Italian renaissance

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Italian renaissance

  1. 1. The Italian Renaissance Chapter 1 Section 1
  2. 2. Why Italy? • Proximity to Byzantines and Mediterranean • Roman Ruins • Alps isolation • Italian city states remained the economic center • Affluence
  3. 3. Humanism • Shift in thinking from religious to secular • Renewal of classical thinking • Emphasis on the individual • Renewed emphasis on education
  4. 4. Humanist Literature • Focus on personal feelings – Petrarch, Boccaccio (Decameron) • Ambition and Success – Castiglione, Machiavelli (The Prince)
  5. 5. Italian Gov’t • Wealthy families ruled city states • Wars were costly-practiced diplomacy • No central gov’t
  6. 6. Florence • • • • Center for the Renaissance Medici Family Supported the arts Savonarola preached antiHumanism
  7. 7. Rome • Pope and cardinals used wealth to rebuild and beautify Rome • Put political goals ahead of religious ones
  8. 8. Renaissance Arts • Humanist ideas influenced artists to make art more individualistic • Biblical and Classical themes mixed • Wealthy of Italy became great patrons of the arts • New techniques and approaches
  9. 9. GOTHIC Architecture RENAISANCE
  10. 10. Architecture
  11. 11. Sculpture
  12. 12. Painting

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