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"Measurements & Detection techniques in
Nanotechnology in Road Applications"
Hebatalrahman11@yahoo.com
Hebatalrahman ,
Saaid I. Zaki
Abstract
 In recent years , the world of science has started to produce advanced
materials and technology in the nano scale, which known as
nanotechnology . The use of nanotechnology has become wide spread
in all branches of science , so there is an essential need to prepare
advanced nanotechnology tools and detection systems contain very
recent instruments needed for nanotechnology studies , since the
physical , chemical and biological properties of the material at nano
scale differ in fundamental and valuable ways from that at normal
scale. In this work the different technique in measuring and detection
techniques in nanotechnology will be discussed the method of
operation and accuracy of each technique will be evaluated, the main
applications of each technique in industrial and construction field will
be evaluated. The techniques mentioned are Nano indentation
technique which evaluate the mechanical properties of the nano-
materials such as reduced modulus, stiffness and Hardness. The
quantitative and qualitative analysis detection systems such as SEM ,
AFM, STM and Zeta potential will be evaluated . The analysis and
tooling equipments will be also evaluated. At the end of work the main
conclusions and recommendation about using nanotechnology
detection tools and difference between them are mentioned.
Introduction
 This study is aiming to achieve the following purposes :
 Helping in finding the right way , of using the nano materials in
constructions development.
 Guiding in finding of an external applications (in organizations ,
factories and companies), which related to construction process.
 The Nanotechnology in building and construction fields are
planned to achieve the following aims :-
 Synthesizing and preparing of the required Nano materials.
 Dealing with the Nano materials in different applications .
 Enhancement the properties of steel suing nano materials .
 Production of smart concrete and smart building .
 Improvements of glasses to increase deylighting and decreasing
thermal effect using nano TiO2 .
 Purification of drinking water using nano membranes.
 Development of energy efficiency in building using
nanotechnology.
 Improving the efficiency of the components used in solar systems
for generating electricity using nanotechnology .
The above goals will need
developing methods such as
 New preparing method to achieve the size ,
shape and mode of the used nano materials that
causes the required effect .
 The suitable method of using nano materials in
coating , dopping , matrix and interfaces .
 The tools that helping in achieving the above
items .
 Precautions that could be taken into
consideration through working in each item.
Innovative application of Nanotechnology
Sources of nanoparticles
Measurements and Detection
Techniques in Nanotechnology
nano Indenter .
The Nano Indenter Apparatus
The Nano Indentor Benefits
 Standardized measurements of Young’s modulus and
hardness according to ISO 14577.
 · Controlled and quantitative scratch testing., in addition to
Quick and easy results with little sample preparation.
 ·Unparalleled dynamic range in force and displacement.
 · Support from a world-renowned scientific staff. A platform
that expands with your testing needs to allow: frequency-
specific testing,
quantitative scratch testing, integrated AFM-style imaging,
·high-temperature testing,
expanded load capacity up to 10N,
· Custom experiments, and user-friendly finite-element
simulations.
nano indentation
Atomic Force Microscope
This tool is the most important tool for Nano Technology it’s commonly
known as the eye of nano and it’s serve all Nano Technology
Applications like
 Electrochemistry
 Life Sciences
 Nanoscience Applications
 Materials Science
 Polymer Science
 Electrical Characterization
 Nano Lithography
 Nano Manipulation
 The AFM, is measuring tool at Nano Scale which can give us the
ultra-High resolution Image which can reach to atomic resolution and
also high resolution measurements at nano scale
Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)
The Nano particle size analyzer
Zeta Potential
Scanning Tunneling
Microscope STM
The principle of the STM. The instrument relies on the
tunneling current between the conducting substrate and
the metallic scanning tip. Through a computer controlled
feed-back loop and a piezo-element this current controls
the height d over the substrate. Scanning across the
surface is controlled by a piezo-robot. The feed-back
voltage is used as output. To the right is shown a 3 nm by
3 nm surface scan with atomic resolution of a graphite
surface,
Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM)
Transmission Electron Microscopy
(TEM/EDS)
Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive Analysis
(SEM/EDX)
Conclusions & Recommendations
 There is an essential need to prepare advanced
nanotechnology tools and detection systems, contain
very recent instruments needed for nanotechnology
studies , since the physical , chemical and biological
properties of the material at nano scale differ in
fundamental and valuable ways from that at normal
scale.
 The new techniques are Nano indentation technique
which evaluate the mechanical properties of the nano-
materials such as reduced modulus, stiffness and
Hardness.
 Atomic Force Microscope is the most important tool for
Nano Technology , it’s commonly known as the eye of
nano and it’s serve all Nano Technology Applications .
So , the AFM is measuring tool at Nano Scale which can
give us the ultra-High resolution Image which can reach
to atomic resolution and also high resolution
measurements at nano scale .
 The zeta potential is a good predictor of the magnitude
of electrical repulsive forces between particles of known
size and shape as a function of distance.
.Nano road

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.Nano road

  • 1.
  • 2. "Measurements & Detection techniques in Nanotechnology in Road Applications" Hebatalrahman11@yahoo.com Hebatalrahman , Saaid I. Zaki
  • 3. Abstract  In recent years , the world of science has started to produce advanced materials and technology in the nano scale, which known as nanotechnology . The use of nanotechnology has become wide spread in all branches of science , so there is an essential need to prepare advanced nanotechnology tools and detection systems contain very recent instruments needed for nanotechnology studies , since the physical , chemical and biological properties of the material at nano scale differ in fundamental and valuable ways from that at normal scale. In this work the different technique in measuring and detection techniques in nanotechnology will be discussed the method of operation and accuracy of each technique will be evaluated, the main applications of each technique in industrial and construction field will be evaluated. The techniques mentioned are Nano indentation technique which evaluate the mechanical properties of the nano- materials such as reduced modulus, stiffness and Hardness. The quantitative and qualitative analysis detection systems such as SEM , AFM, STM and Zeta potential will be evaluated . The analysis and tooling equipments will be also evaluated. At the end of work the main conclusions and recommendation about using nanotechnology detection tools and difference between them are mentioned.
  • 4. Introduction  This study is aiming to achieve the following purposes :  Helping in finding the right way , of using the nano materials in constructions development.  Guiding in finding of an external applications (in organizations , factories and companies), which related to construction process.  The Nanotechnology in building and construction fields are planned to achieve the following aims :-  Synthesizing and preparing of the required Nano materials.  Dealing with the Nano materials in different applications .  Enhancement the properties of steel suing nano materials .  Production of smart concrete and smart building .  Improvements of glasses to increase deylighting and decreasing thermal effect using nano TiO2 .  Purification of drinking water using nano membranes.  Development of energy efficiency in building using nanotechnology.  Improving the efficiency of the components used in solar systems for generating electricity using nanotechnology .
  • 5. The above goals will need developing methods such as  New preparing method to achieve the size , shape and mode of the used nano materials that causes the required effect .  The suitable method of using nano materials in coating , dopping , matrix and interfaces .  The tools that helping in achieving the above items .  Precautions that could be taken into consideration through working in each item.
  • 6. Innovative application of Nanotechnology
  • 9. nano Indenter . The Nano Indenter Apparatus
  • 10. The Nano Indentor Benefits  Standardized measurements of Young’s modulus and hardness according to ISO 14577.  · Controlled and quantitative scratch testing., in addition to Quick and easy results with little sample preparation.  ·Unparalleled dynamic range in force and displacement.  · Support from a world-renowned scientific staff. A platform that expands with your testing needs to allow: frequency- specific testing, quantitative scratch testing, integrated AFM-style imaging, ·high-temperature testing, expanded load capacity up to 10N, · Custom experiments, and user-friendly finite-element simulations.
  • 12. Atomic Force Microscope This tool is the most important tool for Nano Technology it’s commonly known as the eye of nano and it’s serve all Nano Technology Applications like  Electrochemistry  Life Sciences  Nanoscience Applications  Materials Science  Polymer Science  Electrical Characterization  Nano Lithography  Nano Manipulation  The AFM, is measuring tool at Nano Scale which can give us the ultra-High resolution Image which can reach to atomic resolution and also high resolution measurements at nano scale
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  • 16. The Nano particle size analyzer
  • 18. Scanning Tunneling Microscope STM The principle of the STM. The instrument relies on the tunneling current between the conducting substrate and the metallic scanning tip. Through a computer controlled feed-back loop and a piezo-element this current controls the height d over the substrate. Scanning across the surface is controlled by a piezo-robot. The feed-back voltage is used as output. To the right is shown a 3 nm by 3 nm surface scan with atomic resolution of a graphite surface,
  • 21. Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive Analysis (SEM/EDX)
  • 23.  There is an essential need to prepare advanced nanotechnology tools and detection systems, contain very recent instruments needed for nanotechnology studies , since the physical , chemical and biological properties of the material at nano scale differ in fundamental and valuable ways from that at normal scale.  The new techniques are Nano indentation technique which evaluate the mechanical properties of the nano- materials such as reduced modulus, stiffness and Hardness.  Atomic Force Microscope is the most important tool for Nano Technology , it’s commonly known as the eye of nano and it’s serve all Nano Technology Applications . So , the AFM is measuring tool at Nano Scale which can give us the ultra-High resolution Image which can reach to atomic resolution and also high resolution measurements at nano scale .  The zeta potential is a good predictor of the magnitude of electrical repulsive forces between particles of known size and shape as a function of distance.