CHILD ABUSEChild abuse is defined as the physical, emotional and thesexual abuse of children.It can take place anywhere in the organizations, schools, communities or even in a child’s home
ABUSE Consists of any act, or failure to act, that endangers a child’s physical or emotional health and development Also sometimes called child maltreatment
FACTS:• India has the largest num ber of children (375 million) in the world, nearly 40% of its population• 69% of Indian children are victims of physical, emo tional, or sexual abuse (or read it as every 2 out of 3)• New Delhi, the nation’s cap ital, has an abuse rate of over 83%• 89% of the crimes are per petrated by family members• Boys face more abuse (>72%) than girls (65%)• More than 70% of cases go Parents the most common abusers unreported and unshared even with parents/family •because abuse commonly occurs in the family • and often involves young preverbal children, • many cases are neverdiscovered or reported.
More Facts : Today, children are eight to ten times more likely to be abused in the foster Care system than in their own homes Most sexual abuse offenders are not strangers but persons that the abused child knows and trusts.
Physical/mental problemsalcohol and drug abuseLack of knowledgePersonal knowledge andproblemsParents were abused childrenbefore
Type of Child Abuse:• Neglect failure to meet basic needs• Physical intentional infliction of physical injury• Sexual sexual contact or exploitation• Emotional behaviors resulting in humiliation, rejection, fear, isolation, etc
Statistics*• Child abuse in India, according to the NCPCR (National Commission for Protection of Child Rights) report, increased to 763 for 200910 from 35 in 200708. Child abuse complaints included incidents of rape, trafficking, humiliation, physical and mental torture. As per the NCPCR report, in India, the maximum number of child abuse complaints was received from Uttar Pradesh which stood at 179. Uttar Pradesh was followed by Delhi, Orissa, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal from where 127,58,46,42 and 39 cases were received respectively. North eastern states of India, Sikkim, Meghalaya, and Tripura reported no child abuse complaints.
Signs of Physical Abuse•burns, human bite marks, cuts, bruises or welts in the shape of an object•Imprint burns and immersion burns•Spiral fractures•Has resistance going home•Seems frightened of the parents and protests or cries when it is time to go home from school•Fear of adults•Reports injury by a parent or another adult caregiver•Antisocial behaviors (truancy, running away form home, stealing, substance abuse)•Head injuries
Sexual Abuse• Any sexual act between an adult and a child, including penetration, intercourse, incest, rape, and sodomy
Perpetrators• Childcare professionals or babysitters• Clergy, teachers, or athletic coaches• Foster parents or host families or foreignexchange students
Signs of sexual abuse: Inappropriate interest in or knowledge of sexual acts Demonstrates bizarre, sophisticated, or unusual knowledge and behavior Seductiveness or promiscuity Running away from home Avoidance of things related to sexuality, or rejection of own body or genitals excessive aggression Fear of particular person or family member difficulty sitting or walking
Emotional Abuse•usually present when another form of abuse is found.•Has more long-lasting negative psychiatric effects than either physical abuse or sexual abuse.
Belittling or shaming yelling, screaming, threatening, frightening, or bullying Belittling or shaming Humiliating the child, name-calling, making negative comparisons to others. Telling the child he or she is “no good” “worthless” “bad” or “a mistake”Lack of affection and warmth Showing little to no physical affection (such as hugs) or words of affection (praising) Habitual blaming Telling the child that everything is his or her fault Ignoring or rejecting Withdrawing attention, giving “the cold shoulder”, disregarding Extreme punishment Confinement to a closet or dark room, tying to a chair for long periods of time, or terrorizing a child Exposure to violence Witnessing violent behavior, including the physical abuse of others Child exploitation Taking advantage of a child, including child labor Child abduction The trauma of being kidnapped, including kidnapping by a parent, amounts to abuse
Some sign of emotional abuse (images) apathy, depression may lead to withdrawal to anger learning difficulties/ difficulty concentrating nervous habits (nail biting, thumb sucking) conduct disorders (hostility or antisocial) shows extremes in behavior, such as overly compliant of demanding behavior, passivity or aggression delayed in physical or emotional development attempts suicide Reports lack of attach ment to the parent
Neglect Includes educational,physical,emotional
• REPUBLIC ACT – "Special Protection of Children Against Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination Act.• REPUBLIC ACT – an act prohibiting the employment of children below 14 years of age in public and private undertakings.
To prevent child abuse and neglect Understand the problem Understand the terms Understand the causes Support programs that support families Report suspected abuse and neglect Spread the word Strengthen the awareness of our community Be ready in an emergency
WHAT CAN BE DONE??????? Health Workers can:Educate themselves about physical, sexual abuse and explore their own biases, fears, and prejudices Provide supportive, non-judgmental care to victims of violence Ask clients about abuse in a friendly, gentle way The Community can: Urge understanding, compassion, and concern for victims of violence Support the efforts of abused women to leave relationships that put them at risk Parents can:explain to their children the reason/s behind marital conflicts and try to resolve it teach their children to respect others and themselves encourage the health, safety and intellectual development of their children and help boost their self-esteem avoid hitting their children; use non-violent forms of discipline instead talk to their children about sex, love and interpersonal relationships; emphasize that sex is consensual