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A presentation on internship from jaipur Airport [AAI]


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this ppt is made for giving seminar on working of Airport

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A presentation on internship from jaipur Airport [AAI]

  2. 2. Training Overview  Training Place: Airport Authority of India, Jaipur  Airport CNS Manager: Mr. Rama Gupta Training Coordinator: Rajesh Kr. Meena Training Duration: June 01, 2015 to July 15,2015
  3. 3. • Introduction of AAI & Jaipur Airport • CNS Facilities • Communication • Navigation • Surveillance • Security Equipment COnTenTS
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION • The Airports Authority of India (AAI) was formed on 1st April 1995 by merging the International Airports Authority of India and the National Airports Authority with a view to accelerate the integrated development, expansion and modernization of the operational, terminal and cargo facilities at the airports in the country conforming to international standards. • AAI manages 126 airports, which include 11 international airports, 89 domestic airports and 26 civil enclaves at Defense airfields • AAI provides air navigation services over 2.8 million square nautical miles of airspace.
  5. 5. GENERAL INFORMATION OF JAIPUR AIRPORT   1. Name of Airport : Jaipur Airport, Jaipur 2. Type of Airport : Civil Aerodrome 3. Address : OIC, AAI, Jaipur Airport Jaipur - 302029 4. Operational Hours : 24 hours 5. Name & Designation : Rama Gupta of Officer-in-Charge Jt.GM (Com) 6. Region : Northern Region 7. RHQ : New Delhi 8. Nature of Station : Non Tenure JAIPUR AIRPORT – VIJP IST=(GMT + 0530) Geographical Coordinates (WGS–84) : 26º 49' 26.3” N 75º 48' 12.5” E Aerodrome Reference Code : 4 D Aerodrome Reference Point (ARP) Elevation : 384.96 M
  6. 6. Airports Authority of India ATC CNS Aeronautical Radio Navigation Service Aeronautical Mobile Services Very high frequency Omni Range Glide Path Localizer
  7. 7. COMMUNICATION • Air to Ground Communication  It uses the very high frequency range 30MHz- 300MHz.  An Equipment Room contains the VHF equipment as well as the remote control of other navigational equipment.  Staggered Dipole Antenna is used in Omni direction.  Amplitude Modulation is used.  Transmitter frequency at Jaipur Airport is 125.250MHz. • Ground-to-Ground Communication Wacky-talky  It is a small portable radio link (receiver and transmitter)  A two-way radio communication system (usually microwave); part of a more extensive telecommunication network.  Use frequency modulation technique.  It’s frequency at Jaipur Airport is 166.2MHz  A Base station called “challenger” is provided for it.
  8. 8. Air traffic control (ATC) • It is a service provided by ground-based controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and in the air. • The primary purpose of ATC systems worldwide is to separate aircraft to prevent collisions, to organize and expedite the flow of traffic, and to provide information and other support for pilots when able. • In addition to its primary function, the ATC can provide additional services such as providing information to pilots, weather and navigation information and NOTAMs (Notices to Airmen). The DR100 multimode VHF receiver • It is a state-of-the-art communication unit specifically designed to operate as radio core part of Air Traffic Control ground stations. • It is able to support a huge number of operating modes, ranging from the traditional AM-DSB mode for analogue speech communications, to the latest VDL 3 and 4 modes* for voice and data or data-only links. • Due to its DSP-based architecture, software-radio approach, and modular design, it allows for easy update and re- configuration in terms of type of modulation, channel spacing and interface to external controllers. • The equipment has outstanding performances in terms of noise radiation and unwanted emissions together with the high grade of immunity to external interference. • The equipment has been designed to fulfill operating requirements in any possible system layout. This results in an extreme degree of flexibility and operability. It can also be used as direct replacement of analogue VHF equipment in traditional ATC systems Power consumption Transmitter: 400 W (DC main) Power consumption Receiver: 40 W (DC main) Efficiency : 10% Operating frequency band: 108 to 156 MHz
  9. 9. VHF TRANSMITTER S.NO Description Function 1 LEDs (green, red) PSU module status 2 LEDs (green, red) TX/PA module status 3 LEDs (green, red, yellow) BB module status 4 LCD Display 2x10 digits Display on Control Panel 5 Switch ON/OFF AC switch 6 Switch ON/OFF DC switch 7 Mini-DIN 8-pin connector Test connector. 8 RP17 Headset/ Microphone connector. 9 Four control keys Keyboard on Control Panel The DT100 equipment can operate in the 108 to 156 MHz frequency band.
  10. 10. VHF RECEIVER S.NO Description Function 1 LEDs (green, red) RX module status 2 LEDs (green, red, yellow) BB module status 3 LCD Display 2x10 digits Display on Control Panel 4 Mini-DIN 8-pin connector Test connector 5 RP17 Headset/Microphon e connector 6 Four control keys Keyboard on Control Panel The DR100 equipment can operate in the 108 to 156 MHz frequency band.
  11. 11. DVTR • The Digital Voice Tape Recorder is used for audio recording. • It can record 24 channels simultaneously. • In this about 20 channels are fixed while remaining 4 channels can be set as requirement. • Recording is done on magnetic tape and saved about 2 months.
  12. 12. Communication System Communication is the process of sending , receiving and processing of information by electrical means. Basically communication system consist of 3 major blocks which are :  Transmitter  Channel Receiver Audio Amp. RF output Antenna Crystal Osc. Modulator Audio In
  13. 13. Receiver: RF Receiver Local Oscillator Intermediate Demodulator Audio and Power Amp. Speaker
  14. 14. Navigation •Navigation is the ART of determining the position of an aircraft over earth’s surface and guiding it’s process from one place to another. •To accomplish this ART some sort of aids are required by the pilots, called the navigational aids. •Radio Navigation is based on the use of Radio Transmitter, Radio Receiver and propagation of electromagnetic waves to find navigational parameter such as direction, distance, position of the aircraft etc. • According to service range the radio navigational aids are broadly classified into three categories - 1. Long Range. 2. Medium Range. 3. Short range. 1. Long Range navigational aids •Operate in very low frequency and low frequency, i.e. 10KHz, 50-100KHz and 100-200KHz respectively. •Provide very long ranges of the order of 7000Kms and 700Kms. •They are based on the hyperbolic system of navigation. •LORAN and OMEGA falls in this category.
  15. 15. 2. Medium range navigational aids • It operates in the LF or MF band of frequency . • It gives the range of 150-250 nautical miles. • NDB (Non Directional Beacons) falls in this category. 3. Short-range navigational aids • These aids operate in and above VHF bands. • The coverage is dependent upon line of sight propagation. • VHF, ILS, DME, VOR and RADAR are some widely used short-range aids.
  16. 16. NAV ­ AIDS I.L.S. (Instrument Landing System)  Localizer : Helps aircraft to identify the central line of runway. Range:- 10-25 NM Frequency:- 108-111.9 MHz  Glide Path : Gives the glide angle i.e. angle of declination achieve for safe landing. Range:- 10 NM(-8 to +8 degrees) Safe glide angle:- 2-4 degrees
  18. 18. 4/4/16 PIET/EC/12/110 18  DISTANCE MEASURING EQUIPMENT(DME) : DME is used in navigational aid which provide a pilot with visual info regarding his position(distance) related to ground base DME station. The frequency range used for DME is between 960 MHz to 1215 MHz . This frequency is used because it has better frequency stability comparative to next higher frequencies in microwave band. It has less reflection and attenuation.
  19. 19. VHF OMNI-DIRECTIONAL RANGE (VOR) * It is a type of radio navigation system for aircraft. VORs broadcast a VHF radio signal encoding both the identity of the station and the angle to it, telling the pilot in what direction he lies from the VOR station, referred to as the radial. * It operates in the VHF band of 112-118 MHz, used as a medium to short range Radio Navigational aid. It works on the principle of phase comparison of two 30 Hz signals * There are two types of VOR, namely, conventional VOR (C-VOR) and Doppler VOR (D-VOR).
  20. 20. SURVEILLANCE The act of watching or monitoring the behavior activities, or other changing information. Surveillance may be applied to observation from a distance by means of electronic equipment.
  21. 21. SURVEILLANCE FACILITIES Surveillance Facilities: ● Primary surveillance radar. ● Secondary surveillance radar. ● Surface movement radar. ● Automatic dependent surveillance (ADS). ● Human machine interface system, including tower consoles, ATS.
  22. 22. RADAR ◙ Radars are employed throughout the world for the purpose of safely controlling air traffic en- route and in the vicinity of airports. ◙ Aircraft as well as vehicular traffic at large airports are monitored by means of high- resolution radar. ◙ Radar has also been used to guide aircraft to a safe landing in bad weather.
  23. 23. AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM This is a system rendered between the Air Traffic Control Institutions and the aircraft to secure the safety and the mobility of aircraft by providing ground navigation or advice, information about aircraft and the airport weather condition.
  25. 25. HAND HELD METAL DETECTOR It is used to find the particular part of the body at which any metal or other related particle is there. It operates with chargeable battery system.
  26. 26. DOOR FRAME METAL DETECTOR. Every passengers has to go through this frame when any metal particle is possessed by passengers. It gives indication with both visual and audio aid.
  27. 27. X-RAY BAGGAGE INSPECTION SYSTEM This system has a single X-ray source sending out X- rays, typically in the range of 140 to 160 kilovolt peak (KVP). KVP refers to the amount of penetration an X- ray makes. The higher the KVP, the further the X-ray penetrates. After the X-rays pass through the item, they are picked up by a detector. This detector then passes the X-rays on to a filter, which blocks out the lower- energy X-rays. The remaining high-energy X-rays hit a second detector. A computer circuit compares the pick-ups of the two detectors to better represent low-energy objects, such as most organic materials.
  28. 28. X-RAY BIS
  29. 29. EXPLOSIVE TRACE DETECTOR Narcotic/Explosive Detector is used to detect the presence of any narcotics or explosive materials. It works on the principle of Ion-Mobility Spectrography. warm up period is 30 minutes. Maintenance required once in a month.
  30. 30. THANK YOU