Voice of the verb

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Voice of the verb

  1. 1. “Voice” is linked to the verb because it is considered one of the features that define it, together with “tense”, “person”, “aspect” or “mood”.
  2. 2. tensemood VERB person voice
  3. 3. KINDS OF VOICEACTIVE PASSIVE
  4. 4. Active Voice• It is the most common, unmarkedvoice. Subject Verb Object Active > Voice The choir sings love songs.
  5. 5. Passive Voice• Passive verb phrases are less common and used for special discourse functions. Subject Verb ObjectPassive > Voice Love are sung by the choir. songs
  6. 6. Compare…The choir sings love songs.Love songs are sung by thechoir.
  7. 7. Normal Passives follow the three general steps to form passive sentences: •PASSIVE SUBJECT OBJECT VERB •BE+PARTICIPLE •AGENTSUBJECT COMPLEMENT
  8. 8. Object --- Passive SubjectTo transform an active sentence into a passive one, it is commonly believed that the main verb in active should be transitive, i.e., there should be a Direct Object in the sentence. However, the English language proves that a passive sentence can also be created from the Indirect Object in the active sentence.Therefore, this leads us to say that to form a passive sentence we need to have an Object in the active counterpart.
  9. 9. Verb --- Be + Participle • ACTIVE • PASSIVE teach / teaches Am/is/are taught Is teaching Is being taught Taught Was/were taught Was teaching Was were being taughtHave / has taught Have/has been taught Had taught Had been taught Will teach Will be taught To teach To be taught
  10. 10. Subject --- Agent Complement• When is the agent complement not necessary? when the active subject is an indefinite pronoun or a generic noun. (i.e., some-, any-, no-& “people”) This is called the impersonal passive.
  11. 11. PRACTICEEXERCISES
  12. 12. Construct active andpassive sentences for the following:
  13. 13. Thank You!

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