Enlightenment

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Enlightenment

  1. 1. The Enlightenment and the American Revolution<br />
  2. 2. Philosophy in the Age of Reason<br />How did scientific progress promote trust in human reason?<br />How did the social contract and separation of powers affect views on government?<br />How did new ideas affect society and the economy?<br />
  3. 3. Vocabulary<br />Natural laws<br />Social contract<br />Natural rights<br />Philosophe<br />Physiocrat<br />Laissez faire<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Enlightenment Ideas Spread <br />What roles did censorship and salons play in the spread of new ideas?<br />How did philosophes influence enlightened despots?<br />How did the Enlightenment affect arts and literature?<br />Why were the lives of the majority unaffected?<br />
  6. 6. Vocabulary<br />Censorship <br />Salon<br />Enlightened despot<br />Baroque<br />rococo<br />
  7. 7. Frederick the Great- King of Prussia<br />Catherine the Great- Empress of Russia <br />Joseph II- Hapsburg Emperor<br />
  8. 8. The Night Watch<br />Self-Portrait<br />Rembrandt<br />
  9. 9. Baroque Art<br />Diego Velasquez<br />Bernini<br />Peter Paul Rubens<br />Rembrandt<br />
  10. 10. Diego Velázquez<br />Pope Innocent X <br />Las meninas<br />
  11. 11. Bernini<br />Ecstasy of Saint Teresa<br />Fountain of the Four Rivers<br />
  12. 12. Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Lerma<br />The Judgment of Paris<br />Peter Paul Rubens<br />
  13. 13. Rococo Style<br />painting and decoration characterized by lightness, delicacy, and elaborate ornamentation<br />Marie-Antoinette and her Children<br />The Village Bride<br />
  14. 14. The Embarkation for the Island of Cythera<br />Chardin: Grace at Table<br />
  15. 15. Rococo Commode<br />Grand Salon, Hôtel de Roquelaure<br />
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Britain at Mid-Century<br />What influences spurred Britain’s rise to global power?<br />How did the growth of constitutional government reflect conditions in politics and society?<br />How did George III reassert royal power?<br />
  18. 18. Vocabulary<br />Constitutional government<br />Cabinet<br />Prime minister<br />Oligarchy<br />
  19. 19. Constitutional Government<br />Political Parties<br />Tories landed aristocrats who sought to preserve older traditions<br />Whigs backs the policies of the Glorious Revolution<br />Cabinet made up of leaders in House of Commons<br />Prime Minister – head of the cabinet<br />
  20. 20. George III<br />Set out to restore royal power<br />Wanted to end Whig domination<br />Taxed colonies to defend themselves<br />Cabinet ruled restored after the defeat in the American Revolution<br />
  21. 21. Birth of the American Republic<br />What were the chief characteristics of the 13 English Colonies?<br />How did growing discontent lead to the American Revolution?<br />How did the new constitution reflect the ideas of the Enlightenment?<br />
  22. 22. Vocabulary<br />Popular sovereignty<br />Loyalist<br />Federal republic<br />
  23. 23. The 13 Colonies<br />American Revolution<br />French Alliance<br />Benjamin Franklin<br />Treaty of Paris 1781<br />Constitution<br />Thomas Jefferson<br />George Washington<br />

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