf
Carpal tunnel Syndrom Wesam Aljabali -1.pdfMsm_mo
 
An Introduction to Quantum Programming Languages
An Introduction to Quantum Programming LanguagesAn Introduction to Quantum Programming Languages
An Introduction to Quantum Programming LanguagesDavid Yonge-Mallo
 

Recently uploaded (20)

A galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxies
A galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxiesA galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxies
A galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxies
 
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
 
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of AstrophysicsOpen Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
 
From Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of Cannabis
From Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of CannabisFrom Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of Cannabis
From Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of Cannabis
 
transgenics_17b.pptx
transgenics_17b.pptxtransgenics_17b.pptx
transgenics_17b.pptx
 
Grade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan third
Grade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan thirdGrade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan third
Grade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan third
 
Physics Chapter Three - Electric Fields and Charges
Physics Chapter Three - Electric Fields and ChargesPhysics Chapter Three - Electric Fields and Charges
Physics Chapter Three - Electric Fields and Charges
 
Quality safety and legislations of cosmetics.pptx
Quality safety and legislations of cosmetics.pptxQuality safety and legislations of cosmetics.pptx
Quality safety and legislations of cosmetics.pptx
 
ELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in Singapore
ELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in SingaporeELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in Singapore
ELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in Singapore
 
Elbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow joint
Elbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow jointElbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow joint
Elbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow joint
 
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our GalaxyQuasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
 
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
 
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptx
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptxDuchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptx
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptx
 
CW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdf
CW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdfCW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdf
CW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdf
 
Construction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdf
Construction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdfConstruction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdf
Construction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdf
 
IM-1 Press Kit - Kit de Imprensa do Lançmento da Missão IM-1
IM-1 Press Kit - Kit de Imprensa do Lançmento da Missão IM-1IM-1 Press Kit - Kit de Imprensa do Lançmento da Missão IM-1
IM-1 Press Kit - Kit de Imprensa do Lançmento da Missão IM-1
 
INTRODUCTION TO PLANT TAXONOMY WITH DIVERSE TAXONOMIC APPROACHES
INTRODUCTION TO PLANT TAXONOMY WITH DIVERSE TAXONOMIC APPROACHESINTRODUCTION TO PLANT TAXONOMY WITH DIVERSE TAXONOMIC APPROACHES
INTRODUCTION TO PLANT TAXONOMY WITH DIVERSE TAXONOMIC APPROACHES
 
PROSTHETIC FEET description and its types
PROSTHETIC FEET description and its typesPROSTHETIC FEET description and its types
PROSTHETIC FEET description and its types
 
Carpal tunnel Syndrom Wesam Aljabali -1.pdf
Carpal tunnel Syndrom Wesam Aljabali -1.pdfCarpal tunnel Syndrom Wesam Aljabali -1.pdf
Carpal tunnel Syndrom Wesam Aljabali -1.pdf
 
An Introduction to Quantum Programming Languages
An Introduction to Quantum Programming LanguagesAn Introduction to Quantum Programming Languages
An Introduction to Quantum Programming Languages
 

Integrated farming system by Dr sunil

  • 1. INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM Dr B.SUNIL KUMAR MVSc Dept of LPM SVVU, Tirupati. Submitted to:- Dr A.Ravindra reddy Proffesor, Dept of LPM. SVVU.
  • 2. • Integrated Farming (IF) is a whole farm management system which aims to deliver more sustainable agriculture • Farming is process of harnessing solar energy in the form of economic plant and animal products. • System implies a set of practices and processes organized into functional entity.
  • 3. • According to pillay (1990) basic principle is utilization of the synergetic effects of inter related farm activities and conservation, including the full utilization of farm waste. • It is based on concept that ‘there is no waste’ and ‘waste is only a misplaced resource.’ which become valuable material for another product.
  • 5. Four primary goals of IFS are • Maximization of yield of all component enterprises to provide steady and stable income. • Rejuvenation of systems productivity and achieve agro-ecological equilibrium. • Avoid build up of insect pests, diseases and weed population through natural cropping system and keep them at low level of intensity. • Reducing use of chemicals.
  • 6. s
  • 9. • Forestry • Sericulture • Kitchen gardening • Nursery • Seed production vermiculture • value addition
  • 11. Elements of integrated farming system • Watershed • Farm ponds • Bio-pesticides • Bio-fertilizers • Plant products as pesticides • Bio-gas • Solar energy • Compost making • Green manuring • Rain water harvesting
  • 12. Key principles • cyclic Farming system is essentially cyclic. Therefore management decisions related to one component may effect the others. • Rational Rational use of crop resource is major route to get out of poverty. For resource poor farmers the correct management of crop residues, together with an optimal allocation of scarce resources, leads to sustainable production.
  • 13. • Ecological sustainability: combining ecological sustainability and economic viability, the integrated livestock farming system maintains and improves agricultural productivity while also reducing negative environmental impacts.
  • 14. Multipurpose crops Fuel Food fibre Milk Meat Work Eggs Animals Biogas plant Biogas and fertilizer Pond Fish Water plants Plant nutrients By-products/recidue excreta Different components and resource flow in multi-enterprise agriculture model
  • 15. Different integrated farming system are :- • Integrated fish-livestock farming system • Integrated crop-livestock farming system Following enterprises could be combined • Agricultural + livestock • Agricultural + livestock + poultry • Agricultural + horticulture + sericulture • Agricultural + silvipasture • Agricultural (rice) + fish culture • Agricultural(rice) + fish+ mushroom cultivation • Agricultural + apiary • Agricultural + duckery + poultry
  • 16. Duck cum fish farming system:- • An integration system of duck production with fish farming. • Experiment conducted in Bangladesh:- • Ponds stocked with 7500 carp fingerlings/ha with 200, 400 and 500 khaki Campbell ducks /ha. • Resulted production found that 1.82,3.15 and 4.50 tons/ha/year respectively as compared to the control pond with 0.49tons/ha. • The avg, egg production is 240 eggs/duck/year. • After several trails it has been founded that avg, fish yield of 5.68 tons/ha/year, which was 5 to 7 times higher than normal fish yield.(Nuruzzaman,1991). • Jhingran and sharma (1980) reported that fish yield was 4.32 tons/ha/year in duck cum fish farming in India.
  • 17. • While the usual pond fish raising may produce about 4 tons of fish per hectare, the integration system may produce more than 10 tons per hectare(12.2-19.5 tons ) of 2 to 3.9 times more. • Duck usually consumes tadpoles, mosquitoes and dragon fly larvae which are not consumed by fish. • And another advantage is feed on snails which are vectors for fish parasite and not only fertilize ponds also release nutrients from pond soil by dabbling activity.
  • 18. Integrated layer chicken cum fish farming • Integration of layer chicken - fish farming operation. • In this birds kept at the floor over the pond in which droppings drop directly into pond . • In this skilled management require, but it is proves economically and technically viable at farmers conditions. • Economic analysis:- net profit of Tk.219.836.00/ha/year with fish production of 4.89 tons/ha/year(nuruzzaman,1991).
  • 19. Integrated chicken cum fish farming
  • 20. Broiler cum fish farming • It is also successful system practised in small number , economic analysis showed that is economically and technically highly viable. • But it has some limitation in rural areas like regular supply of day-old chicks with two month interval and marketing of broilers could pose problems in rural areas.
  • 21. • In poultry fish farming 500 birds is enough to fertilize one hectare pond area. • The yield of about 3.9t/ha/yr has been obtained in composite culture system stocked @8000 fish/ha. • Faster growth rate and high survival rate were recorded when a mixture of cowdung and poultry droppings was used.
  • 22. Integrated goat cum fish farming:- • It is combined production of goat along with fish farming. • Libunao(1990) reported that fish feed produced in the ponds with goat manure is efficiently utilized by the fish biomass. • He also mentioned that tilapia increased with rate of goat manure loading. • Study of production of fishes is not yet studied.
  • 23. Integrated goat cum fish farming:-
  • 24. Integrated rice cum fish farming • Rice cum shrimp culture practice in southern part of Bangladesh is known as “gher method”. Advantages:- • Reduced cost of rice cultivation through removal of weeds, insects and pest that are consumed by fish. • Increased fertilization. • Provision of feed for fish (Pollen grains) • Increased production of fish and rice.
  • 25. Rice-fish-prawn culture: • Fish cultured in trench or canal dugs in paddy fields in low lying areas yielded 700kg/ha fish along with 5.5ton/ha of paddy. • There as greater potential for culture of air breathing fish in paddy fields as they can with stand low water and oxygen levels.
  • 27. Fish farming cum Horticulture • Pond banks provide suitable place which is economically useful for raising fruit plants like banana,papaya and vegetables. • Pakistan using pond dicks for cultivation of fodder, napier grass, sudan grass, maize and alfa alfa which are useful as food for animals as well as grass carp.( ultimately cutting down production cost).
  • 29. Fish farming-cum-sericulture • Mulberry plants are grown on and around pond dikes which are irrigated with pond water. • Silk is extracted from silkworms which are reared on mulberry leaves while remaining pupae(having high protein content) are fed to fish and excellent growth of fishes is recorded.
  • 30. Integration of pig- duck-fish-vegetables systems • It is involving pig production , fish farming, duck keeping and vegetable production(Devendra and fuller,1979) is widely practised in china and south east Asia. • In this system based on use of pond which not only meets needs of pigs but also enables fish and ducks to be kept, water is also useful for vegetable production.
  • 31. In pig and fish farming: • Number of piglets generally recommended is 100 per ha (or 1 piglet per 100m2 of pond). • In china fish pond stocked -60,000 fingerlings per ha(avg 20-30 gms) of different species raised together with about 45-75 pigs/ha between 2-18 tons of fish and 4 to 7 t of pigs per ha/year(Pilley,1990).
  • 32. Fish used in practice • Silver carp, big head – herbivores –higher level of water (surface). • Grass carp –carnivore- stay in middle. • Common carp-omnivore – stay in bottom.
  • 36. Management of pond:- • Over fertilization with manure lead to poor quality of pond water, particularly depletion of oxygen and fish kills. • Management of water quality , promoting growth of phytoplankton to generate oxygen to maintain positive photosynthesis. • Stocking rate. • Plankton analysis. • Limnology- physico-chemical properties of water. • Natural depression or excavated land are to be avoided.,
  • 37. • Depth 1.5 to 3.0 m is good. • clay or loamy soil type having PH 6.5-7.5 is good. • Detoxication: killing of weeds of undesirable and unwanted fishes by mahua cake. • Time of stocking and harvesting:-stock in june -sep and harvest after 12 months. • Growth of fish affected if temp below 18 to 20 degree Celsius.
  • 40. Advantages of IFS • Increased productivity through increased economic yield per unit area per time. • Improved profitability achieved due to recycling of waste of enterprise as energy inputs for other system. • Greater sustainability in production. • Integration of different production systems.(solve malnutrition)
  • 41. • To avoid piling of waste. • To provide cash availability, flow of money round the year. • Solving energy crises. • Silvi pasture system reduces pressure on forests. • System forces entrepreneur to know more things to improve literacy rate. • Provide opportunity for the growth of agri oriented industries. • Involvement of rural women in production
  • 43. Constraints:- • Nutritional values of crop residues are generally low in digestibility and protein content. physical and chemical treatment of these residues is technically possible. Expensive to poor farmers. • Crop residues are primarily soil regenerators. • Intensive recycling can cause nutrient losses. • Farmers prefer use of chemical fertilizer instead of manure bcze it acts faster and easy to apply. • Resource investments are required to improve intake and digestibility of crop residues.
  • 44. challenges • Develop strategies and promote crop livestock synergies and interactions that aim to 1. Integrate crop and livestock effectively with careful land use. 2. Raise the productivity specific mixed crop livestock systems. 3. Facilitate expansion of food production. 4. Simultaneously safeguard the environment and make efficient use of natural resources.
  • 45. • Implement a more efficient use of biomass, reducing pressure on natural resources and develop a sustainable livestock manure management system to control environment losses and spreading contaminants.
  • 46. Some lessons learned and recommendations 1. The maintenance of an integrated crop livestock system is dependent on the availability of adequate nutrients to sustain animals and plants and maintain soil fertility. *:Animal manure alone cannot meet crop requirements. *:This is because of its low nutrient density and limited quantity available to small scale farmers.
  • 47. • Growing fodder legumes and using them as a supplement to improve nutritional value crop residues to effective control of wt loss in animals • Given their traditional knowledge and experience, local farmers are perfectly able to apply an integrated system. • Veterinary services are generally unable to reach poor small farmers in remote areas. • Better livestock management is needed to safeguard water. • Intensification of agriculture by incorporation of small livestock it decreses land needed for agri and decrease pressure on forests.
  • 48. Conclusion:- • The integration of fish with livestock and agriculture needs to be seriously viewed because this activity can go long way in the uplift of rural life through manifold increase in return on investment. • Although information on concerning production data does not exist, it appears with proper management and technical skills.
  • 49. • This farming become a profitable and viable industry in a country like ours where economy is largely based on agriculture. • Investigation an different aspects of waste utilization have to be geared up. • Suitable technology has to be developed for treatment of wastes and all round effective utilization.