History of MT LAWS
Ephraimeen F. Guadalquiver,RMT
At the End of the Discussion, Students
are expected to:
• Define What Is Medical Technology
• Trace the History of Medical Technology
• Trace the history of Medical technology in the Philippines
• Identify the Different PAMET PRESIDENTS and their
accomplishments or Legacy
• Cite the different provisions in the various laws affecting the
practice of Medical Technology
• Describe the Medical Technology Ethics and its application
Definition of Medical Technology
The Application of
principles of natural ,
physical and biological
sciences to the
which aid in the
diagnosis and treatment
The Branch of medicine
concerned with the
performance of laboratory
analysis used in the
diagnosis and treatment of
diseases and maintenance
An auxiliary branch of
laboratory medicine which
deals with the examination
of various chemical,
and other medical
which will aid the
physician in the diagnosis,
study and treatment of
disease and in the
promotion of health in
• In the year 460 B.C. when the Greek, physician
Hippocrates also known as thefather of
medicine formulated the famous Hippocratic
Oath, the code of ethics for practicing
physicians. Hippocrates described four "humors"
or body fluids in man
• namely- the blood, phlegm, yellow bile and
• These four humors or body fluids were felt to be
the source of a person's disposition and disease
in ancient times.
Traces the beginning of medical technology
back to 1500 BC when instestinal parasites
such as TAENIA and ASCARIS were mentioned
in early writings.
A book for treatment of diseases contains description of
the three stages of hookworm infection.
A medical Technologist
Believes that medical technology began
from the MEDIEVAL PERIOD (1096-1438) as
supported by the fact that urinalysis was a
Early Hindu doctors made the “SCIENTIFIC
OBSERVATION” that the urine of certain
individuals attract ants, and that such urine
has a sweetish taste.
QUACKS, calling themselves doctors
reaped fortunes from diagnosing diseases
by the appearance of the urine.
Prefers to date medical technology from
the 14th Century when a prominent Italian
physician at the University of Bologna
employed one, ALESSANDRA GILIANI to
perform tasks now under the domain of
the medical technology.
Unfortunately, this young lady died from a
laboratory acquired infection.
Invented and Improved the
The first to describe red
blood cells, to see protozoa,
and to classify bacteria
according to shape.
Invention of the microscope
led to the rapid progress of
microbiology and pathology.
Desribed as the “GREATEST” of the early
His work on embryology and anatomy definitely
marked him as “THE FOUNDER OF PATHOLOGY”
One of the youngest medical specialists
Founded the ARCHIVES OF PATHOLOGY in
BERLIN in 1847.
> Performed the FIRST QUANTITATIVE
TEST in URINE SUGAR in 1848.
MIDDLE OF 15th CENTURY
Aniline Dyes were used in staining
Bacterial staining and microscopic
study on bacteria were made
ESTABLISHMENT OF LABORATORIES
FIRST CHEMICAL LABORATORY
Established at the University of Michigan by Dr.Douglas
Dr.Douglas pioneered laboratory instruction in this well-
Dr. William H. Welch
established another laboratory at the BELLEVUE
HOSPITAL MEDICAL COLLEGE.
He gave the first laboratory course in pathology offered in
an American Medical School.
Dr. Welch became the first professor of pathology at John
FIRST CLINICAL LABORATORY
Opened in 1896 at JOHN HOPKINS
HOSPITAL by DR. WILLIAM OSLER.
In this laboratory, routine examinations
were carried out, special attention being
given to the search for malarial parasites
in the blood.
A clinical laboratory was also opened at
the UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA in
1896 (WILLIAM PEPPER LABORATORY).
DR. JAMES C. TODD
wrote the book : A MANUAL OF CLINICAL
Retitled “ CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS BY
LABORATORY METHODS” , in its 6th Edition by
Dr. Todd and Dr. Arthur Sanford.
The book became the standard reference for
• 100 technicians, all male were employed in the UNITED
• This increased to 3500 in 1920. In 1922, 3035 hospitals
had CLINICAL LABORATORIES.
The state legislature of Pennsylvania enacted
a law requiring all hospitals and institutions
to have an adequate laboratory and to
employ a full time laboratory technician
WORLD WAR 1
It was an impact factor in the growth of
clinical laboratory and produced a great
demand for technicians.
The demand for technicians in clinical
laboratories continued, so practicing
physicians with knowledge on laboratory
works began to teach their assistants to
do some of the tests for them.
UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
One of the First schools for training laboratory
workers was established here.
A course bulletin titled : “COURSES IN MEDICAL
TECHNOLOGY FOR CLINICAL AND LABORATORY
TECHNICIANS” was issued in 1922.
They were the FIRST to offer a DEGREE LEVEL
PROGRAM in 1923.
DENVER SOCIETY OF CLINICAL PATHOLOGISTS were
AMERICAN BOARD OF PATHOLOGY ESTABLISHED
WORLD WAR 2
Marked effects in laboratory medicine
The use of blood increased and the “closed
system” of bloo d collection was widely used.
Instrumentation advanced and these
instruments paved the measurement of the
intensity of color produced.
Automated equipment appeared and quality
control programs became common
PRACTICE WAS INTRODUCED
THE 26TH MEDICAL
INFANTRY OF THE 6TH US
First Clinical Laboratory in the Philippines
QUIRICADA ST., Sta. CRUZ, MANILA
(MANILA PUBLIC HEALTH)
> The lab offered traning programs to high school
graduates as early as FEBRUARY,1944.
• THE US ARMY LEFT in JUNE
• Endorsed it to the
• The Department rendered
the laboratory non-
functional for sometime.
DR. PIO DE RODA
• ORGANIZED MANILA PUBLIC
HEALTH LABORATORY from
the remnants of the deserted
• OCTOBER 1,1945
With Dr. Mariano Icasiano
as his assistant and who was
then the MANILA CITY HEALTH
One of the staffs of the Clinical
Training of high school
graduates to work as medical
No period of training was set
and No certificates were
Dr. Pio De Roda
Dr. Prudencia Sta. Ana
A 6 months laboratory
training with certificate upon
completion was given to the
Dr. Sta. Ana prepared the
syllabus for the training
Education in the
• S.Y. 1957-1958
• Dr. Antonio Gabriel and Dr.
Gustavo Reyes of the
FACULTY of Pharmacy,
University of Sto. Tomas
offered medical technology
as an elective subject to 4th
and 5th year B.S. Pharmacy
The Training program offered by
Dr. Pio De Roda did not last long.
The FIRST B.S. Degree course in
Medical Technology was offered
by the PHILIPPINE UNION
COLLEGE and MANILA
After 2 years, PUC produced its
first graduate, Dr. Jesse Umali,
now a successful OB-
• Rev., Fr. Lorenzo Rodriguez
decided to offer it as a course
because of the popularity of
medical technology among
> Temporary permit was
issued by the Dept. of
Education, for first to third
• JUNE 1960
The permit for the
internship program was
> Full recognition of the 4
year B.S. Medical technology
course was given on June 14,
• Many schools followed
to offer B.S. Medical
• DECS and CHED – 47
• University of the Phils
> Offers a similar course
but the degree being
conferred in B.S. Public
POST GRADUATE STUDIES
• Offered to B.S. Medical Technology graduates
MS in Medical Technology
• UST Graduate School
• Philippine Women’s University
• Manila Central University
MS in Public Health(one year, non thesis degree)
• University of the Philippines