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Open Educational Practices: What, Why and How

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Presentation at Vanderbilt University February 22, 2019. Discusses open educational practices, open pedagogy, and the values, benefits, challenges and risks of these.

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Open Educational Practices: What, Why and How

  1. 1. OPEN EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES: What, Why and How Christina Hendricks, University of British Columbia, Vancouver Presentation at Vanderbilt University, February 22, 2019 Except images licensed otherwise, this presentation is licensed CC BY-SA 4.0
  2. 2. Go to use code 28 41 84 Open education & you
  3. 3. Open Educational Practices (OEP) & Open Pedagogy: What?
  4. 4. What can be open? Resources/ Content Courses Practices/ Pedagogy
  5. 5. Open in which ways? Cost Licenses Technical Accessibility Participation, Connection Free or minimal cost Revisable or not, commercial use or not, etc. Tools & tech skills needed to reuse or revise; open source Web accessible, Universal Design for Learning Beyond an individual course
  6. 6. Catherine Cronin on OEP “the creation, use, and reuse of open educational resources (OER) as well as open pedagogies and open sharing of teaching practices.” (Cronin, 2017, p18). See also Cronin & MacLaren (2018)
  7. 7. Some examples of OEP  Use, revision & creation of OER  Open reflection & sharing of teaching practices, processes  Open enrollment courses  Open scholarship -- Open Practices Briefing Paper (Beetham et al., 2012) OER logo not eligible for copyright; open access logo from PLoS, licensed CC BY-SA 3.0 ; both on Wikimedia Commons
  8. 8. “… open pedagogy … is focused on teaching and learning as compared with broader aspects of scholarship” (Cronin & MacLaren 2018). OEP and open pedagogy Open Edu Practices Open Pedagogy
  9. 9. Quotes about open pedagogy  “shift the student emphasis to contribution to knowledge as opposed to simple consumption of knowledge” (Heather Ross)  “the ability for learners to shape and take ownership of their own education” (Devon Ritter)  “connect with a broader, global community” (Tannis Morgan)  “teacher as ‘the’ authority vs. students being able to bring other sources of authority” (Jim Luke)
  10. 10. OER-enabled pedagogy “the set of teaching and learning practices that are only possible or practical in the context of the 5R permissions which are characteristic of OER.” -- Wiley & Hilton (2018) Reuse Revise Remix Retain Redistribute
  11. 11. Open Pedagogy: How? Examples
  12. 12. Non-disposable assignments “… assignments that are sustainable or not disposable, assignments that would have benefit to others beyond the limited course time and space” -- Maha Bali (2017) David Wiley on disposable assignments (2013) Images licensed CC0 on ttrash can and symbol for no
  13. 13. Wikipedia projects
  14. 14. Students & Open Textbooks See A Guide to Making Open Textbooks with Students Antologia Abierta de Literatura Hispana, cover licensed CC BY 4.0 Environmental Science Bites, Cover licensed CC BY 4.0
  15. 15. Students contributing to other OER Montgomery College UN SDG assignments
  16. 16. Students contributing to curriculum Creating assignments, exam questions, tutorials:  DS106 assignment bank  Rajiv Jhangiani’s Social Psychology course  Video tutorials, Digital Photography course Creating learning outcomes, assignments, grading policies & rubrics  Robin DeRosa’s First Year Seminar
  17. 17. Small Steps ▪ My Introduction to philosophy course: Philosophy in the World assignment ▪ Also, student-created introductions to readings
  18. 18. Open Pedagogy: Why? Values & benefits, challenges & risks
  19. 19. Open pedagogy & social justice “open pedagogy is an ethos that has two … components: • A belief in the potential of openness and sharing to improve learning • A social justice orientation – caring about equity, with openness as one way to achieve this” -- Maha Bali, “What is Open Pedagogy?” (2017) Photo licensed CC0 on
  20. 20. Access & Agency OER & OEP focus on (among other things): Access Agency Cost Revision, creation of OER Publicly & easily (?) available Contribution to knowledge Accessibility re: disabilities Co-create See, e.g., DeRosa & Jhangiani, Open Pedagogy Notebook
  21. 21. Values & Activities Equity: incl. Access & Agency Collaborate ConnectContribute
  22. 22. Collaborate Contribute Connect  Share authority in courses; e.g., co- create curriculum  Flexibility, student choice  Transparency, build trust  Contribute to public knowledge (learners & teachers)  Democratizing knowledge  Adapt, create, share OER  Connect w/wider networks:  Blogs  Social media  Social annotation  Community- engaged learning; research with community See Hendricks 2017a, 2017b
  23. 23. Go to use code 28 41 84 Interlude: What’s “open” about all of this?
  24. 24. Student Perceptions: Benefits You’re able to be part of community conversations … happening right now.” -- What Students Have to Say about Open ED “I became a better writer .... I knew [the blog posts] could potentially be seen by people outside … so I wanted to make sure my information was accurate and written well.” -- student at Keene State College “I liked how the wiki made me feel like I was actually making a contribution with my work – it’s become meaningful.” -- student contributor to UBC Open Case Studies
  25. 25. Student Perceptions: Challenges Wiki projects are a good idea for learning, but making students fill a database for the sole purpose of UBC being viewed as a diverse source of knowledge seems shady. --student contributor to UBC Open Case Studies Some of the challenges I faced was uncertainty. As a student who has never used this kind of learning before I was scared honestly.” -- Keene State College student How can we be sure we’re not exploiting students to create resources for courses without pay? -- UBC student
  26. 26. Risks Privacy and student data Bullying & harassment Digital tattoo
  27. 27. Sava Singh on the fallacy of open Photo licensed CC0 on “… open is not good for everyone ... The hype around open, while well-intentioned, is also unintentionally putting many people in harm’s way and they in turn end up having to endure so much. The people calling for open are often in positions of privilege, or have reaped the benefits of being open early on …” -- Sava Singh, “The Fallacy of Open” (2015)
  28. 28. Go to use code 28 41 84 How to address challenges & risks?
  29. 29. Christina Hendricks Twitter: @clhendricksbc Mastodon: Thank you!
  30. 30. Works cited, p. 1  Bali, M. (2017, April). Post on April Open Perspective: What is Open Pedagogy? Retrieved from pedagogy/  Beetham, H., Falconer, I., McGill, L., & Littlejohn, A. (2012). Open practices: Briefing paper. JISC. Retrieved from  Cronin, C. (2017). Openness and Praxis: Exploring the Use of Open Educational Practices in Higher Education. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(5). Retrieved from  Cronin, C., & MacLaren, I. (2018). Conceptualising OEP: A review of theoretical and empirical literature in Open Educational Practices. Open Praxis, 10(2), 127–143.
  31. 31. Works cited, p. 2  DeRosa, R. & Jhangiani, R. (n.d.). Open pedagogy. The Open Pedagogy Notebook. Retrieved from  Hendricks, C. (2017a, May 23). Navigating open pedagogy, part 2. Retrieved from  Hendricks, C. (2017b, October 25). Open Pedagogy, shared aspects. Retrieved from  Luke, J. (2017, April 23). What’s open? Are OER necessary? Retrieved from  Morgan, T. (2017, April 13). Reflections on #OER17 – From beyond content to open pedagogy. Retrieved from from-beyond-content-to-open-pedagogy/
  32. 32. Works cited, p. 3  Ritter, D. (2017, April). April open perspective: What is open pedagogy? Retrieved from  Ross, H. (2017, April). April open perspective: What is open pedagogy? Retrieved from  singh, sava. (2015, June 27). The fallacy of “open.” Retrieved from  Wiley, D. (2013, October 21). What is open pedagogy? Retrieved from  Wiley, D., & Hilton, J. (2018). Defining OER-enabled pedagogy. The International Review of Research in Open & Distributed Learning, 19(4). Retrieved from
  33. 33. • Presentation template by SlidesCarnival licensed CC BY 4.0 • Images not attributed above: o Photo on title slide & section slides by Monika Majkowska on Unsplash o Library photo on slide 7 by Victoria Kure-Wu on Unsplash o Post-it notes photo on slide 7 by Kelly Sikkema on Unsplash o Laptop photo on slide 7 by Headway on Unsplash o UN Sustainable Development Goals graphic on slide 16 is public domain on Wikimedia Commons • All icons were purchased with a subscription to The Noun Project Credits