Training report on airport authority of india(a

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Training report on airport authority of india(a

  1. 1. TRAINING REPORT ON AIRPORT AUTHORITY OF INDIA(A.A.I)
  2. 2. AIRPORT AUTHORITY OF INDIA • AAI IS AN ORGANISATION WORKING UNDER THE MINISTERY OF CIVIL AVIATIONS. • It came into existense in 1st april 1995. • Airport – 1.International 2.National (domestic)  126 AIRPORT  11 INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT  89 DOMESTIC AIRPORT  26 CIVIL ENCLAVE
  3. 3. MAIN FUNCTION OF AAI  CNS COMMUNICATION,NAVIGATION,SURVIELLANCE  AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT  MAINTAINENCE OF PASSENGER TERMINALS  CARGO TERMINAL AT INTERNATIONAL AND DOMESTIC
  4. 4. DEPARTMENTS UNDER A.A.I. THERE ARE 2 DEPARTMETS UNDER A.A.I. 1.CNS DEPTT CNS STANDS FOR COMMUNICATION , NAVIGATION AND SURVEILLANCE 2.ATM DEPTT ATM STANDS FOR AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
  5. 5. C.N.S
  6. 6. SURVEILLANCE CNS COMMUNICATION NAVIGATIONAL AIDS
  7. 7. COMMUNICATION
  8. 8. COMMUNICATION (V.H.F ) COMMUMNICATION IS DONE THROUGH VHF(VERY HIGH FREQUENCY RANGE) THE RANGE OF VHF IS 30MHZ TO 300 MHZ IT IS A TYPE OF LINE OF SIGHT COMMUNICATION MODULATION TECHNIQUE USED IS AMPLITUDE MODULATION
  9. 9. V.H.F • 3 BASIC COMPONENTS REQUIRED FOR V.H.F COMMUNICATION ARE : 1. TRANSMITTER 2. RECEIVER 3. ANTENNAS
  10. 10. V.H.F TRANSMITTER • VHF TRANSMITTER HAVE 2 TRASMITTERS IN A SINGLE EQUIPMENT . • 1ST TRANSMITTER IS ON AIR WHILE OTHER IS ON STANDBY . • 2ND TRANMITTER IS ON HOT STANDBY i.e. THE TRANSMITTER IS IN ON STATE BUT NOT IN USE.
  11. 11. VHF TRANSMITTER S.NO Description Function 1 LEDs (green, red) PSU module status 2 LEDs (green, red) TX/PA module status 3 LEDs (green, red, yellow) BB module status 4 LCD Display 2x10 digits Display on Control Panel 5 Switch ON/OFF AC switch 6 Switch ON/OFF DC switch 7 Mini-DIN 8-pin connector Test connector. 8 RP17 Headset/ Microphone connector. 9 Four control keys Keyboard on Control Panel The DT100 equipment can operate in the 108 to 156 MHz frequency band.
  12. 12. V.H.F RECEIVER • V.H.F RECEIVER ALSO HAVE 2 RECEIVERS IN A SINGLE EQUIPMENT . • 1ST RECEIVER IS ON AIR WHILE 2ND IS ON HOT STANDBY FOR USE IN EMERGENCY.
  13. 13. VHF RECEIVER S.NO Description Function 1 LEDs (green, red) RX module status 2 LEDs (green, red, yellow) BB module status 3 LCD Display 2x10 digits Display on Control Panel 4 Mini-DIN 8-pin connector Test connector 5 RP17 Headset/Microphon e connector 6 Four control keys Keyboard on Control Panel The DR100 equipment can operate in the 108 to 156 MHz frequency band.
  14. 14. V.H.F • ANTENNAS 2 TYPE OF ANTENNAS ARE USED : 1. DIRECTIVE ANTENNA 2. OMNI-DIRECTIONAL ANTENNA
  15. 15. DIRECTIVE ANTENNA OMNI DIRECTIONAL ANTENNA
  16. 16. SOME IMPORTANT FACTS • ALLOTED FREQUENCY FOR V.H.F IS 108-156 MHZ . • OUT OF IT A.A.I OPERATES IN 117.975 MHZ – 136 MHZ . • EACH AIRPORT HAS ITS DESIGNATED FREQUENCY . • FOR EXAMPLE-SAFDURJUNG AIRPORT OPERATES AT FREQUENCY 122.3 MHZ .
  17. 17. NAVIGATION (NAV-AIDS)
  18. 18. NAVIGATIONAL AIDS  Navigation is the 'ART' of determining the position of an aircraft over earth's surface and guiding its progress from one place to another.  To accomplish this ART, some sort of 'aids' are required by the PILOTS.  In the twentieth century, electronics also entered in the Aviation field. Direction finders and other navigational aids enabled the navigators to obtain 'Fixes' using electronic aids only. Hence such aids became more and more popular and came into extensive use.
  19. 19. Navigational Aids used in AAI  ILS:  DME:  NDB:  VOR: Instrument Landing System Distance Measuring Equipment Non Directional Bearing VHF OMNI RANGE
  20. 20. I.L.S. INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM CONSIST OF: LOCALIZER GLIDE PATH
  21. 21. ILS : Instrument Landing System ILS GP ILS Localizer Glide Path
  22. 22. LLZ BLDG Runway threshold AIRCRAFT 4 NM 200 ft 3500ft LLZ ANT RUN WAY OM MM 450ft 1000ft GP GP & DME ANTENNA 1000 to 1500ft INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM LAYOUT
  23. 23. ILS Localizer needle
  24. 24. Glide slope Needle
  25. 25. INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM  The Instrument Landing System (ILS) provides a means for safe landing of aircraft at airports under conditions of low ceilings and limited visibility.  The use of the system materially reduces interruptions of service at airports resulting from bad weather by allowing operations to continue at lower weather minimums.  The ILS also increases the traffic handling capacity of the airport under all weather conditions.
  26. 26. INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM  The function of an ILS is to provide the PILOT or AUTOPILOT of a landing aircraft with the guidance to and along the surface of the runway.  This guidance must be of very high integrity to ensure that each landing has a very high probability of success.  The basic philosophy of ILS is that ground installations, located in the vicinity of the runway, transmit coded signals in such a manner that pilot is given information indicating position of the aircraft with respect to correct approach path.
  27. 27. DISTANCE MEASURING INSTRUMENT(D.M.E) Aircraft use DME to determine their distance from a land-based transponder
  28. 28. NDB:NON DIRECTIONAL BEACON  NDB GIVES THE RELATIVE BEARING. NDB GIVES THE CLOCKWISE ANGLE BETWEEN THE NOSE OF AN AIRCRAFT AND THE NDB. IF I.L.S IS NOT WORKING THEN NDB CAN DO THE TASK.
  29. 29. Direction Finder (NDB) E W N S NDB
  30. 30. VHF OMNI RANGE VOR EQUIPMENT PROVIDE ABSOLUTE BEARING TO AN AIRCRAFT with respect to MAGNETIC NORTH Irrespective of AIRCRAFT HEADING
  31. 31. V.H.F-OMNI RANGE
  32. 32. SURVEILLANCE
  33. 33. SURVEILLANCE The act of watching or monitoring the behavior activities, or other changing information. Surveillance may be applied to observation from a distance by means of electronic equipment.
  34. 34. SURVEILLANCE RADAR SECURITY EQUIPMENTS
  35. 35. RADAR ◙ Radars are employed throughout the world for the purpose of safely controlling air traffic en-route and in the vicinity of airports. ◙ Aircraft as well as vehicular traffic at large airports are monitored by means of high-resolution radar. ◙ Radar has also been used to guide aircraft to a safe landing in bad weather.
  36. 36. SECURITY EQUIPMENT  HAND HELD METAL DETECTOR.  DOOR FRAME METAL DETECTOR.  X-RAY BAGGAGE INSPECTION SYSTEM.  EXPLOSIVE TRACE DETECTOR.
  37. 37. HAND HELD METAL DETECTOR It is used to find the particular part of the body at which any metal or other related particle is there. It operates with chargeable battery system.
  38. 38. DOOR FRAME METAL DETECTOR. Every passengers has to go through this frame when any metal particle is possessed by passengers. It gives indication with both visual and audio aid.
  39. 39. X-RAY BAGGAGE INSPECTION SYSTEM This system has a single X-ray source sending out X-rays, typically in the range of 140 to 160 kilovolt peak (KVP). KVP refers to the amount of penetration an X-ray makes. The higher the KVP, the further the X-ray penetrates. After the X-rays pass through the item, they are picked up by a detector. This detector then passes the X-rays on to a filter, which blocks out the lowerenergy X-rays. The remaining high-energy X-rays hit a second detector. A computer circuit compares the pick-ups of the two detectors to better represent low-energy objects, such as most organic materials.
  40. 40. X-RAY BIS
  41. 41. AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT (A.T.M)
  42. 42. ANY QUERRIES ?

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