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Guidance and counselling

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Guidance and counselling

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY: HIJAB ZAIDI
  2. 2. Guidance is a continuous process of helping the individual to develop to the maximum of his capacity in the direction, most beneficial to himself and to society.
  3. 3. Classroom Conflicts Street Fights College Shootings
  4. 4. A guidance program is a program of services specially designed to improve the adjustment of the individual for whom it was organized.
  5. 5. There are primarily three types of guidance  Personal Guidance  Educational Guidance Vocational Guidance Personal Guidance Educational Guidance Vocational Guidance
  6. 6. Personal Guidance: This type of guidance is provided to students in order to control:  anxiety  anger  addiction  depression Eating disorders
  7. 7. Educational Guidance: Educational guidance means a range of activities designed to assist people to make appropriate learning choices. A guidance counselor can help you to identify the wide range of opportunities which are open to you
  8. 8. Vocational Guidance: A guidance service based on psychologist tests and interviews to find out what career or occupation may best suit a person.
  9. 9. Nature of Guidance  A Process: Guidance does not occupy independent place.The chief aim of this process is to assist in the development of an individual keeping in view the social needs.
  10. 10. Nature of Guidance  Development of Capacities: During the process of guidance the individual is assisted in such a way that he makes himself enabled to develop his capacities maximum from all angles.
  11. 11. Nature of Guidance No Imposition of One's View Point: It is also the main characteristic of guidance not to impose one's view- point on others. It depends upon the wish of an individual how he acquires benefit by accepting the decision of the guidance worker.
  12. 12. Nature of Guidance Individual Assistance: Guidance is accepted as individualized help.Through guidance an individual's personal development is provided a direction and not to a group.
  13. 13. Nature of Guidance Task ofTrained Persons: Trained persons, psychologists and counselors are required. Hence, guidance is a skill-involved process.
  14. 14. Guidance Personnel in Schools Following faculty members are usually involved in guidance and counseling programs in schools  Principal Being the head of the school, principal plays a vital role in guidance and counseling of students.
  15. 15. Guidance Personnel in Schools  Counselor: School counselors are an important part of the educational leadership team and provide valuable assistance to students
  16. 16. Guidance Personnel in Schools  Teacher: Teacher identifies the different problems faced by students and try to resolve them or else seek help from other guidance personnel.
  17. 17. Guidance Personnel in Schools Psychologist: Psychologists provide students assistance in tackling problems such as:  learning difficulties  behavioral concerns  problems at home or with peers.
  18. 18. Guidance Personnel in Schools  Career master: A career counselor plays a prime role in helping individuals put their talents to good use in a job position.
  19. 19. Services of Guidance Orientation: The assistance given to students to help them adjust to new situations is called orientation
  20. 20. Services of Guidance Individual Inventory: Individual inventory identifies the characteristics and potential of every child / student It is the primary step to acquire the data base of the client.
  21. 21. Services of Guidance Placement: Is ensuring that people are in the right place at the right time. Helping people find a place that will contribute to their physical, mental and emotional health and well-being.
  22. 22. Services of Guidance Evaluation is done for the improvement of the program’s performance and professions.
  23. 23. Services of Guidance Follow up activities enable counselors to judge the effectiveness of a program’s placement activities.
  24. 24. Tools & Techniques in Guidance Observation: In this technique behavior is observed by a trained observer. The effectiveness of the technique depends upon the skillfulness of the observer.
  25. 25. Tools & Techniques in Guidance Anecdotal Records: An anecdotal record contains short descriptive accounts about some events regarding a student. Every account is a report of a significant episode in the life of a student.
  26. 26. Tools & Techniques in Guidance Case Study: It is an intensive investigation employing all types of research making use of tests, checklists, interviews and observations.
  27. 27. Tools & Techniques in Guidance Cumulative Records: It is a record of information concerned with the appraisal of an individual student and is collected over a period of time.
  28. 28. Tools & Techniques in Guidance Interview: It is a widely used technique in guidance and is very helpful in diagnosing the problem of an individual.

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