Hearing ImpairmentLEGAL DEFINITION o Federal Disability Definitions -Title 34: Education o Hearing Impairment means an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a childs educational performance but that is not included under the definition of deafness in this section.COMMON CHARACTERISTICS o Lack of attention o Turns or cocks head o Uses gestures o Monotone quality in voice o Lack of speech development o Works best in small groups o May act out o Difficult in following direction o Preoccupied with things, not people o Imitates others o Impends to noises instead of words o Reluctant to participate orally "MOTOR CHARACTERISTICS" * May have balance problems that cause developmental delays or motor ability * May have difficulty of motor speedLEARNING STRATEGIES & TEACHING TIPS o Make sure the student can you see you when you are speaking so the student can see your lips. o Use visual aids whenever possible. It is easier for a student to pick up words and follow the conversation when they know what the subject matter is going to be. o Speak clearly and normally. Dont slowdown your words or shout. o Writing important announcements or instructions on the board is a good way to clarify. o Provide transcripts with audio information o When showing videos, make sure they are captioned. o Learn some basic signs to use during instruction, o Talk to the individual and the not interpreter when communicating. Brett Brinkerhoff Cat Serpe
RESOURCEShttp://www.northwestern.edu/disability/faculty/strategies/hearing-loss.html • Provides a brief description of the nature of hearing impairment, instructional strategies, common accommodations, assisted listening devices, transcriptions, and closed captioning information.http://www.ctc.ca.gov/credentials/creds/federal-disability-definitions.pdf • Provides the Federal Disability Definition of hearing impairment under Title 34: Education, Sec. 300.8 Child with a disability. Also provides many other important disability definitions.http://www.tahperd.org/LINKS/links pdfs/APE%20factsheets/Hearing Impairmentpdf • Provides the definitions of deaf, hard of hearing, the different degrees of hearing loss, and difficulty understanding speech. Also provides the behavioral characteristics of hearing impaired individuals and teaching tips.http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/Pages/default.aspx • The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders website. Provides health information, health resources, research, news, and events.