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Good feelings, jacksonian democracy, and manifest destiny pt 2


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Good feelings, jacksonian democracy, and manifest destiny pt 2

  1. 1. Objectives2.01 Analyze the effects of territorial expansion and the admission of new states to the Union.2.02 Describe how the growth of nationalism and sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, and language.2.03 Distinguish between the economic and social issues that led to sectionalism and nationalism.2.04 Assess political events, issues, and personalities that contributed to sectionalism and nationalism.2.05 Identify the major reform movements and evaluate their effectiveness.2.06 Evaluate the role of religion in the debate over slavery and other social movements and issues.
  2. 2. POTUS No. 9: William Henry Harrison,Mar 4 - Apr 4, 1841
  3. 3. POTUS No. 10: John Tyler, 1841-1845His Accidency
  4. 4. Aroostook War, 1839-1842Maine, USA vs. New Brunswick, Canada
  5. 5. Republic of Texas, 1836-1845Steven Austin Sam Houston (1793-1836) (1793-1863)
  6. 6. Republic of Texas, 1836-1845
  7. 7. Remember the Alamo!
  8. 8. Election of 1840James K. Polk, VS. Henry Clay, Dem Whig
  9. 9. “JAMES K. POLK” by They Might Be GiantsIn 1844 the Democrats were splitThe three nominees for the presidential candidateWere Martin Van Buren, a former president and an abolitionistJames Buchanan, a moderateLewis Cass, a general and expansionistFrom Nashville came a dark horse riding upHe was James K. Polk, Napoleon of the Stump!
  10. 10. Austere, severe, he held few people dearHis oratory filled his foes with fearThe factions soon agreedHes just the man we needTo bring about victoryFulfill our Manifest DestinyAnd annex the land the Mexicans commandAnd when the votes were cast the winner wasMr. James K. Polk, Napoleon of the Stump!
  11. 11. Goals of Polk’s Administration1. Lower tariff.2. Resolve Oregon dispute.3. Restore independent treasury.4. Acquire California.
  12. 12. In four short years he met his every goalHe seized the whole southwest from MexicoMade sure the tariffs fellAnd made the English sell the Oregon TerritoryHe built an independent treasuryHaving done all this he sought no second termBut precious few have mourned the passing ofMr. James K. Polk, our eleventh president“Young Hickory,” Napoleon of the Stump!
  13. 13. 1844 Election Results
  14. 14. ManifestDestiny starringPOTUS No. 11:James K. Polk, 1845-1849
  15. 15. “Manifest Destiny”John O’Sullivan, 1845:".... the right of our manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent… for the development of the great experimentof liberty ... It is right such as that of the tree tothe space of air and the earth suitable for the fullexpansion of its principle and destiny ofgrowth."
  16. 16. “American Progress” by John Gast, 1872
  17. 17. TrailsWest
  18. 18. The Oregon Trail – Albert Bierstadt, 1869
  19. 19. Oregon:54º 40’,or Fight!
  20. 20. Overland Immigration to the West 1840-1860: 250,000+ went west
  21. 21. “Texas Coming In”
  22. 22. The Bear Flag Republic June 14, 1845 John C.Frémont
  23. 23. Slidell Mission, Nov 1845  Sought Mex recognition of Rio Grande as border  US to cover American citizens’ claims against Mexican gov  US purchase of NM for $5,000,000  US purchase of CA for $30,000,000John Slidell
  24. 24. Mexican-American War, 1846-1848
  25. 25. Gen. Zachary Taylor at Palo Alto “Old Rough and Ready”
  26. 26. Scott Enters Mexico CityGen. Winfield Scott, “Old Fuss and Feathers”
  27. 27. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1848• Mexico ceded: • Texas above Rio Grande • New Mexico • California• U. S. paid $15,000,000 and claims of American citizens against Mexico ($3,500,000)
  28. 28. Mexican-American War Results1. 17-mo. war cost $100,000,000 and 13,000+ American lives2. 1 m. sq. mi. of land; 1/3 of Mexico  SW USA • Upset balance between N and S • Forced expansion of slavery to center of national politics3. partial Manifest Destiny4. Taylor and Scott  Whig presidential candidates5. Lee, Grant, Sherman, et al gain war experience
  29. 29. The Mexican Cession
  30. 30. 1848 Election√
  31. 31. GOLD! At Sutter’s Mill, 1848 John A. Sutter
  32. 32. California Gold Rush, 184949er’s
  33. 33. Digging for Gold in California
  34. 34. Gadsen Purchase, 1853$10,000,000 for S AZ to build railroad
  35. 35. Expansionist Young America in the 1850s Attempts to complete William Walker Manifest Destiny
  36. 36. Westward the Course of Empire Emmanuel Leutze, 1860