Sports Coaching Intro


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Sports Coaching Intro

  1. 1. <ul><li>Styles of Coaching </li></ul>
  2. 2. Intro <ul><li>It is the coach who determines whether young athletes early experiences of a sport are rewarding or not. </li></ul><ul><li>These experiences are likely to determine whether an individual continues with the sport </li></ul><ul><li>As the level of comp increases the player-coach relationship become more crictical. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Role of the Coach <ul><li>Is a complex one depending on level, sport, age, gender and experience of participants. </li></ul><ul><li>Coaching stereotypes ??? Ruthless, yells, aggressive </li></ul><ul><li>What characteristics should a coach have? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Role of the Coach <ul><li>Educator, leader, teacher, friend, guide, visionary, facilitator, manager, organiser, technician, and mentor. </li></ul><ul><li>Coach must meet varied needs and expectations of the individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>They must also know the motivating factors of the individuals. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Role of the Coach <ul><li>A coach is defined as “One who instructs players in the fundamentals of a competitive sport and directs team strategies” </li></ul><ul><li>Form of leadership where one person guides and influences others. </li></ul><ul><li>Question why is the role of the coach so complex??? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Styles of Coaching <ul><li>Authoritarian/ Autocratic </li></ul><ul><li>The coach makes all the decisions with an emphasis on strict discipline and aggression. Winning is the ultimate goal. </li></ul><ul><li>He or she decides what the goals of the session are. </li></ul><ul><li>Highly organised </li></ul><ul><li>Players who are sensitive may be turned off by this style. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Friendly/ Personable <ul><li>This coach has an easy and approachable manner, and a close rapport with the players, who are treated as individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Coach is interested in welfare of each player and listens. </li></ul><ul><li>A criticism of this is listening to advice from all quarters, which can be construed as weakness </li></ul>
  8. 8. Distant, yet approachable <ul><li>Coach remains distant yet approachable and still remains prepared to listen to the players concerns. </li></ul><ul><li>This style makes it easier to make hard decisions like selection and disciplinary issues. </li></ul><ul><li>The danger is players may feel isolated and remote from decision making and team planning process. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Delegatory/ democratic <ul><li>The head coach delegates tasks to a range of support staff with expertise in different areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Often at the elite level. </li></ul><ul><li>Good communication between various people is crucial. </li></ul><ul><li>Coach must ensure that all people involved are kept up to date. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Casual/ laissez-faire <ul><li>Tends to coach by instinct with no clear plan or strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy going passive approach requiring players to take more responsibility for their own game prep. </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism of this style is players feel unsupported and less valued. Often viewed as too casual and disorganised. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Negotiating <ul><li>Places a high value on gaining input from players and support staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Recognises that experienced players can provide valuable input to training and game strategies. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Practice <ul><li>The practice style involves the coach determining the aims, selecting the method of practice, and providing individual and group feedback. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Reciprocal <ul><li>Each player is then encouraged to provide feedback to a partner </li></ul><ul><li>The coach determines the aims, while players are encouraged to be more independent and self-reliant. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Playing <ul><li>Not strictly a coaching style. </li></ul><ul><li>Offers the coach an exclusive perspective on player performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Must lead by example </li></ul><ul><li>Danger of coach being becoming absorbed in playing rather then coaching. </li></ul><ul><li>Also worry to much about coaching and forget playing role. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Non-playing/Bench <ul><li>A coach who doesn’t actively play the game but observes from the sidelines to gain an overall perspective of the game. </li></ul><ul><li>Free of physical pressures involved with playing </li></ul><ul><li>Must be able to make sense of what happens and direct attention to the most important elements. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Characteristics of a respected Coach <ul><li>Personal Qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Strong values of honesty, integrity, consistency, and frankness. </li></ul><ul><li>They are trusted by players and support staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Organisation is a vital element to gaining respect of players. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Knowledge <ul><li>Has an extensive knowledge of the rules, strategies, and also biomech, skill acquisition, anatomy, exercise physiology, fitness testing, training principles, diet, injuries and sport psychology. </li></ul><ul><li>A coach must have the above info up to date to stay ahead of the opposition. </li></ul><ul><li>A coach will have more respect if he is seen to be up to speed. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Learner <ul><li>The respected coach is an active and aggressive learner. </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps up to date with latest practices </li></ul><ul><li>Attends conferences, read journals etc </li></ul><ul><li>This commitment to learning also spreads to players. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages growth </li></ul>
  19. 19. Respect <ul><li>Exhibits respect for the individual athlete, their goals and ambitions </li></ul><ul><li>They are ambitious for their players and themselves to reach full potential. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Coaching Quals <ul><li>Respected coach will have qualifications gained through either </li></ul><ul><li>National Coaching Accreditation scheme (NCAS). </li></ul><ul><li>Or the Australian Coaching counsel </li></ul>
  21. 21. Communication
  22. 22. Communication Skills <ul><li>Its all about effective communication ! </li></ul><ul><li>A coaches success ultimately depends on their ability to communicate effectively with their players. </li></ul><ul><li>Skills such as talking, listening, negotiating, encouraging and counseling are vital tools a coach must posses. </li></ul><ul><li>Must be able to communicate with other staff. </li></ul>