CHAPTER 12 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS1) What does FEMA stand for?2) How does FEMA define "emergency management?"3) Often, what is the first human response to an emergency?4) What should be the overriding principle that every sport facility manager tasked with developing &implementing an emergency management plan remember?5) What does EMP stand for?6) An emergency can be defined by what 2 things?7) Explain the differences between: local, major, & catastrophic emergencies.8) What does "EPT" stand for?9) To ensure an emergency management plans integration into a sport facilitys organizationalculture, what 2 questions need to be answered "yes?"10) What increases the likelihood that sport event or facility managers can rapidly & effectivelyrespond to life-threatening & non-life-threatening medical situations?11) What is the focal point that coordinates all emergency medical personnel at a larger sport facilityor event?12) What provide a primary response mechanism to medical incidents until the patient can be caredfor at the first aid location or base station, or transportation to another medical facility can bearranged?13) What is an AED?14) The American Heart Association notes that at least how many lives could be saved annually byprompt use of AEDs?
FEMAFEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY•AN AGENCY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY•FORMED APRIL 1, 1979•ANNUAL BUDGET: $5.8 BILLION•PRIMARY PURPOSE: COORDINATE RESPONSE TO A DISASTER IN US THATOVERWHELMS RESOURCES OF LOCAL & STATE AUTHORITIES•GOVERNOR OF STATE MUST DECLARE STATE OF EMERGENCY & FORMALLYREQUEST FROM PRESIDENT THAT FEMA RESPOND
OFTEN, WHAT IS THE 1ST HUMAN RESPONSE TO AN EMERGENCY?NO RESPONSE AT ALL“PARALYSIS BY ANALYSIS”•INSTEAD…•STOP, BREATHE, THINK, & ACT.
WHAT SHOULD BE THE OVERRIDING PRINCIPLE THAT EVERY SPORTMANAGER TASKED WITH DEVELOPING & IMPLEMENTING ANEMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN REMEMBER?PEOPLE WILL MORE LIKELY OVERCOME THEIR FEAR THROUGHPROPER TRAINING
FEMA & EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT“THE PROCESS OF PREPARING FOR, MITIGATING, REPONDING TO, &RECOVERING FROM AN EMERGENCY”
MITIGATION•ATTEMPTS TO PREVENT HAZARDS FROM DEVELOPINGINTO DISASTERS•EFFORTS TO REDUCE LOSS OF LIFE & PROPERTY BYLESSENING THE IMPACT OF DISASTERS•ACHIEVED THROUGH RISK ANALYSIS•DIFFERS FROM OTHER PHASES IN THAT IT FOCUSES ONLONG-TERM MEASURES FOR REDUCING/ELIMINATINGRISK
PREPAREDNESS•HOW WE CHANGE BEHAVIOR TO LIMIT THE IMPACT OFDISASTER EVENTS•A CONTINUOUS CYCLE OF ACTIVITIES (PLANNING,TRAINING, MONITORING, ETC.) TO PREVENT, PROTECTAGAINST, RESPOND TO, & RECOVER FROM DISASTERS•DURING THIS PHASE EMERGENCY MANAGERS:1) DEVELOP PLANS OF ACTION TO MANAGE &COUNTER RISKS2) BUILD NECESSARY CAPABILITIES NEEDED TOIMPLEMENT PLANS
RESPONSE•INCLUDES MOBILIZATION OF NECESSARY EMERGENCYSERVICES & 1ST RESPONDERS (FIREFIGHTERS, POLICE, &AMBULANCE) IN DISASTER AREA•RESPONSE TO DISASTER (NATURAL OR TERRORIST) ISBASED ON EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS &PROCESSES
RECOVERY•GOAL: RESTORE AFFECTED AREA TO ITS PREVIOUSSTATE•“BUILD BACK BETTER”•PRIMARILY CONCERNED WITH ACTIONS THAT INVOLVE:•REBUILDING DESTROYED PROPERTY•RE-EMPLOYMENT•REPAIR OF ESSENTIAL INFRASTRUCTURE