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Social Institutions<br />
Social Institutions<br />Statuses and roles are enduring and repetitive<br />Social life is therefore enduring and repetit...
Social Institutions<br />The Family as an Institution<br />
Social Institutions<br />Defining characteristic of society is self-sufficiency<br />Separates society from any smaller gr...
Social Institutions<br />Societal needs<br />Continuing supply of new members<br />Socializing new members<br />Dealing wi...
Social Institutions<br />Family<br />Family, education, religion<br />Medicine<br />Education, labor market<br />Science, ...
Social Institutions<br />Institution<br />An accepted and persistent constellation of statuses, roles, values, and norms t...
Social Institutions<br />Social institutions are…<br />Generally unplanned, develop gradually<br />Inherently conservative...
Social Institutions<br />Generally unplanned, develop gradually<br />How do institutions come into being?<br />Faced with ...
Social Institutions<br />Generally unplanned, develop gradually<br />Over time, behavior becomes habitualized<br />Routine...
Social Institutions<br />Generally unplanned, develop gradually<br />Why do we do it this way?<br />“Rightness” or “logic”...
Social Institutions<br />Conservative, change but slowly<br />Because they are legitimized by logic and appeals to the nat...
Social Institutions<br />Interdependent<br />Things happen that cause people to need to alter their routines<br />Technolo...
Social Institutions<br />Differ from society to society<br />
Social Institutions<br />Differ from society to society<br />As societies get larger and more complex, institutions become...
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Social institutions

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Social institutions

  1. 1. Social Institutions<br />
  2. 2. Social Institutions<br />Statuses and roles are enduring and repetitive<br />Social life is therefore enduring and repetitive<br />Social institutions<br />Phenomena that account for much of the fact that social structures tend to be enduring and repetitive<br />
  3. 3. Social Institutions<br />The Family as an Institution<br />
  4. 4. Social Institutions<br />Defining characteristic of society is self-sufficiency<br />Separates society from any smaller group<br />Must provide the resources to answer all of its members basic needs<br />Self-sufficiency also applies to having the resources to meet the society’s own survival needs (such as continuity and new members)<br />
  5. 5. Social Institutions<br />Societal needs<br />Continuing supply of new members<br />Socializing new members<br />Dealing with members’ health issues<br />Selecting members for certain jobs and tasks<br />Creating knowledge<br />Controlling members and defending against enemies<br />Producing and exchanging goods and services<br />Promoting social unity and searching for higher meaning<br />
  6. 6. Social Institutions<br />Family<br />Family, education, religion<br />Medicine<br />Education, labor market<br />Science, religion<br />Law, judicial, religion<br />Government, military<br />Economic system<br />Education, religion, politics<br />New members<br />Socialize<br />Health issues<br />Jobs and tasks<br />Knowledge<br />Control<br />Defense<br />Goods and services<br />Unity and higher meaning<br />
  7. 7. Social Institutions<br />Institution<br />An accepted and persistent constellation of statuses, roles, values, and norms that respond to important societal needs<br />Ideal type<br />A model of a hypothetical pure form of an existing entity<br />Sanctions against not fitting the ideal type<br />
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  10. 10. Social Institutions<br />Social institutions are…<br />Generally unplanned, develop gradually<br />Inherently conservative, change, but slowly<br />Interdependent, change in one brings change in another<br />Bear little resemblance from one society to the next<br />
  11. 11. Social Institutions<br />Generally unplanned, develop gradually<br />How do institutions come into being?<br />Faced with a particular problem, people try a variety of things to solve their needs and the “best” way becomes a pattern for subsequent generations to follow<br />
  12. 12. Social Institutions<br />Generally unplanned, develop gradually<br />Over time, behavior becomes habitualized<br />Routines free up mental space for thinking about more important things<br />Not all routines are institutions<br />Routine behavior is the way we do it, institutions are the way it must be done<br />
  13. 13. Social Institutions<br />Generally unplanned, develop gradually<br />Why do we do it this way?<br />“Rightness” or “logic”<br />Institutions only survive as long as their rightness can be explained as reasonable, logical and natural<br />
  14. 14. Social Institutions<br />Conservative, change but slowly<br />Because they are legitimized by logic and appeals to the nature of things, institutions are difficult to change<br />Change is seen as an attack on nature or logic<br />Gay marriage<br />
  15. 15. Social Institutions<br />Interdependent<br />Things happen that cause people to need to alter their routines<br />Technological and economic change<br />Wars<br />Women in WWII  Changes in marriage<br />
  16. 16. Social Institutions<br />Differ from society to society<br />
  17. 17. Social Institutions<br />Differ from society to society<br />As societies get larger and more complex, institutions become more specialized<br />Family<br />Church<br />

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