Contents The Degrees of Comparison Kinds of Degrees of comparison Positive Degree Degree of equality Degree of inequality Comparative Degree Progressive Degree Parallel Degree Superlative Degree Exercises
The Degrees of Comparison The Degrees of Comparison in English grammar are made with the Adjective and Adverb words to show how big or small, high or low, more or less, many or few, etc., of the qualities, numbers and positions of the nouns (persons, things and places) in comparison to the others mentioned in the other part of a sentence/expression.
Kinds of Degrees of comparison Kinds of degrees of comparison ////// Superlative POSITIVE DEGREE COMAPRATIVE DEGREE SUPERLATIVE DEGREE Degree ////// ////// //////Degree of equality Progressive degree Parallel degree ////// ////// ////// Degree of inequality //////
Positive Degree One noun – person, thing or place – and one quality… above averagetall – adjective John is a man. Eifel tower is a tall man-made structure. One noun with one quality – „tall‟ adjective in positive form.
Degree of equalityThe adjective or adverb is in positive form showing that two persons or things are the same – two nouns having the same quality. The common conjunction used is “as…as”. John is as strong as James. „strong‟ – adjective in positive form showing equality.
Degree of inequality The adjective or adverb is in positive form showing that two persons or things are not the same – two nouns not having the same quality. Peter is not as (so) fast as Paul.
COMPARATIVE DEGREE Two people, things or places are being compared with one adjective or adverb to show that one has more quality or quantity of the adjective or adverb than the other. The adjective or adverb takes ‘r’ or ‘er’ to its positive form, and is said to be in comparative form. The conjunction ‘than’ is used to connect the two clauses. A horse can run faster than a dog.
Progressive Degree Two adjectives or adverbs are beingcompared to show that one continuesto increase (or decrease) when theother increases (or decreases).The adjective or adverb is in itscomparative form with the definitearticle „the‟ before it. The steeper the hill, the more difficult it is to push the rock up!
Parallel Degree The quality or quantity of the adjective or adverb continues to increase (or decrease) as the time passes. The adjective or adverb in its comparative form is repeated using the conjunction „and‟. The days are getting hotter and hotter. It is getting hotter and hotter day by day.
SUPERLATIVE DEGREE Comparing one noun – person, thing or place – with several others of its kind to show that this particular noun has the highest degree of the quality or quantity of the adjective or adverb being used to compare. The adjective or adverb takes the „superlative form‟, ending with „st‟ or „est‟, with the definite article „the‟ before it. The preposition „of‟ is used when the comparison is among items, and „in‟ is used to specify the place, position or area. Susan is the most intelligent girl in the class.Susan
Examples. The elephant is the largest of all land animals. The giraffe is the tallest of all animals.
Exercises.Choose the correct answer.1. Gerald is footballer in our team. fast the fastest the faster 2. Tom is a boy. stronger the strongest strong3. The white flower is as asthe red flower. the most beautiful more beautiful beautiful
4. the weights, the it is to lift them.The heavythe difficultThe heavierthe more difficult5. The sea is getting . rough and rough rougher and rougher the rougher and the rougher 6. Mt. Everest is mountain in the world. higher than high the highest