Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Nationalism, Slavery, & The States

1,904 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Nationalism, Slavery, & The States

  1. 1. NATIONALISM, SLAVERY, & THE STATES Essential Questions: Why is Gibbons v. Ogden important? • Why is McCullough v. Maryland important? • What was the Adams-Onis Treaty? • What was the Monroe Doctrine? • What was the Missouri Compromise and why was it important? •
  2. 2. GIBBONS V. OGDEN 1808 Robert Fulton and Robert  Livingston received a charter from New York that gave them the exclusive right to run steamboats on New York rivers They charged other steamboat  operators for licenses to operate on various stretches of the river One of those operators was Aaron  Ogden  He ran his steamship between NY and NJ Thomas Gibbons, then began to run a  similar service in the area
  3. 3. GIBBONS V. OGDEN DECISION Ogden took Gibbons to court  claiming that he could not operate this service  Supreme Court (1824) said interstate commerce could be regulated only by the federal government  The routes crossed state lines Gibbons v. Ogden, helped  ensure the federal government has power to regulate just about everything that crosses state lines
  4. 4. MCCULLOUGH V. MARYLAND Maryland put a tax on the  Second Bank of the United States They wanted the bank to fail  John Marshall said that the  state could not do this  Would in effect be overturning a law passed by Congress  Said “the power to tax is the power to destroy” Chief Justice John Marshall  guided the court to a ruling It strengthened the federal  government‟s control over the economy  Supported national government over state governments
  5. 5. NATIONALISM AND FOREIGN POLICY Secretary of State John Quincy  Adams established foreign policy guided by nationalism Nationalism is the belief that  national interests should be placed ahead of regional concerns or the interests of other countries What did Secretary Adams do?   Worked out a treaty to reduce the Great Lakes fleets of Britain and America  Led the United States and Canada to demilitarize its border  Helped set the U.S. border at the Rocky Mountains  Had Britain agree to a joint occupation of the Oregon territory for 10 years
  6. 6. ADAMS-ONIS TREATY By 1819 Spain was too  weak to police its „New World‟ territories Spain ceded Florida to  the Untied States Gave up its claims to  the Oregon Territory
  7. 7. THE MONROE DOCTRINE The World in 1815   Spain and Portugal defeated Napoleon  They wanted to take back their colonies in Latin America  Russia had been in Alaska since 1784 The U.S. had to do something  President Monroe (1823) warned all  outside powers not to interfere with affairs in the Western Hemisphere In return the U.S. would not involve itself in  European affairs These principles became known as the  Monroe Doctrine
  8. 8. EXPANSION WESTWARD U.S. settlers moved into  the Northwest Territory Present-day Ohio, Indiana,  Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan Most pushed west in  search of economic gain Land was fertile and cheap   With land one could change their social status
  9. 9. MISSOURI COMPROMISE In 1819, the territory of Missouri  requested admission into the union Conflict arose over the question  of slavery Up to 1818, the union had  consisted of 10 free states and 10 slaves states Illinois (in 1818) was admitted  into the union as the 11th free state The south felt Missouri should  become the 11th slave state to keep the balance
  10. 10. HENRY CLAY AND THE COMPROMISE But a bill was passed in  Congress which called for Missouri to slowly free its slaves During this time Alabama was  admitted as the 11th slave state Missouri became a crucial  “tipping the balance state” Debates were so intense that  some people mentioned civil war Henry Clay  Resolved the crisis with a  series of agreements called the Missouri Compromise
  11. 11. MISSOURI COMPROMISE: WHAT IT SAID! Maine was admitted as a Free State and  Missouri a slave state (Kept the balance) Louisiana territory was split into two  spheres, one for slaveholders and one for free settlers Dividing line was 36 30‟ north latitude   South of the line slavery was legal  North of the line (expect in Missouri) slavery was banned Monroe signed the Missouri Compromise in  1820 Jefferson feared for the United States after  the Missouri Compromise The problem of slavery seemed settled 

×