CHAPTER 1 1) Define: sociology, social world, culture, social interaction, social structure. 2) Do you agree with the prec...
SPORTS “ WELL-ESTABLISHED, OFFICIALLY GOVERNED COMPETITIVE PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES IN WHICH PARTICIPANTS ARE MOTIVATED BY INTE...
SPORTS VS PLAY & SPECTACLE PLAY -AN EXPRESSIVE ACTIVITY DONE FOR ITS OWN SAKE. -PARTICIPANT ORIENTED. SPECTACLE -A PERFORM...
SOCIOLOGY “ THE STUDY OF THE SOCIAL WORLDS THAT PEOPLE CREATE, ORGANIZE, MAINTAIN, AND CHANGE THROUGH THEIR RELATIONSHIPS ...
SOCIALIZATION -THE PROCESS OF PROVIDING AN INDIVIDUAL WITH THE SKILLS* NECESSARY FOR PARTICIPATING WITHIN SOCIETY. * SKILL...
BENEFITS OF ORGANIZED YOUTH SPORTS
1) SOCIALIZING AGENT -SPORT PROVIDES A SOURCE OF BOTH GROUP & PERSONAL IDENTITY.  -IT SATISFIES THE BASIC NEED FOR BELONGI...
2) BUILD STRONG RELATIONSHIPS -SPORTS PROVIDES AMPLE OPPORTUNITIES FOR KIDS TO BUILD STRONG FRIENDSHIPS WITH THEIR PEERS &...
3) TEAMWORK -YOUNG ATHLETES BENEFIT FROM WORKING TOGETHER TO REACH VARIOUS GOALS. -PLAYERS LEARN TO PUT THE TEAM BEFORE TH...
4) HEALTH BENEFITS -WHEN CHILDREN PLAY SPORTS THEY DEVELOP AN UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT THEIR BODIES CAN DO. -DIVING TO BLOCK ...
5) COMPETITION & SPORTSMANSHIP -SPORT PROVIDES A WAY FOR CHILDREN TO LEARN HOW TO COMPETE. -”WINNING ISN’T EVERYTHING.” -K...
6) SELF-DISCIPLINE & TIME MANAGEMENT -SIMPLY MAKING IT TO EACH PRACTICE IS THE FIRST STEP FOR MANY YOUNG ATHLETES LEARNING...
7) SELF-CONFIDENCE -ONE OF THE BEST WAYS TO DEVELOP SELF-CONFIDENCE IS TO BE PLACED IN CHALLENGING SITUATIONS.  -CHALLENGE...
8) RESILIENCE -SPORTS PROVIDE A WAY TO DEAL WITH DISAPPOINTMENT & MISFORTUNE. -YOUNG ATHLETES LEARN TO HANDLE ADVERSITY, W...
9) LEADERSHIP QUALITIES -TEAM SPORTS OFFER KIDS A RARE OPPORTUNITY TO SERVE AS LEADERS. -KIDS CAN BE IN A POSITION TO ASSE...
10) DIVERSITY -SPORTS ARE A GREAT EQUALIZER: RICH OR POOR, BLACK OR WHITE, & MALE OR FEMALE ARE IRRELEVANT.  -KIDS PLAY ON...
ISSUES IN YOUTH SPORTS
1) OVEREMPHASIS ON WINNING -TOO LITTLE EMPHASIS ON THE CHILD’S EXPERIENCE & TOO MUCH EMPHASIS ON WINNING. -CHILDREN VIEW S...
2) SPORTS SPECIALIZATION -THE POPULARITY OF TRAVEL TEAMS HAVE CAUSED KIDS TO FOCUS ON ONLY 1 SPORT RATHER THAN PLAY VARIOU...
3) OVERINVESTED SPORTS PARENTS -MANY PARENTS TRY TO LIVE THROUGH THEIR CHILDREN. -TOO MUCH PRESSURE & UNREALISITC EXPECTAT...
4) UNDERQUALIFIED COACHES -SPORTS ARE A WAY FOR CHILDREN TO LEARN VARIOUS SKILL SETS.  COACHES NEED TO BE PROPERLY TRAINED...
5) ACCESS -FEWER CHILDREN ARE PLAYING ORGANIZED SPORTS (2006) BECAUSE OF ACCESS ISSUES. -LOW INCOME HOUSEHOLDS, TOWN BUDGE...
INTERSCHOLASTIC (HIGH SCHOOL & COLLEGE)  ATHLETICS
DO YOU AGREE WITH PROFESSOR LEY, DOES FPU PLACE AN OVEREMPHASIS ON ATHLETICS?
PROS & CONS OF INTERSCHOLASTIC SPORTS
<ul><li>PROS </li></ul><ul><li>INCREASE INTEREST IN ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES. </li></ul><ul><li>BUILD SKILLS REQUIRED FOR OCCUP...
PROBLEMS WITH COLLEGE SPORTS
<ul><li>1) COMMERCIALIZATION </li></ul><ul><li>BIG-TIME COLLEGE SPORTS HAVE BEEN TURNED INTO PART OF THE ENTERTAINMENT IND...
<ul><li>2) LACK OF ATHLETE’S RIGHTS </li></ul><ul><li>AT MOST UNIVERSITIES, A COACH’S JOB SECURITY IS DEPENDENT UPON WINNI...
<ul><li>3) GENDER INEQUALITIES </li></ul><ul><li>SCHOLARSHIP MONEY, RECRUITING MONEY, OPERATING BUDGETS, & COACHING SALARI...
<ul><li>4) DISTORT RACIAL & ETHNIC PRIORITIES </li></ul><ul><li>UNIVERSITIES HAVE CAPITALIZED ON THE RACIST MYTH THAT AFRI...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Unit 2 sports and education

446 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
446
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
11
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Unit 2 sports and education

  1. 1. CHAPTER 1 1) Define: sociology, social world, culture, social interaction, social structure. 2) Do you agree with the precise definition of &quot;sports&quot;? Why or why not? 3) Sports involve a balance between the elements of play & spectacle. Explain the differences between play & spectacle. 4) What are the differences between the sociology and psychology of sport? 5) Define ideologies. CHAPTER 5 1) What are the benefits of organized sports programs for children? 2) What are some of the negative aspects of organized sports programs for children?
  2. 2. SPORTS “ WELL-ESTABLISHED, OFFICIALLY GOVERNED COMPETITIVE PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES IN WHICH PARTICIPANTS ARE MOTIVATED BY INTERNAL & EXTERNAL REWARDS.” AGREE?
  3. 3. SPORTS VS PLAY & SPECTACLE PLAY -AN EXPRESSIVE ACTIVITY DONE FOR ITS OWN SAKE. -PARTICIPANT ORIENTED. SPECTACLE -A PERFORMANCE MEANT TO ENTERTAIN AN AUDIENCE. -SPECTATOR ORIENTED. SPORTS PLAY SPECTACLE
  4. 4. SOCIOLOGY “ THE STUDY OF THE SOCIAL WORLDS THAT PEOPLE CREATE, ORGANIZE, MAINTAIN, AND CHANGE THROUGH THEIR RELATIONSHIPS WITH EACH OTHER.” -THE STUDY OF SOCIETY.
  5. 5. SOCIALIZATION -THE PROCESS OF PROVIDING AN INDIVIDUAL WITH THE SKILLS* NECESSARY FOR PARTICIPATING WITHIN SOCIETY. * SKILLS: 1) NORMS -PRINCIPLES OF RIGHT ACTION SERVING TO GUIDE, CONTROL, OR REGULATE ACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOR. 2) CUSTOMS -LONG ESTABLISHED PRACTICES CONSIDERED AS UNWRITTEN LAW. 3) LAWS -RULES/REGULATIONS ESTABLISHED IN A COMMUNITY BY SOME AUTHORITY. -HOW DO WE LEARN THE SOCIALIZATION PROCESS? -HOW DO SPORTS CONTRIBUTE TO THE SOCIALIZATION PROCESS?
  6. 6. BENEFITS OF ORGANIZED YOUTH SPORTS
  7. 7. 1) SOCIALIZING AGENT -SPORT PROVIDES A SOURCE OF BOTH GROUP & PERSONAL IDENTITY. -IT SATISFIES THE BASIC NEED FOR BELONGING. ROLE LEARNING: -YOUNG CHILDREN LEARN TO THINK & BEHAVE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE VARIOUS SOCIAL ROLES AVAILABLE TO THEM. -COACHES SERVE AS ROLE MODELS & PROVIDE GUIDANCE BOTH ON & OFF THE FIELD.
  8. 8. 2) BUILD STRONG RELATIONSHIPS -SPORTS PROVIDES AMPLE OPPORTUNITIES FOR KIDS TO BUILD STRONG FRIENDSHIPS WITH THEIR PEERS & MENTORING RELATIONSHIPS WITH THEIR COACHES. -TEAMS OF ATHLETES DO NOT ALWAYS GET ALONG PERFECTLY, SO PUTTING ASIDE DIFFERENCES & LEARNING TO COOPERATE TO PLAY EFFECTIVELY TOGETHER IS AN IMPORTANT LESSON TO BE USED THROUGH LIFE.
  9. 9. 3) TEAMWORK -YOUNG ATHLETES BENEFIT FROM WORKING TOGETHER TO REACH VARIOUS GOALS. -PLAYERS LEARN TO PUT THE TEAM BEFORE THEIR INDIVIDUAL INTERESTS, WHICH DEVELOPES THE QUALITY OF SELFLESSNESS.
  10. 10. 4) HEALTH BENEFITS -WHEN CHILDREN PLAY SPORTS THEY DEVELOP AN UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT THEIR BODIES CAN DO. -DIVING TO BLOCK A SHOT OR CATCH A BALL PROMOTES A TRUST IN THEIR BODIES. -REGULAR PARTICIPATION IN GAMES & PRACTICES HELP DEVELOP AGILITY, COORDINATION, ENDURANCE, FLEXIBILITY, SPEED, & STRENGTH. -STRESS RELIEF: SPORTS ALLOW KIDS TO CLEAR THEIR MINDS OF ACADEMIC & SOCIAL PRESSURES.
  11. 11. 5) COMPETITION & SPORTSMANSHIP -SPORT PROVIDES A WAY FOR CHILDREN TO LEARN HOW TO COMPETE. -”WINNING ISN’T EVERYTHING.” -KIDS LEARN HOW TO BE A GRACIOUS WINNER. PERFORMANCE ETHIC: -THE QUALITY OF THE SPORT EXPERIENCE CAN BE MEASURED IN TERMS OF IMPROVED SKILLS, ESPECIALLY IN RELATION TO THE SKILLS OF OTHERS.
  12. 12. 6) SELF-DISCIPLINE & TIME MANAGEMENT -SIMPLY MAKING IT TO EACH PRACTICE IS THE FIRST STEP FOR MANY YOUNG ATHLETES LEARNING COMMITMENT & RESPONSIBILITY. -IN ORDER TO BE SUCCESSFUL IN SPORTS, FOCUSED ATTENTION & DEDICATION TO PRACTICE IS REQUIRED IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE SUCCESS. -KIDS OFTEN PRACTICE THE SAME TECHNIQUES OVER & OVER TO ACQUIRE PROFICIENCY.
  13. 13. 7) SELF-CONFIDENCE -ONE OF THE BEST WAYS TO DEVELOP SELF-CONFIDENCE IS TO BE PLACED IN CHALLENGING SITUATIONS. -CHALLENGES, WHETHER PHYSICAL OR EMOTIONAL, CAN DEVELOP CONFIDENCE IN CHILDREN. -CHALLENGES PROVIDE AN OPPORTUNITY FOR KIDS TO DISCOVER SOLUTIONS ON THEIR OWN & REAP THE CONSEQUENCES OF WHICHEVER SOLUTION THEY CHOOSE.
  14. 14. 8) RESILIENCE -SPORTS PROVIDE A WAY TO DEAL WITH DISAPPOINTMENT & MISFORTUNE. -YOUNG ATHLETES LEARN TO HANDLE ADVERSITY, WHETHER IT’S PICKING THEMSELVES UP AFTER LOSING A BIG GAME OR NOT GETTING A MANY PLAYING MINUTES AS THEY WANTED.
  15. 15. 9) LEADERSHIP QUALITIES -TEAM SPORTS OFFER KIDS A RARE OPPORTUNITY TO SERVE AS LEADERS. -KIDS CAN BE IN A POSITION TO ASSESS THE STRENGTHS & WEAKNESSES OF THEIR TEAMMATES & HELP UTILIZE THEIR STRENGTHS & COMPENSATE FOR THEIR WEAKNESSES.
  16. 16. 10) DIVERSITY -SPORTS ARE A GREAT EQUALIZER: RICH OR POOR, BLACK OR WHITE, & MALE OR FEMALE ARE IRRELEVANT. -KIDS PLAY ON THE SAME TEAM, WEAR THE SAME UNIFORM, SHARE THE SAME OBJECTIVES & EXPERIENCES.
  17. 17. ISSUES IN YOUTH SPORTS
  18. 18. 1) OVEREMPHASIS ON WINNING -TOO LITTLE EMPHASIS ON THE CHILD’S EXPERIENCE & TOO MUCH EMPHASIS ON WINNING. -CHILDREN VIEW SPORTS AS A SOURCE OF FUN, FRIENDS, & EXERCISE.
  19. 19. 2) SPORTS SPECIALIZATION -THE POPULARITY OF TRAVEL TEAMS HAVE CAUSED KIDS TO FOCUS ON ONLY 1 SPORT RATHER THAN PLAY VARIOUS SPORTS. -THIS CAN LEAD TO BURNOUT, OVERUSE INJURIES, AND A HYPERCOMPETITIVE CULTURE.
  20. 20. 3) OVERINVESTED SPORTS PARENTS -MANY PARENTS TRY TO LIVE THROUGH THEIR CHILDREN. -TOO MUCH PRESSURE & UNREALISITC EXPECTATIONS ARE PLACED ON KIDS.
  21. 21. 4) UNDERQUALIFIED COACHES -SPORTS ARE A WAY FOR CHILDREN TO LEARN VARIOUS SKILL SETS. COACHES NEED TO BE PROPERLY TRAINED TO TEACH THESE SKILLS TO KIDS. -SPORTS PROVIDE KIDS ANOTHER, SOMETIME THE ONLY, ROLE MODEL IN THEIR LIVES. COACHES NEED TO PUT THIS AS TOP PRIORITY.
  22. 22. 5) ACCESS -FEWER CHILDREN ARE PLAYING ORGANIZED SPORTS (2006) BECAUSE OF ACCESS ISSUES. -LOW INCOME HOUSEHOLDS, TOWN BUDGET CUTS, AND DISCRIMINATION LEAD TO ONLY THE ELITE BEING ABLE TO PLAY.
  23. 23. INTERSCHOLASTIC (HIGH SCHOOL & COLLEGE) ATHLETICS
  24. 24. DO YOU AGREE WITH PROFESSOR LEY, DOES FPU PLACE AN OVEREMPHASIS ON ATHLETICS?
  25. 25. PROS & CONS OF INTERSCHOLASTIC SPORTS
  26. 26. <ul><li>PROS </li></ul><ul><li>INCREASE INTEREST IN ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES. </li></ul><ul><li>BUILD SKILLS REQUIRED FOR OCCUPATIONAL SUCCESS (SELF-ESTEEM, RESPONSIBILITY, TEAMWORK). </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTE FITNESS. </li></ul><ul><li>GENERATE SCHOOL SPIRIT & UNITY. </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTE SCHOOL SUPPORT (PARENTS, ALUMNI, COMMUNITY). </li></ul><ul><li>GIVE STUDENTS OPPORTUNITIES TO DEVELOP & DISPLAY SKILLS IN ACTIVITIES VALUED IN SOCIETY. </li></ul><ul><li>CONS </li></ul><ul><li>DISTRACT STUDENTS FROM ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES & DISTORT VALUES IN SCHOOL CULTURE. </li></ul><ul><li>PERPETUATE CONFORMITY. </li></ul><ul><li>TURN MOST STUDENTS INTO PASSIVE SPECTATORS. </li></ul><ul><li>CREATE A CONTRIVED, SUPERFICIAL SPIRIT. </li></ul><ul><li>DEPRIVE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS OF RESOURCES. </li></ul><ul><li>CREATE A HIERARCHIAL SYSTEM IN WHICH ATHLETES ARE UNFAIRLY PRIVELAGED. </li></ul>
  27. 27. PROBLEMS WITH COLLEGE SPORTS
  28. 28. <ul><li>1) COMMERCIALIZATION </li></ul><ul><li>BIG-TIME COLLEGE SPORTS HAVE BEEN TURNED INTO PART OF THE ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY, WITH COMMERCIAL GOALS & OPERATING METHODS THAT ARE UNRELATED TO OR IN CONFLICT WITH THE EDUCATIONAL MISSION OF U.S. UNIVERSITIES. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>2) LACK OF ATHLETE’S RIGHTS </li></ul><ul><li>AT MOST UNIVERSITIES, A COACH’S JOB SECURITY IS DEPENDENT UPON WINNING. </li></ul><ul><li>ATHLETES ARE IN A POSITION WHERE THEY ARE BASICALLY “OWNED” BY THEIR COACH TO THE POINT THAT THEIR OPPORTUNITIES TO LEARN ARE CONSTRAINED. </li></ul><ul><li>ARE COLLEGE STUDENTS: STUDENT-ATHLETES OR ATHLETE-STUDENTS? </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>3) GENDER INEQUALITIES </li></ul><ul><li>SCHOLARSHIP MONEY, RECRUITING MONEY, OPERATING BUDGETS, & COACHING SALARIES ARE NOT EQUALLY DISTRIBUTED AMONG MALE & FEMALE SPORTS (SEE TABLE 14.2 ON PAGE 507). </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>4) DISTORT RACIAL & ETHNIC PRIORITIES </li></ul><ul><li>UNIVERSITIES HAVE CAPITALIZED ON THE RACIST MYTH THAT AFRICAN AMERICANS CAN USE SPORTS TO IMPROVE THEIR LIVES, WHILE IGNORING THEIR RESPONSIBILITY TO CHANGE THE SOCIAL CLIMATE ON CAMPUS SO THEY FEEL WELCOME, SUPPORTED, & RESPECTED. </li></ul><ul><li>BASED ON 2005 DATA: </li></ul><ul><li>1 IN EVERY 6 BLACK MEN ON DIVISION I CAMPUSES IS AN ATHLETE. </li></ul><ul><li>1 IN EVERY 29 WHITE MEN ON DIVISION I CAMPUSES IS AN ATHLETE. </li></ul><ul><li>99.5% OF ALL BLACK AMERICAN MEN 18-23 DO NOT HAVE ATHLETIC SCHOLARSHIPS. </li></ul>

×