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Research Cases about Open Educational
Practices – Open Educational Resources
at Universidade Aberta (Lisboa, Portugal) & Universidade
Federal de Santa Maria (Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil)
Elena Maria Mallmann
elena.ufsm@gmail.com
Apoio Financeiro:
Capes - Bolsa Estágio Pós-Doutoral Capes – Processo BEX 1566-14.
Capes/CNPq - Chamada 43/2013 - Ciências Humanas, Sociais e
Sociais Aplicadas;
Geographical Context
?
Image Fount: Google Maps
Image Fount: Google Maps
Image Fount: Google Maps
Brasil
- Population: 202 million;
- 1988 Constitution;
- 26 states and the Federal District;
- Five regions;
- Portuguese Language
Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Image Fount: http://www.suapesquisa.com/uploads/site/regioes_brasil.gif
About the Educational Context
in Brasil: higher education
numbers
Law of Education Guidelines
and Bases - 1996
Fount: Censo da educação superior 2012: resumo técnico. – Brasília : Instituto Nacional de Estudos
e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira, 2014.
The number of institutions is increasing in recent years
Fount: Censo da educação superior 2012: resumo técnico. – Brasília : Instituto Nacional de Estudos
e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira, 2014.
Difference between Regions
Fount: Censo da educação superior 2012: resumo técnico. – Brasília : Instituto Nacional de Estudos
e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira, 2014.
Difference between Face to Face and Distance Education
Context at Universidade Federal de
Santa Maria
29901 students
10934 teachers
Multicampi: higher education,
high school, technical and technological
courses
http://site.ufsm.br/
Fount: http://coral.ufsm.br/docsie/indicadores/apresentacao_executiva_UFSM_2012.pdf
Educational Technology: Moodle
http://nte.ufsm.br/moodle2_UAB/
Multidisciplinary Team - Núcleo de
Tecnologia Educacional (NTE):
teacher training, technological
support and creation of didatic
resources
System Universidade Aberta do Brasil:
estrategy to improve and increase the acess at
the public university in Brasil
Distance learning courses at UFSM: 23
Context at Universidade Aberta –
Portugal
http://www.uab.pt
Research groups in distance education
and e-learning
http://lead.uab.pt/
MOOC
http://eco.imooc.uab.pt/elgg/
Image Fount: Google Maps
Research Questions at UFSM and UAb
OER: what is, how it works and how can we use it in our
teaching practices? MOOC are good ways to implement
OER?
Research Strategies:
- Bibliographic study;
- Participation in Mooc;
- Collaborative production in Curricular Units;
- Resources and activities for teacher training.
I - Firts Strategy:
Participation in MOOC.
Principle: being a student to understand the functioning
Example of MOOC
MOOC “Innovación Educativa com Recursos Abiertos”
plataform Coursera
language: Spanish
4 weeks – september/2014
15.000 subscribers
2.500 Teacher Assistant (TA)
Teachers: Dra. María Soledad Ramírez Montoya and Mtro. José
Vladimir Burgos Aguilar - Tecnológico de Monterrey
Focus: identification of strategies for integrating OER, in view of the
development of innovative practices
Content:
I. Movimiento educativo abierto;
II. Búsqueda y uso de recursos educativos abiertos (REA);
III. Visibilidad y diseminación abierta del conocimiento;
IV. Movilización de prácticas educativas abiertas en ambientes de
aprendizaje
Exemple - weekly schedule of resources and
activities
Fount: Mooc Innovación Educativa com Recursos
Abiertos
https://class.coursera.org/innovacionrea-
002/wiki/agenda
Exemple: resources - week 1
Fount: Mooc Innovación Educativa com Recursos
Abiertos
https://class.coursera.org/innovacionrea-
002/wiki/lecturas
Guidance for weekly activities
Fount: Mooc Innovación Educativa com Recursos
Abiertos
https://class.coursera.org/innovacionrea-
002/human_grading
Comments:
1) Interaction - forum tool:
a) organization of participants in study groups (15
groups during the 4 weeks);
b) nationalities and related sub-themes;
c) interaction and sharing on social networks such as
Facebook.
2) Interaction and guidance of TA group:
a) group had no prior access to course materials -
difficult to target more accurately on the theoretical
framework;
b) many TA have no previous experience with
Coursera platform. Consequently, little fluency with
many of the tools.
3) Teaching resources - pedagogical design MOOC:
- Lots of resources (texts, videos, live sessions);
- Short time to carry out the activities;
- Lots of weekly surveys.
4) Co-authoring:
- Peer review – good strategy from the perspective of Open
Educational Practices;
- Access, evaluation and feedback among peers.
5) Technological fluency:
- External publication on social networks creates challenges
to improve our open practices;
- Practice in publishing and upload platforms is necessary to
improve our fluency with educational technologies.
II - Second Strategy:
a) create resources and activities (survey and
forum) in an topic in Curricular Unit;
Mestrado em Pedagogia do Elearning
Open Educational Resources at UAb
l
Institutional document: Teaching Virtual Model
provides resource utilization under license Creative
Commons;
l
Open content created at the curricular unit:
“Psicologia da Comunicação online” - Mestrado
Pedagogia do Elearning - 2014/2015
http://elearning.uab.pt/
Content CC created by using the tool “Book” in
Moodle and online shared in Slideshare:
http://pt.slideshare.net/ElenaMariaMallmann/md-pea
After studying the open content
created at the curricular unit by the
teachers, the students created their
own resources in open wikis;
The basis of the work was to use and
recreate the resources created by
students in open wikis during the
semester 2013/2014;
The content of both semesters was
based on Howard Rheingold's book
“Net Smart”
Image fount: https://mitpress.mit.edu/index.php?q=books/net-smart
Comparison between wikis 2013-14 and 2014-15
Wiki 2013-14 about the content “Multitasking”
Wiki 2014-15 about the content “Multitasking”
Second Strategy:
b) create resources in Curricular Units
PHD in Distance Education – UC –
Comunicação Online e Sociedade em Rede
Co-authoring between students and teachers using
open tools like Wikibooks – content avaliable at:
https://pt.wikibooks.org/wiki/Aprendizagem_e_Medias_Sociais
III - Third Strategy:
- resources and activities for teacher training
Creation and open availability of a Course-Example
in Moodle like a content of a MOOC.
Site of a Research Group at UFSM:
http://laveala.proj.ufsm.br/
Conceptual Synthesis: are licenses enough?
Conceptual Synthesis: access and (re)use are only the first step

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Research Cases about Open Educational Practices – Open Educational Resources at Universidade Aberta (Lisboa, Portugal) & Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil)

  • 1. Research Cases about Open Educational Practices – Open Educational Resources at Universidade Aberta (Lisboa, Portugal) & Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil) Elena Maria Mallmann elena.ufsm@gmail.com Apoio Financeiro: Capes - Bolsa Estágio Pós-Doutoral Capes – Processo BEX 1566-14. Capes/CNPq - Chamada 43/2013 - Ciências Humanas, Sociais e Sociais Aplicadas;
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  • 6. Brasil - Population: 202 million; - 1988 Constitution; - 26 states and the Federal District; - Five regions; - Portuguese Language Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Image Fount: http://www.suapesquisa.com/uploads/site/regioes_brasil.gif
  • 7. About the Educational Context in Brasil: higher education numbers Law of Education Guidelines and Bases - 1996
  • 8. Fount: Censo da educação superior 2012: resumo técnico. – Brasília : Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira, 2014. The number of institutions is increasing in recent years
  • 9. Fount: Censo da educação superior 2012: resumo técnico. – Brasília : Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira, 2014. Difference between Regions
  • 10. Fount: Censo da educação superior 2012: resumo técnico. – Brasília : Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira, 2014. Difference between Face to Face and Distance Education
  • 11. Context at Universidade Federal de Santa Maria 29901 students 10934 teachers Multicampi: higher education, high school, technical and technological courses http://site.ufsm.br/
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  • 14. Educational Technology: Moodle http://nte.ufsm.br/moodle2_UAB/ Multidisciplinary Team - Núcleo de Tecnologia Educacional (NTE): teacher training, technological support and creation of didatic resources
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  • 16. System Universidade Aberta do Brasil: estrategy to improve and increase the acess at the public university in Brasil Distance learning courses at UFSM: 23
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  • 18. Context at Universidade Aberta – Portugal http://www.uab.pt Research groups in distance education and e-learning http://lead.uab.pt/ MOOC http://eco.imooc.uab.pt/elgg/
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  • 23. Research Questions at UFSM and UAb OER: what is, how it works and how can we use it in our teaching practices? MOOC are good ways to implement OER? Research Strategies: - Bibliographic study; - Participation in Mooc; - Collaborative production in Curricular Units; - Resources and activities for teacher training.
  • 24. I - Firts Strategy: Participation in MOOC. Principle: being a student to understand the functioning
  • 25. Example of MOOC MOOC “Innovación Educativa com Recursos Abiertos” plataform Coursera language: Spanish 4 weeks – september/2014 15.000 subscribers 2.500 Teacher Assistant (TA) Teachers: Dra. María Soledad Ramírez Montoya and Mtro. José Vladimir Burgos Aguilar - Tecnológico de Monterrey Focus: identification of strategies for integrating OER, in view of the development of innovative practices Content: I. Movimiento educativo abierto; II. Búsqueda y uso de recursos educativos abiertos (REA); III. Visibilidad y diseminación abierta del conocimiento; IV. Movilización de prácticas educativas abiertas en ambientes de aprendizaje
  • 26. Exemple - weekly schedule of resources and activities Fount: Mooc Innovación Educativa com Recursos Abiertos https://class.coursera.org/innovacionrea- 002/wiki/agenda
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  • 28. Exemple: resources - week 1 Fount: Mooc Innovación Educativa com Recursos Abiertos https://class.coursera.org/innovacionrea- 002/wiki/lecturas
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  • 30. Guidance for weekly activities Fount: Mooc Innovación Educativa com Recursos Abiertos https://class.coursera.org/innovacionrea- 002/human_grading
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  • 32. Comments: 1) Interaction - forum tool: a) organization of participants in study groups (15 groups during the 4 weeks); b) nationalities and related sub-themes; c) interaction and sharing on social networks such as Facebook. 2) Interaction and guidance of TA group: a) group had no prior access to course materials - difficult to target more accurately on the theoretical framework; b) many TA have no previous experience with Coursera platform. Consequently, little fluency with many of the tools.
  • 33. 3) Teaching resources - pedagogical design MOOC: - Lots of resources (texts, videos, live sessions); - Short time to carry out the activities; - Lots of weekly surveys. 4) Co-authoring: - Peer review – good strategy from the perspective of Open Educational Practices; - Access, evaluation and feedback among peers. 5) Technological fluency: - External publication on social networks creates challenges to improve our open practices; - Practice in publishing and upload platforms is necessary to improve our fluency with educational technologies.
  • 34. II - Second Strategy: a) create resources and activities (survey and forum) in an topic in Curricular Unit; Mestrado em Pedagogia do Elearning
  • 35. Open Educational Resources at UAb l Institutional document: Teaching Virtual Model provides resource utilization under license Creative Commons; l Open content created at the curricular unit: “Psicologia da Comunicação online” - Mestrado Pedagogia do Elearning - 2014/2015 http://elearning.uab.pt/
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  • 39. Content CC created by using the tool “Book” in Moodle and online shared in Slideshare: http://pt.slideshare.net/ElenaMariaMallmann/md-pea
  • 40. After studying the open content created at the curricular unit by the teachers, the students created their own resources in open wikis; The basis of the work was to use and recreate the resources created by students in open wikis during the semester 2013/2014; The content of both semesters was based on Howard Rheingold's book “Net Smart” Image fount: https://mitpress.mit.edu/index.php?q=books/net-smart
  • 41. Comparison between wikis 2013-14 and 2014-15
  • 42. Wiki 2013-14 about the content “Multitasking”
  • 43. Wiki 2014-15 about the content “Multitasking”
  • 44. Second Strategy: b) create resources in Curricular Units PHD in Distance Education – UC – Comunicação Online e Sociedade em Rede Co-authoring between students and teachers using open tools like Wikibooks – content avaliable at: https://pt.wikibooks.org/wiki/Aprendizagem_e_Medias_Sociais
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  • 46. III - Third Strategy: - resources and activities for teacher training Creation and open availability of a Course-Example in Moodle like a content of a MOOC. Site of a Research Group at UFSM: http://laveala.proj.ufsm.br/
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  • 50. Conceptual Synthesis: are licenses enough?
  • 51. Conceptual Synthesis: access and (re)use are only the first step