Radiographic artifacts

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Radiographic artifacts

  1. 1. RADIOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS
  2. 2. TYPES OF ARTIFACTS <ul><li>PROCESSING </li></ul><ul><li>EXPOSURE </li></ul><ul><li>HANDLING AND STORAGE </li></ul>
  3. 3. PROCESSING ARTIFACTS <ul><li>HYPORETENTION </li></ul><ul><li>PI-LINES </li></ul><ul><li>GUIDE SHOE MARK </li></ul><ul><li>STATIC </li></ul><ul><li>ENTRANCE ROLLER MARK </li></ul><ul><li>CRINKLE MARK </li></ul><ul><li>FINGER MARKS </li></ul><ul><li>EMULSION PICK-OFF </li></ul><ul><li>WATER STAIN </li></ul>
  4. 4. EXPOSURE ARTIFACTS <ul><li>MOTION </li></ul><ul><li>IMPROPER POSITIONING </li></ul><ul><li>POOR FILM SCREEN CONTACT </li></ul><ul><li>DOUBLE EXPOSURE </li></ul><ul><li>FOREIGN OBJECTS </li></ul><ul><li>BACK-SCATTER </li></ul><ul><li>CASSETTE UPSIDE-DOWN </li></ul><ul><li>BROKEN CASSETTE </li></ul><ul><li>IMPROPER USE OF GRID </li></ul>
  5. 5. HANDLING & STORAGE ARTIFACTS <ul><li>LIGHT FOG </li></ul><ul><li>RADIATION FOG </li></ul><ul><li>STATIC </li></ul><ul><li>SCRATCHES </li></ul><ul><li>HYPORETENTION </li></ul>
  6. 6. FILMS STUCK TO EACH OTHER DURING PROCESSING
  7. 7. HYPORETENTION
  8. 8. PI-LINE
  9. 9. GUIDE SHOE MARK
  10. 10. STATIC
  11. 11. STATIC
  12. 12. STATIC
  13. 13. ROLLER MARKS
  14. 14. FINGER MARKS
  15. 15. CRIMPING MARK
  16. 16. CRIMPING MARK
  17. 17. PICK-OFF
  18. 18. WATER STAIN
  19. 19. WATER STAIN
  20. 20. WATER STAIN
  21. 21. MOTION
  22. 22. POOR FILM SCREN CONTACT
  23. 23. ARTIFACT????
  24. 24. H.T. (high Voltage) CABLES
  25. 25. ROTATION + FOG
  26. 26. ANTOMY OF INTEREST NOT SHOWN
  27. 27. DOUBLE EXPOSURE
  28. 28. BACKSCATTER OR CASSETTE UPSIDE-DOWN
  29. 29. BACKSCATTER
  30. 30. BACKSCATTER OR CASSETTE UPSIDE-DOWN
  31. 31. MOIRE EFFECT
  32. 32. WARPED CASSETTE-LIGHT LEAK
  33. 33. TWO FILMS IN THE CASSETTE UNDEREXPOSURE
  34. 34. POWDER
  35. 35. DEODORANT
  36. 36. HAIR BUN
  37. 37. CLOTHES RIBBING
  38. 38. TUBE
  39. 39. HAIR STREAKING
  40. 40. GRID CUT-OFF
  41. 41. JEWELLERY
  42. 42. HEARING AID
  43. 43. LIGHTER IN THE POCKET
  44. 44. SCATTER FOG
  45. 45. SANDBAG
  46. 46. UMBILICAL RING
  47. 47. AIR IN THE VENTRICLES AIRHEAD?????
  48. 48. PLASTER
  49. 49. DIRT ON THE SCREEN
  50. 50. PATHOLOGY
  51. 51. FOGGING
  52. 52. GRID CUT-OFF
  53. 53. KYPHOSIS-CHIN
  54. 54. STRAP
  55. 55. SCRATCHES
  56. 56. STATIC

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