B4FA 2012 Ghana: Plant Genetic Resources in Ghana - Lawrence Aboagye

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Presentation by Lawrence Aboagye, Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute, Bunso, Ghana
Delivered at the B4FA Media Dialogue Workshop, Accra, Ghana - September 2012
www.b4fa.org

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B4FA 2012 Ghana: Plant Genetic Resources in Ghana - Lawrence Aboagye

  1. 1. PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES CONSERVATION IN GHANA PAPER PRESENTED BY L. M. ABOAGYE CSIR-PGRRI BIOSCIENCE FOR FARMING IN AFRICA JOURNALISTS TRAINING COURSE 19TH -22ND SEPTEMBER , 2012, ACCRA, GHANA.
  2. 2. Ghana has a national PGR managementGhana has a national PGR management programmeprogramme PGRRI of the CSIR is the organizationPGRRI of the CSIR is the organization mandated for the Coordination of PGRmandated for the Coordination of PGR activities.activities. PGR MANAGEMENT IN GHANAPGR MANAGEMENT IN GHANA
  3. 3. CSIRCSIR--PGRRIPGRRI PGRRI was establishedPGRRI was established in 1964 as PIE division.in 1964 as PIE division. Became a centre inBecame a centre in 1994 and an Institute in1994 and an Institute in 2005.2005. A 5A 5--year strategic hasyear strategic has been drawn (2009been drawn (2009-- 2013).2013).
  4. 4. MANDATEMANDATE CSIRCSIR--PGRRI has the mandate toPGRRI has the mandate to collect, characterize, evaluate,collect, characterize, evaluate, document, conserve, distribute anddocument, conserve, distribute and utilize plant genetic (PGR) fromutilize plant genetic (PGR) from Ghana and abroad.Ghana and abroad.
  5. 5. VISION & MISSIONVISION & MISSION The vision of CSIRThe vision of CSIR--PGRRI is as follows: ToPGRRI is as follows: To become a centre of excellence with improvedbecome a centre of excellence with improved facilities for short, medium and long termfacilities for short, medium and long term conservation and to encourage sustainableconservation and to encourage sustainable utilization for wealth creation.utilization for wealth creation. PGRRI has the mission to collect andPGRRI has the mission to collect and conserve PGR of Ghana and those fromconserve PGR of Ghana and those from abroad to prevent their extinction.abroad to prevent their extinction.
  6. 6. Genetic Resources of PlantsGenetic Resources of Plants Plant genetic resources are those materialsPlant genetic resources are those materials containing actual or potential valuecontaining actual or potential value They are the basic raw materials for cropThey are the basic raw materials for crop improvement today and for the futureimprovement today and for the future
  7. 7. Genetic Resources of PlantsGenetic Resources of Plants Genetic resources of plants could be found in:Genetic resources of plants could be found in: Wild and weedy relativesWild and weedy relatives Land racesLand races Bred varieties (Bred varieties (ObaatanpaObaatanpa,, AsontemAsontem,, AbasafitaaAbasafitaa))
  8. 8. The Need to ConserveThe Need to Conserve A lot of plant resources are being lost throughA lot of plant resources are being lost through the activities of man and natural hazards:the activities of man and natural hazards: These include:These include: Farming activities( slash and burn)Farming activities( slash and burn) Construction( Roads, townships and dams)Construction( Roads, townships and dams) Bush firesBush fires Introduction of new or improved varietiesIntroduction of new or improved varieties ((ObaatanpaObaatanpa,, AsontemAsontem,, AyiyiAyiyi))
  9. 9. CONSTRUCTIONCONSTRUCTION ROADSROADS DAMDAM
  10. 10. BUSH FIRESBUSH FIRES
  11. 11. ACTIVITIESACTIVITIES -- MININGMINING
  12. 12. ACTIVITIES OF PGRRIACTIVITIES OF PGRRI CollectCollect CharacterizeCharacterize EvaluateEvaluate ConservationConservation MaintenanceMaintenance DocumentationDocumentation Distribution &Distribution & UtilizationUtilization
  13. 13. Collection ofCollection of germplasmgermplasm Collecting TeamCollecting Team Collecting ofCollecting of GermplasmGermplasm
  14. 14. Collecting of pepperCollecting of pepper
  15. 15. VegetableVegetable germplasmgermplasm collectedcollected
  16. 16. GERMPLASM COLLECTINGGERMPLASM COLLECTING •• To date a total of 10,000 accessions ofTo date a total of 10,000 accessions of legumes, cereals, vegetables, root andlegumes, cereals, vegetables, root and tuber crops, medicinal plants, timbertuber crops, medicinal plants, timber species and wild species.species and wild species.
  17. 17. CHARACTERIZATION OFCHARACTERIZATION OF PEPPERPEPPERTraits evaluated SDI Stigma Position In Relation To Exerted or Same Level 0.124 Fruit Shape At Peduncle Obtuse, Cordate, Acute 0.333 Neck At Base Of Fruit Absent or Present 0.32 Fruit Shape At Blossom Pointed, Sunken, Blunt 0.371 Fruit Cross-Sectional Smooth, Corrugated, Slightly corrugated, Intermediate, Very corrugated 0.575 Fruit Persistence Persistence or Deciduous 0.028 Fruit Pungency High 0 Fruit Set High, Intermediate, Low 0.458
  18. 18. Trait Range Mean SD CV(%) Fruit length 1.3-17 5.01 2.28 41.2 Days to 50% flowering 2-117 82.77 13.59 18.61 Days to 50% fruiting 66-143 95.38 12.98 13.6 Fruit width 4.8-28.2 13.31 5.49 41.24 Fruit wall thickness 0.1-3.24 1.07 0.41 38.31 Mean fruit weight 0.25- 18.3 2.46 1.86 75.6 Yield per plant 0.3-223 65.16 57.11 87.64 EVALUATIONEVALUATION
  19. 19. DISTRIBUTIONDISTRIBUTION Pepper 0 100 200 300 400 Res. Inst. Univ. Farmers 2nd Cycle No.ofaccessions
  20. 20. ININ--SITU CONSERVATIONSITU CONSERVATION In the natural ecosystem, there are 280 forestIn the natural ecosystem, there are 280 forest reserves and 15 protected areas.reserves and 15 protected areas. These areas contain wild species, medicinal,These areas contain wild species, medicinal, plants and wild relatives of cultivated crops.plants and wild relatives of cultivated crops.
  21. 21. EXEX--SITUSITU CONSERVATIONCONSERVATION •• Conservation ofConservation of orthodox seeds underorthodox seeds under cold storage at PGRRI,cold storage at PGRRI, CRI, OPRI, UG, etcCRI, OPRI, UG, etc
  22. 22. EXEX--SITUSITU CONSERVATIONCONSERVATION R&T CROPSR&T CROPS YAM CASSAVA COCOYAM
  23. 23. EXEX--SITUSITU CONSERVATIONCONSERVATION •• InIn--Vitro conservation atVitro conservation at CSIRCSIR--PGRRI , CRI,PGRRI , CRI, CRIG, UG & FORIG.CRIG, UG & FORIG.
  24. 24. No. of accessions of R & TNo. of accessions of R & T crops in incrops in in--vitro genebankvitro genebank Crop Total Number in the Gene bank Number of accessions in- vitro Cassava 334 140 Yam 393 138 Cocoyam 75 72 Sweet Potato 21 21 Frafra Potato 26 26 Colocasia 80 3 TOTAL( * 2011) 939 400
  25. 25. COLLABORATION NATIONALCOLLABORATION NATIONAL PGRRI BNARI CSIR-ARI UG UCC CSIR-SARICSIR-FORIG CSIR-OPRI KNUST CRI FBOs
  26. 26. YAM GENETIC RESOURCESYAM GENETIC RESOURCES D. bulbifera D. cayenensis D. esculenta D. rotundata D. alata D. dumetorum
  27. 27. LEGUME GENETIC RESOURCES UNDER CONSERVATION IN GHANA
  28. 28. GENETIC RESOURCE OF SOME SPICES IN GHANA Piper nigrum Nutmeg Cinnamon Afromomum Xylopea ethiopicum Monodora Tetrapleura tetraptera
  29. 29. ECOECO--TOURISMTOURISM
  30. 30. PLANTING MATERIALSPLANTING MATERIALS PRODUCTIONPRODUCTION
  31. 31. THANK YOU

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