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Rennaissance in italy notes


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Rennaissance in italy notes

  1. 1. The Renaissance in Italy <ul><li>I. The Italian City States </li></ul><ul><li>A. Why Italy? </li></ul><ul><li>1. Remains of Roman heritage </li></ul><ul><li>2. Cities were centers of trade </li></ul><ul><li>3. Powerful merchant class – stressed education & individual achievement </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>B. The Medici’s </li></ul><ul><li>1. The Medici family was among the wealthiest families in Florence </li></ul><ul><li>2. They used their power for politics and financial support of the arts. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Many artists learned their trade while visiting the Medici palace. </li></ul>
  3. 3. II. What was the Renaissance? <ul><li>A. New Worldview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. A time of creativity and change among politics, social, economic and culture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. It was a time of rebirth after the Middle Ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Focus was on the here and now - not life after death. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>B. Spirit of Adventure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Christopher Columbus sailed to the Americas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Copernicus changed the way people viewed the universe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Writers and artists began experimenting with new forms of the arts. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>C. Humanism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. The heart of the Renaissance was intellect. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Focus was on worldly objects instead of religious issues. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. They studied Greek and Roman texts. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. III. Golden Age of Arts <ul><li>A. New Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Art reflected humanist concerns. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Paintings became more realistic, learning how to use perspective. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Women became painters (many allowed their husbands to pass the work as theirs). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. The architecture resembled the styles of ancient Greece and Rome. </li></ul>