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Child protection training for parents.

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Child Abuse
Child Abuse
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Child protection training for parents.

  1. 1. Child Protection Agreement Prem Tinsulanonda International School March 2017
  2. 2. Sometimes, kids have a lot on their minds.
  3. 3. INTERNATIONAL TASK FORCE ON CHILD PROTECTION -  Recently greater interest in Child Protection -  Thai Ministry of Education - CPP -  CIS and ICMEC joined forces to prevent and respond to child abuse, neglect and sexual exploitation wherever you are in the world -  CIS run workshops worldwide - Educational Portal portal/
  4. 4. United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) Children everywhere should have the right to… Survival Development Protection Participation
  5. 5. PREM Statement of Intent The health, safety and well-being of all our students is of paramount importance to all the adults who work at Prem. Our children have the right to protection, regardless of age, gender, race, culture, sexual orientation or disability. Prem endorses the Convention on the Rights of the Child of which the host Country, Thailand, is a signatory, and seeks to be a safe haven for students who may be experiencing abuse or neglect in any aspect of their lives.
  6. 6. Dispelling Myths about Abuse Abuse can happen to anyone, including in wealthy or seemingly supportive families. It can happen once, infrequently, or often Abusers are usually KNOWN to the child; family friends or family members Abusers can be male or female. Abuse can often be physically invisible Children rarely lie about abuse for attention We are not powerless to respond. Thai authorities are increasingly responsive to these issues. We can contact Child Line, Office of Child Protection
  7. 7. Why do all of us need to be talking and learning about this subject?
  8. 8. Definitions Abuse will be defined as an action, which causes or has the risk of causing significant harm (this can be physical, emotional, or sexual). Neglect will be defined as an absence of an action, which puts a child at risk of significant physical, emotional, or sexual harm.
  9. 9. We need to be paying attention to the signs that are present since children tend to communicate through behavior.
  10. 10. Types of Abuse 1. Physical 2. Emotional 3. Sexual 4. Neglect
  11. 11. Indicators of physical abuse (non- accidental physical injury) Unexplained bruising, burns, marks or injuries, especially on soft parts of the body (neck, cheeks, ears, backs of legs, back) Multiple bruises- in clusters, upper arms Injuries inconsistent with information offered Aggressive behaviours Flinching when approached or touched Distracted, hypervigilant Wears inappropriate clothing to hide injuries or is reluctant to get changes Depressed, withdrawn
  12. 12. Indicators of emotional abuse Very negative self-talk Deflated attitude Fear of making mistakes Bullying others Fear of authority figures Neurotic behaviour- sulking, hair twisting, rocking Lack of attachment Distracted in class, symptoms may appear ADHD-like Self-harm
  13. 13. Indicators of sexual abuse: Sexual drawings, sexual play Shutting down, depression, suicidal thoughts Fear of being alone with one person Fear of specific places Age-inappropriate sexual knowledge and behavior Development of eating disorders STI, repeated urinary infections Pain, bruising or bleeding near genital area, with possible stained/bloody underwear.
  14. 14. Indicators of neglect: Constant hunger Constantly dirty or “smelly” Continuous poor personal presentation Complaining of being tired all the time Mentioning being left alone Loss of weight or constantly underweight Attention seeking, being clingy Claiming to have forgotten school equipment Untreated illnesses or injuries
  15. 15. How do abusers try and avoid getting caught? Sexual abusers: They may be charming, warm, easy to like, easy to trust They slowly push boundaries, also slowly testing whether the child will “keep a secret” They may normalize the behavior so children end up thinking that all kids experience this type of abuse They use “play” to introduce sex They take advantage of a child’s natural sexual curiosities They do favors for the child first (giving gifts) so that the child feels “special” or “locked in” Statistically, sexual abusers will have molested between 200-400 times before they are caught
  16. 16. How do abusers try and avoid getting caught? Emotional or physical abuse: They blame the child for their actions They can sometimes flip from being very giving and very loving to very cruel They threaten the child with more harm if the child tells, including threatening to harm a younger sibling or a beloved pet They befriend YOU They may tell others that the child lies, makes stories up, has mental health issues, etc so that the child is not believed if/when they report the abuse.
  17. 17. CyberSafety: Friend of Foe? Easy to fake online personal profiles ‘Catfish’ Predators adapting to Social Networks Man created 8 fake Facebook profiles to groom ‘1,000 kids’ Practice of ‘Sextortion’ - digital content for blackmail The real face of a 15 year old girl on Facebook Amanda Todd - Sextortion victim
  18. 18. Pornography Ring Targets Australian Schoolgirls ●  Website encouraging boys to upload graphic images of female peers ●  More than 2,000 images shared of non-consenting and underage girls ●  Students from 70 Australian schools ●  Treat girls like ‘trading cards’ ●  Features "wanted" lists -- some of which offer "bounties" ●  Members "contribute" by posting personal information including friendship circles, phone numbers and addresses.
  19. 19. Photo sharing ●  An image of someone under the age of 18 in which they are naked, in a sexualised pose, or engaged in a sexual act may constitute child pornography. ●  Creating, accessing or distributing child pornography is a serious offence, even if you are a child yourself. ●  Child pornography offences have a max penalty of 10 years’ imprisonment for each count in Thailand. ●  There is NO SAFE WAY TO SHARE A NUDE PHOTO
  20. 20. WHAT IS CYBERBULLYING? -  Bullying through electronic means -  Everywhere -  Public -  Viral -  Text, Facebook, YouTube common mediums -  Potentially fatal (Megan Meier, Phoebe Prince, Alexis Pilkington)
  21. 21. PREM IT User Agreement 1. Respect Yourself. I will show respect for myself through my actions. I will select online names that are appropriate, and I will consider the information and images that I post online will be appropriate and not obscene. 2. Protect Yourself. I will ensure that the information, images and materials I post online will not put me at risk. I will not publish my personal details, contact details or a schedule of my activities. I will report any attacks or inappropriate behaviour directed at me. I will protect passwords, accounts and resources.
  22. 22. 3. Respect Others. I will show respect to others. I will not use electronic mediums to bully or harass other people. I will not visit sites that are degrading, pornographic, racist or inappropriate. 4. Protect Others. I will protect others by reporting abuse, not forwarding inappropriate materials or communications.
  23. 23. What can I do to prevent abuse? Learn the facts and understand the risks people we trust children afraid to report often older or larger child Minimize Opportunity not left alone know where child is Talk about it if you are comfortable they will be comfortable teach ‘good touch’ / ‘bad touch’ Explain what exactly abuse is “‘If someone hurts you, tell me” can confuse a child who is being sexually molested, as the experience may not “hurt” in the physical sense. Be Alert signs, changes in behaviour, physical signs Make a Plan How would you react?
  24. 24. What can I do to prevent abuse? Act on suspicion Report and TRUST YOUR INSTINCTS Get involved Know who his/her friends are and where they are going supervise as much as possible Allow your child to exercise his/her rights Right to express his/her opinion and feelings Feelings taken into account in decisions Listen Let them know they are being heard Teach them to share opinions and feelings in respectful way
  25. 25. What if, in spite of all the protection, you still think something is happening to a child?
  26. 26. You don’t have to be sure that abuse is occurring to report your suspicions. Suspected abuse: can be based on a “gut feeling”, child behavioral symptoms, or child physical symptoms. Witnessed abuse: abuse that is directly observed by our staff. Reported abuse: a student or adult directly reports that abusive behavior is occurring.
  27. 27. Who to Report to? Designated Child Protection Officers (DCPOs): Arabella Higgins- Whole School Counsellor Amandine Lecesne- Whole School Counsellor Alternatives: Anita McCallum- Junior School Principal Paul Sebastian- Senior School Principal Linda Buck - Director of Boarding Ajarn Tiew - Thai Principal Alun Cooper- Head of School
  28. 28. How do you report your suspicions? Come to us - talk privately Not to be discussed in hallway - appointment Write an email Discourage gossiping
  29. 29. Dealing with disclosure: Listening to the child Children may hint indirectly at a situation - examples ‘Strings attached’ – asking for promises Claiming problems are a ‘friend’s’ Often a child will reveal incident only ONCE Encourage talking to the school counsellor
  30. 30. Listening to the child If a child wants to tell you something, listen to them Remain calm Listen without shock or disbelief Accept what is being said
  31. 31. Listening to the child Allow the child to speak freely Do not promise confidentiality Reassure that it is not their fault The right thing is to tell and that help is available
  32. 32. Listen rather than ask direct questions Do not ask leading questions Do not criticise the alleged perpetrator Explain who has to be told Maintain a supportive presence Listening to the child
  33. 33. Recording a Disclosure Record keeping important - prevent offenders Observe and take factual / clinical / specific notes What would a camera on the wall capture? Use child’s own words Record the date, time, place Non-verbal behaviour Describe any injuries you see Draw a diagram to indicate injuries
  34. 34. What is Prem doing? Training Training of all professional staff (teachers, boarding, IT staff, admissions, VSP, Farm, Thai staff etc) Sign declaration that they adhere to agreement Counsellors have gone to special workshops on Safeguarding & Child Protection - UK All Teaching Staff, Boarding and Admissions staff are taking online safeguarding course from the UK Staff have Codes of Conduct guidelines regarding appropriate behavior around students Staff given guidelines regarding how to report abuse
  35. 35. Codes of Conduct Protect both students and teachers Always maintain professional boundaries AVOID ambiguous comments or conduct Communicating: - use professional email accounts - communications should be school related - not personal Avoid Social Media Standards are the same for female and male staff.
  36. 36. Recruitment In interview, staff given opportunity to disclose information that gives concern, if they were to work in a school environment Up to date police records from staff country of origin and previous country of employment Telephone contact made with previous schools to ascertain whether there are any concerns
  37. 37. Security Measures Closed the hotel to all outside clients. Erected a security fence around the school. Certain gates have been permanently closed around the campus Built guard posts at strategic points around the campus to control access Appointed a Director of Security. Opened a security office in the main administrative building Installed a new fibre optic system for the CCTV cameras Installed new CCTV cameras around the school Monitors installed in the security office to look at activities across the campus All teachers, admin etc required to wear ID badges at all times. Parents can only come onto campus if they are wearing ID badges and then only to the classrooms and library. Parents who want to bring their cars onto campus have to apply for a special badge for their car VSP schools cannot come into the school VSP schools are identified by a special wristband Guards are trained how to serve as security agents Each guard post has its special written orders
  38. 38. Security Measures The guard detail operate 24 hours per day and 7 days per week Parents wishing to see their child in boarding have to make an appointment Visitors to school can only go to the location in the school that is needed eg admissions, or the library Parents and visitors are not allowed to take photographs of the children at play Modified our recruitment strategies to focus on the recommendations of the Child Protection Task Force All teachers have to have an up to date police background check form all most recent countries in which they have served Police background checks will be required for all Thai staff (we have started on this) Police background checks will be necessary for all parents serving as volunteers Police background checks will be necessary for all parents living in The Residence All Artists in residence now have to present police background checks before we will accept them All IB and other workshop leaders must present a police background check before we will accept them on campus All teachers accompanying VSP groups to our campus must have current police background checks vouched for by their host school
  39. 39. Training Students Recognizing and responding to unsafe situations Strengthening values of equality, respect and responsibility Recognize abuse and potentially dangerous situation Child’s right - To be safe - To be listened to and believed - To be respected - To privacy - To be protected from abuse - To ask for help
  40. 40. Student Code of Conduct Students should be respectful of all members of the school community Students should never engage in any intentional physical contact which may hurt another student or member of the school community Students should not engage in behavior which emotionally hurts another or is intended to demean Comments or communications that are conducted via the internet are considered subject to the agreement above.
  41. 41. We hold a “Prem Culture”. We believe that using harsh language or physical punishment that demeans a student damages their sense of safety, sense of self, and sense of community. As such, any student attending Prem will be free from verbal or physical punishment both at school and also at home.
  42. 42. Some cultures believe that being harsh verbally or physically is necessary so that children listen to adults, behave better, and perform better. Let’s take a look at the evidence. .
  43. 43. If you tried to understand me instead of change me, this whole parenting thing would be a lot easier.
  44. 44. Questions?