PANCHAYAT’S IN WEST BENGAL A PRACTITIONER’S PERSPECTIVE
WHAT IS DEMOCREATCDECENTRALISATION? Decentralization is the transfer of political, administrative and fiscal responsibilities to locally elected bodies in urban and rural areas, and the empowerment of communities to exert control over these bodies.
The three ‘F’s of DecentralisationFunctionFundFunctionary
History of Panchayats in India Pre-independence, pre-British period Pre-independence, British period Makers of the Constitution and constitutional provision Post-independence Community Development Programme and Balwanta Rai Mehta Commission (1957) Asoke Mehta Committee Report (1978) 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments
History of Panchayats in WestBengal Pre-British period British period Bengal Local Self-Government Act, 1885 Post-independence period First generation (pre-1978) Second generation (78-94) Third generation (1994-2009) Fourth generation?
Major contributions towardsdecentralisation Uninterrupted panchayat functioning since 1978 Regular elections Constitutional mandate State Election Commission Devolution of fund State Finance Commissions Reservations Social audit Activity mapping Road map
Social Audit Gram Sansad Gram Sabha Block Sansad Zilla Sansad Gram Unnayan Samity Voluntary Disclosure Public Grievance Redressal System
Horizontal Decentralisation Officials through Sthayee Samitis Officials through Sub Committees Officials in Gram Unnayan Samity Participation of all members in Sthayee Samitis Participation of all members in Upa Samitis Block Sansad Zilla Sansad
Roadmap for Panchayats Assigned functions Agency functions Own functions People’s participation Social audit Civil society participation Panchayat-private partnership Panchayat finance Capacity Building
Roadmap for Panchayats: Providingservices Drinking water Healthcare services Sewerage and solid waste management Conservancy services Road connectivity and District Rural Roads Plan Sustainable Water Management Plan Disaster Management Plan Natural Resources Management Tourism Promotion Housing Plan Special Component Sub-Plan for SC/ ST
Roadmap for Panchayats: CapacityBuilding Use of computer software GPMS IFMS Web-based reporting Common Service Centre (Tathya Mitra) Computerisation of trade registration/ trade licencing/ trade certificates E-transfer of funds Decentralised training Use of satellite based Llok Siksha Sanchar for capacity building