UNIT 3 AND 4: PRESENT TENSES
To be To have There is/are Pronouns A/an The Possessive Adj To do Imperative Nouns Singular/ plural Possessive  ‘s UNIT 3:...
English food is different from Spanish food. Do you like English food?  Do you prefer Spanish cusine? I like fish, but I d...
GRAMMAR CONTENTS a /ae/ /a:/ /o/ /ei/ 1.-  /ae /  versus  /e/ flat language  man  thanks  travel desk  ten  Let’s  twelve ...
I like oranges  I liked the film So do I  So did I I don’t like  football  She didn’t laugh Neither/Nor do I  Neither did ...
The  shopp ing The  cook ing The  wash ing  up Homework  hacer los deberes Sport Military service Yoga Do
<ul><li>3. Imperativo (ordenes, instrucciones,..) </li></ul><ul><li>Stop!  /  ¡Detente! Wait!  /  ¡Espera! </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Like  (gustar) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Like + noun : I like chocolate .............................................
UNIT 4: THE INTERVIEW <ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>Present Simple/present con...
Name: What’s your name? Age: How old are you?  Address: Where do you live? Family: Have your got any brothers or sisters? ...
Questions 1.-  Adverbio Interrogativo+Auxiliar+Sujeto+ Verbo+ complementos? Do/does+ sujeto+Verb.....? Do  you  like  spag...
Sonidos: /a:/ versus /ae/ Arm /am Harm/ham Aunt/ ant
El Adjetivo What’s  red ,  fast  and  Italian ? Invariable: en género y número He is very tall  They are very tall She is ...
 
Reading: Australia Cares for the environment
Presente Simple/ Presente Continuo PRESENTE PRESENTE SIMPLE I work She work s PRESENTE CONTINUO I  am  work ing She  is  w...
BE AM /IS/ ARE GERUNDIO VERBO-ING Verbo+ ING Am Is Are
El presente continuo o progresivo se forma con el presente del auxiliar 'to be' y el gerundio del verbo que se quiere conj...
Negativa:  Interrogativa Verbo+ING NOT Am Is Are Verbo+ING  Sujeto Am Is Are
a.) La forma negativa añade la partícula 'not' al auxiliar: I  am not  reading a book  /  No estoy leyendo un libro Helen ...
b.) La forma interrogativa invierte el sujeto y el auxiliar: ¿Estoy yo jugando? ¿Estás tú jugando? ¿Está él jugando? ¿Esta...
<ul><li>Cuando se trata de un verbo monosilabo acabado en vocal +consonante, la consontante  última se duplica: </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Se forma en inglés con el infinitivo del verbo sin 'to' (forma básica) para todas las personas, a excepción de la ...
CONSIDERACIONES ORTOGRÁFICAS <ul><li>Cuando el verbo termina en  -s, -ss, -sh, -o, -ch, -x  se añade a la tercera persona ...
Choose the right verb <ul><li>She usually ....... to bed at about 11.30 </li></ul><ul><li>a) go  b) is going  c) does go  ...
 
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Unit 3

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Unit 3

  1. 1. UNIT 3 AND 4: PRESENT TENSES
  2. 2. To be To have There is/are Pronouns A/an The Possessive Adj To do Imperative Nouns Singular/ plural Possessive ‘s UNIT 3: Likes and Dislikes TONIGHT’S MENU /ae/ man, bad To Do: verbo auxiliar y verbo ordinario El Imperativo Our first flat
  3. 3. English food is different from Spanish food. Do you like English food? Do you prefer Spanish cusine? I like fish, but I don’t like liver ......................................................... Do you like bacon and eggs? ...................................................... Yes, I do / No I don’t ...................................................... Do you like pizza? I love pizza ...................................................... So do I ....................................................... I don’t know ....................................................... I haven’t tried them ......................................................... Don’t listen to him! ........................................................... What’s your favourite dish? ......................................................... Paella! ...........................................................
  4. 4. GRAMMAR CONTENTS a /ae/ /a:/ /o/ /ei/ 1.- /ae / versus /e/ flat language man thanks travel desk ten Let’s twelve very Be careful with “a” . flat/ garden/ watch/name 2. D o: Form and USE I/you/we/they DO He/she/ it DOES
  5. 5. I like oranges I liked the film So do I So did I I don’t like football She didn’t laugh Neither/Nor do I Neither did I Expresión “yo también, ... So+ do/Does/did+Sujeto Yo tampoco,.. Neither/Nor +do/does/did+S. Don’t open the book! Don’t move Don’t be late Imperativo (negativo) I don’t like octopus Do you like octopus? Yes, I do /No I don’t Where do you work? Where did you do yesterday? She doesn’t go to the cinema Do you do your homework? I don’t do my homework <ul><li>Auxiliar (presente y pasado) </li></ul><ul><li>negativas </li></ul><ul><li>interrogativas </li></ul><ul><li>respuestas cortas </li></ul>What are you doing? I do my homework every day Verbo ordinario (hacer)
  6. 6. The shopp ing The cook ing The wash ing up Homework hacer los deberes Sport Military service Yoga Do
  7. 7. <ul><li>3. Imperativo (ordenes, instrucciones,..) </li></ul><ul><li>Stop! / ¡Detente! Wait! / ¡Espera! </li></ul><ul><li>Para la forma negativa, utilizamos ' do not ' (don't) antes del verbo. </li></ul><ul><li>Don't stop! / ¡No pares! </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be late! </li></ul><ul><li>Para las otras personas se emplea como auxiliar el verbo ' to let ' (permitir, dejar).  </li></ul><ul><li>Let us write! / ¡Escribamos! Let's (let us) not go! / ¡No vayamos! </li></ul><ul><li>Normalmente, la segunda persona de imperativo se acompaña de 'please' </li></ul><ul><li>para hacer la expresión menos drástica. </li></ul><ul><li>Come here, please! / ¡Ven aquí, por favor!  </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Like (gustar) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Like + noun : I like chocolate ............................................. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She like s chocolate ………… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Like+verb: I don’t like fish ing ............................................ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She doesn´t like swimm ing ………………… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reading: our first flat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“ it’s difficult to buy a flat today because they are very expensive” </li></ul>
  9. 9. UNIT 4: THE INTERVIEW <ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>Present Simple/present continuous </li></ul><ul><li>Reading comprehension </li></ul>
  10. 10. Name: What’s your name? Age: How old are you? Address: Where do you live? Family: Have your got any brothers or sisters? Marital status: Are you married ? Job: What do you do? Reason to be in England: Why are you in England? How long have you been studying English Interviewee/candidate/ applicant Interviewer
  11. 11. Questions 1.- Adverbio Interrogativo+Auxiliar+Sujeto+ Verbo+ complementos? Do/does+ sujeto+Verb.....? Do you like spaghetti? Does she like spaghetti? Adv.interr+do/does+sujet+Verbo...? <ul><li>have/has+ sujeto+got </li></ul><ul><li>Have you got any brothers or sisters? </li></ul><ul><li>do/does+suj+have </li></ul>Am/is/are+ sujeto...? Are you married? Adv.Interrog+ am/is/are+ sujeto...? Why are you tired? Present Simple To have To be Why are you here? Why (por qué) How do you go to work? On foot, by car,…. How How old are you? How old When do you visit your family? When ¿cuándo? Where do you live? Where ¿dónde? Who are you? Who ¿quién? What’s your name? What age are you? What do you do? What do you do for a living What ¿qué, cual?
  12. 12. Sonidos: /a:/ versus /ae/ Arm /am Harm/ham Aunt/ ant
  13. 13. El Adjetivo What’s red , fast and Italian ? Invariable: en género y número He is very tall They are very tall She is very tall They are very tall si acompañan a un sustantivo, se colocan delante del mismo I like the blue shirt We are living in a yellow submarine She has a very expensive Swiss watch Colours: …………… coffee the …………. Panther ……………… submarine …………… .…. peace the ………….... Cross …………… ... Christmas …………… .… juice ……………… . jokes
  14. 15. Reading: Australia Cares for the environment
  15. 16. Presente Simple/ Presente Continuo PRESENTE PRESENTE SIMPLE I work She work s PRESENTE CONTINUO I am work ing She is work ing Always Often Every day Never ... Now Presente Simple What do you do? I’m a teacher Presente Continuo What are you doi ng ? I’m writing a letter
  16. 17. BE AM /IS/ ARE GERUNDIO VERBO-ING Verbo+ ING Am Is Are
  17. 18. El presente continuo o progresivo se forma con el presente del auxiliar 'to be' y el gerundio del verbo que se quiere conjugar : I am reading a book / Estoy leyendo un libro Helen is phoning a friend / Helen está telefoneando a un amigo Yo estoy jugando Tú estás jugando Él está jugando Nosotros estamos jugando Vosotros estáis jugando Ellos están jugando I am playing You are playing He is playing We are playing You are playing They are playing  
  18. 19. Negativa: Interrogativa Verbo+ING NOT Am Is Are Verbo+ING Sujeto Am Is Are
  19. 20. a.) La forma negativa añade la partícula 'not' al auxiliar: I am not reading a book / No estoy leyendo un libro Helen is not phoning a friend / Helen no está telefoneando a un amigo Yo no estoy jugando Tú no estás jugando Él no está jugando Nosotros no estamos jugando Vosotros no estáis jugando Ellos no están jugando I am not playing You are not playing He is not playing We are not playing You are not playing They are not playing  
  20. 21. b.) La forma interrogativa invierte el sujeto y el auxiliar: ¿Estoy yo jugando? ¿Estás tú jugando? ¿Está él jugando? ¿Estamos nosotros jugando?  ¿Estáis vosotros jugando? ¿Están ellos jugando? Am I playing? Are you playing? Is he playing? Are we playing? Are you playing? Are they playing?  
  21. 22. <ul><li>Cuando se trata de un verbo monosilabo acabado en vocal +consonante, la consontante última se duplica: </li></ul><ul><li>To sit ………… sitting             ( sentarse ) </li></ul><ul><li>- Cuando el infinitivo termina en '-e' muda, ésta desaparece. </li></ul><ul><li>To write………. writing             ( escribir ) </li></ul><ul><li>- Cuando el infinitivo termina en 'ie' cambia a 'y' + 'ing' </li></ul><ul><li>To die…………. dying             ( morir ) </li></ul>CONSIDERACIONES ORTOGRÁFICAS
  22. 23. <ul><li>Se forma en inglés con el infinitivo del verbo sin 'to' (forma básica) para todas las personas, a excepción de la tercera persona singular que añade una -s final: </li></ul><ul><li>I play You play He plays We play You play They play   Yo juego Tú juegas Él juega Nosotros jugamos Vosotros jugáis Ellos </li></ul>
  23. 24. CONSIDERACIONES ORTOGRÁFICAS <ul><li>Cuando el verbo termina en -s, -ss, -sh, -o, -ch, -x se añade a la tercera persona singular la terminación ' -es '. </li></ul><ul><li>Cuando termina en 'y' precedida de consonante cambia la 'y' por 'ies' </li></ul><ul><li>I kiss / Yo beso         She kiss es / Ella besa I try / Yo intento       He tr ies / Él intenta </li></ul>
  24. 25. Choose the right verb <ul><li>She usually ....... to bed at about 11.30 </li></ul><ul><li>a) go b) is going c) does go d) goes </li></ul><ul><li>2.- We can't go out now. ...... </li></ul><ul><li>a) It rains b) It's raining c) it rain d) It raining </li></ul><ul><li>3.- a) Come at nine o'clock in Friday b) Come on nine o'clock on Friday c)Come at nine o'clock on Friday d) Come at nine o'clock at Friday </li></ul><ul><li>4.- Earth ....... round the Sun </li></ul><ul><li>a) goes b) is going c) isn't going d) doesn't go </li></ul><ul><li>5.- ........two children playing football. </li></ul><ul><li>a) Are b) They're c) Is d) There're </li></ul>

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