Suburbanisation

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Suburbanisation

  1. 1. Episode 1 The Suburban Menace
  2. 2. Suburbanisation <ul><li>The movement of people, employment and facilities away from the inner city towards outer urban areas </li></ul>
  3. 3. Factors that led to rapid suburban growth in the 20 th century <ul><li>Mass car ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Changing transport technologies on urban morphology </li></ul><ul><li>Urban morphology: Factors that contribute to a city’s morphology include: </li></ul><ul><li>its land use and street patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Building types and materials </li></ul><ul><li>socioeconomic and cultural influences </li></ul><ul><li>The development of the commercial trucking industry </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Commercial Trucking </li></ul><ul><li>Mass Car Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Streetcars (Trams) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Multiple Nuclei Model (Harris/Ullman) <ul><li>More complex model involving the development of urban areas around pre-existing villages </li></ul><ul><li>Each village will develop on economic activities and social attractiveness </li></ul><ul><li>More then one CBD, although one will be dominant </li></ul>
  6. 6. Features of a suburban lifestyle <ul><li>Large regional shopping centre's </li></ul><ul><li>Minicities or edge cities are distinctive features </li></ul><ul><li>Contain their own economic and cultural activities </li></ul><ul><li>Competition with Central Business Districts (CBD) for economic activities such as telecommunications, high-tech industries and corporate headquarters </li></ul><ul><li>Upsurge in the Suburbanisation employment </li></ul>
  7. 7. Examples of suburban growth – Large Scale <ul><li>Sydney: </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include: </li></ul><ul><li>Parramatta </li></ul><ul><li>Chatswood </li></ul><ul><li>North Sydney </li></ul><ul><li>Campbelltown </li></ul><ul><li>Liverpool </li></ul><ul><li>Bondi Junction </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples of suburban growth – Small Scale <ul><li>Wagga Wagga: </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include: </li></ul><ul><li>Estella </li></ul><ul><li>Glenfield </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Albert </li></ul>

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