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  1. 1. Learning Objectives <ul><li>Understand the causes of suburbanisation in relation to MEDCs </li></ul><ul><li>Be able to describe the consequences of suburbanisation on different areas of the urban area </li></ul>
  2. 2. Suburbanisation <ul><li>The increased movement of people / services and industries from the centres of inner urban areas outwards, towards and onto the edges of the built-up area. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Suburbanisation <ul><li>The period 1800-1900 saw very rapid urban industrialisation </li></ul><ul><li>Industry could pay the most for city centre sites </li></ul><ul><li>Unplanned housing developed around factories – with few amenities </li></ul><ul><li>Middle classes began to move into suburbs </li></ul>
  4. 4. Suburbanisation <ul><li>The suburbs continued to grow rapidly in all British cities in the inter-war and post-war periods. </li></ul><ul><li>During this period there were fewer planning regulations and urban growth took the form of ribbon development along main routes </li></ul>
  5. 5. Suburbanisation <ul><li>Suburbanisation is continuing: </li></ul><ul><li>Construction / development of flats </li></ul><ul><li>Infilling of vacant land </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing outward expansion at the suburban fringe </li></ul>
  6. 6. Causes of suburbanisation <ul><li>De-centralisation </li></ul><ul><li>Shift of jobs into service sector </li></ul><ul><li>Often tend to be in non-centralised locations to make use of cheaper land prices </li></ul><ul><li>De-industrialisation </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of manufacturing jobs in inner cities </li></ul><ul><li>Workers often lacked skills for jobs in service sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Inner cities experienced spiral of problems </li></ul>
  7. 7. Causes of suburbanisation <ul><li>Attractions of edge of city location </li></ul><ul><li>Access – motorways etc </li></ul><ul><li>Room to expand </li></ul><ul><li>Green space </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasant environment </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Advances in transport meant people could commute longer distances </li></ul><ul><li>ICT and communications developments mean more people can work from home </li></ul>
  8. 8. Consequences of suburbanisation <ul><li>These can relate to periphery and inner city/CBD </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences can be economic, environmental or social </li></ul><ul><li>Positive or negative </li></ul>
  9. 9. Suburbanisation of Nottingham
  10. 10. Suburbanisation of Nottingham <ul><li>Traffic congestion at peak times on peak routes such as A52 and A453 into and out of Nottingham </li></ul><ul><li>Suburban dwellers largely white middle-class leaving some ‘segregated’ deprived inner city areas e.g. St Anns. </li></ul><ul><li>Radford – former industrial area has a negative environment with lots of derelict factories </li></ul>
  11. 11. Suburbanisation of Nottingham <ul><li>The Radford gasometer </li></ul><ul><li>John Player complex </li></ul>
  12. 12. Suburbanisation of Nottingham <ul><li>Development of brownfield sites for decentralised employment e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>University of </li></ul><ul><li>Nottingham Jubilee </li></ul><ul><li>Campus </li></ul>
  13. 13. Suburbanisation of Nottingham <ul><li>Redevelopment of central areas to attract residents and business back into CBD e.g. Nottingham’s Lace Market </li></ul>Broadway Cinema Residential developments
  14. 14. <ul><li>Read Geo Factsheet ‘Suburbanisation’ </li></ul><ul><li>1. What factors encouraged early development of the suburbs? </li></ul><ul><li>2. In the last 30 years:   </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What problems did ‘ de-industrialisation’ cause in the inner cities? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How did these problems encourage growth of the suburbs? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Outline the push factors and pull factors that caused the suburbanisation of industry and jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Outline how changes in transport encouraged suburbanisation  </li></ul><ul><li>5. Why are suburbs ‘ not all the same’? </li></ul><ul><li>6. Copy or summarise Table 4 for revision for the exam  </li></ul><ul><li>7. How does Table 3 show that the inner city has more problems than the suburbs? </li></ul><ul><li>8. List the ‘three major developments’ in the suburbs in the last 15 years. </li></ul>