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3. Buddhism


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  • There are rituals in Buddhism. What rituals depends upon what school of Buddhism is being looked at.
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3. Buddhism

  1. 1. Buddhism
  2. 2. Hinduism Review <ul><li>According to Hinduism, what do people really want? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the two types pathways? </li></ul><ul><li>Why aren’t pleasures enough to keep people happy forever? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the four pathways? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Buddhism <ul><li>Siddhartha Guatama </li></ul><ul><ul><li>born circa 563 BC in Nepal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prince </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Privileged life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sees the four sights and leaves cushy life for the life of an ascetic at age 29 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Going Forth </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Buddha’s Journey to Enlightenment <ul><li>6 years in forest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeks and learns from Hindu masters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commitment to deprivation extreme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6 grains of rice a day </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ultimately finds asceticism futile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failed experiment leads him to seek the middle path </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Buddha’s Journey to Enlightenment <ul><li>Last Phase: Rigorous thought and concentration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sits down under the Bo tree and meditates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Temptation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The evil one attempts to keep Buddha from completing his task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kama- god of desire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Three Women </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mara- Lord of Death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hurricanes, storms, and flaming stone with no effect </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Challenges Buddha’s right to achieve Nirvana </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Great Awakening <ul><li>Sits and contemplates until the enlightenment comes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enjoys complete bliss for 7 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attempts to move on the 8 th but is once again overtaken and remains for another 49 days </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Last temptation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mara appeals to his reason </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Who could be expected to understand truth as profound as that which Buddha had laid hold of?” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Buddha’s Ministry <ul><li>Started an order of monks to minister to the people and help others find Nirvana </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclical lifestyle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9 months in the world and 3 months in seclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meditate 3 times a day to retreat from the world </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Buddha: The Man <ul><li>Possibly the most rational person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of rational and warmhearted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not sentimental but also not indifferent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Self sacrificing </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reactionary to Hinduism <ul><li>Brahmin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hereditary and Exploitative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horded religions secrets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charging for ministering </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rituals become mechanical </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition becomes a barrier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanskrit still used as the official language even when the masses no longer understood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Karma confused with fatalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of personal responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mystery of religion confused with mystery-mongering and mystification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsessions with miracles, the occult, and the fantastic </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Buddha Creates a Unique Religion <ul><li>Preached a religion devoid of authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making as much accessible to as many as he could </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each individual must seek their own religious understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No Ritual in Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>No Speculation about the unknown </li></ul><ul><li>No Tradition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taught in the vernacular of the people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No Fatalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intense self-effort required </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No supernatural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No fortune telling or horoscopes etc </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Characteristics of Original Buddhism <ul><li>Empirical </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatic </li></ul><ul><li>Therapeutic </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul><ul><li>Egalitarian </li></ul><ul><li>Individualistic </li></ul>
  12. 12. Four Noble Truths <ul><li>Most considered convictions about life </li></ul><ul><li>Life is Dukkha (Suffering) </li></ul><ul><li>Tanha (Desire for private fulfillment ) – which is the cause of suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Release from Tanha would relieve the suffering </li></ul><ul><li>The way to overcome Tanha is through the Eightfold Path </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Eightfold Path <ul><li>Right Views </li></ul><ul><li>Right Intent </li></ul><ul><li>Right Speech </li></ul><ul><li>Right Conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Right Livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Right Effort </li></ul><ul><li>Right Mindfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Right Concentration </li></ul>
  14. 14. Comparing Hinduism and Buddhism <ul><li>In small groups of 3-4 discuss the following questions and prepare answers to share with the class. </li></ul><ul><li>Is Buddhism a distinct religion, or is it just a form of the knowledge yoga. If it is a form of Hinduism, explain what characteristics it shares, if it is not, explain what differences make it a unique religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Cycles are a major part of both of these religions. How are their cycles similar? How are they different? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify AT LEAST 5 common themes that you see developing in these religions that you believe will be present in the other religions we investigate. </li></ul>