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Decentralisation

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slide2-centralisation
slide3-decentralisation
slide4-difference in both
slide5-types of decentralization
Deconcentration
Delegation
Devolution
slide6-Deconcentration
slide7-Delegation
slide8-Devolution
slide9-benefits of decentralization
slide10-limitation of decentralization

Published in: Leadership & Management
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Decentralisation

  1. 1. DECENTRALISATION
  2. 2. CENTRALISATION  The process of transferring and assigning decision making authority to higher levels of an organisational hierarchy.  Knowledge,ideas and information are cascaded down the organisation.  The span of control of top managers is relatively broad.
  3. 3. DECENTRALISATION  The process of transferring and assigning decision making authority to lower levels of an organisational hierarchy.  Knowledge,ideas and information are flowing from the bottom to the top of the organisation.  The span of control of top managers is relatively small.
  4. 4. THREE FORMS OF DECENTRALISATION  Deconcentration  Delegation  Devolution
  5. 5. DECONCENTRATION Deconcentration is the weakest form of decentralization and is used most frequently in unitary states—redistributes decision making authority and financial and management responsibilities among different levels of the organisation.
  6. 6. DELEGATION Delegation is a more extensive form of decentralization. Through delegation central organisation transfer responsibility for decision- making and administration of public functions to semi-autonomous organizations not wholly controlled by the central government, but ultimately accountable to it.
  7. 7. DEVOLUTION Devolution is an administrative type of decentralisation. When organisations devolve functions, they transfer authority for decision- making, finance, and management to quasi- autonomous units of local departments with corporate status.
  8. 8. BENEFITS OF DECENTRALISATION  Empowering Employees  Relieving the Burden  Preparing for Emergencies  More Efficient Decision-Making  Ease of Expansion
  9. 9. LIMITATIONS OF DECENTRALISATION  More cost  No Specialisation  Need more specialists  No uniform action  No equitable distribution of work

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