Chapter 11 Section 2

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Chapter 11 Section 2

  1. 1. Section 2 Notes
  2. 2.  The land from the MISSISSIPPI RIVER west to the ROCKY MOUNTAINS was known as the LOUISIANA TERRITORY. SPAIN owned the land. In 1801, SPAIN granted the territory to FRANCE.  JEFFERSON feared that FRANCE’S leader, NAPOLEON BONAPARTE, might try to build FRENCH colonies on the land. As a result, he offered to buy the land from NAPOLEON.  In 1803, the UNITED STATES and FRANCE signed a treaty that gave the LOUISIANA TERRITORY to AMERICA for $15,000,000. The addition nearly DOUBLED the size of the United States.
  3. 3.  Before JEFFERSON purchased the land, he had to overcome a CONSTITUTIONAL dilemma. The CONSTITUTION does not give the federal government the power to PURCHASE TERRITORY from another country.  JEFFERSON solved this problem by making the purchase part of a treaty, and PRESIDENTS do have the CONSTITUTIONAL authority to make treaties.  Many FEDERALISTS opposed the LOUISIANA PURCHASE. They feared it would increase the power of the SOUTH by adding more states that favored SOUTHERN policies.  Many AMERICANS favored gaining so much new land. As a result, the SENATE approved the treaty.
  4. 4.  In the spring of 1804, MERIWETHER LEWIS and WILLIAM CLARK began an exploration of the LOUISIANA TERRITORY.  They reached the PACIFIC OCEAN in late 1805 and returned home in September 1806.  Meanwhile, ZEBULON PIKE led an expedition to the upper MISSISSIPPI RIVER. Later in 1806-07, he explored the COLORADO region and sighted the mountain we now know as PIKES PEAK.
  5. 5.  THOMAS JEFFERSON easily won reelection as President in 1804.  Former Vice President AARON BURR ran for governor of NEW YORK and lost. BURR publicly clashed with ALEXANDER HAMILTON, who criticized BURR’S moral values. In 1804, BURR challenged HAMILTON to a duel. During the gunfight, BURR shot and killed HAMILTON.

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