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Diverse traditions of southeast asia


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Diverse traditions of southeast asia

  1. 1. Diverse Traditions of Southeast Asia<br />
  2. 2. Geography of Southeast Asia<br />Mainland <br />Myanmar<br />Thailand<br />Cambodia<br />Laos<br />Vietnam<br />Part of Malaysia<br />Islands<br />Indonesia<br />Singapore<br />Brunei<br />Philippines<br />
  3. 3. Trade Routes in the Southern Seas<br />MONSOONS<br />Ships traveled northeast in summer<br />Ships traveled southwest in winter<br />Between seasons ships docked at ports<br />
  4. 4. Early Traditions<br />Diverse ethnic groups speaking many languages settled in Southeast Asia.<br />Societies built around nuclear families<br />Female merchants took part in the Spice Trade<br />Matrilineal descent<br />Women could choose or divorce marriage partners<br />
  5. 5. Impact of India<br />Indians married into influential families<br />Indian families exercised considerable power.<br />Islam<br />Indians carried Islam into the region<br />Arab merchants spread the new faith<br />
  6. 6. Pagan<br />Fertile rice-growing Irrawaddy Valley in present-day Myanmar<br />1044, King Anawrata united the region<br />Buddhism to Burman people<br />1287 conqueror by Mongols<br />
  7. 7. The Khmer Empire<br />Present day Cambodia, Thailand, and Malaysia<br />Adapted Indian writing, mathematics, architecture, and art<br />Rulers were Hindus<br />1100s, King Suryacarman II built the great temple complex at Angkor Wat<br />
  8. 8. Srivijaya<br />Controlled the Strait of Malacca<br />Blended Indian beliefs into their own forms of worship, based on nature spirits<br />
  9. 9. Vietnam<br />Heart of the country- Red River Delta<br />Irrigated fertile rice padis<br />Had their own distinct culture<br />Women often held positions of authority<br />
  10. 10. Vietnam cont.<br />Han armies conquered the region<br />Adopted the Chinese civil service system and built a government bureaucracy<br />Learned the Chinese language and read Chinese characters<br />Adopted Mahayana beliefs from China<br />
  11. 11. Vietnam cont.<br />Trung Sisters (TrungTrac and TrungNhi)<br />Drove Chinese occupiers from the land<br />Became martyrs and heroes<br />